Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 03 July 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE YONDELIS® is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma who received a prior anthracycline-containing regimen [see Clinical Studies (14)]. YONDELIS is an alkylating drug indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma who received a prior anthracycline-containing regimen (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS YONDELIS is contraindicated in patients with known severe hypersensitivity, including anaphylaxis, to trabectedin. Known hypersensitivity to trabectedin (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling: Anaphylaxis [see Contraindications (4)] Neutropenic Sepsis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Rhabdomyolysis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Cardiomyopathy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Capillary Leak Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Extravasation Resulting in Tissue Necrosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] The most common (≥20%) adverse reactions are nausea, fatigue, vomiting, constipation, decreased appetite, diarrhea, peripheral edema, dyspnea, and headache. The most common (≥5%) grades 3–4 laboratory abnormalities are: neutropenia, increased ALT, thrombocytopenia, anemia, increased AST, and increased creatine phosphokinase. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Janssen Biotech, Inc. at 1-800-526-7736 (1-800-JANSSEN) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Adverse Reactions in Clinical Trials Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The data described below reflect exposure to YONDELIS in 755 patients with soft tissue sarcoma including 197 (26%) patients exposed to YONDELIS for greater than or equal to 6 months and 57 (8%) patients exposed to YONDELIS for greater than or equal to 1 year. The safety of YONDELIS was evaluated in six open-label, single-arm trials, in which 377 patients received YONDELIS and one open-label, randomized, active-controlled clinical trial in which 378 patients received YONDELIS (Trial 1). All patients received YONDELIS at the recommended dosing regimen of 1.5 mg/m2 administered as an intravenous infusion over 24 hours once every 3 weeks (q3wk, 24-h). The median age was 54 years (range: 18 to 81 years), 63% were female, and all patients had metastatic soft tissue sarcoma. Tables 3 and 4 present selected adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities, respectively, observed in Trial 1, an open-label, randomized (2:1), active-controlled trial in which 550 patients with previously treated leiomyosarcoma or liposarcoma (dedifferentiated, myxoid round cell, or pleomorphic) received YONDELIS 1.5 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 24 hours once every 3 weeks (n=378) or dacarbazine 1000 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 20 to 120 minutes once every 3 weeks (n=172) [see Clinical Studies (14)]. All patients treated with YONDELIS were required to receive dexamethasone 20 mg intravenous injection 30 minutes prior to start of the YONDELIS infusion. In Trial 1, patients had been previously treated with an anthracycline- and ifosfamide-containing regimen or with an anthracycline-containing regimen and one additional cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen. The trial excluded patients with known central nervous system metastasis, elevated serum bilirubin or significant chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis or active hepatitis, and history of myocardial infarction within 6 months, history of New York Heart Association Class II to IV heart failure, or abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline. The median age of patients in Trial 1 was 57 years (range: 17 to 81 years), with 69% female, 77% White, 12% Black or African American, 4% Asian, and <1% American Indian or Alaska Native. The median duration of exposure to trabectedin was 13 weeks (range: 1 to 127 weeks) with 30% of patients exposed to YONDELIS for greater than 6 months and 7% of patients exposed to YONDELIS for greater than 1 year. In Trial 1, adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of YONDELIS occurred in 26% (98/378) of patients; the most common were increased liver tests (defined as ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin) (5.6%), thrombocytopenia (3.4%), fatigue (1.6%), increased creatine phosphokinase (1.1%), and decreased ejection fraction (1.1%). Adverse reactions that led to dose reductions occurred in 42% (158/378) of patients treated with YONDELIS; the most common were increased liver tests (24%), neutropenia (including febrile neutropenia) (8%), thrombocytopenia (4.2%), fatigue (3.7%), increased creatine phosphokinase (2.4%), nausea (1.1%), and vomiting (1.1%). Adverse reactions led to dose interruptions in 52% (198/378) of patients treated with YONDELIS; the most common were neutropenia (31%), thrombocytopenia (15%), increased liver tests (6%), fatigue (2.9%), anemia (2.6%), increased creatinine (1.1%), and nausea (1.1%). The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) were nausea, fatigue, vomiting, constipation, decreased appetite, diarrhea, peripheral edema, dyspnea, and headache. The most common laboratory abnormalities (≥20%) were increases in AST or ALT, increased alkaline phosphatase, hypoalbuminemia, increased creatinine, increased creatine phosphokinase, anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia. Table 3: Selected Adverse ReactionsLimited to adverse reactions at a rate of ≥10% in the trabectedin arm and at a rate higher in the trabectedin arm compared with dacarbazine arm by ≥5% in overall incidence or by ≥2% for Grade 3–4 adverse reactions. Occurring in ≥10% of Patients Receiving YONDELIS and at a Higher Incidence than in the Control Arm - Trial 1 YONDELIS (N=378) Dacarbazine (N=172) System Organ Class Adverse Reaction All GradesToxicity grade is based on NCI common toxicity criteria, version 4.0. (%) Grades 3–4 (%) All Grades (%) Grades 3–4 (%) Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 75 7 50 1.7 Vomiting 46 6 22 1.2 Constipation 37 0.8 31 0.6 Diarrhea 35 1.6 23 0 General disorders and administration site conditions FatigueFatigue is a composite of the following adverse event terms: fatigue, asthenia, and malaise. 69 8 52 1.7 Peripheral edema 28 0.8 13 0.6 Metabolism and nutrition disorders Decreased appetite 37 1.9 21 0.6 Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Dyspnea 25 4.2 20 1.2 Nervous system disorders Headache 25 0.3 19 0 Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders Arthralgia 15 0 8 1.2 Myalgia 12 0 6 0 Psychiatric disorders Insomnia 15 0.3 9 0 Other clinically important adverse reactions observed in <10% of patients (N=755) with soft tissue sarcoma receiving YONDELIS were: Nervous system disorders: peripheral neuropathy, paresthesia, hypoesthesia. Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders: pulmonary embolism. Table 4: Incidence of Selected Treatment-Emergent Laboratory AbnormalitiesTreatment-emergent laboratory abnormalities including those higher in the trabectedin arm compared with the dacarbazine arm by ≥5% (all Grades) or by ≥2% (Grade 3–4). Incidence based on number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement. - Trial 1 Laboratory Abnormalities YONDELIS Dacarbazine All Grades (%) Grades 3–4 (%) All Grades (%) Grades 3–4 (%) YONDELIS group (range: 373 to 377 patients) and dacarbazine group (range: 166 to 168 patients). Chemistry Increased ALT 90 31 33 0.6 Increased AST 84 17 32 1.2 Increased alkaline phosphatase 70 1.6 60 0.6 Hypoalbuminemia 63 3.7 51 3.0 Increased creatinine 46 4.2 29 1.2 Increased creatine phosphokinase 33 6.4 9 0.6 Hyperbilirubinemia 13 1.9 5 0.6 Hematology Anemia 96 19 79 12 Neutropenia 66 43 47 26 Thrombocytopenia 59 21 57 20 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of YONDELIS. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Vascular disorders: capillary leak syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Administer at 1.5 mg/m2 body surface area as a 24-hour intravenous infusion, every 3 weeks through a central venous line (2.1, 2.5) Premedication: dexamethasone 20 mg IV, 30 min before each infusion (2.2) Hepatic Impairment: Administer at 0.9 mg/m2 body surface area as a 24-hour intravenous infusion, every 3 weeks through a central venous line in patients with moderate hepatic impairment (2.1, 5.3, 8.6, 12.3) 2.1 Recommended Dose and Schedule The recommended dose is 1.5 mg/m2 administered as an intravenous infusion over 24 hours through a central venous line every 21 days (3 weeks), until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity, in patients with normal bilirubin and AST or ALT less than or equal to 2.5 times the upper limit of normal. Hepatic Impairment: The recommended dose is 0.9 mg/m2 in patients with moderate hepatic impairment (bilirubin levels 1.5 times to 3 times the upper limit of normal, and AST and ALT less than 8 times the upper limit of normal). Do not administer YONDELIS to patients with severe hepatic impairment (bilirubin levels above 3 times to 10 times the upper limit of normal, and any AST and ALT) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.6), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 2.2 Premedication Administer dexamethasone 20 mg intravenously 30 minutes prior to each dose of YONDELIS. 2.3 Dose Modifications Permanently discontinue YONDELIS for: Persistent adverse reactions requiring a delay in dosing of more than 3 weeks. Adverse reactions requiring dose reduction following YONDELIS administered at 1.0 mg/m2 for patients with normal hepatic function or at 0.3 mg/m2 for patients with pre-existing moderate hepatic impairment. Severe liver dysfunction all of the following: bilirubin two times the upper limit of normal and AST or ALT three times the upper limit of normal with alkaline phosphatase less than two times the upper limit of normal in the prior treatment cycle for patients with normal liver function at baseline. Exacerbation of liver dysfunction in patients with pre-existing moderate hepatic impairment. The recommended dose modifications for adverse reactions are listed in Table 1. Once reduced, the dose of YONDELIS should not be increased in subsequent treatment cycles. Table 1: Recommended Dose Modification Laboratory Result or Adverse Reaction DELAY next dose of YONDELIS for up to 3 weeks REDUCE next dose of YONDELIS by one dose level for adverse reaction(s) during prior cycle Platelets Less than 100,000 platelets/microliter Less than 25,000 platelets/microliter Absolute neutrophil count Less than 1,500 neutrophils/microliter Less than 1,000 neutrophils/microliter with fever/infection Less than 500 neutrophils/microliter lasting more than 5 days Total bilirubinPermanently discontinue YONDELIS when liver dysfunction is exacerbated for patients with pre-existing moderate hepatic impairment. Greater than the upper limit of normal Greater than the upper limit of normal Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) More than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal More than 5 times the upper limit of normal Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) More than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal More than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal Creatine phosphokinase More than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal More than 5 times the upper limit of normal Decreased left ventricular ejection fraction Less than lower limit of normal; or Clinical evidence of cardiomyopathy Absolute decrease of 10% or more from baseline and less than lower limit of normal; or Clinical evidence of cardiomyopathy Other non-hematologic adverse reactions Grade 3 or 4 Grade 3 or 4 The recommended starting doses and dose reductions for YONDELIS are listed in Table 2: Table 2: Recommended Starting Doses and Dose Reductions Starting Dose and Dose Reduction For patients with normal hepatic function or mild hepatic impairmentIncluding patients with bilirubin 1 to 1.5 times the upper limit of normal, and any AST or ALT. prior to initiation of YONDELIS treatment For patients with moderate hepatic impairment prior to initiation of YONDELIS treatment Starting Dose 1.5 mg/m2 0.9 mg/m2 Dose Reduction First dose reduction 1.2 mg/m2 0.6 mg/m2 Second dose reduction 1.0 mg/m2 0.3 mg/m2 2.4 Preparation for Administration YONDELIS is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.1 Using aseptic technique, inject 20 mL of Sterile Water for Injection, USP into the vial. Shake the vial until complete dissolution. The reconstituted solution is clear, colorless to pale brownish-yellow, and contains 0.05 mg/mL of trabectedin. Inspect for particulate matter and discoloration prior to further dilution. Discard vial if particles or discoloration are observed. Immediately following reconstitution, withdraw the calculated volume of trabectedin and further dilute in 500 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP. Do not mix YONDELIS with other drugs. Discard any remaining solution within 30 hours of reconstituting the lyophilized powder. YONDELIS diluted solution is compatible with Type I colorless glass vials, polyvinylchloride (PVC) and polyethylene (PE) bags and tubing, PE and polypropylene (PP) mixture bags, polyethersulfone (PES) in-line filters, titanium, platinum or plastic ports, silicone and polyurethane catheters, and pumps having contact surfaces made of PVC, PE, or PE/PP. 2.5 Administration Infuse the reconstituted, diluted solution over 24 hours through a central venous line using an infusion set with a 0.2 micron polyethersulfone (PES) in-line filter to reduce the risk of exposure to adventitious pathogens that may be introduced during solution preparation. Complete infusion within 30 hours of initial reconstitution. Discard any unused portion of the reconstituted product or of the infusion solution.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Lactation: Breastfeeding not recommended (8.2) Do not administer YONDELIS to patients with severe hepatic impairment (5.3, 8.6, 12.3) 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Based on its mechanism of action, trabectedin can cause fetal harm when administered during pregnancy [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. There are no available data with the use of YONDELIS during pregnancy. Animal reproductive and developmental studies at relevant doses have not been conducted with trabectedin; however, placental transfer of trabectedin was demonstrated in pregnant rats. Advise pregnant woman of the potential risk to a fetus. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population are unknown; however, the background risk in the U.S. general population of major birth defects is 2 to 4% and of miscarriage is 15 to 20% of clinically recognized pregnancies. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There are no data on the presence of trabectedin in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions from YONDELIS in breastfed infants, advise a nursing woman to discontinue nursing during treatment with YONDELIS. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during and for 2 months after the last dose of YONDELIS [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Males YONDELIS may damage spermatozoa, resulting in possible genetic and fetal abnormalities. Advise males with a female sexual partner of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during and for 5 months after the last dose of YONDELIS [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. Infertility YONDELIS may result in decreased fertility in males and females [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of YONDELIS did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. 8.6 Hepatic Impairment The mean trabectedin exposure was (97%) higher in patients with moderate (bilirubin levels 1.5 to 3.0 times the upper limit of normal, and AST and ALT less than 8 times the upper limit of normal) hepatic impairment compared to patients with normal (total bilirubin ≤ the upper limit of normal, and AST and ALT ≤ the upper limit of normal) liver function. Reduce YONDELIS dose in patients with moderate hepatic impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Do not administer YONDELIS to patients with severe hepatic impairment (bilirubin levels above 3 times to 10 times the upper limit of normal, and any AST and ALT) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. 8.7 Renal Impairment No dose adjustment is recommended in patients with mild [creatinine clearance (CLcr) 60–89 mL/min] or moderate (CLcr of 30–59 mL/min) renal impairment. The pharmacokinetics of trabectedin has not been evaluated in patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr <30 mL/min) or end stage renal disease [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS CYP3A inhibitors: Avoid concomitant strong CYP3A inhibitors (7.1) CYP3A inducers: Avoid concomitant strong CYP3A inducers (7.2) 7.1 Effect of Cytochrome CYP3A Inhibitors Coadministration of YONDELIS with ketoconazole, a strong CYP3A inhibitor, increased systemic exposure of trabectedin by 66%. Avoid using strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., oral ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole, clarithromycin, telithromycin, indinavir, lopinavir, ritonavir, boceprevir, nelfinavir, saquinavir, telaprevir, nefazodone, conivaptan) in patients taking YONDELIS. If a strong CYP3A inhibitor for short-term use (i.e., less than 14 days) must be used, administer the strong CYP3A inhibitor 1 week after the YONDELIS infusion, and discontinue it the day prior to the next YONDELIS infusion [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 7.2 Effect of Cytochrome CYP3A Inducers Coadministration of YONDELIS with rifampin, a strong CYP3A inducer, decreased systemic exposure of trabectedin by 31%. Avoid using strong CYP3A inducers (e.g., rifampin, phenobarbital, St. John's wort) in patients taking YONDELIS [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA207953
Agency product number ID0YZQ2TCP
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 59676-610
Date Last Revised 22-12-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1718594
Storage and handling 16.2 Storage and Handling Store YONDELIS vials in a refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). YONDELIS is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.1
Marketing authorisation holder Janssen Products, LP