Organ transplantation is still a relatively new field in medicine; although the first kidney transplant was performed in 1954, it was only with the development of immunosuppression in the 1980s that it became more widely utilised. There remains a chronic mismatch between the number of patients on waiting lists and the availability of suitable organs for transplantation. It is this particular issue that may be improved through advancements in the future. Two areas in particular are discussed here: regenerative medicine and organs grown ex vivo.
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