192 Results

Low preoperative fibrinogen plasma concentration is associated with excessive bleeding after cardiac operations.

Background: Data from small selected patient populations suggest that the preoperative plasma concentration of fibrinogen influences postoperative blood loss and red blood cell transfusion after cardiac operations, but there are...

Morbidity of bleeding after cardiac surgery: is it blood transfusion, reoperation for bleeding, or both?

Background: Etiology for increased morbidity in patients (2% to 8%) undergoing reoperation for bleeding after cardiac surgery is unclear. Recent work suggests that it may be related to red-cell transfusion, but what role does...

Early activation of hemostasis during cardiopulmonary bypass: evidence for thrombin mediated hyperfibrinolysis.

In 14 consecutive patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass for coronary bypass surgery the time course of coagulation and fibrinolysis markers were measured, e. g. plasma levels of thrombin-antithrombin III (TAT) complexes...

Monitoring and Treatment of Coagulation Disorders in End-Stage Liver Disease.

Background: Patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) are assumed to be at high risk of bleeding when undergoing any kind of invasive intervention (any kind of operation, including transplantation or minimally invasive...

Hyperfibrinolysis during intracranial surgery: effect of high dose aprotinin.

A patient undergoing intracranial surgery developed disseminated intravascular coagulation with life threatening perioperative bleeding. Thromboelastography established the diagnosis of hyperfibrinolysis, usually a fatal complication...

Reexploration for bleeding is a risk factor for adverse outcomes after cardiac operations.

Objective: Although previous studies have included early reexploration for bleeding as a risk factor in analyzing adverse outcomes after cardiac operations, reexploration for bleeding has not been systematically examined as...

Perioperative Coagulopathy, Bleeding, and Hemostasis During Cardiac Surgery: A Comprehensive Review

Cardiac surgery patients use 10%-25% of the blood products transfused annually in the United States. The transfusion of red blood cells or blood products has been the subject of intense scrutiny over the past 10 years.

Evaluation and management of bleeding during cardiac surgery.

Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with and potentially without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are at risk for excessive microvascular bleeding. This bleeding often leads to transfusion of allogeneic blood and blood components as...

Plasma fibrinogen level on admission to the intensive care unit is a powerful predictor of postoperative bleeding after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

Introduction: Evidence regarding the behavior of fibrinogen levels and the relation between fibrinogen levels and postoperative bleeding is limited in cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

The influence of perioperative coagulation status on postoperative blood loss in complex cardiac surgery: a prospective observational study.

Introduction: Coagulopathy leading to excessive blood loss is a serious complication of cardiac surgery. In this prospective cohort study, we measured patients' coagulation status before and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)...

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