Improvements in surgical techniques for the drainage of the pancreatic duct have been made in recent years, with enteric drainage in combination with systemic drainage of the venous effluent of the pancreas graft being the favoured method. This has superseded bladder drainage for duct management (Gruessner, 2011).
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance for allogeneic pancreatic islet cell transplantation (NICE [IPG257]. 2008) and autologous pancreatic islet cell transplantation (NICE [IPG274]. 2008) is available.
More details of these publications are available by following the links above.