Welcome to the advanced heart failure section of the Acute and Advanced Heart Failure Learning Zone.
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Learn how to define advanced heart failure, the typical clinical condition and the current and future predictions for the prevalence of the disease.
Explore the disease processes of advanced heart failure using a graphical representation which demonstrates diastolic dysfunction over time and renal dysfunction as a comorbid factor.
Clinical evaluation of advanced heart failure considers the degree to which the signs and symptoms present. Explore useful visual representations of the clinical state for this patient sub-set.
Read the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification for the diagnosis of advanced heart failure, a useful tool to aid with patient assessment.
Learn about the various scoring systems and models used to assess end-stage heart failure in order to guide the decision-making process and manage treatment expectations.
Explore the various treatment options available for advanced heart failure, such as levosimendan therapy, ventricular assist devices and exercise training.