Epidemiology of Stroke

Stroke is common with, often, debilitating outcomes and the number of cases is set to rise markedly.

A common problem

Age-adjusted stroke incidence varies from 95–290 per 1,000,000 of the European population annually.3 About 1.1 million people experience a stroke in Europe each year. Transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs) are also common: the age-adjusted incidence ranged from 28–59 per 100,000 of the European population each year.3 

Despite improved prevention, rapid diagnosis and prompt treatment, stroke remains common. Many stroke survivors develop serious complications (Table 1). Demographic changes mean that strokes and TIAs are likely to become even more common over the next few decades.3

Stroke incidence, for example, increases 100-fold between 40 and 80 years of age, while the age-adjusted incidence is 1.2–2.0 times higher in men than women, but life-expectancy is lower in males than females. Epidemiologists predict that, if current trends continue, by 2025, 1.5 million people in Europe will experience a stroke each year.3

Review the types of stroke and outcomes following stroke


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