Data from Pharmawand - Curated by EPG Health - Date added 12 June 2019

Madrid, Spain, 12 June 2019: The results of the low-dose prednisolone in patients with hand osteoarthritis (HOPE) study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2019) show that low-dose prednisolone significantly improves pain and function in patients with painful hand osteoarthritis.1


Hand osteoarthritis is a common joint disease. It is characterised by stiff and painful joints. Given the burden of disease, there is a need for effective therapeutic options.2


Treatments are currently limited to topical and oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain.2 However, studies have shown that synovial inflammation is often present in hand osteoarthritis and it is this inflammation that is a main determinant of pain and radiographic disease progression, identifying synovitis as a possible target of treatment.3,4 Prednisolone is a glucocorticoid used to reduce inflammation and has been used in rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, polymyalgia, lupus and vasculitis for a long time. However, glucocorticoid use is currently not recommended in patients with hand osteoarthritis due to a previous lack of evidence.5


“Hand osteoarthritis is a common musculoskeletal disease, with prevalence rising steeply with increasing age,” said Professor John D. Isaacs, Chairperson of the Abstract Selection Committee, EULAR. “Oral glucocorticoid therapy was not included in the recent treatment guidelines update due to limited conflicting data, therefore we welcome these positive results that provide further, controlled evidence in this area.”


Results presented today demonstrate that prednisolone (10mg) provides a significant improvement in pain with an average -16.5 point difference in VAS* finger pain (95% confidence interval (CI); -26.1 to -6.9) and a -3.5 point difference in AUSCAN pain* (95% CI; -4.9 to -2.1, p<0.001). In addition, 72% vs. 33% of patients treated with prednisolone and placebo respectively were classified as responders using the OMERACT-OARSI responder criteria. Prednisolone was shown to significantly improve function with an adjusted mean between-group difference of -3.7 points in AUSCAN function* (p=0.01) and -2.1 points in FIHOA* (p=0.03). Significant differences were also shown in SF-36* physical component scale and the VAS* patient global assessment. A significant reduction in synovitis was also demonstrated using ultrasound.“Our study provides evidence that local inflammation is a suitable target for drug treatment in hand osteoarthritis,”  said Féline Kroon, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. “Significant improvements in pain and function were seen in the trial meaning prednisolone could be considered by physicians treating people suffering with hand osteoarthritis.”

 
* VAS, Visual Analogue Scale (0-100); AUSCAN pain, Australian/Canadian Hand Osteoarthritis Index (0-20); AUSCAN function, Australian/Canadian Hand Osteoarthritis Index (0-36); FIHOA, Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis (0-30); SF-36, Short Form 36
References
1 Kroon F, Kortekaas M, Boonen A, et al. Low-dose prednisolone in patients with hand osteoarthritis (HOPE):
results from a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial. EULAR 2019; Madrid: Abstract OP0180.
2 Kloppenburg M, Kroon F, Blanc FJ, et al. 2018 update of the EULAR recommendations for the
management of hand osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2019;78:16–24.
3 Liu R, Damman W, Reijnierse M, et al. Bone marrow lesions on magnetic resonance imaging in hand
osteoarthritis are associated with pain and interact with synovitis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2017;25(7):1093-9.
4 van Beest S, Damman W, Liu R, et al. In finger osteoarthritis, change in synovitis is associated with change in
pain on a joint-level; a longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2019;Apr 9:
[Epub ahead of print].
5 Kloppenburg M, Kroon F, Blanc FJ, et al. 2018 update of the EULAR recommendations for the
management of hand osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2019;78:16–24.
6 van der Heijde D, Daikh DI, Betteridge N, et al. Common language description of the term rheumatic and
musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) for use in communication with the lay public, healthcare providers and other
stakeholders endorsed by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of
Rheumatology (ACR). Ann Rheum Dis. 2018 Jun;77(6):829-832.

 

The study was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 92 patients with painful
hand osteoarthritis (fulfilling American College of Rheumatology criteria) and signs of synovial
inflammation. Eligible patients were randomised to receive prednisolone 10mg daily for 6
weeks or placebo, followed by a two-week tapering scheme and six weeks without study
medication. The mean age of patients was 63.9 years and 79% were women with baseline
characteristics well-balanced between the groups. After tapering, all between group
differences disappeared, and adverse events were mostly mild and comparable between
groups.1

Comments

You will need to login, to leave a comment.

epgonline.org is not monitored for collection of adverse event reports. Any adverse events should be reported to your national reporting agency and/or the manufacturer.

Learning Zones

An epgonline.org Learning Zone (LZ) is an area of the site dedicated to providing detailed self-directed medical education about a disease, condition or procedure.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)

Refine your knowledge of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) with information on pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment options and more

+ 1 more

Transplantation

Transplantation

See information on best practice in solid organ transplantation, and expert discussions on related hot topics.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis

See information on psoriasis pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, comorbidities, treatment options, and more.

+ 2 more

Load more

Related Content