607 Results

Maxillomandibular Advancement for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Meta-analysis.

Importance: Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is an invasive yet effective surgical option for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that achieves enlargement of the upper airway by physically expanding the facial skeletal framework.

Surgical modifications of the upper airway for obstructive sleep apnea in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

A substantial portion of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) seek alternatives to positive airway pressure (PAP), the usual first-line treatment for the disorder. One option is upper airway surgery.

Low preoperative fibrinogen plasma concentration is associated with excessive bleeding after cardiac operations.

Background: Data from small selected patient populations suggest that the preoperative plasma concentration of fibrinogen influences postoperative blood loss and red blood cell transfusion after cardiac operations, but there are...

Morbidity of bleeding after cardiac surgery: is it blood transfusion, reoperation for bleeding, or both?

Background: Etiology for increased morbidity in patients (2% to 8%) undergoing reoperation for bleeding after cardiac surgery is unclear. Recent work suggests that it may be related to red-cell transfusion, but what role does...

Disseminated intravascular coagulation.

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a reflection of an underlying systemic disorder which affects the coagulation system, simultaneously resulting in pro-coagulant activation, fibrinolytic activation, and consumption coagulopathy....

Treatment of congenital fibrinogen deficiency: overview and recent findings.

Afibrinogenemia is a rare bleeding disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1:1,000,000. It is an autosomal recessive disease resulting from mutations in any of the 3 genes that encode the 3 polypeptide chains of fibrinogen and...

Hyperfibrinolysis diagnosed by rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is associated with higher mortality in patients with severe trauma.

Background: We investigated whether hyperfibrinolysis and its severity was associated with outcome of traumatized and nontraumatized patients.

Early activation of hemostasis during cardiopulmonary bypass: evidence for thrombin mediated hyperfibrinolysis.

In 14 consecutive patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass for coronary bypass surgery the time course of coagulation and fibrinolysis markers were measured, e. g. plasma levels of thrombin-antithrombin III (TAT) complexes...

Human plasma fibrinogen is synthesized in the liver.

Hereditary systemic amyloidosis caused by fibrinogen Aalpha-chain gene mutations is an autosomal dominant condition with variable penetrance, usually of late onset, and typically presents with nephropathy leading to renal failure.

Comorbidity in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: impact on outcome and implications for cardiac rehabilitation.

The increasing comorbid disease burden among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and the improved operative survival are expanding the number of post-CABG patients living with prognostically...

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