6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling: Myelosuppression [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1)] Infection [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1)] Hypersensitivity [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )]. Cutaneous Toxicity [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease [ see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.5 )] Central Nervous System Toxicity [ see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] Carcinogenicity [ see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)] The most common adverse reactions (incidence greater than 10%) were neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, elevated alanine aminotransferase, elevated aspartate aminotransferase, elevated bilirubin, mucositis, cytomegalovirus infection, hemorrhage, diarrhea, hematuria and rash. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact ADIENNE at 844-668-3940 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Adverse Reactions With the Preparative Regimen for Class 3 Beta-Thalassemia The safety of TEPADINA was evaluated by retrospective analysis of 76 pediatric patients with class 3 beta-thalassemia who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic progenitor (stem) cell transplantation (HSCT) using busulfan and cyclophosphamide with TEPADINA (n=25) or without TEPADINA (n=51) [ ]. Adverse reactions were abstracted retrospectively from the medical records. Serious adverse events that occurred in the TEPADINA-treated and control cohort were, respectively: gastrointestinal hemorrhage (4% vs 2%), pneumonia (4% vs 0), seizure (4% vs 2%), subarachnoid hemorrhage (4% vs 0) and veno-occlusive disease (4% vs 2%). By 90 days after HSCT, grades 2 to 4 acute graft-versus-host disease was observed in 7 (28%) patients in the TEPADINA cohort and in 13 (26%) patients in the control cohort. By 1-year after transplantation, chronic graft-versus-host disease was observed in 8 (35%) of 23 evaluable patients in the TEPADINA cohort, and 7 (14%) of 49 evaluable patients in the control cohort. Adverse reactions occurring in at least 5% of patients treated with TEPADINA from start of the preparative regimen through 30 days after transplantation are shown in Table 3. Table 3: Common Adverse Reactions (>5%) Occurring Through 30 Days After Transplantation In Patients With Class 3 Beta-Thalassemia Using Busulfan And Cyclophosphamide With Or Without TEPADINA in the Preparative Regimen Preparative Regimen of Busulfan and Cyclophosphamide With TEPADINA N=25 patients (%) Without TEPADINA N=51 patients (%) Adverse Reaction Any Grade Grade 3-5 1 Any Grade Grade 3-5 1 Mucositis 2 16 (64%)16 (64%) 4 (16%)4 (16%) 22 (43%)22 (43%) 1 (2%)1 (2%) Cytomegalovirus InfectionCytomegalovirus Infection 12 (48%)12 (48%) 00 15 (29%)15 (29%) 0 Hemorrhage 3 7 (28%)7 (28%) 2 (8%)2 (8%) 12 (24%)12 (24%) 3 (6%)3 (6%) Diarrhea 6 (24%)6 (24%) 0 7 (14%)7 (14%) 2 (4%)2 (4%) Hematuria 4 5 (20%)5 (20%) 0 10 (20%)10 (20%) 3 (6%)3 (6%) Rash 5 3 (12%)3 (12%) 0 11 (22%)11 (22%) 0 Intracranial Hemorrhage 6 2 (8%)2 (8%) 1 (4%)1 (4%) 0 0 Pseudomonas Infection 2 (8%)2 (8%) 0 0 0 1Severe, life-threatening or fatal 2Mucositis includes mouth hemorrhage, mucosal inflammation and stomatitis 3Hemorrhage includes all hemorrhage terms 4Hematuria includes cystitis hemorrhagic and hematuria 5Rash includes dermatitis exfoliative, palmar erythema, rash, rash maculo-papular, rash pruritic and skin toxicity 6Hemorrhage Intracranial includes hemorrhage intracranial and subarachnoid hemorrhage All patients in the TEPADINA-treated and control cohorts developed profound cytopenias, including neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia. Table 4 shows the selected chemistry abnormalities that occurred from start of the preparative regimen through 30 days after transplantation. Preparative Regimen of Busulfan and Cyclophosphamide With TEPADINA N=25 patients (%) Without TEPADINA N=51 patients (%) Adverse Reaction Any Grade Grade 3-4 Any Grade Grade 3-4 Elevated alanine aminotransferase 22 (88%)22 (88%) 6 (24%)6 (24%) 49 (96%)49 (96%) 14 (27%)14 (27%) Elevated aspartate aminotransferase 20 (80%)20 (80%) 4 (16%)4 (16%) 45 (88%)45 (88%) 9 (18%)9 (18%) Elevated total bilirubin 20 (80%)20 (80%) 4 (16%)4 (16%) 39 (77%)39 (77%) 2 (4%)2 (4%) Adverse Reactions with Treatment of adenocarcinoma of the breast, adenocarcinoma of the ovary, malignant effusions and superficial papillary carcinoma of the urinary bladder Gastrointestinal: Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, anorexia. General: Fatigue, weakness. Febrile reaction and discharge from a subcutaneous lesion may occur as the result of breakdown of tumor tissue. Hypersensitivity Reactions: Allergic reactions - rash, urticaria, laryngeal edema, asthma, anaphylactic shock, wheezing. Local Reactions: Contact dermatitis, pain at the injection site. Neurologic: Dizziness, headache, blurred vision. Renal: Dysuria, urinary retention, chemical cystitis or hemorrhagic cystitis. Reproductive: Amenorrhea, interference with spermatogenesis. Respiratory: Prolonged apnea has been reported when succinylcholine was administered prior to surgery, following combined use of thiotepa and other anticancer agents. It was theorized that this was caused by decrease of pseudocholinesterase activity caused by the anticancer drugs. Skin: Dermatitis, alopecia. Skin depigmentation has been reported following topical use. Special Senses: Conjunctivitis. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of TEPADINA in preparative regimens prior to allogeneic or autologous hematopoietic progenitor (stem) cell transplantation (HSCT) in adult and pediatric patients. Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Febrile bone marrow aplasia. Cardiac disorder: Bradycardia, cardiac failure congestive, cardio-respiratory arrest, pericardial effusion, pericarditis, right ventricular hypertrophy. Congenital, familial and genetic disorders: Aplasia. Ear and labyrinth disorders: Deafness. Eye disorders: Blindness, eyelid ptosis, papilledema, strabismus. Gastrointestinal disorders: Ascites, dysphagia, enterocolitis, gastritis, palatal disorder. General disorders and administration site conditions: Device related infection, gait disturbance, malaise, multi-organ failure, pain. Hepatobiliary disorders: Hepatomegaly. Immune system disorders: Bone marrow transplant rejection, immunosuppression. Infection and infestation: Acute sinusitis, bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, candida sepsis, enterococcal infection, Epstein-Barr virus infection, Escherichia sepsis, Fusarium infection, gastroenteritis, infection, lower respiratory tract infection fungal, lower respiratory tract infection viral, parainfluenza virus infection, Pneumonia legionella, relapsing fever, respiratory tract infection, sepsis, septic shock, Staphylococcal bacteremia, Staphylococcal infection, systemic candida, urinary tract infection. Injury, poisoning and procedural complications: Refractoriness to platelet transfusion, subdural hematoma. Investigations: Coagulation test abnormal, hemoglobin decreased, Klebsiella test positive, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging brain abnormal, transaminases increased, weight increased. Metabolism and nutrition disorders: Hyponatremia. Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl. cysts and polyps): Breast cancer metastatic, central nervous system lymphoma, leukemia recurrent, lymphoma, malignant neoplasm progression, metastatic neoplasm, post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder. Nervous system disorders: Aphasia, brain injury, bulbar palsy, central nervous system lesion, cerebral microangiopathy, cerebral ventricle dilatation, cerebrovascular accident, cognitive disorder, convulsion, coordination abnormal, encephalitis, encephalopathy, hemiplegia, hypotonia, leukoencephalopathy, memory impairment, motor dysfunction, neurotoxicity, quadriparesis, speech disorder, tremor, VIIth nerve paralysis, white matter lesion. Psychiatric disorders: Delirium, depression, disorientation, suicidal ideation. Renal and urinary disorders: Renal failure, nephropathy toxic. Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Acute respiratory distress, aspiration, dyspnea exertional, interstitial lung disease, lung disorder, pneumonitis, pulmonary arteriopathy, pulmonary sepsis, pulmonary veno-occlusive disease, respiratory distress, respiratory failure, pulmonary hypertension. Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Vascular disorders: Capillary leak syndrome.