Balas MC, Vasilevskis EE, Olsen KM, Schmid KK, Shostrom V, Cohen MZ et al. Effectiveness and safety of the awakening and breathing coordination, delirium monitoring/management, and early exercise/mobility bundle. Crit Care Med. 2014;42:1024–36.
Balas MC, Weinhouse GL, Denehy L, Chanques G, Rochwerg B, Misak CJ, et al. Interpreting and implementing the 2018 pain, agitation/sedation, delirium, immobility, and sleep disruption clinical practice guideline. Clin Care Med. 2018;46(9):1464‒70.
Barr J, Fraser GL, Puntillo K, Ely EW, Gélinas C, Dasta JF, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of pain, agitation, and delirium in adult patients in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2013;41:263–306.
Brummel NE, Girard TD, Ely EW, Pandharipande MD, Morandi A, Hughes CG et al. Feasibility and safety of early combined cognitive and physical therapy for critically ill medical and surgical patients: the activity and cognitive therapy in ICU (ACT-ICU) trial. Intensive Care Med. 2014a;40:370–9.
Brummel NE, Jackson JC, Pandharipande PP, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Dittus RS et al. Delirium in the intensive care unit and subsequent long-term disability among survivors of mechanical ventilation. Crit Care Med. 2014b;42:369–377.
Brummel NE, Balas MC, Morandi A, Ferrante LE, Gill TM, Ely EW. Understanding and reducing disability in older adults following critical illness. Crit Care Med. 2015;43:1265–75.
DAS-Taskforce 2015, Baron R, Binder A, Biniek R, Braune S, Buerkle H, et al. Evidence and consensus based guideline for the management of delirium, analgesia, and sedation in intensive care medicine. Revision 2015 (DAS-Guideline 2015) - short version. Ger Med Sci. 2015;13:Doc19.
Devlin J, Skrobik Y, Gélinas C, Needham DM, Slooter A, Pandharipande PP, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the prevention and management of pain, agitation/sedation, delirium, immobility, and sleep disruption in adult patients in the ICU. Crit Care Med. 2018a;46(9):e825‒73.
Devlin J, Skrobik Y, Gélinas C, Needham DM, Slooter A, Pandharipande PP, et al. Executive summary: Clinical practice guidelines for the prevention and management of pain, agitation/sedation, delirium, immobility, and sleep disruption in adult patients in the ICU. Crit Care Med. 2018b;46(9):1532‒48.
Dick-Smith F. ‘Sorry, were you sleeping?’ Nurses’ role in the promotion of sleep for critically ill patients. Contemp Nurse. 2016;29:1–5.
Dubb R, Nydahl P, Hermes C, Schwabbauer N, Toonstra A, Parker AM et al. Barriers and strategies for early mobilization of patients in intensive care units. Ann Am Thora Soc. 2016;13:724–30.
Elliott R, McKinley S, Cistulli P, Fien M. Characterisation of sleep in intensive care using 24-hour polysomnography: an observational study. Crit Care. 2013;17:R46.
Flannery AH, Oyler DR, Weinhouse GL. The impact of interventions to improve sleep on delirium in the ICU: a systematic review and research framework. Crit Care Med. 2016;44:2231–40.
Herridge MS, Tansey CM, Matté A, Tomlinson G, Diaz-Granados N, Cooper A. Functional disability 5 years after acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:1293–304.
Hevener S, Rickabaugh B, Marsh T. Using a decision wheel o reduce use of restraints in a medical-surgical intensive care unit. Am J Crit Care. 2016;25:479–86.
Kamdar BB, King LM, Collop NA, Sakamuri S, Colantuoni E, Neufeld KJ et al. The effect of a quality improvement intervention on perceived sleep quality and cognition in a medical ICU. Crit Care Med. 2013;41:800–9.
Kamdar BB, Niessen T, Colantuoni E, King LM, Neufeld KJ, Bienvenu OJ, et al. Delirium transitions in the medical ICU: exploring the role of sleep quality and other factors. Critical care medicine. 2015;43:135.
Kamdar BB, Yang J, King LM, Neufeld KJ, Bienvenu OJ, Rowden AM et al. Developing, implementing and evaluating a multifaceted quality improvement intervention to promote sleep in an ICU. Am J Med Qual. 2014;29:546–54.
Korompeli A, Muurlink O, Kavrochorianou N, Katsoulas T, Fildissis, Baltopoulos G. Circadian disruption of ICU patients: a review of pathways expressions and interventions. J Crit Care. 2017;38:269–77.
Martin J, Heymann A, Bäsell K, Baron R, Biniek R, Bürkle H et al. Evidence and consensus-based German guidelines for the management of analgesia, sedation and delirium in intensive care – short version. GMS German Medical Science. 2010;8:1–31.
Mehta S, Cook D, Devlin JW, Skrobik Y, Meade M, Fergusson D, et al. Prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes of delirium in mechanically ventilated adults. Crit Care Med. 2015;43:557–566.
Needham DM, Davidson J, Cohen H, Hopkins RO, Weinert C, Wunsch H, et al. Improving long-term outcomes after discharge from intensive care unit: report from a stakeholders' conference. Critical care medicine. 2012;40:502–9.
Nydahl P, Sricharoenchai T, Chandra S, Kundt FS, Huang M, Fischill M, et al. Safety of Patient Mobilization and Rehabilitation in the Intensive Care Unit. Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017;14(5):766‒77.
Pandharipande PP, Girard TE, Jackson JC, Morandi A, Thompson JL, Pun BT et al. Long-term cognitive impairment after critical illness. N Engl J Med. 2013;369:136–16.
Parry SM, Knight LD, Connolly B, Baldwin C, Puthucheary Z, Morris P et al. Factors influencing physical activity and rehabilitation in survivors of critical illness: a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies. Intensive Care Med. 2017a [epub ahead of print].
Parry SM, Remedios L, Denehy L, Knight LD, Beach L, Rollinson TC et al. What factors affect implementation of early rehabilitation into intensive care unit practice? A qualitative study with clinicians. Crit Care. 2017b;38:137–43.
Patel J, Baldwin J, Bunting P, Laha S. The effect of a multicomponent multidisciplinary bundle of interventions on sleep and delirium in medical and surgical intensive care patients. Anaesthesia. 2014; 69:540–9.
Rothenhäuser HB, Ehrentraut S, Stoll C, Schelling G, Kapfhammer HP. The relationship between cognitive performance and employment and health status in long-term survivors of the acute respiratory distress syndrome: results of an exploratory study. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2001;23:90–6.
Schaller SJ, Anstey M, Blobner M, Edrich T, Grabitz SD, Gradwohl-Matis I et al. Early, goal-directed mobilisation in the surgical intensive care unit: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2016;388:1377–88.
Shapiro BA, Warren J, Egol AB, Greenbaum DM, Jacobi J, Nasraway SA, et al. Practice parameters for intravenous analgesia and sedation for adult patients in the intensive care unit: an executive summary. Society of Critical Care Medicine. Crit Care Med. 1995;23:1596–600.
Shehabi Y, Bellomo R, Mehta S, Riker R, Takala J. Intensive care sedation: the past, present and the future. Crit Care. 2013a;17:322.
Shehabi Y, Bellomo R, Reade MC, Bailey M, Bass F, Howe B, et al. Early goal‑directed sedation versus standard sedation in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients: a pilot study. Crit Care Med. 2013b;41:1983–91.
The TEAM Study Investigators. Early mobilization and recovery in mechanically ventilated patients in the ICU: a bi-national, multi-centre, prospective cohort study. Crit Care. 2015;19:81.
Van der Kooi AW, Peelen LM, Raijmakers RJ, Vrogop RL, Bakker DF, Tekatli H et al. Use of physical restraints in Dutch intensive care units: a prospective multicentre study. Am J Crit Care. 2015;24:488–95.
Vest MT, Murphy TE, Araujo KLB, Pisani MA. Disability in activities of daily living, depression, and quality of life among older medical ICU survivors: a prospective cohort study. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2011;9:9.
Vincent JL, Shehabi Y, Walsh TS, Pandharipande PP, Ball JA, Spronk P, et al. Comfort and patient-centred care without excessive sedation: the eCASH concept. Intensive Care Med. 2016;42:962–71.
Wolters AE, van Dijk D, Pasma W, Cremer OL, Looije MF, de Lange DW et al. Long-term outcome of delirium during intensive care unit stay in survivors of critical illness: a prospective cohort study. Crit Care. 2014;18:R125.