Data from FDA (Food and Drug Administration, USA) - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 21 July 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE TUDORZA® PRESSAIR® (aclidinium bromide inhalation powder) is indicated for the long-term, maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. TUDORZA PRESSAIR is an anticholinergic indicated for the long-term maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS The use of TUDORZA PRESSAIR is contraindicated in the following conditions: •Severe hypersensitivity to milk proteins [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ] •Hypersensitivity to aclidinium bromide or any of the excipients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ] •Severe hypersensitivity to milk proteins. (4) •Hypersensitivity to any ingredient. (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are described in greater detail in other sections: •Paradoxical bronchospasm [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ] •Worsening of narrow-angle glaucoma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] •Worsening of urinary retention [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) ] •Immediate hypersensitivity reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ] Most common adverse reactions (≥3% incidence and greater than placebo) are headache, nasopharyngitis and cough. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact AstraZeneca at 1-800-236-9933 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. 3-Month and 6-Month Trials TUDORZA PRESSAIR was studied in two 3-month (Trials B and C) and one 6-month (Trial D) placebo-controlled trials in patients with COPD. In these trials, 636 patients were treated with TUDORZA PRESSAIR at the recommended dose of 400 mcg twice daily. The population had a mean age of 64 years (ranging from 40 to 89 years), with 58% males, 94% Caucasian, and had COPD with a mean pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) percent predicted of 48%. Patients with unstable cardiac disease, narrow-angle glaucoma, or symptomatic prostatic hypertrophy or bladder outlet obstruction were excluded from these trials. Table 1 shows all adverse reactions that occurred with a frequency of greater than or equal to 1% in the TUDORZA PRESSAIR group in the two 3-month and one 6-month placebo-controlled trials where the rates in the TUDORZA PRESSAIR group exceeded placebo. Table 1: Adverse Reactions (% Patients) in Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials Treatment Adverse Reactions TUDORZA PRESSAIR Placebo Preferred Term (N=636) (N=640) n (%) n (%) Headache 42 (6.6) 32 (5.0) Nasopharyngitis 35 (5.5) 25 (3.9) Cough 19 (3.0) 14 (2.2) Diarrhea 17 (2.7) 9 (1.4) Sinusitis 11 (1.7) 5 (0.8) Rhinitis 10 (1.6) 8 (1.2) Toothache 7 (1.1) 5 (0.8) Fall 7 (1.1) 3 (0.5) Vomiting 7 (1.1) 3 (0.5) In addition, among the adverse reactions observed in the clinical trials with an incidence of less than 1% were diabetes mellitus, dry mouth, 1st degree AV block, osteoarthritis, cardiac failure, and cardio-respiratory arrest. Long-term Safety Trials TUDORZA PRESSAIR was studied in three long term safety trials, two double blind and one open label, ranging from 40 to 52 weeks in patients with moderate to severe COPD. Two of these trials were extensions of the 3-month trials, and one was a dedicated long term safety trial. In these trials, 891 patients were treated with TUDORZA PRESSAIR at the recommended dose of 400 mcg twice daily. The demographic and baseline characteristics of the long term safety trials were similar to those of the placebo-controlled trials. The adverse events reported in the long term safety trials were similar to those occurring in the placebo-controlled trials of 3 to 6 months. No new safety findings were reported compared to the placebo controlled trials. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of drug TUDORZA PRESSAIR. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. In postmarketing experience with TUDORZA PRESSAIR, immediate hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, angioedema (including swelling of the lips, tongue, or throat), urticaria, rash, bronchospasm, or itching have been reported. Additionally, nausea, dysphonia, blurred vision, urinary retention, tachycardia and stomatitis have been observed.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION The recommended dose of TUDORZA PRESSAIR is one oral inhalation of 400 mcg, twice daily. For oral inhalation only •One inhalation of TUDORZA PRESSAIR 400 mcg twice daily. (2)
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Teratogenic effects: Pregnancy Category C. There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Adverse development effects were observed in rats and rabbits exposed to aclidinium bromide. TUDORZA PRESSAIR should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Effects of aclidinium bromide on embryo-fetal development were examined in rats and rabbits. No evidence of structural alterations was observed in rats exposed during the period of organogenesis at approximately 15 times the recommended human daily dose (RHDD) [based on summed AUCs of aclidinium bromide and its metabolites at inhaled doses less than or equal to 5.0 mg/kg/day]. However, decreased pup weights were observed from dams exposed during the lactation period at approximately 5 times the RHDD [based on summed AUCs of aclidinium bromide and its metabolites at inhaled doses greater than or equal to 0.2 mg/kg/day]. Maternal toxicity was also observed at inhaled doses greater than or equal to 0.2 mg/kg/day. No evidence of structural alterations was observed in Himalayan rabbits exposed during the period of organogenesis at approximately 20 times the RHDD [based on summed AUCs of aclidinium bromide and its metabolites at inhaled doses less than or equal to 3.6 mg/kg/day]. However, increased incidences of additional liver lobes (3-5%), as compared to 0% in the control group, were observed at approximately 1,400 times the RHDD [based on summed AUCs of aclidinium bromide and its metabolites at oral doses greater than or equal to 150 mg/kg/day], and decreased fetal body weights were observed at approximately 2,300 times the RHDD [based on summed AUCs of aclidinium bromide and its metabolites at oral doses greater than or equal to 300 mg/kg/day]. These fetal findings were observed in the presence of maternal toxicity. 8.2 Labor and Delivery The effect of TUDORZA PRESSAIR on labor and delivery is unknown. TUDORZA PRESSAIR should be used during labor and delivery only if the potential benefit to the patient justifies the potential risk to the fetus. 8.3 Nursing Mothers Aclidinium bromide is excreted into the milk of lactating female rats, and decreased pup weights were observed. Excretion of aclidinium into human milk is probable. There are no human studies that have investigated the effects of TUDORZA PRESSAIR on breast-fed infants. Caution should be exercised when TUDORZA PRESSAIR is administered to nursing women. 8.4 Pediatric Use TUDORZA PRESSAIR is approved for use in the maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with COPD. COPD does not normally occur in children. The safety and effectiveness of TUDORZA PRESSAIR in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Of the 636 COPD patients exposed to TUDORZA PRESSAIR 400 mcg twice daily for up to 24 weeks in three placebo-controlled clinical trials, 197 were less than 60 years, 272 were greater than or equal to 60 to less than 70 years, and 167 were greater than or equal to 70 years of age. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. Based on available data for TUDORZA PRESSAIR, no adjustment of dosage in geriatric patients is warranted [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 8.6 Renal Impairment The pharmacokinetics of TUDORZA PRESSAIR were investigated in subjects with normal renal function and in subjects with mild, moderate and severe renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. No clinically significant differences in aclidinium pharmacokinetics were noted between these populations. Based on available data for TUDORZA PRESSAIR, no adjustment of dosage in renally impaired subjects is warranted. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment The effects of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of TUDORZA PRESSAIR were not studied [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ].
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers Aclidinium bromide is excreted into the milk of lactating female rats, and decreased pup weights were observed. Excretion of aclidinium into human milk is probable. There are no human studies that have investigated the effects of TUDORZA PRESSAIR on breast-fed infants. Caution should be exercised when TUDORZA PRESSAIR is administered to nursing women.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS In vitro studies suggest limited potential for CYP450-related metabolic drug interactions, thus no formal drug interaction studies have been performed with TUDORZA PRESSAIR [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. Anticholinergics: May interact additively with concomitantly used anticholinergic medications. Avoid administrations of TUDORZA PRESSAIR with other anticholinergic-containing drugs. (7.2) 7.1 Sympathomimetics, Methylxanthines, Steroids In clinical studies, concurrent administration of aclidinium bromide and other drugs commonly used in the treatment of COPD including sympathomimetics (short-acting beta2 agonists), methylxanthines, and oral and inhaled steroids showed no increases in adverse drug reactions. 7.2 Anticholinergics There is a potential for an additive interaction with concomitantly used anticholinergic medications. Therefore, avoid coadministration of TUDORZA PRESSAIR with other anticholinergic-containing drugs as this may lead to an increase in anticholinergic effects.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA202450
Agency product number UQW7UF9N91
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0310-0800
Date Last Revised 28-06-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1303107
Storage and handling 16.2 Storage and Handling Store TUDORZA PRESSAIR in a dry place at 25 °C (77 °F); excursions permitted to 15-30 °C (59-86 °F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. The PRESSAIR inhaler should be stored inside the sealed pouch and only be opened immediately before use. Discard the PRESSAIR inhaler 45 days after opening the pouch, after the marking “0” with a red background shows in the middle of the dose indicator, or when the device locks out, whichever comes first. Keep out of reach of children.
Marketing authorisation holder AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP