2,548 Results

Pathophysiology of adult obstructive sleep apnea.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder characterized by repetitive narrowing or collapse of the pharyngeal airway during sleep. The disorder is associated with major comorbidities including excessive daytime sleepiness...

Long-term oral appliance therapy in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a controlled study on dental side effects.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess possible dental side effects associated with long-term use of an adjustable oral appliance compared with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with the obstructive sleep...

Long-term oral appliance therapy in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a controlled study on temporomandibular side effects.

The objective of this study was to assess variations in the occurrence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and the risk of developing pain and function impairment of the temporomandibular complex in obstructive sleep...

Durability of treatment effects of the Sleep Position Trainer versus oral appliance therapy in positional OSA: 12-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.

Purpose: The Sleep Position Trainer (SPT) is a new option for treating patients with positional obstructive sleep apnea (POSA). This study investigated long-term efficacy, adherence, and quality of life during use of the SPT...

A comparative study of treatments for positional sleep apnea.

Sixty male patients all with apnea plus hypopnea indices (A+HI) above 12.5, who met a criterion of positionality by having two or more times the rate of these events during supine sleep in comparison to their lateral sleep rate...

Effect of sleep position on sleep apnea severity.

Thirty male patients evaluated sequentially for sleep apnea syndrome by all-night clinical polysomnography were compared for apnea plus hypopnea index (A + HI) during the time in the side versus time in the back sleep posture.

Personalized Management Approach for OSA.

OSA is a heterogeneous disorder. If left untreated, it has major health, safety, and economic consequences. In addition to varying levels of impairment in pharyngeal anatomy (narrow/collapsible airway), nonanatomical "phenotypic traits"...

Surgical modifications of the upper airway for obstructive sleep apnea in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

A substantial portion of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) seek alternatives to positive airway pressure (PAP), the usual first-line treatment for the disorder. One option is upper airway surgery.

New rules on driver licensing for patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: EU Directive 2014/85/EU.

The widespread recognition that obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) represents an important risk factor for motor vehicle accidents (MVA), which is reversed by successful therapy with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...

Inhaled hypertonic saline in preschool children with cystic fibrosis (SHIP): a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Background: Inhaled hypertonic saline enhances mucociliary clearance, improves lung function, and reduces pulmonary exacerbations in people with cystic fibrosis older than age 6 years. We aimed to assess the effect of inhaled...

Load more