Data from FDA (Food and Drug Administration, USA) - Curated by Marshall Pearce - Last updated 09 November 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE VIMPAT is indicated in patients 17 years and older with partial-onset seizures as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy. VIMPAT injection for intravenous use is an alternative when oral administration is temporarily not feasible. VIMPAT is indicated as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy in patients with partial-onset seizures; VIMPAT Injection is indicated as short term replacement when oral administration is not feasible (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS None. None (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are described below and elsewhere in the labeling: Suicidal Behavior and Ideation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] Dizziness and Ataxia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ] Cardiac Rhythm and Conduction Abnormalities [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] Syncope [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) ] Multiorgan Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6) ] Monotherapy: Most common adverse reactions are similar to those seen in adjunctive therapy studies (6.1) Adjunctive therapy: Most common adverse reactions (≥10% and greater than placebo) are diplopia, headache, dizziness, nausea (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact UCB, Inc. at 1-844-599-2273 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. In the premarketing development of adjunctive therapy for partial-onset seizures, 1327 patients received VIMPAT in controlled and uncontrolled trials, of whom 1000 were treated for longer than 6 months, and 852 for longer than 12 months. The monotherapy development program included 425 patients, 310 of whom were treated for longer than 6 months, and 254 for longer than 12 months. VIMPAT Tablet and Oral Solution Monotherapy Historical-Control Trial (Study 1) In the monotherapy trial, 16% of patients randomized to receive VIMPAT at the recommended doses of 300 and 400 mg/day discontinued from the trial as a result of an adverse reaction. The adverse reaction most commonly (≥1% on VIMPAT) leading to discontinuation was dizziness. Adverse reactions that occurred in this study were generally similar to those that occurred in adjunctive placebo-controlled studies. One adverse reaction, insomnia, occurred at a rate of ≥2% and was not reported at a similar rate in previous studies. This adverse reaction has also been observed in postmarketing experience [see Adverse Reactions (6.2) ]. Because this study did not include a placebo control group, causality could not be established. Dizziness, headache, nausea, somnolence, and fatigue all occurred at lower incidences during the AED Withdrawal Phase and Monotherapy Phase, compared with the Titration Phase [see Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. Adjunctive Therapy Controlled Trials (Studies 2, 3, and 4) In adjunctive therapy controlled clinical trials, the rate of discontinuation as a result of an adverse reaction was 8% and 17% in patients randomized to receive VIMPAT at the recommended doses of 200 and 400 mg/day, respectively, 29% at 600 mg/day, and 5% in patients randomized to receive placebo. The adverse reactions most commonly (>1% on VIMPAT and greater than placebo) leading to discontinuation were dizziness, ataxia, vomiting, diplopia, nausea, vertigo, and blurred vision. Table 2 gives the incidence of adverse reactions that occurred in ≥2% of adult patients with partial-onset seizures in the VIMPAT total group and for which the incidence was greater than placebo. Table 2: Adverse Reactions Incidence in Adjunctive Therapy Pooled, Placebo-Controlled Trials in Patients with Partial-Onset Seizures (Studies 2, 3, and 4) System Organ Class/ Preferred Term Placebo N=364 % VIMPAT 200 mg/day N=270 % VIMPAT 400 mg/day N=471 % VIMPAT 600 mg/day N=203 % VIMPAT Total N=944 % Ear and labyrinth disorder Vertigo 1 5 3 4 4 Eye disorders Diplopia 2 6 10 16 11 Blurred Vision 3 2 9 16 8 Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 4 7 11 17 11 Vomiting 3 6 9 16 9 Diarrhea 3 3 5 4 4 General disorders and administration site conditions Fatigue 6 7 7 15 9 Gait disturbance <1 <1 2 4 2 Asthenia 1 2 2 4 2 Injury, poisoning and procedural complications Contusion 3 3 4 2 3 Skin laceration 2 2 3 3 3 Nervous system disorders Dizziness 8 16 30 53 31 Headache 9 11 14 12 13 Ataxia 2 4 7 15 8 Somnolence 5 5 8 8 7 Tremor 4 4 6 12 7 Nystagmus 4 2 5 10 5 Balance disorder 0 1 5 6 4 Memory impairment 2 1 2 6 2 Psychiatric disorders Depression 1 2 2 2 2 Skin and subcutaneous disorders Pruritus 1 3 2 3 2 The overall adverse reaction rate was similar in male and female patients. Although there were few non-Caucasian patients, no differences in the incidences of adverse reactions compared to Caucasian patients were observed. Laboratory Abnormalities Abnormalities in liver function tests have occurred in controlled trials with VIMPAT in adult patients with partial-onset seizures who were taking 1 to 3 concomitant anti-epileptic drugs. Elevations of ALT to ≥3× ULN occurred in 0.7% (7/935) of VIMPAT patients and 0% (0/356) of placebo patients. One case of hepatitis with transaminases >20× ULN occurred in one healthy subject 10 days after VIMPAT treatment completion, along with nephritis (proteinuria and urine casts). Serologic studies were negative for viral hepatitis. Transaminases returned to normal within one month without specific treatment. At the time of this event, bilirubin was normal. The hepatitis/nephritis was interpreted as a delayed hypersensitivity reaction to VIMPAT. Other Adverse Reactions The following is a list of adverse reactions reported by patients treated with VIMPAT in all clinical trials in patients with partial-onset seizures, including controlled trials and long-term open-label extension trials. Adverse reactions addressed in other tables or sections are not listed here. Blood and lymphatic system disorders: neutropenia, anemia Cardiac disorders: palpitations Ear and labyrinth disorders: tinnitus Gastrointestinal disorders: constipation, dyspepsia, dry mouth, oral hypoaesthesia General disorders and administration site conditions: irritability, pyrexia, feeling drunk Injury, poisoning, and procedural complications: fall Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: muscle spasms Nervous system disorders: paresthesia, cognitive disorder, hypoaesthesia, dysarthria, disturbance in attention, cerebellar syndrome Psychiatric disorders: confusional state, mood altered, depressed mood VIMPAT Injection Adverse reactions with intravenous administration generally were similar to those that occurred with the oral formulation, although intravenous administration was associated with local adverse reactions such as injection site pain or discomfort (2.5%), irritation (1%), and erythema (0.5%). One case of profound bradycardia (26 bpm: BP 100/60 mmHg) occurred in a patient during a 15-minute infusion of 150 mg VIMPAT. This patient was on a beta-blocker. Infusion was discontinued and the patient experienced a rapid recovery. The safety of a 15-minute loading dose administration of VIMPAT Injection 200 mg to 400 mg followed by oral administration of VIMPAT given twice daily at the same total daily dose as the initial intravenous infusion was assessed in an open-label study in patients with partial-onset seizures. Patients had to have been maintained on a stable dose regimen of 1 to 2 marketed antiepileptics for at least 28 days prior to treatment assignment. Treatment groups were as follows: Single dose of intravenous VIMPAT Injection 200 mg followed by oral VIMPAT 200 mg/day (100 mg every 12 hours) Single dose of intravenous VIMPAT Injection 300 mg followed by oral VIMPAT 300 mg/day (150 mg every 12 hours) Single dose of intravenous VIMPAT Injection 400 mg followed by oral VIMPAT 400 mg/day (200 mg every 12 hours). Table 3 gives the incidence of adverse reactions that occurred in ≥5% of adult patients in any VIMPAT dosing group. Table 3: Adverse Reactions in a 15-minute Infusion Study in Patients with Partial-Onset Seizures System Organ Class/Preferred Term VIMPAT 200 mg N=25 % VIMPAT 300 mg N=50 % VIMPAT 400 mg N=25 % VIMPAT Total N=100 % Eye disorders Diplopia 4 6 20 9 Blurred Vision 0 4 12 5 Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 0 16 24 14 Dry mouth 0 6 12 6 Vomiting 0 4 12 5 Oral Paresthesia 4 4 8 5 Oral Hypoesthesia 0 6 8 5 Diarrhea 0 8 0 4 General disorders/administration site conditions Fatigue 0 18 12 12 Gait disturbance 8 2 0 3 Chest pain 0 0 12 3 Nervous system disorders Dizziness 20 46 60 43 Somnolence 0 34 36 26 Headache 8 4 16 8 Paresthesia 8 6 4 6 Tremor 0 6 4 4 Abnormal Coordination 0 6 0 3 Skin & subcutaneous tissue disorders Pruritus 0 6 4 4 Hyperhidrosis 0 0 8 2 Adverse reactions that occurred with infusion of VIMPAT 200 mg over 15-minutes followed by VIMPAT 100 mg administered orally twice per day were similar in frequency to those that occurred in 3-month adjunctive therapy controlled trials. Considering the difference in period of observations (1 week vs. 3 months), the incidence of CNS adverse reactions, such as dizziness, somnolence, and paresthesia may be higher with 15-minute administration of VIMPAT Injection than with administration over a 30-to 60-minute period. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of VIMPAT. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Agranulocytosis Psychiatric disorders: Aggression, agitation, hallucination, insomnia, psychotic disorder Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Angioedema, rash, urticaria, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Monotherapy: initial recommended dose is 100 mg twice daily; based on individual patient response and tolerability, increase at weekly intervals by 50 mg twice daily, up to a recommended maintenance dose of 150 mg to 200 mg twice daily (2.1) In patients already taking an antiepileptic drug, the VIMPAT recommended maintenance dose of 150 mg to 200 mg twice daily should be maintained for at least 3 days before initiating withdrawal of the previous antiepileptic drug (2.1) Adjunctive Therapy: initial recommended dose is 50 mg twice daily; based on individual patient response and tolerability, increase at weekly intervals by 50 mg twice daily, up to a recommended maintenance dose of 100 mg to 200 mg twice daily (2.1) VIMPAT Injection: must be administered intravenously; when switching from orally administered VIMPAT to VIMPAT Injection, the initial dosing regimen of VIMPAT Injection should be the same as that used for orally administered VIMPAT; VIMPAT Injection can be administered over a period of 15 minutes to 60 minutes; monitor closely patients with known cardiac conduction problems, on concomitant medications that prolong PR interval, or with severe cardiac disease (e.g., myocardial ischemia, heart failure), as VIMPAT may cause bradycardia or AV blocks in these patients (2.2, 5.3) Renal impairment: Dose adjustment is recommended for patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance ≤ 30 mL/min) (2.3, 12.3) Hepatic impairment: Dose adjustment is recommended for patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment; use in severe hepatic impairment patients is not recommended (2.4, 12.3) 2.1 Dosage for VIMPAT Tablet and Oral Solution Monotherapy The initial recommended dose of VIMPAT is 100 mg twice daily (200 mg per day); the dose should be increased by 50 mg twice daily (100 mg per day) every week, up to a recommended maintenance dose of 150 mg twice daily to 200 mg twice daily (300 mg to 400 mg per day). Alternatively, VIMPAT may be initiated with a single loading dose of 200 mg, followed approximately 12 hours later by 100 mg twice daily (200 mg per day); this dose regimen should be continued for one week. Based on individual response and tolerability, the dose can be increased at weekly intervals by 50 mg twice daily (100 mg per day), as needed, up to the recommended maintenance dose of 150 mg twice daily to 200 mg twice daily (300 mg to 400 mg per day). The loading dose should be administered with medical supervision because of the increased incidence of CNS adverse reactions [see Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. For patients who are already on a single antiepileptic and will convert to VIMPAT monotherapy, the therapeutic dose of 150 mg twice daily to 200 mg twice daily (300 mg to 400 mg per day) should be maintained for at least 3 days before initiating withdrawal of the concomitant antiepileptic drug. A gradual withdrawal of the concomitant antiepileptic drug over at least 6 weeks is recommended. Adjunctive Therapy The initial recommended dose is 50 mg twice daily (100 mg per day). Based on individual patient response and tolerability, the dose can be increased at weekly intervals by 50 mg twice daily (100 mg per day). The recommended maintenance dose is 100 mg twice daily to 200 mg twice daily (200 mg to 400 mg per day). In clinical trials, the 300 mg twice daily (600 mg per day) dose was not more effective than the 200 mg twice daily dose (400 mg per day), but was associated with a substantially higher rate of adverse reactions [see Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. Alternatively, VIMPAT may be initiated with a single loading dose of 200 mg, followed approximately 12 hours later by a 100 mg twice daily (200 mg per day); this maintenance dose regimen should be continued for one week. Based on individual patient response and tolerability, the dose can be increased at weekly intervals by 50 mg twice daily (100 mg per day), as needed, up to the maximum recommended maintenance dose of 200 mg twice daily (400 mg per day). The loading dose should be administered with medical supervision because of the increased incidence of CNS adverse reactions [see Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. When discontinuing VIMPAT, a gradual withdrawal over at least 1 week is recommended [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ]. 2.2 Dosage for VIMPAT Injection Intravenous VIMPAT can be administered in the same dosing regimens described for oral dosing, including the loading dose. These dosages may be infused intravenously over a period of 15 minutes to 60 minutes. Intravenous infusion of 30 to 60 minutes is preferable, and should be used when a 15 minute administration is not required [see Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. Monitor closely patients with known cardiac conduction problems, on concomitant medications that prolong PR interval, or with severe cardiac disease (e.g., myocardial ischemia, heart failure), as intravenous infusion of VIMPAT may cause bradycardia or AV blocks in these patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. When switching from oral to intravenous VIMPAT, the initial total daily intravenous dosage regimen of VIMPAT should be equivalent to the dosage regimen of oral VIMPAT. The clinical study experience of intravenous VIMPAT is limited to 5 days of consecutive treatment. At the end of the intravenous treatment period, the patient may be switched to VIMPAT oral administration at the equivalent daily dosage and frequency of the intravenous administration. 2.3 Dosage Information in Patients with Renal Impairment No dose adjustment is necessary in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment. A maximum dose of 300 mg per day VIMPAT is recommended for patients with severe renal impairment [creatinine clearance (CLCR) less than or equal to 30 mL/min] and in patients with endstage renal disease. VIMPAT is effectively removed from plasma by hemodialysis. Following a 4-hour hemodialysis treatment, dosage supplementation of up to 50% should be considered. In all renally impaired patients, the dose titration should be performed with caution. Patients with renal impairment who are taking strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 may have a significant increase in exposure to VIMPAT. Dose reduction may be necessary in these patients [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 2.4 Dosage Information in Patients with Hepatic Impairment The dose titration should be performed with caution in patients with hepatic impairment. A maximum dose of 300 mg per day is recommended for patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. VIMPAT use is not recommended in patients with severe hepatic impairment. Patients with hepatic impairment who are taking strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 may have a significant increase in exposure to VIMPAT. Dose reduction may be necessary in these patients [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 2.5 Administration Instructions VIMPAT may be taken with or without food. VIMPAT Oral Solution A calibrated measuring device is recommended to measure and deliver the prescribed dose accurately. A household teaspoon or tablespoon is not an adequate measuring device. VIMPAT Injection VIMPAT injection can be administered intravenously without further dilution or may be mixed with diluents listed below. The diluted solution should not be stored for more than 4 hours at room temperature. Diluents: Sodium Chloride Injection 0.9% (w/v) Dextrose Injection 5% (w/v) Lactated Ringer's Injection Product with particulate matter or discoloration should not be used. Any unused portion of VIMPAT injection should be discarded.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Pregnancy: Based on animal data, may cause fetal harm (8.1) 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category C Lacosamide produced developmental toxicity (increased embryofetal and perinatal mortality, growth deficit) in rats following administration during pregnancy. Developmental neurotoxicity was observed in rats following administration during a period of postnatal development corresponding to the third trimester of human pregnancy. These effects were observed at doses associated with clinically relevant plasma exposures. Lacosamide has been shown in vitro to interfere with the activity of collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP-2), a protein involved in neuronal differentiation and control of axonal outgrowth. Potential related adverse effects on CNS development cannot be ruled out. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. VIMPAT should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Oral administration of lacosamide to pregnant rats (20, 75, or 200 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (6.25, 12.5, or 25 mg/kg/day) during the period of organogenesis did not produce any teratogenic effects. However, the maximum doses evaluated were limited by maternal toxicity in both species and embryofetal death in rats. These doses were associated with maternal plasma lacosamide exposures [area under the plasma-time concentration curve; (AUC)] ≈2 and 1 times (rat and rabbit, respectively) that in humans at the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) of 400 mg/day. When lacosamide (25, 70, or 200 mg/kg/day) was orally administered to rats throughout gestation, parturition, and lactation, increased perinatal mortality and decreased body weights were observed in the offspring at the highest dose. The no-effect dose for pre- and post-natal developmental toxicity in rats (70 mg/kg/day) was associated with a maternal plasma lacosamide AUC approximately equal to that in humans at the MRHD. Oral administration of lacosamide (30, 90, or 180 mg/kg/day) to rats during the neonatal and juvenile periods of postnatal development resulted in decreased brain weights and long-term neurobehavioral changes (altered open field performance, deficits in learning and memory). The early postnatal period in rats is generally thought to correspond to late pregnancy in humans in terms of brain development. The no-effect dose for developmental neurotoxicity in rats was associated with a plasma lacosamide AUC approximately 0.5 times that in humans at the MRHD. Pregnancy Registry Physicians are advised to recommend that pregnant patients taking VIMPAT enroll in the North American Antiepileptic Drug (NAAED) pregnancy registry. This can be done by calling the toll free number 1-888-233-2334, and must be done by patients themselves. Information on the registry can also be found at the website http://www.aedpregnancyregistry.org/. 8.2 Labor and Delivery The effects of VIMPAT on labor and delivery in pregnant women are unknown. In a pre- and post-natal study in rats, there was a tendency for prolonged gestation in all lacosamide treated groups at plasma exposures (AUC) at or below the plasma AUC in humans at the maximum recommended human dose of 400 mg/day. 8.3 Nursing Mothers Studies in lactating rats have shown that lacosamide and/or its metabolites are excreted in milk. It is not known whether VIMPAT is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted into human milk, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue VIMPAT, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of VIMPAT in pediatric patients less than 17 years of age have not been established. Lacosamide has been shown in vitro to interfere with the activity of collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP-2), a protein involved in neuronal differentiation and control of axonal outgrowth. Potential related adverse effects on CNS development cannot be ruled out. Administration of lacosamide to rats during the neonatal and juvenile periods of postnatal development resulted in decreased brain weights and long-term neurobehavioral changes (altered open field performance, deficits in learning and memory). The no-effect dose for developmental neurotoxicity in rats was associated with a plasma lacosamide exposure (AUC) approximately 0.5 times the human plasma AUC at the maximum recommended human dose of 400 mg/day. 8.5 Geriatric Use There were insufficient numbers of elderly patients enrolled in partial-onset seizure trials (n=18) to adequately assess the effectiveness of VIMPAT in this population. No VIMPAT dose adjustment based on age is necessary. In elderly patients, dose titration should be performed with caution [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 8.6 Renal Impairment A maximum dose of 300 mg per day is recommended for patients with severe renal impairment (CLCR≤30 mL/min) and in patients with endstage renal disease. VIMPAT is effectively removed from plasma by hemodialysis. Dosage supplementation of up to 50% following hemodialysis should be considered. In all renally impaired patients, dose titration should be performed with caution [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment Patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment should be observed closely during dose titration. A maximum dose of 300 mg per day is recommended for patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment. The pharmacokinetics of lacosamide has not been evaluated in severe hepatic impairment. VIMPAT use is not recommended in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.4), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. Patients with co-existing hepatic and renal impairment should be monitored closely during dose titration.
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers Studies in lactating rats have shown that lacosamide and/or its metabolites are excreted in milk. It is not known whether VIMPAT is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted into human milk, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue VIMPAT, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS 7.1 Strong CYP3A4 or CYP2C9 Inhibitors Patients with renal or hepatic impairment who are taking strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 may have a significant increase in exposure to VIMPAT. Dose reduction may be necessary in these patients. 7.2 Concomitant Medications that Prolong PR Interval VIMPAT should be used with caution in patients on concomitant medications that prolong PR interval, because of a risk of AV block or bradycardia, e.g., beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers. In such patients, obtaining an ECG before beginning VIMPAT, and after VIMPAT is titrated to steady-state, is recommended. In addition, these patients should be closely monitored if they are administered VIMPAT through the intravenous route [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ].

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA022254
Agency product number 563KS2PQY5
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0131-1810,0131-5410,0131-2470,0131-2477,0131-2478,0131-2479,0131-2480
Date Last Revised 28-03-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 809984
Storage and handling 16.1 Storage Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature] Do not freeze VIMPAT injection or oral solution. Discard any unused VIMPAT oral solution remaining after seven (7) weeks of first opening the bottle.
Marketing authorisation holder UCB, Inc.