Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 16 June 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE MVASI is a vascular endothelial growth factor-specific angiogenesis inhibitor indicated for the treatment of: Metastatic colorectal cancer, with intravenous 5-fluorouracil–based chemotherapy for first- or second-line treatment. (1.1) Metastatic colorectal cancer, with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for second-line treatment in patients who have progressed on a first-line bevacizumab product-containing regimen. (1.1) Non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, with carboplatin and paclitaxel for first line treatment of unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic disease. (1.2) Glioblastoma, as a single agent for adult patients with progressive disease following prior therapy. (1.3) -Effectiveness based on improvement in objective response rate. No data available demonstrating improvement in disease-related symptoms or survival with bevacizumab products. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma with interferon alfa. (1.4) Cervical cancer, in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin or paclitaxel and topotecan in persistent, recurrent, or metastatic disease. (1.5) Limitation of Use: MVASI is not indicated for adjuvant treatment of colon cancer. (1.1) 1.1 Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC) MVASI is indicated for the first-or second-line treatment of patients with metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum in combination with intravenous 5-fluorouracil–based chemotherapy. MVASI, in combination with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, is indicated for the second-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who have progressed on a first-line bevacizumab product-containing regimen. Limitation of Use: MVASI is not indicated for adjuvant treatment of colon cancer [ s ee Clinical Studies ( 14.2 )] . 1.2 Non-Squamous Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) MVASI is indicated for the first-line treatment of unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic non–squamous non–small cell lung cancer in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel. 1.3 Glioblastoma MVASI is indicated for the treatment of glioblastoma with progressive disease in adult patients following prior therapy as a single agent. The effectiveness of bevacizumab products in glioblastoma is based on an improvement in objective response rate. There are no data demonstrating an improvement in disease-related symptoms or increased survival with bevacizumab products [ s ee Clinical Studies ( 14.4 )] . 1.4 Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (mRCC) MVASI is indicated for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in combination with interferon alfa. 1.5 Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Carcinoma of the Cervix MVASI in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin or paclitaxel and topotecan is indicated for the treatment of persistent, recurrent, or metastatic carcinoma of the cervix [ s ee Clinical Studies ( 14.6 )].

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contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS None. None (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label: Gastrointestinal Perforations and Fistulae [ s ee Boxed Warning , Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] . Non-Gastrointestinal Fistulae [ s ee Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] . Surgery and Wound Healing Complications [ s ee Boxed Warning , Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] . Hemorrhage [ s ee Boxed Warning , Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] . Arterial Thromboembolic Events [ s ee Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.5 )] . Venous Thromboembolic Events [ s ee Dosage and Administration (2.4), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 )] . Hypertensive Crisis [ s ee Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7 )] . Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome [ s ee Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 )] . Proteinuria [ s ee Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.9 )] . Infusion Reactions [ s ee Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.10 ) ] . Ovarian Failure [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.12 ), Use in Specific Populations ( 8.3 )] . The most common adverse reactions observed in bevacizumab patients at a rate >10% and at least twice the control arm rate, are epistaxis, headache, hypertension, rhinitis, proteinuria, taste alteration, dry skin, rectal hemorrhage, lacrimation disorder, back pain and exfoliative dermatitis. Some of the adverse reactions are commonly seen with chemotherapy; however, bevacizumab products may exacerbate these reactions when combined with chemotherapeutic agents. Examples include palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome with capecitabine, peripheral sensory neuropathy with paclitaxel or oxaliplatin, and nail disorders or alopecia with paclitaxel. Across all studies, bevacizumab was discontinued in 8.4 to 21% of patients because of adverse reactions. Most common adverse reactions incidence (>10% and at least twice the control arm rate) are epistaxis, headache, hypertension, rhinitis, proteinuria, taste alteration, dry skin, rectal hemorrhage, lacrimation disorder, back pain and exfoliative dermatitis. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Amgen Medical Information at 1-800-77-AMGEN (1-800-772-6436) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trial Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The data below reflect exposure to bevacizumab in more than 5500 patients with CRC, non-squamous NSCLC, glioblastoma, mRCC, or cervical cancer, including controlled (Studies 1, 2, 4, 5, 8 and 9), or uncontrolled, single arm trials (Study 6), or other cancers treated at the recommended dose and schedule for a median of 6 to 23 doses of bevacizumab [ s ee Clinical Studies ( 14 )]. The population was aged 18-89 years (median 60 years), 42% male and 86% White. The population included 2184 first-and second-line mCRC patients who received a median of 10 doses of bevacizumab, 480 first-line metastatic NSCLC patients who received a median of 8 doses of bevacizumab, 163 glioblastoma patients who received a median of 9 doses of bevacizumab, 337 mRCC patients who received a median of 16 doses of bevacizumab, 218 cervical cancer patients who received a median of 6 doses of bevacizumab. These data also reflect exposure to bevacizumab in 363 patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) who received a median of 9.5 doses of bevacizumab, 1338 adjuvant CRC patients, including 669 female patients, who received a median of 23 doses of bevacizumab, 403 previously untreated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who received a median of 8 doses of bevacizumab and 572 patients with other cancers. Bevacizumab products are not approved for use in MBC, adjuvant CRC, or DLBCL. Surgery and Wound Healing Complications The incidence of post-operative wound healing and/or bleeding complications was increased in patients with mCRC receiving bevacizumab as compared to patients receiving only chemotherapy. Among patients requiring surgery on or within 60 days of receiving study treatment, wound healing and/or bleeding complications occurred in 15% (6/39) of patients receiving bolus-IFL plus bevacizumab as compared to 4% (1/25) of patients who received bolus-IFL alone. In Study 6, events of post-operative wound healing complications (craniotomy site wound dehiscence and cerebrospinal fluid leak) occurred in patients with previously treated glioblastoma: 3/84 patients in the bevacizumab alone arm and 1/79 patients in the bevacizumab plus irinotecan arm [ s ee Boxed Warning , Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] . Hemorrhage The incidence of epistaxis was higher (35% vs. 10%) in patients with mCRC receiving bolus-IFL plus bevacizumab compared with patients receiving bolus-IFL plus placebo. All but one of these events were Grade 1 in severity and resolved without medical intervention. Grade 1 or 2 hemorrhagic events were more frequent in patients receiving bolus-IFL plus bevacizumab when compared to those receiving bolus-IFL plus placebo and included gastrointestinal hemorrhage (24% vs. 6%), minor gum bleeding (2% vs. 0), and vaginal hemorrhage (4% vs. 2%) [s ee Boxed Warning , Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] . Venous Thromboembolic Events The overall incidence of Grade 3-4 venous thromboembolic events in Study 1 was 15.1% in patients receiving bolus-IFL plus bevacizumab and 13.6% in patients receiving bolus-IFL plus placebo. In Study 1, more patients in the bevacizumab containing arm experienced deep venous thrombosis (34 vs. 19 patients) and intra-abdominal venous thrombosis (10 vs. 5 patients). The risk of developing a second thromboembolic event while on bevacizumab and oral anticoagulants was evaluated in two randomized studies. In Study 1, 53 patients (14%) on the bolus-IFL plus bevacizumab arm and 30 patients (8%) on the bolus-IFL plus placebo arm received full dose warfarin following a venous thromboembolic event (VTE). Among these patients, an additional thromboembolic event occurred in 21% (11/53) of patients receiving bolus-IFL plus bevacizumab and 3% (1/30) of patients receiving bolus-IFL alone. In a second, randomized, 4-arm study in 1401 patients with mCRC, prospectively evaluating the incidence of VTE (all grades), the overall incidence of first VTE was higher in the bevacizumab containing arms (13.5%) than the chemotherapy alone arms (9.6%). Among the 116 patients treated with anticoagulants following an initial VTE event (73 in the bevacizumab plus chemotherapy arms and 43 in the chemotherapy alone arms), the overall incidence of subsequent VTEs was also higher among the bevacizumab treated patients (31.5% vs. 25.6%). In this subgroup of patients treated with anticoagulants, the overall incidence of bleeding, the majority of which were Grade 1, was higher in the bevacizumab treated arms than the chemotherapy arms (27.4% vs. 20.9%). From a clinical trial in patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer (Study 9), Grade 3 or 4 VTE have been reported in 10.6% of patients treated with chemotherapy and bevacizumab compared with 5.4% in patients receiving chemotherapy alone. There were no patients with Grade 5 VTE. [ s ee Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 )] . Neutropenia and Infection The incidences of neutropenia and febrile neutropenia are increased in patients receiving bevacizumab products plus chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone. In Study 1, the incidence of Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was increased in mCRC patients receiving IFL plus bevacizumab (21%) compared to patients receiving IFL alone (14%). In Study 5, the incidence of Grade 4 neutropenia was increased in NSCLC patients receiving paclitaxel/carboplatin (PC) plus bevacizumab (26.2%) compared with patients receiving PC alone (17.2%). Febrile neutropenia was also increased (5.4% for PC plus bevacizumab vs. 1.8% for PC alone). There were 19 (4.5%) infections with Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia in the PC plus bevacizumab arm of which 3 were fatal compared to 9 (2%) neutropenic infections in patients receiving PC alone, of which none were fatal. During the first 6 cycles of treatment, the incidence of serious infections including pneumonia, febrile neutropenia, catheter infections and wound infections was increased in the PC plus bevacizumab arm [58 patients (13.6%)] compared to the PC alone arm [29 patients (6.6%)]. In Study 6, one fatal event of neutropenic infection occurred in a patient with previously treated glioblastoma receiving bevacizumab alone. The incidence of any grade of infection in patients receiving bevacizumab alone was 55% and the incidence of Grade 3-5 infection was 10%. Proteinuria Grade 3-4 proteinuria ranged from 0.7 to 7.4% in Studies 1, 2, 4, 5 and 8. The overall incidence of proteinuria (all grades) was only adequately assessed in Study 8, in which the incidence was 20%. Median onset of proteinuria was 5.6 months (range 15 days to 37 months) after initiation of bevacizumab. Median time to resolution was 6.1 months (95% CI 2.8 months, 11.3 months). Proteinuria did not resolve in 40% of patients after median follow up of 11.2 months and required permanent discontinuation of bevacizumab in 30% of the patients who developed proteinuria (Study 8). In an exploratory, pooled analysis of 8273 patients treated in 7 randomized clinical trials, 5.4% (271 of 5037) of patients receiving bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy experienced Grade ≥2 proteinuria. The Grade ≥2 proteinuria resolved in 74.2% (201 of 271) of patients. Bevacizumab was re-initiated in 41.7% (113 of 271) of patients. Of the 113 patients who re-initiated bevacizumab, 47.8% (54 of 113) experienced a second episode of Grade ≥2 proteinuria [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.9 )]. Renal Injury A retrospective analysis across clinical trials where 5805 patients had received bevacizumab and chemotherapy and 3713 had received chemotherapy alone has shown higher rates of elevated serum creatinine levels (ranging between 1.5 – 1.9 times baseline levels) in patients who had received bevacizumab. Creatinine levels did not return to baseline in approximately one-third of patients who received bevacizumab. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) The incidence of Grade ≥3 left ventricular dysfunction was 1.0% in patients receiving bevacizumab compared to 0.6% in the control arm across indications. In patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), an indication for which bevacizumab products are not approved, the incidence of Grade 3-4 CHF was increased in patients in the bevacizumab plus paclitaxel arm (2.2%) as compared to the control arm (0.3%). Among patients receiving prior anthracyclines for MBC, the rate of CHF was 3.8% for patients receiving bevacizumab as compared to 0.6% for patients receiving paclitaxel alone. The safety of continuation or resumption of bevacizumab products in patients with cardiac dysfunction has not been studied. In previously untreated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), an indication for which bevacizumab products are not approved, the incidence of CHF and decline in left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were significantly increased in the bevacizumab plus R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) arm (n = 403) compared to the placebo plus R-CHOP arm (n = 379); both regimens were given for 6 to 8 cycles. At the completion of R-CHOP therapy, the incidence of CHF was 10.9% in the bevacizumab plus R-CHOP arm compared to 5.0% in the R-CHOP alone arm [relative risk (95% CI) of 2.2 (1.3, 3.7)]. The incidence of a LVEF event, defined as a decline from baseline of 20% or more in LVEF or a decline from baseline of 10% or more to a LVEF value of less than 50%, was also increased in the bevacizumab plus R-CHOP arm (10.4%) compared to the R-CHOP alone arm (5.0%). Time to onset of left-ventricular dysfunction or CHF was 1-6 months after initiation of therapy in at least 85% of the patients and was resolved in 62% of the patients experiencing CHF in the bevacizumab arm compared to 82% in the control arm. Ovarian Failure The incidence of new cases of ovarian failure (defined as amenorrhea lasting 3 or more months, FSH level ≥30 mIU/mL and a negative serum β-HCG pregnancy test) was prospectively evaluated in a subset of 179 women receiving mFOLFOX chemotherapy alone (n = 84) or with bevacizumab (n = 95). New cases of ovarian failure were identified in 34% (32/95) of women receiving bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy compared with 2% (2/84) of women receiving chemotherapy alone [relative risk of 14 (95% CI 4, 53)]. After discontinuation of bevacizumab treatment, recovery of ovarian function at all time points during the post-treatment period was demonstrated in 22% (7/32) of the bevacizumab-treated women. Recovery of ovarian function is defined as resumption of menses, a positive serum β-HCG pregnancy test, or a FSH level <30 mIU/mL during the post-treatment period. Long term effects of bevacizumab product exposure on fertility are unknown [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.12 ), Use in Specific Populations ( 8.3 )]. Post-Treatment Vascular Events In an open-label, randomized, controlled trial of bevacizumab in adjuvant colorectal cancer, an indication for which bevacizumab products are not approved, the overall incidence rate of post-treatment Grade ≥3 vascular events was 3.1% (41 of 1338) among patients receiving mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab, compared to 1.6% (21 of 1349) among patients receiving mFOLFOX6 alone. Post-treatment vascular events included arterial and venous thromboembolic events, ischemic events, and vascular aneurysms. Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC) The data in Table 1 and Table 2 were obtained in Study 1, a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial comparing chemotherapy plus bevacizumab with chemotherapy plus placebo. Bevacizumab was administered at 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks. All Grade 3-4 adverse events and selected Grade 1-2 adverse events (hypertension, proteinuria, thromboembolic events) were collected in the entire study population. Severe and life-threatening (Grade 3-4) adverse events, which occurred at a higher incidence (≥2%) in patients receiving bolus-IFL plus bevacizumab as compared to bolus-IFL plus placebo, are presented in Table 1. Table 1: NCI-CTC Grade 3-4 Adverse Events in Study 1 (Occurring at Higher Incidence [≥2%] Bevacizumab vs. Control) Arm 1 IFL + Placebo (n = 396) Arm 2 IFL + Bevacizumab (n = 392) NCI-CTC Grade 3-4 Events 74% 87% Body as a Whole Asthenia 7% 10% Abdominal Pain 5% 8% Pain 5% 8% Cardiovascular Hypertension 2% 12% Deep Vein Thrombosis 5% 9% Intra-Abdominal Thrombosis 1% 3% Syncope 1% 3% Digestive Diarrhea 25% 34% Constipation 2% 4% Hemic/Lymphatic Leukopenia 31% 37% Neutropeniaa 14% 21% a Central laboratories were collected on Days 1 and 21 of each cycle. Neutrophil counts are available in 303 patients in Arm 1 and 276 in Arm 2. Grade 1-4 adverse events which occurred at a higher incidence (≥5%) in patients receiving bolus-IFL plus bevacizumab as compared to the bolus-IFL plus placebo arm are presented in Table 2. Grade 1-4 adverse events were collected for the first approximately 100 patients in each of the three treatment arms who were enrolled until enrollment in Arm 3 (5-FU/LV + bevacizumab) was discontinued. Table 2: NCI-CTC Grade 1-4 Adverse Events in Study 1 (Occurring at Higher Incidence [≥5%] in IFL + Bevacizumab vs. IFL) Arm 1 IFL+ Placebo (n = 98) Arm 2 IFL+ Bevacizumab (n = 102) Arm 3 5-FU/LV + Bevacizumab (n = 109) Body as a Whole Pain 55% 61% 62% Abdominal Pain 55% 61% 50% Headache 19% 26% 26% Cardiovascular Hypertension 14% 23% 34% Hypotension 7% 15% 7% Deep Vein Thrombosis 3% 9% 6% Digestive Vomiting 47% 52% 47% Anorexia 30% 43% 35% Constipation 29% 40% 29% Stomatitis 18% 32% 30% Dyspepsia 15% 24% 17% GI Hemorrhage 6% 24% 19% Weight Loss 10% 15% 16% Dry Mouth 2% 7% 4% Colitis 1% 6% 1% Hemic/Lymphatic Thrombocytopenia 0% 5% 5% Nervous Dizziness 20% 26% 19% Respiratory Upper Respiratory Infection 39% 47% 40% Epistaxis 10% 35% 32% Dyspnea 15% 26% 25% Voice Alteration 2% 9% 6% Skin/Appendages Alopecia 26% 32% 6% Skin Ulcer 1% 6% 6% Special Senses Taste Disorder 9% 14% 21% Urogenital Proteinuria 24% 36% 36% B evacizumab in Combination with FOLFOX4 in Second-line mCRC Only Grade 3-5 non-hematologic and Grade 4-5 hematologic adverse events related to treatment were collected in Study 2. The most frequent adverse events (selected Grade 3-5 non-hematologic and Grade 4-5 hematologic adverse events) occurring at a higher incidence (≥2%) in 287 patients receiving FOLFOX4 plus bevacizumab compared to 285 patients receiving FOLFOX4 alone were fatigue (19% vs. 13%), diarrhea (18% vs. 13%), sensory neuropathy (17% vs. 9%), nausea (12% vs. 5%), vomiting (11% vs. 4%), dehydration (10% vs. 5%), hypertension (9% vs. 2%), abdominal pain (8% vs. 5%), hemorrhage (5% vs. 1%), other neurological (5% vs. 3%), ileus (4% vs. 1%) and headache (3% vs. 0%). These data are likely to under-estimate the true adverse event rates due to the reporting mechanisms used in Study 2. B evacizumab in Combination with Fluoropyrimidine-Irinotecan or Fluoropyrimidine-Oxaliplatin Based Chemotherapy in Second-line mCRC Patients who have Progressed on a B evacizumab Containing Regimen in First-line mCRC: No new safety signals were observed in Study 4 when bevacizumab was administered in second line mCRC patients who progressed on a bevacizumab containing regimen in first line mCRC. The safety data was consistent with the known safety profile established in first and second line mCRC. Unresectable Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Only Grade 3-5 non-hematologic and Grade 4-5 hematologic adverse events were collected in Study 5. Grade 3-5 non-hematologic and Grade 4-5 hematologic adverse events (occurring at a higher incidence (≥2%) in 427 patients receiving PC plus bevacizumab compared with 441 patients receiving PC alone were neutropenia (27% vs. 17%), fatigue (16% vs. 13%), hypertension (8% vs.0.7%), infection without neutropenia (7% vs. 3%), venous thrombus/embolism (5% vs. 3%), febrile neutropenia (5% vs. 2%), pneumonitis/pulmonary infiltrates (5% vs. 3%), infection with Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (4% vs. 2%), hyponatremia (4% vs. 1%), headache (3% vs. 1%) and proteinuria (3% vs. 0%). Glioblastoma All adverse events were collected in 163 patients enrolled in Study 6 who either received bevacizumab alone or bevacizumab plus irinotecan. All patients received prior radiotherapy and temozolomide. Bevacizumab was administered at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks alone or in combination with irinotecan. Bevacizumab was discontinued due to adverse events in 4.8% of patients treated with bevacizumab alone. In patients receiving bevacizumab alone (N = 84), the most frequently reported adverse events of any grade were infection (55%), fatigue (45%), headache (37%), hypertension (30%), epistaxis (19%) and diarrhea (21%). Of these, the incidence of Grade ≥3 adverse events was infection (10%), fatigue (4%), headache (4%), hypertension (8%) and diarrhea (1%). Two deaths on study were possibly related to bevacizumab: one retroperitoneal hemorrhage and one neutropenic infection. In patients receiving bevacizumab alone or bevacizumab plus irinotecan (N = 163), the incidence of bevacizumab-related adverse events (Grade 1-4) were bleeding/hemorrhage (40%), epistaxis (26%), CNS hemorrhage (5%), hypertension (32%), venous thromboembolic event (8%), arterial thromboembolic event (6%), wound-healing complications (6%), proteinuria (4%), gastrointestinal perforation (2%), and PRES (1%). The incidence of Grade 3-5 events in these 163 patients were bleeding/hemorrhage (2%), CNS hemorrhage (1%), hypertension (5%), venous thromboembolic event (7%), arterial thromboembolic event (3%), wound-healing complications (3%), proteinuria (1%), and gastrointestinal perforation (2%). Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (mRCC) All grade adverse events were collected in Study 8. Grade 3-5 adverse events occurring at a higher incidence (≥2%) in 337 patients receiving interferon alfa (IFN-α) plus bevacizumab compared to 304 patients receiving IFN-α plus placebo arm were fatigue (13% vs. 8%), asthenia (10% vs. 7%), proteinuria (7% vs. 0%), hypertension (6% vs. 1%; including hypertension and hypertensive crisis), and hemorrhage (3% vs. 0.3%; including epistaxis, small intestinal hemorrhage, aneurysm ruptured, gastric ulcer hemorrhage, gingival bleeding, haemoptysis, hemorrhage intracranial, large intestinal hemorrhage, respiratory tract hemorrhage, and traumatic hematoma). Grade 1-5 adverse events occurring at a higher incidence (≥5%) in patients receiving IFN-α plus bevacizumab compared to the IFN-α plus placebo arm are presented in Table 3. Table 3: NCI-CTC Grades 1-5 Adverse Events in Study 8 (Occurring at Higher Incidence [≥5%] in IFN-α + Bevacizumab vs. IFN-α + Placebo) System Organ Class/Preferred terma IFN-α + Placebo (n = 304) IFN-α + Bevacizumab (n = 337) Gastrointestinal disorders Diarrhea 16% 21% General disorders and administration site conditions Fatigue 27% 33% Investigations Weight decreased 15% 20% Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia 31% 36% Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders Myalgia 14% 19% Back pain 6% 12% Nervous system disorders Headache 16% 24% Renal and urinary disorders Proteinuria 3% 20% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Epistaxis 4% 27% Dysphonia 0% 5% Vascular disorders Hypertension 9% 28% aAdverse events were encoded using MedDRA, Version 10.1. The following adverse events were reported at a 5-fold greater incidence in the IFN-α plus bevacizumab arm compared to IFN-α alone and not represented in Table 3: gingival bleeding (13 patients vs. 1 patient); rhinitis (9 vs.0 ); blurred vision (8 vs. 0); gingivitis (8 vs. 1); gastroesophageal reflux disease (8 vs.1 ); tinnitus (7 vs. 1); tooth abscess (7 vs.0); mouth ulceration (6 vs. 0); acne (5 vs. 0); deafness (5 vs. 0); gastritis (5 vs. 0); gingival pain (5 vs. 0) and pulmonary embolism (5 vs. 1). Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Carcinoma of the Cervix All grade adverse reactions were collected in Study 9. Grade 1-4 adverse reactions occurring where the incidence difference is ≥5% in patients receiving bevacizumab plus chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone are presented in Table 4. Table 4: NCI-CTC Grades 1-4 and 3-4 Adverse Reactions in Study 9 (Incidence Difference of ≥5% Between Treatment Arms in Chemo + bevacizumab vs. Chemo Alone) Grade 1-4 reactions Grade 3-4 reactions Chemo Alone Chemo +bevacizumab Chemo Alone Chemo +bevacizumab (n = 222) (n = 218) (n = 222) (n = 218) Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders Decreased Appetite 26% 34% Hyperglycemia 19% 26% Hypomagnesemia 15% 24% Hyponatremia 10% 19% Hypoalbuminemia 11% 16% General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions Fatigue 75% 80% Edema Peripheral 22% 15% Investigations Weight Decreased 7% 21% Blood Creatinine Increased 10% 16% Infections and Infestations Urinary Tract Infection 14% 22% Infection 5% 10% Vascular Disorders Hypertension 6% 29% 0.5% 11.5% Thrombosis 3% 10% 2.7% 8.3% Nervous System Disorders Headache 13% 22% Dysarthria 1% 8% Gastrointestinal Disorders Stomatitis 10% 15% Proctalgia 1% 6% Anal Fistula — 6% Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders Neutropenia 6% 12% Lymphopenia 5% 12% Psychiatric Disorders Anxiety 10% 17% Reproductive System and Breast Disorders Pelvic Pain 8% 14% Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders Epistaxis 1% 17% Renal and Urinary Disorders Proteinuria 3% 10% Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥2%) in 218 patients receiving chemotherapy plus bevacizumab compared to 222 patients receiving chemotherapy alone were abdominal pain (11.9% vs. 9.9%), diarrhea (5.5% vs. 2.7%), anal fistula (3.7% vs. 0%), proctalgia (2.8% vs.0%), urinary tract infection (8.3% vs. 6.3%), cellulitis (3.2% vs. 0.5%), fatigue (14.2% vs. 9.9%), hypokalemia (7.3% vs. 4.5%), hyponatremia (3.7% vs. 1.4%), dehydration (4.1% vs. 0.5%), neutropenia (7.8% vs. 4.1%), lymphopenia (6.0% vs. 3.2%), back pain (5.5% vs. 3.2%), and pelvic pain (5.5% vs. 1.4%). There were no Grade 5 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥2%) in patients receiving chemotherapy plus bevacizumab compared to patients receiving chemotherapy alone. 6.2 Immunogenicity As with all therapeutic proteins, there is a potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and the specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies in the studies described below with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other bevacizumab products may be misleading. In clinical trials of adjuvant colon carcinoma, 14 of 2233 evaluable patients (0.63%) tested positive for treatment-emergent anti-bevacizumab antibodies detected by an electrochemiluminescent (ECL) based assay. Among these 14 patients, three tested positive for neutralizing antibodies against bevacizumab using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The clinical significance of these anti-product antibody responses to bevacizumab products is unknown. 6.3 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of bevacizumab products. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Body as a Whole: Polyserositis Cardiovascular: Pulmonary hypertension, PRES, Mesenteric venous occlusion Eye disorders (from unapproved intravitreal use for treatment of various ocular disorders): Permanent loss of vision; Endophthalmitis (infectious and sterile); Intraocular inflammation; Retinal detachment; Increased intraocular pressure; Hemorrhage including conjunctival, vitreous hemorrhage or retinal hemorrhage; Vitreous floaters; Ocular hyperemia; Ocular pain or discomfort Gastrointestinal: Gastrointestinal ulcer, Intestinal necrosis, Anastomotic ulceration Hemic and lymphatic: Pancytopenia Hepatobiliary disorders: Gallbladder perforation Infections and infestations: Necrotizing fasciitis, usually secondary to wound healing complications, gastrointestinal perforation or fistula formation Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: Osteonecrosis of the jaw; Non-mandibular osteonecrosis (cases have been observed in pediatric patients who have received bevacizumab products) Neurological: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) Renal: Renal thrombotic microangiopathy (manifested as severe proteinuria) Respiratory: Nasal septum perforation, dysphonia Systemic Events (from unapproved intravitreal use for treatment of various ocular disorders): Arterial thromboembolic events, Hypertension, Gastrointestinal perforation, Hemorrhage

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Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Administer only as an intravenous (IV) infusion. Do not administer as an IV push or bolus. (2.1) Do not initiate MVASI for 28 days following major surgery and until surgical wound is fully healed. (2.1) See Full Prescribing Information for preparation and administration instructions. (2.3) Metastatic colorectal cancer (2.2) 5 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks with bolus-IFL 10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks with FOLFOX4 5 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks or 7.5 mg/kg IV every 3 weeks with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin based chemotherapy after progression on a first-line bevacizumab product containing regimen Non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (2.2) 15 mg/kg IV every 3 weeks with carboplatin/paclitaxel Glioblastoma (2.2) 10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) (2.2) 10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks with interferon alfa Persistent, recurrent, or metastatic carcinoma of the cervix (2.2) 15 mg/kg IV every 3 weeks with paclitaxel/cisplatin or paclitaxel/topotecan 2.1 Administration Administer only as an intravenous (IV) infusion. Do not administer as an intravenous push or bolus. Do not initiate MVASI until at least 28 days following major surgery. Administer MVASI after the surgical incision has fully healed. First infusion: Administer infusion over 90 minutes. Subsequent infusions: Administer second infusion over 60 minutes if first infusion is tolerated; administer all subsequent infusions over 30 minutes if infusion over 60 minutes is tolerated. 2.2 Recommended Doses and Schedules Patients should continue treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC) The recommended doses are 5 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks when used in combination with intravenous 5-FU-based chemotherapy. Administer 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks when used in combination with bolus-IFL. Administer 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks when used in combination with FOLFOX4. Administer 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks or 7.5 mg/kg every 3 weeks when used in combination with a fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin based chemotherapy regimen in patients who have progressed on a first-line bevacizumab product-containing regimen. Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) The recommended dose is 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel. Glioblastoma The recommended dose is 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks. Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (mRCC) The recommended dose is 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks in combination with interferon alfa. Cervical Cancer The recommended dose of MVASI is 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks as an intravenous infusion administered in combination with one of the following chemotherapy regimens: paclitaxel and cisplatin, or paclitaxel and topotecan. 2.3 Preparation for Administration Use appropriate aseptic technique. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. MVASI is a colorless to pale yellow solution. Do not use vial if solution is cloudy, discolored, or contains particulate matter. Withdraw necessary amount of MVASI and dilute in a total volume of 100 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP. Discard any unused portion left in a vial, as the product contains no preservatives. Diluted MVASI solutions may be stored at 2-8ºC (36-46°F) for up to 8 hours. DO NOT ADMINISTER OR MIX WITH DEXTROSE SOLUTION. 2.4 Dose Modifications There are no recommended dose reductions. Discontinue MVASI for: Gastrointestinal perforations (gastrointestinal perforations, fistula formation in the gastrointestinal tract, intra-abdominal abscess), fistula formation involving an internal organ [ s ee Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)] . Wound dehiscence and wound healing complications requiring medical intervention [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] . Serious hemorrhage (i.e., requiring medical intervention) [ s ee Boxed Warning , Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] . Severe arterial thromboembolic events [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.5 )] . Life-threatening (Grade 4) venous thromboembolic events, including pulmonary embolism [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 )] . Hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 )] . Nephrotic syndrome [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.9 )] . Temporarily suspend MVASI for: At least 4 weeks prior to elective surgery [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] . Severe hypertension not controlled with medical management [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7 )] . Moderate to severe proteinuria [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.9 )] . Severe infusion reactions [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.10 )] .
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Lactation: Not recommended. (8.2) *Biosimilar means that the biological product is approved based on data demonstrating that it is highly similar to an FDA-approved biological product, known as a reference product, and that there are no clinically meaningful differences between the biosimilar product and the reference product. Biosimilarity of MVASI has been demonstrated for the condition(s) of use (e.g. indication(s), dosing regimen(s)), strength(s), dosage form(s), and route(s) of administration described in its Full Prescribing Information. 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Bevacizumab products may cause fetal harm based on findings from animal studies and the drug’s mechanism of action [ see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.1 ) ]. Limited postmarketing reports describe cases of fetal malformations with use of bevacizumab products in pregnancy; however, these reports are insufficient to determine drug associated risks. In animal reproduction studies, intravenous administration of bevacizumab to pregnant rabbits every 3 days during organogenesis at doses approximately 1 to 10 times the clinical dose of 10 mg/kg produced fetal resorptions, decreased maternal and fetal weight gain and multiple congenital malformations including corneal opacities and abnormal ossification of the skull and skeleton including limb and phalangeal defects [see Data]. Furthermore, animal models link angiogenesis and VEGF and VEGF Receptor 2 (VEGFR2) to critical aspects of female reproduction, embryofetal development, and postnatal development. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively. Data Animal Data Pregnant rabbits dosed with 10 to 100 mg/kg bevacizumab (approximately 1 to 10 times the clinical dose of 10 mg/kg) every three days during the period of organogenesis (gestation day 6-18) exhibited decreases in maternal and fetal body weights and increased number of fetal resorptions. There were dose-related increases in the number of litters containing fetuses with any type of malformation (42.1% for the 0 mg/kg dose, 76.5% for the 30 mg/kg dose, and 95% for the 100 mg/kg dose) or fetal alterations (9.1% for the 0 mg/kg dose, 14.8% for the 30 mg/kg dose, and 61.2% for the 100 mg/kg dose). Skeletal deformities were observed at all dose levels, with some abnormalities including meningocele observed only at the 100 mg/kg dose level. Teratogenic effects included: reduced or irregular ossification in the skull, jaw, spine, ribs, tibia and bones of the paws; fontanel, rib and hindlimb deformities; corneal opacity; and absent hindlimb phalanges. 8.2 Lactation No data are available regarding the presence of bevacizumab products in human milk, the effects on the breast fed infant, or the effects on milk production. Human IgG is present in human milk, but published data suggest that breast milk antibodies do not enter the neonatal and infant circulation in substantial amounts. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from bevacizumab products, advise a nursing woman that breastfeeding is not recommended during treatment with MVASI. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females Bevacizumab products may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with MVASI and for 6 months following the last dose of MVASI [ s ee Us e in Specific Populations ( 8.1 ) ]. Infertility Females Bevacizumab products increase the risk of ovarian failure and may impair fertility. Inform females of reproductive potential of the risk of ovarian failure prior to starting treatment with MVASI. Long term effects of bevacizumab products exposure on fertility are unknown. In a prospectively designed substudy of 179 premenopausal women randomized to receive chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab, the incidence of ovarian failure was higher in the bevacizumab arm (34%) compared to the control arm (2%). After discontinuation of bevacizumab and chemotherapy, recovery of ovarian function occurred in 22% (7/32) of these bevacizumab-treated patients [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.12 ), Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 ) ]. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety, effectiveness and pharmacokinetic profile of bevacizumab products in pediatric patients have not been established. In published literature reports, cases of non-mandibular osteonecrosis have been observed in patients under the age of 18 years who have received bevacizumab. Bevacizumab products are not approved for use in patients under the age of 18 years. Antitumor activity was not observed among eight children with relapsed glioblastoma treated with bevacizumab and irinotecan. There is insufficient information to determine the safety and efficacy of bevacizumab products in children with glioblastoma. Animal Data Juvenile cynomolgus monkeys with open growth plates exhibited physeal dysplasia following 4 to 26 weeks exposure at 0.4 to 20 times the recommended human dose (based on mg/kg and exposure). The incidence and severity of physeal dysplasia were dose-related and were partially reversible upon cessation of treatment. 8.5 Geriatric Use In Study 1, severe adverse events that occurred at a higher incidence (≥2%) in patients aged ≥65 years as compared to younger patients were asthenia, sepsis, deep thrombophlebitis, hypertension, hypotension, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, diarrhea, constipation, anorexia, leukopenia, anemia, dehydration, hypokalemia, and hyponatremia. The effect of bevacizumab products on overall survival was similar in elderly patients as compared to younger patients. In Study 2, patients aged ≥65 years receiving bevacizumab plus FOLFOX4 had a greater relative risk as compared to younger patients for the following adverse events: nausea, emesis, ileus, and fatigue. In Study 5, patients aged ≥65 years receiving carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab had a greater relative risk for proteinuria as compared to younger patients [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.9 )]. Of the 742 patients enrolled in clinical studies in which all adverse events were captured, 212 (29%) were age 65 or older and 43 (6%) were age 75 or older. Adverse events of any severity that occurred at a higher incidence in the elderly as compared to younger patients, in addition to those described above, were dyspepsia, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, edema, epistaxis, increased cough, and voice alteration. In an exploratory, pooled analysis of 1745 patients treated in five randomized, controlled studies, there were 618 (35%) patients aged ≥ 65 years and 1127 patients <65 years of age. The overall incidence of arterial thromboembolic events was increased in all patients receiving bevacizumab with chemotherapy as compared to those receiving chemotherapy alone, regardless of age. However, the increase in arterial thromboembolic events incidence was greater in patients aged ≥65 years (8.5% vs. 2.9%) as compared to those <65 years (2.1% vs. 1.4%) [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.5 )].

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS A drug interaction study was performed in which irinotecan was administered as part of the FOLFIRI regimen with or without bevacizumab. The results demonstrated no significant effect of bevacizumab on the pharmacokinetics of irinotecan or its active metabolite SN38. In a randomized study in 99 patients with NSCLC, based on limited data, there did not appear to be a difference in the mean exposure of either carboplatin or paclitaxel when each was administered alone or in combination with bevacizumab. However, 3 of the 8 patients receiving bevacizumab plus paclitaxel/carboplatin had substantially lower paclitaxel exposure after four cycles of treatment (at Day 63) than those at Day 0, while patients receiving paclitaxel/carboplatin without bevacizumab had a greater paclitaxel exposure at Day 63 than at Day 0. In Study 8, there was no difference in the mean exposure of interferon alfa administered in combination with bevacizumab when compared to interferon alfa alone.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number BLA761028
Agency product number 2S9ZZM9Q9V
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 55513-207,55513-206
Date Last Revised 20-09-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 2046145
Marketing authorisation holder Amgen Inc
Warnings WARNING: GASTROINTESTINAL PERFORATIONS, SURGERY AND WOUND HEALING COMPLICATIONS, and HEMORRHAGE Gastrointestinal Perforations The incidence of gastrointestinal perforation, some fatal, in bevacizumab product-treated patients ranges from 0.3 to 3.2%. Discontinue MVASI in patients with gastrointestinal perforation [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] . Surgery and Wound Healing Complications The incidence of wound healing and surgical complications, including serious and fatal complications, is increased in bevacizumab product-treated patients. Discontinue MVASI in patients with wound dehiscence. The appropriate interval between termination of bevacizumab products and subsequent elective surgery required to reduce the risks of impaired wound healing/wound dehiscence has not been determined. Discontinue at least 28 days prior to elective surgery. Do not initiate MVASI for at least 28 days after surgery and until the surgical wound is fully healed [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 ), Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 )] . Hemorrhage Severe or fatal hemorrhage, including hemoptysis, gastrointestinal bleeding, central nervous systems (CNS) hemorrhage, epistaxis, and vaginal bleeding occur up to five-fold more frequently in patients receiving bevacizumab products. Do not administer MVASI to patients with serious hemorrhage or recent hemoptysis [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.4 ), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 ), Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 )] . WARNING: GASTROINTESTINAL PERFORATIONS, SURGERY AND WOUND HEALING COMPLICATIONS, and HEMORRHAGE See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning. Gastrointestinal Perforation: Occurs in up to 3.2% of bevacizumab product treated patients. Discontinue MVASI for gastrointestinal perforation. ( 5.1 ) Surgery and Wound Healing Complications: Discontinue in patients with wound dehiscence. Discontinue at least 28 days prior to elective surgery. Do not initiate MVASI for at least 28 days after surgery and until the surgical wound is fully healed. ( 5.3 ) Hemorrhage: Severe or fatal hemorrhage, hemoptysis, gastrointestinal bleeding, CNS hemorrhage, and vaginal bleeding are increased in bevacizumab product treated patients. Do not administer MVASI to patients with serious hemorrhage or recent hemoptysis. ( 5.4 )