6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling: Anaphylaxis [see Contraindications (4)] Neutropenic Sepsis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Rhabdomyolysis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Cardiomyopathy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Capillary Leak Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Extravasation Resulting in Tissue Necrosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] The most common (≥20%) adverse reactions are nausea, fatigue, vomiting, constipation, decreased appetite, diarrhea, peripheral edema, dyspnea, and headache. The most common (≥5%) grades 3–4 laboratory abnormalities are: neutropenia, increased ALT, thrombocytopenia, anemia, increased AST, and increased creatine phosphokinase. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Janssen Biotech, Inc. at 1-800-526-7736 (1-800-JANSSEN) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Adverse Reactions in Clinical Trials Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The data described below reflect exposure to YONDELIS in 755 patients with soft tissue sarcoma including 197 (26%) patients exposed to YONDELIS for greater than or equal to 6 months and 57 (8%) patients exposed to YONDELIS for greater than or equal to 1 year. The safety of YONDELIS was evaluated in six open-label, single-arm trials, in which 377 patients received YONDELIS and one open-label, randomized, active-controlled clinical trial in which 378 patients received YONDELIS (Trial 1). All patients received YONDELIS at the recommended dosing regimen of 1.5 mg/m2 administered as an intravenous infusion over 24 hours once every 3 weeks (q3wk, 24-h). The median age was 54 years (range: 18 to 81 years), 63% were female, and all patients had metastatic soft tissue sarcoma. Tables 3 and 4 present selected adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities, respectively, observed in Trial 1, an open-label, randomized (2:1), active-controlled trial in which 550 patients with previously treated leiomyosarcoma or liposarcoma (dedifferentiated, myxoid round cell, or pleomorphic) received YONDELIS 1.5 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 24 hours once every 3 weeks (n=378) or dacarbazine 1000 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 20 to 120 minutes once every 3 weeks (n=172) [see Clinical Studies (14)]. All patients treated with YONDELIS were required to receive dexamethasone 20 mg intravenous injection 30 minutes prior to start of the YONDELIS infusion. In Trial 1, patients had been previously treated with an anthracycline- and ifosfamide-containing regimen or with an anthracycline-containing regimen and one additional cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen. The trial excluded patients with known central nervous system metastasis, elevated serum bilirubin or significant chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis or active hepatitis, and history of myocardial infarction within 6 months, history of New York Heart Association Class II to IV heart failure, or abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline. The median age of patients in Trial 1 was 57 years (range: 17 to 81 years), with 69% female, 77% White, 12% Black or African American, 4% Asian, and <1% American Indian or Alaska Native. The median duration of exposure to trabectedin was 13 weeks (range: 1 to 127 weeks) with 30% of patients exposed to YONDELIS for greater than 6 months and 7% of patients exposed to YONDELIS for greater than 1 year. In Trial 1, adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of YONDELIS occurred in 26% (98/378) of patients; the most common were increased liver tests (defined as ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin) (5.6%), thrombocytopenia (3.4%), fatigue (1.6%), increased creatine phosphokinase (1.1%), and decreased ejection fraction (1.1%). Adverse reactions that led to dose reductions occurred in 42% (158/378) of patients treated with YONDELIS; the most common were increased liver tests (24%), neutropenia (including febrile neutropenia) (8%), thrombocytopenia (4.2%), fatigue (3.7%), increased creatine phosphokinase (2.4%), nausea (1.1%), and vomiting (1.1%). Adverse reactions led to dose interruptions in 52% (198/378) of patients treated with YONDELIS; the most common were neutropenia (31%), thrombocytopenia (15%), increased liver tests (6%), fatigue (2.9%), anemia (2.6%), increased creatinine (1.1%), and nausea (1.1%). The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) were nausea, fatigue, vomiting, constipation, decreased appetite, diarrhea, peripheral edema, dyspnea, and headache. The most common laboratory abnormalities (≥20%) were increases in AST or ALT, increased alkaline phosphatase, hypoalbuminemia, increased creatinine, increased creatine phosphokinase, anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia. Table 3: Selected Adverse ReactionsLimited to adverse reactions at a rate of ≥10% in the trabectedin arm and at a rate higher in the trabectedin arm compared with dacarbazine arm by ≥5% in overall incidence or by ≥2% for Grade 3–4 adverse reactions. Occurring in ≥10% of Patients Receiving YONDELIS and at a Higher Incidence than in the Control Arm - Trial 1 YONDELIS (N=378) Dacarbazine (N=172) System Organ Class Adverse Reaction All GradesToxicity grade is based on NCI common toxicity criteria, version 4.0. (%) Grades 3–4 (%) All Grades (%) Grades 3–4 (%) Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 75 7 50 1.7 Vomiting 46 6 22 1.2 Constipation 37 0.8 31 0.6 Diarrhea 35 1.6 23 0 General disorders and administration site conditions FatigueFatigue is a composite of the following adverse event terms: fatigue, asthenia, and malaise. 69 8 52 1.7 Peripheral edema 28 0.8 13 0.6 Metabolism and nutrition disorders Decreased appetite 37 1.9 21 0.6 Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Dyspnea 25 4.2 20 1.2 Nervous system disorders Headache 25 0.3 19 0 Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders Arthralgia 15 0 8 1.2 Myalgia 12 0 6 0 Psychiatric disorders Insomnia 15 0.3 9 0 Other clinically important adverse reactions observed in <10% of patients (N=755) with soft tissue sarcoma receiving YONDELIS were: Nervous system disorders: peripheral neuropathy, paresthesia, hypoesthesia. Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders: pulmonary embolism. Table 4: Incidence of Selected Treatment-Emergent Laboratory AbnormalitiesTreatment-emergent laboratory abnormalities including those higher in the trabectedin arm compared with the dacarbazine arm by ≥5% (all Grades) or by ≥2% (Grade 3–4). Incidence based on number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement. - Trial 1 Laboratory Abnormalities YONDELIS Dacarbazine All Grades (%) Grades 3–4 (%) All Grades (%) Grades 3–4 (%) YONDELIS group (range: 373 to 377 patients) and dacarbazine group (range: 166 to 168 patients). Chemistry Increased ALT 90 31 33 0.6 Increased AST 84 17 32 1.2 Increased alkaline phosphatase 70 1.6 60 0.6 Hypoalbuminemia 63 3.7 51 3.0 Increased creatinine 46 4.2 29 1.2 Increased creatine phosphokinase 33 6.4 9 0.6 Hyperbilirubinemia 13 1.9 5 0.6 Hematology Anemia 96 19 79 12 Neutropenia 66 43 47 26 Thrombocytopenia 59 21 57 20 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of YONDELIS. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Vascular disorders: capillary leak syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].