Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 05 December 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Tolak (fluorouracil) Cream is indicated for the topical treatment of actinic keratosis lesions of the face, ears, and/or scalp. Tolak (fluorouracil) Cream, 4%, is a nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated for the topical treatment of actinic keratosis lesions of the face, ears, and scalp (1).

Learning Zones

An epgonline.org Learning Zone (LZ) is an area of the site dedicated to providing detailed self-directed medical education about a disease, condition or procedure.

Acute and Advanced Heart Failure

Acute and Advanced Heart Failure

What are the most effective treatments for acute heart failure? Can you define advanced heart failure? Discover here...

+ 3 more

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis causes great strain on the workforce. Help to reduce sick days and improve productivity with appropriate treatment options.

+ 4 more

Anticoagulation Therapy for Stroke Prevention

Anticoagulation Therapy for Stroke Prevention

Anticoagulation therapy for Stroke Prevention Learning Zone offers a deep-dive into atrial fibrillation causes, consequences, diagnosis and management to help you deliver optimal care and prevent strokes in patients living with this common arrhythmia.

Load more

Related Content

Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Tolak Cream is contraindicated: During pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5, 8.1)] In patients with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] Pregnancy (4.1, 8.1). Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency (4.2). 4.1 Pregnancy Tolak Cream may cause fetal harm when administered during pregnancy and is contraindicated in women who are pregnant. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while using this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. 4.2 Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Deficiency Tolak Cream is contraindicated in patients with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency.
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling: Application Site Adverse Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Ophthalmic Adverse Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Photosensitivity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Embryofetal toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Toxicity in Patients with Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Deficiency [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] The most common (incidence > 68%) adverse reactions occur at the application site and include erythema, scaling/dryness, crusting, pruritus, stinging/burning, edema, and erosions. Erythema is observed in 99% of patients with actinic keratosis treated with Tolak Cream (6.1). To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Hill Dermaceuticals at 1-800-344-5707 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The data described below reflect exposure to Tolak Cream in 397 subjects with actinic keratosis in vehicle-controlled trials. The population ranged in age from 33 to 94 years, was 80% male, and almost all were Caucasian. Most subjects were treated with Tolak Cream once daily for 4 weeks. Throughout the 4-week treatment and the 4-week post-treatment periods, the trials specifically monitored for adverse reactions related to tolerability, including erythema, scaling/dryness, edema, crusting, erosions, stinging/burning, and pruritus. The number and percentage of subjects with each of these monitored adverse reactions at one or more post-baseline visit(s) during the clinical trials are shown in Table 1. Table 1: Incidence of Application Site Adverse Reactions Occurring with 4 Weeks of Tolak Cream Treatment in Clinical Trials 1 and 2 Tolak Cream N=397 n (%) Vehicle N=120 n (%) Mild, Moderate or Severe Severe Only Mild, Moderate or Severe Severe Only Erythema 394 (99%) 174 (44%) 102 (85%) 0 (0%) Scaling/ Dryness 377 (95%) 94 (24%) 99 (83%) 0 (0%) Crusting 346 (87%) 87 (22%) 46 (38%) 0 (0%) Pruritus 337 (85%) 65 (16%) 46 (38%) 1 (1%) Stinging/ Burning 346 (87%) 101 (25%) 42 (35%) 0 (0%) Edema 275 (69%) 30 (8%) 11 (9%) 0 (0%) Erosions 271 (68%) 44 (11%) 14 (12%) 0 (0%) In these clinical trials, the intensity of the adverse reactions in subjects using Tolak Cream generally increased over the 4-week treatment period, usually reaching maximal levels at 4 weeks of treatment and then diminishing to baseline levels within 4 weeks after cessation of treatment. In Trials 1 and 2, 11% of Tolak Cream-treated and 3% of vehicle-treated subjects discontinued treatment because of adverse reactions. Of these subjects, the majority had adverse reactions at the application site. Eye swelling, leading to discontinuation, occurred in one subject with Tolak Cream use. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of topical fluorouracil. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders: leukocytosis, pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia, eosinophilia, neutrophil toxic granulation Eye disorders: corneal disorder, conjunctival disorder, eye irritation, conjunctivitis, lacrimation Gastrointestinal disorders: stomatitis General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: medicinal taste Infections and Infestations: herpes simplex Neoplasms: chronic lymphocytic leukemia, non-melanoma skin cancer Nervous system disorders: insomnia, irritability Psychiatric disorders: emotional distress Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: blistering, allergic contact dermatitis, photosensitivity, pain, scarring, skin irritation, rash, ulceration, hyperpigmentation, alopecia, bullous pemphigoid, ichthyosis, suppuration, swelling, soreness, telangiectasia, tenderness, urticaria

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Prior to application of Tolak Cream, wash, rinse, and dry the treatment areas. Apply Tolak Cream once daily in an amount sufficient to cover the lesions of the face, ears, and/or scalp with a thin film, using the fingertips to gently massage the medication uniformly into the skin. Apply Tolak Cream for a period of 4 weeks as tolerated. Thoroughly wash hands following Tolak Cream application. Tolak Cream is for topical use only. Do not apply to eyes, nose, mouth or mucous membranes. Not for ophthalmic, oral or intravaginal use. Apply Tolak Cream after washing, rinsing, and drying the treatment area(s) (2). Apply Tolak Cream once daily in an amount sufficient to cover the lesions of the face, ears, and/or scalp with a thin film, using the fingertips to gently massage the medication uniformly into the skin (2). Tolak Cream should be applied for a period of 4 weeks as tolerated (2). Wash hands thoroughly following Tolak Cream application (2). Tolak Cream is for topical use only. Do not apply to eyes, nose, mouth or mucous membranes (2). Not for ophthalmic, oral, or intravaginal use (2).
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category X [see Contraindications (4.1)]. Cases of miscarriage and birth defects (including cleft lip and cleft palate) have been reported when pregnant women were exposed to a topical or parenteral fluorouracil product. In addition, ventricular septal defect and cases of miscarriage occurred when pregnant women applied a topical fluorouracil product to mucous membranes (Tolak Cream is not indicated for use on the mucous membrane). Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Tolak Cream. Fluorouracil administered parenterally has been shown to be teratogenic in mice, rats, and hamsters when given at doses equivalent to the usual human intravenous dose. However, the amount of fluorouracil absorbed systemically after topical administration to actinic keratosis is minimal [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Fluorouracil exhibited maximum teratogenicity when given to mice as single intraperitoneal injections of 10 to 40 mg/kg on day 10 or 12 of gestation. Similarly, intraperitoneal doses of 12 to 37 mg/kg given to rats between days 9 and 12 of gestation and intramuscular doses of 3 to 9 mg/kg given to hamsters between days 8 and 11 of gestation were teratogenic and/or embryotoxic (i.e., resulted in increased resorptions or embryolethality). In monkeys, divided doses of 40 mg/kg given between days 20 and 24 of gestation were not teratogenic. However, doses higher than 40 mg/kg resulted in spontaneous abortions. Based on the recommended human dose and instructions for use, it is not possible to calculate human dose equivalents for animal exposures in these studies. 8.3 Nursing Mothers Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and there is some systemic absorption of fluorouracil after topical administration, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue drug use, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. 8.4 Pediatric Use Actinic keratosis is not usually observed in the pediatric population except in the case of rare genetic diseases. Tolak Cream is not intended for use in pediatric patients. Safety and effectiveness in children have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use No dose adjustment is required for elderly patients [see Clinical Studies (14)]. The mean age of the 403 subjects treated with Tolak Cream in the clinical trials was 68 years. Of the Tolak Cream-treated subjects, 61% were 65 and over, while 28% were 75 and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and there is some systemic absorption of fluorouracil after topical administration, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue drug use, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Subjects using systemic steroids, immunosuppressants, and immunomodulators were generally excluded from the clinical studies of Tolak Cream, as were subjects who used retinoids, topical steroids, glycolic acid products, alpha-hydroxy products, and chemical peeling products in the treatment areas. No clinical trials were designed to specifically evaluate drug interactions.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA022259
Agency product number U3P01618RT
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 28105-421
Date Last Revised 26-10-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1669868
Storage and handling 16.2 Storage and Handling Store at 25°C (77°F), with excursion permitted from 15°C to 30°C (59°F - 86°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not freeze.
Marketing authorisation holder HILL DERMACEUTICALS, INC.