Data from Experimental Cell Research - Curated by EPG Health - Date available 01 December 2019
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Original date published
1 December 2019
Purpose: The main objective of our study was to explore changes in the expression levels of differentially expressed genes associated with prostate cancer progression and to design a series of experiments to verify the function of differentially expressed genes.
Method: The transcriptome datas of 499 cases of prostate cancer patients was downloaded from TCGA database. Differential genes associated with Gleason score were selected and filtered out by p < 0.05 and spearman coefficient >0.3. KEGG signaling pathway was enriched by differentially expressed genes, and TTK was selected as the research object. The expression of TTK was tested in prostate cancer tissues and prostate cancer cell lines. The changes of biological behavior of prostate cancer cell lines were verified after TTK was knocked out by siRNA and tumorigenic effect of TTK was verified by shRNA in vivo experiments.
Result: The expression of TTK was positively correlated with Gleason score of prostate cancer, and the expression of protein and mRNA in metastatic prostate cancer cell lines was higher than that in non-metastatic prostate cancer cell lines. Vitro biological experiments showed that TTK gene knockout could inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration of PC3 and DU145 cells, and promote cell apoptosis. In vivo experiments showed that TTK knockout inhibited tumorigenesis in mice. It was found that the expression of CDK2 and CCNE1 decreased after TTK was knocked out.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that TTK is a gene associated with malignancy of PCa and could be a novel therapeutic target for clinical application.