Learning Zones

An epgonline.org Learning Zone (LZ) is an area of the site dedicated to providing detailed self-directed medical education about a disease, condition or procedure.

Transplantation

Transplantation

See information on best practice in solid organ transplantation, and expert discussions on related hot topics.

Fibrinogen Deficiency in Bleeding

Fibrinogen Deficiency in Bleeding

Fibrinogen is important for blood clot formation and breakdown. It is the first coagulant factor to be reduced to critical levels during massive trauma, cardiac surgery and postpartum haemorrhage that involve excessive bleeding. Persistent fibrinogen deficiency can lead to bleeding complications and an increased risk in mortality. This learning zone looks at both congenital and acquired fibrinogen deficiencies including indications and techniques for diagnosis, trigger level for treatment and treatment options.

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Journal articles

Factors affecting the under-diagnosis of atypical ductal hyperplasia diagnosed by core needle biopsies - A 10-year retrospective study and review of the literature.

Introduction: Due to the possibility of underestimation, surgical excision is usually offered to patients with atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) diagnosed with core needle biopsy (CNB). Here we review the 10-year data...

Added 1 year ago

Regulation of exosome release from mammary epithelial and breast cancer cells – A new regulatory pathway

Purpose:Exosomes are small 50–100 nm sized extracellular vesicles released from normal and tumour cells and are a source of a...

Added 5 years ago

Search all journal articles for Nonmalignant breast conditions