Data from Cancer - Curated by EPG Health - Date available 25 September 2019

Availability

Pay for access, or by subscription

Article type

Review

Original date published

25 September 2019

Original format

Epub ahead of print

Background: Recent observations suggest that prostate cancer is an increasing disease among older adolescents and young adults.

Methods: Incidence, mortality, and survival data were obtained from the US National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Global Burden of Disease database.

Results: Worldwide, the incidence of prostate cancer has increased in all groups between ages 15 and 40 years and increased globally at a steady rate averaging 2% per year since 1990 (P < .01). In the United States, this age group was >6 times more likely than older men to have distant disease at diagnosis. Stage for stage, their survival rate improved less than in older men. Whereas the overall 5‐year relative survival rate in the United States for men diagnosed between ages 40 and 80 years was between 95% and 100%, it was 30% in those aged 15 to 24 years, 50% in those aged 20 to 29 years, and 80% in those aged 25 to 34 years.

Conclusions: Prostate cancer in older adolescent and young adult men has increased in most countries. There is some evidence that this may be caused in part by underdiagnosis, prostate‐specific antigen screening, and overdiagnosis. It also may be caused by trends in obesity, physical inactivity, HPV infection, substance exposure, environmental carcinogens, and/or referral patterns. How the biology of these cancers differs from that in older men and how the etiologies vary from country to country remain to be determined.

Data sources

Read abstract on library site Access full article

Comments

You will need to login, to leave a comment.

epgonline.org is not monitored for collection of adverse event reports. Any adverse events should be reported to your national reporting agency and/or the manufacturer.

Learning Zones

An epgonline.org Learning Zone (LZ) is an area of the site dedicated to providing detailed self-directed medical education about a disease, condition or procedure.

Fluid Management

Fluid Management

Are you up-to-date with the latest evidence of effective procedures for fluid management?

+ 2 more

Hereditary ATTR amyloidosis

Hereditary ATTR amyloidosis

Explore the pathophysiology, epidemiology and multi-system symptoms associated with hereditary ATTR amyloidosis, as well as how to achieve an early and accurate diagnosis.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)

Refine your knowledge of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) with information on pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment options and more

+ 1 more

Load more

Related Content