Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 31 August 2017

Indication(s)

INDICATIONS AND USAGE This formulation is indicated for use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for TPN for children up to 11 years of age. Administration of the solution in TPN solutions helps to maintain plasma levels of zinc, copper, manganese, and chromium and to prevent depletion of endogenous stores of these trace elements and subsequent deficiency symptoms.

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Advisory information

contraindications
CONTRAINDICATIONS TRACE ELEMENTS INJECTION 4, USP PEDIATRIC should not be given undiluted by direct injection into a peripheral vein because of the potential of infusion phlebitis.
Special warnings and precautions
PRECAUTIONS Before administering TRACE ELEMENTS INJECTION 4, USP PEDIATRIC in TPN solutions, the physician must assess the metabolic requirements for trace elements and disease state of the patient. Frequent determinations of serum levels of the various trace elements are suggested as a guideline for adjusting the dosage or completely omitting the solution. ZINC is eliminated via the intestine and kidneys. The possibility of retention should be considered in patients with malfunctioning excretory routes. COPPER and MANGANESE are eliminated via the bile, therefore, the possibility of the retention of these elements should be considered in patients with biliary obstruction. Ancillary routes of MANGANESE excretion, however, include pancreatic juice, or reabsorption into the lumen of duodenum, jejunum, or ileum. In assessing the contribution of CHROMIUM supplements to maintenance of normal glucose homeostasis, consideration should be given to the possibility that the patient may be diabetic, in which case oral or intravenous antidiabetic medication may be indicated. Pregnancy Teratogenic Effects Pregnancy Category C: Safety for use in pregnancy has not been established. Use of Multiple Trace Elements 4, USP in women of childbearing potential requires that anticipated benefits be weighed against possible hazards.
Adverse reactions
ADVERSE REACTIONS The amounts of ZINC, COPPER, MANGANESE, AND CHROMIUM in the solution are very small and toxicity symptoms due to these trace elements at suggested dosage level are considered unlikely to occur.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Do not use syringes, needles, or intravenous sets containing aluminum parts that may come in contact with TRACE ELEMENTS INJECTION 4, USP PEDIATRIC, for preparation or administration. Aluminum reacts and dissolves in acid media. Each mL of the solution provides Zinc 0.5 mg, Copper 0.1 mg, Manganese 30 mcg, and Chromium 1 mcg, and is administered intravenously only after dilution to a minimum of 1:200. The suggested dosage ranges for the four trace elements are: ZINC : For the metabolically stable adult receiving TPN, the suggested intravenous dosage level is 2.5 to 4 mg zinc/day. An additional 2 mg zinc/day is suggested for acute catabolic states. For the stable adult with fluid loss from the small bowel, an additional 12.2 mg zinc/liter of small bowel fluid lost, or an additional 17.1 mg zinc/kg of stool or ileostomy output is recommended. Frequent monitoring of zinc blood levels is suggested for patients receiving more than the usual maintenance dosage level of zinc. Normal plasma levels for zinc vary from approximately 88 to 112 mcg/100 mL. For full term infants and children, 100 mcg zinc/kg/day is recommended. For premature infants (birth weight less than 1500 g) up to 3 kg in body weight, 300 mcg zinc/kg/day is suggested. COPPER : For the metabolically stable adult receiving TPN, the suggested additive dosage level is 0.5 to 1.5 mg copper/day. For pediatric patients, the suggested additive dosage level is 20 mcg copper/kg/day. The normal plasma range for copper is approximately 80 to 160 mcg/100 mL. MANGANESE : For the metabolically stable adult receiving TPN, the suggested additive dosage level for manganese is 0.15 to 0.8 mg/day. For pediatric patients, a dosage level of 2 to 10 mcg manganese/kg/day is recommended. CHROMIUM : For the metabolically stable adult receiving TPN, the suggested additive dosage level is 10 to 15 mcg chromium/day. The metabolically stable adult with intestinal fluid loss may require 20 mcg chromium/day with frequent monitoring of blood levels as a guideline for subsequent administration. For pediatric patients, the suggested additive dosage level is 0.14 to 0.20 mcg/kg/day. Periodic monitoring of plasma levels of Zinc, Copper, Manganese, and Chromium is suggested as a guideline for administration. Aseptic addition of the solution to the TPN solution under a laminar flow hood is recommended. The trace elements present in the solution are physically compatible with the electrolytes and vitamins usually present in the amino acid/dextrose solution used for TPN. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration, whenever solution and container permit. Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).

More information

Category Value
Agency product number N57JI2K7WP
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0517-9310
Date Last Revised 02-09-2014
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1293464
Marketing authorisation holder American Regent, Inc.