Advanced Heart Failure

Welcome to the advanced heart failure section of the Acute and Advanced Heart Failure Knowledge Centre.

This section includes content relating to the epidemiology, signs and symptoms of the disease including a focus on prognosis and quality of life and some of the current treatment options available.

Jump to each section by clicking below, or continue scrolling down. The next page will load automatically.

Epidemiology

Epidemiology

Learn how to define advanced heart failure, the typical clinical condition and the current and future predictions for the prevalence of the disease.

Pathophysiology

Pathophysiology

Explore the disease processes of advanced heart failure using a graphical representation which demonstrates diastolic dysfunction over time and renal dysfunction as a comorbid factor.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms

Clinical evaluation of advanced heart failure considers the degree to which the signs and symptoms present. Explore useful visual representations of the clinical state for this patient sub-set.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis

Read the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification for the diagnosis of advanced heart failure, a useful tool to aid with paitent assessment.

Prognosis and Quality of Life

Prognosis and Quality of Life

Learn about the various scoring systems and models used to assess end-stage heart failure in order to guide the decision-making process and manage treatment expectations.

Treatment

Treatment

Explore the various treatment options available for advanced heart failure, such as levosimendan therapy, ventricular assist devices and exercise training.