Data from Archivos de Bronconeumologia - Curated by EPG Health - Date available 01 January 2012
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Original date published
1 January 2012
While it is known that asthma symptoms have a very variable pattern, the general belief is that the respiratory symptoms in COPD patients usually present little or no variability. Nevertheless, COPD patients report having "bad days". The objective of this present study was to evaluate the variability of the respiratory symptoms and their impact on the daily activities of a cohort of Spanish COPD patients.
We present the results of the Spanish patients who participated in a cross-sectional epidemiological study carried out in 17 European countries. Pulmonologists and Family Care physicians recruited patients with stable severe COPD (FEV1<50%). The perception of the patients on the variation in their symptoms was recorded by telephone interviews.
A total of 472 patients provided data that was valid for analysis. Mean age was 68.6; 93% were men; mean FEV1(%) was 41%. 84.1% of the patients experimented at least one respiratory symptom in the previous week and 60.9% affirmed that their symptoms varied over the course of the day or week. The moment of the day when the symptoms were perceived to be more intense was during the morning.
An important proportion of severe COPD patients perceive variability in their respiratory symptoms, with a greater intensity in the morning. The observation can have implications in treating patients with severe COPD as variability can be an initial sign of decompensation of the disease.