Data from FDA - Curated by Marshall Pearce - Last updated 11 October 2017

Indication(s)

1. INDICATIONS AND USAGE TAXOTERE is a microtubule inhibitor indicated for: Breast Cancer (BC): single agent for locally advanced or metastatic BC after chemotherapy failure; and with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide as adjuvant treatment of operable node-positive BC (1.1) Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): single agent for locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC after platinum therapy failure; and with cisplatin for unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic untreated NSCLC (1.2) Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer (HRPC): with prednisone in androgen independent (hormone refractory) metastatic prostate cancer (1.3) Gastric Adenocarcinoma (GC): with cisplatin and fluorouracil for untreated, advanced GC, including the gastroesophageal junction (1.4) Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck Cancer (SCCHN): with cisplatin and fluorouracil for induction treatment of locally advanced SCCHN (1.5) 1.1 Breast Cancer TAXOTERE is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of prior chemotherapy. TAXOTERE in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with operable node-positive breast cancer. 1.2 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer TAXOTERE as a single agent is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy. TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer who have not previously received chemotherapy for this condition. 1.3 Prostate Cancer TAXOTERE in combination with prednisone is indicated for the treatment of patients with androgen independent (hormone refractory) metastatic prostate cancer. 1.4 Gastric Adenocarcinoma TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil is indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma, including adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction, who have not received prior chemotherapy for advanced disease. 1.5 Head and Neck Cancer TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil is indicated for the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).

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Advisory information

contraindications
4. CONTRAINDICATIONS TAXOTERE is contraindicated in patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to docetaxel or to other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80. Severe reactions, including anaphylaxis, have occurred [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. TAXOTERE should not be used in patients with neutrophil counts of <1500 cells/mm3. Hypersensitivity to docetaxel or polysorbate 80 (4) Neutrophil counts of <1500 cells/mm3 (4)
Adverse reactions
6. ADVERSE REACTIONS The most serious adverse reactions from TAXOTERE are: Toxic Deaths [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Hepatotoxicity [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Neutropenia [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Hypersensitivity [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Fluid Retention [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Acute Myeloid Leukemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] Cutaneous Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)] Neurologic Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)] Eye Disorders [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)] Asthenia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)] Alcohol Intoxication [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)] The most common adverse reactions across all TAXOTERE indications are infections, neutropenia, anemia, febrile neutropenia, hypersensitivity, thrombocytopenia, neuropathy, dysgeusia, dyspnea, constipation, anorexia, nail disorders, fluid retention, asthenia, pain, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, mucositis, alopecia, skin reactions, and myalgia. Incidence varies depending on the indication. Adverse reactions are described according to indication. Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Responding patients may not experience an improvement in performance status on therapy and may experience worsening. The relationship between changes in performance status, response to therapy, and treatment-related side effects has not been established. Most common adverse reactions across all TAXOTERE indications are infections, neutropenia, anemia, febrile neutropenia, hypersensitivity, thrombocytopenia, neuropathy, dysgeusia, dyspnea, constipation, anorexia, nail disorders, fluid retention, asthenia, pain, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, mucositis, alopecia, skin reactions, myalgia (6) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact sanofi-aventis U.S. LLC at 1-800-633-1610 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch 6.1 Clinical Trial Experience Breast Cancer Monotherapy with TAXOTERE for locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of prior chemotherapy TAXOTERE 100 mg/m2: Adverse drug reactions occurring in at least 5% of patients are compared for three populations who received TAXOTERE administered at 100 mg/m2 as a 1-hour infusion every 3 weeks: 2045 patients with various tumor types and normal baseline liver function tests; the subset of 965 patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, both previously treated and untreated with chemotherapy, who had normal baseline liver function tests; and an additional 61 patients with various tumor types who had abnormal liver function tests at baseline. These reactions were described using COSTART terms and were considered possibly or probably related to TAXOTERE. At least 95% of these patients did not receive hematopoietic support. The safety profile is generally similar in patients receiving TAXOTERE for the treatment of breast cancer and in patients with other tumor types (See Table 3). Table 3 - Summary of Adverse Reactions in Patients Receiving TAXOTERE at 100 mg/m2 Adverse Reaction All Tumor Types Normal LFTsNormal Baseline LFTs: Transaminases ≤1.5 times ULN or alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 times ULN or isolated elevations of transaminases or alkaline phosphatase up to 5 times ULN n=2045 % All Tumor Types Elevated LFTsElevated Baseline LFTs: AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concurrent with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN n=61 % Breast Cancer Normal LFTs n=965 % Hematologic Neutropenia <2000 cells/mm3 96 96 99 <500 cells/mm3 75 88 86 Leukopenia <4000 cells/mm3 96 98 99 <1000 cells/mm3 32 47 44 Thrombocytopenia <100,000 cells/mm3 8 25 9 Anemia <11 g/dL 90 92 94 <8 g/dL 9 31 8 Febrile NeutropeniaFebrile Neutropenia: ANC grade 4 with fever >38°C with intravenous antibiotics and/or hospitalization 11 26 12 Septic Death 2 5 1 Non-Septic Death 1 7 1 Infections Any 22 33 22 Severe 6 16 6 Fever in Absence of Infection Any 31 41 35 Severe 2 8 2 Hypersensitivity Reactions Regardless of Premedication Any 21 20 18 Severe 4 10 3 With 3-day Premedication n=92 n=3 n=92 Any 15 33 15 Severe 2 0 2 Fluid Retention Regardless of Premedication Any 47 39 60 Severe 7 8 9 With 3-day Premedication n=92 n=3 n=92 Any 64 67 64 Severe 7 33 7 Neurosensory Any 49 34 58 Severe 4 0 6 Cutaneous Any 48 54 47 Severe 5 10 5 Nail Changes Any 31 23 41 Severe 3 5 4 Gastrointestinal Nausea 39 38 42 Vomiting 22 23 23 Diarrhea 39 33 43 Severe 5 5 6 Stomatitis Any 42 49 52 Severe 6 13 7 Alopecia 76 62 74 Asthenia Any 62 53 66 Severe 13 25 15 Myalgia Any 19 16 21 Severe 2 2 2 Arthralgia 9 7 8 Infusion Site Reactions 4 3 4 Hematologic Reactions Reversible marrow suppression was the major dose-limiting toxicity of TAXOTERE [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. The median time to nadir was 7 days, while the median duration of severe neutropenia (<500 cells/mm3) was 7 days. Among 2045 patients with solid tumors and normal baseline LFTs, severe neutropenia occurred in 75.4% and lasted for more than 7 days in 2.9% of cycles. Febrile neutropenia (<500 cells/mm3 with fever >38°C with intravenous antibiotics and/or hospitalization) occurred in 11% of patients with solid tumors, in 12.3% of patients with metastatic breast cancer, and in 9.8% of 92 breast cancer patients premedicated with 3-day corticosteroids. Severe infectious episodes occurred in 6.1% of patients with solid tumors, in 6.4% of patients with metastatic breast cancer, and in 5.4% of 92 breast cancer patients premedicated with 3-day corticosteroids. Thrombocytopenia (<100,000 cells/mm3) associated with fatal gastrointestinal hemorrhage has been reported. Hypersensitivity Reactions Severe hypersensitivity reactions have been reported [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. Minor events, including flushing, rash with or without pruritus, chest tightness, back pain, dyspnea, drug fever, or chills, have been reported and resolved after discontinuing the infusion and instituting appropriate therapy. Fluid Retention. Fluid retention can occur with the use of TAXOTERE [see Boxed Warning, Dosage and Administration (2.6), Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]. Cutaneous Reactions Severe skin toxicity is discussed elsewhere in the label [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]. Reversible cutaneous reactions characterized by a rash including localized eruptions, mainly on the feet and/or hands, but also on the arms, face, or thorax, usually associated with pruritus, have been observed. Eruptions generally occurred within 1 week after TAXOTERE infusion, recovered before the next infusion, and were not disabling. Severe nail disorders were characterized by hypo- or hyperpigmentation, and occasionally by onycholysis (in 0.8% of patients with solid tumors) and pain. Neurologic Reactions Neurologic reactions are discussed elsewhere in the label [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)] Gastrointestinal Reactions Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea were generally mild to moderate. Severe reactions occurred in 3–5% of patients with solid tumors and to a similar extent among metastatic breast cancer patients. The incidence of severe reactions was 1% or less for the 92 breast cancer patients premedicated with 3-day corticosteroids. Severe stomatitis occurred in 5.5% of patients with solid tumors, in 7.4% of patients with metastatic breast cancer, and in 1.1% of the 92 breast cancer patients premedicated with 3-day corticosteroids. Cardiovascular Reactions Hypotension occurred in 2.8% of patients with solid tumors; 1.2% required treatment. Clinically meaningful events such as heart failure, sinus tachycardia, atrial flutter, dysrhythmia, unstable angina, pulmonary edema, and hypertension occurred rarely. Seven of 86 (8.1%) of metastatic breast cancer patients receiving TAXOTERE 100 mg/m2 in a randomized trial and who had serial left ventricular ejection fractions assessed developed deterioration of LVEF by ≥10% associated with a drop below the institutional lower limit of normal. Infusion Site Reactions Infusion site reactions were generally mild and consisted of hyperpigmentation, inflammation, redness or dryness of the skin, phlebitis, extravasation, or swelling of the vein. Hepatic Reactions In patients with normal LFTs at baseline, bilirubin values greater than the ULN occurred in 8.9% of patients. Increases in AST or ALT >1.5 times the ULN, or alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN, were observed in 18.9% and 7.3% of patients, respectively. While on TAXOTERE, increases in AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concomitant with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN occurred in 4.3% of patients with normal LFTs at baseline. Whether these changes were related to the drug or underlying disease has not been established. Hematologic and Other Toxicity: Relation to dose and baseline liver chemistry abnormalities Hematologic and other toxicity is increased at higher doses and in patients with elevated baseline liver function tests (LFTs). In the following tables, adverse drug reactions are compared for three populations: 730 patients with normal LFTs given TAXOTERE at 100 mg/m2 in the randomized and single arm studies of metastatic breast cancer after failure of previous chemotherapy; 18 patients in these studies who had abnormal baseline LFTs (defined as AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concurrent with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN); and 174 patients in Japanese studies given TAXOTERE at 60 mg/m2 who had normal LFTs (see Tables 4 and 5). Table 4 - Hematologic Adverse Reactions in Breast Cancer Patients Previously Treated with Chemotherapy Treated at TAXOTERE 100 mg/m2 with Normal or Elevated Liver Function Tests or 60 mg/m2 with Normal Liver Function Tests TAXOTERE 100 mg/m2 TAXOTERE 60 mg/m2 Normal LFTsNormal Baseline LFTs: Transaminases ≤1.5 times ULN or alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 times ULN or isolated elevations of transaminases or alkaline phosphatase up to 5 times ULN Elevated LFTsElevated Baseline LFTs: AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concurrent with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN Normal LFTs Adverse Reaction n=730 n=18 n=174 % % % Neutropenia Any <2000 cells/mm3 98 100 95 Grade 4 <500 cells/mm3 84 94 75 Thrombocytopenia Any <100,000 cells/mm3 11 44 14 Grade 4 <20,000 cells/mm3 1 17 1 Anemia <11 g/dL 95 94 65 InfectionIncidence of infection requiring hospitalization and/or intravenous antibiotics was 8.5% (n=62) among the 730 patients with normal LFTs at baseline; 7 patients had concurrent grade 3 neutropenia, and 46 patients had grade 4 neutropenia. Any 23 39 1 Grade 3 and 4 7 33 0 Febrile NeutropeniaFebrile Neutropenia: For 100 mg/m2, ANC grade 4 and fever >38°C with intravenous antibiotics and/or hospitalization; for 60 mg/m2, ANC grade 3/4 and fever >38.1°C By Patient 12 33 0 By Course 2 9 0 Septic Death 2 6 1 Non-Septic Death 1 11 0 Table 5 - Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions in Breast Cancer Patients Previously Treated with Chemotherapy Treated at TAXOTERE 100 mg/m2 with Normal or Elevated Liver Function Tests or 60 mg/m2 with Normal Liver Function Tests TAXOTERE 100 mg/m2 TAXOTERE 60 mg/m2 Normal LFTsNormal Baseline LFTs: Transaminases ≤1.5 times ULN or alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 times ULN or isolated elevations of transaminases or alkaline phosphatase up to 5 times ULN Elevated LFTsElevated Baseline Liver Function: AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concurrent with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN Normal LFTs Adverse Reaction n=730 n=18 n=174 % % % NA = not available Acute Hypersensitivity Reaction Regardless of Premedication Any 13 6 1 Severe 1 0 0 Fluid RetentionFluid Retention includes (by COSTART): edema (peripheral, localized, generalized, lymphedema, pulmonary edema, and edema otherwise not specified) and effusion (pleural, pericardial, and ascites); no premedication given with the 60 mg/m2 dose Regardless of Premedication Any 56 61 13 Severe 8 17 0 Neurosensory Any 57 50 20 Severe 6 0 0 Myalgia 23 33 3 Cutaneous Any 45 61 31 Severe 5 17 0 Asthenia Any 65 44 66 Severe 17 22 0 Diarrhea Any 42 28 NA Severe 6 11 Stomatitis Any 53 67 19 Severe 8 39 1 In the three-arm monotherapy trial, TAX313, which compared TAXOTERE 60 mg/m2, 75 mg/m2 and 100 mg/m2 in advanced breast cancer, grade 3/4 or severe adverse reactions occurred in 49.0% of patients treated with TAXOTERE 60 mg/m2 compared to 55.3% and 65.9% treated with 75 mg/m2 and 100 mg/m2 respectively. Discontinuation due to adverse reactions was reported in 5.3% of patients treated with 60 mg/m2 vs. 6.9% and 16.5% for patients treated at 75 mg/m2 and 100 mg/m2 respectively. Deaths within 30 days of last treatment occurred in 4.0% of patients treated with 60 mg/m2 compared to 5.3% and 1.6% for patients treated at 75 and 100 mg/m2 respectively. The following adverse reactions were associated with increasing docetaxel doses: fluid retention (26%, 38%, and 46% at 60 mg/m2, 75 mg/m2, and 100 mg/m2 respectively), thrombocytopenia (7%, 11% and 12% respectively), neutropenia (92%, 94%, and 97% respectively), febrile neutropenia (5%, 7%, and 14% respectively), treatment-related grade 3/4 infection (2%, 3%, and 7% respectively) and anemia (87%, 94%, and 97% respectively). Combination therapy with TAXOTERE in the adjuvant treatment of breast cancer The following table presents treatment emergent adverse reactions observed in 744 patients, who were treated with TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (see Table 6). Table 6- Clinically Important Treatment Emergent Adverse Reactions Regardless of Causal Relationship in Patients Receiving TAXOTERE in Combination with Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide (TAX316). TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2+ Doxorubicin 50 mg/m2+ Cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 (TAC) n=744 % Fluorouracil 500 mg/m2+ Doxorubicin 50 mg/m2+ Cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 (FAC) n=736 % Adverse Reaction Any Grade 3/4 Any Grade 3/4 Anemia 92 4 72 2 Neutropenia 71 66 82 49 Fever in absence of infection 47 1 17 0 Infection 39 4 36 2 Thrombocytopenia 39 2 28 1 Febrile neutropenia 25 N/A 3 N/A Neutropenic infection 12 N/A 6 N/A Hypersensitivity reactions 13 1 4 0 Lymphedema 4 0 1 0 Fluid RetentionCOSTART term and grading system for events related to treatment. 35 1 15 0 Peripheral edema 27 0 7 0 Weight gain 13 0 9 0 Neuropathy sensory 26 0 10 0 Neuro-cortical 5 1 6 1 Neuropathy motor 4 0 2 0 Neuro-cerebellar 2 0 2 0 Syncope 2 1 1 0 Alopecia 98 N/A 97 N/A Skin toxicity 27 1 18 0 Nail disorders 19 0 14 0 Nausea 81 5 88 10 Stomatitis 69 7 53 2 Vomiting 45 4 59 7 Diarrhea 35 4 28 2 Constipation 34 1 32 1 Taste perversion 28 1 15 0 Anorexia 22 2 18 1 Abdominal Pain 11 1 5 0 Amenorrhea 62 N/A 52 N/A Cough 14 0 10 0 Cardiac dysrhythmias 8 0 6 0 Vasodilatation 27 1 21 1 Hypotension 2 0 1 0 Phlebitis 1 0 1 0 Asthenia 81 11 71 6 Myalgia 27 1 10 0 Arthralgia 19 1 9 0 Lacrimation disorder 11 0 7 0 Conjunctivitis 5 0 7 0 Of the 744 patients treated with TAC, 36.3% experienced severe treatment emergent adverse reactions compared to 26.6% of the 736 patients treated with FAC. Dose reductions due to hematologic toxicity occurred in 1% of cycles in the TAC arm versus 0.1% of cycles in the FAC arm. Six percent of patients treated with TAC discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions, compared to 1.1% treated with FAC; fever in the absence of infection and allergy being the most common reasons for withdrawal among TAC-treated patients. Two patients died in each arm within 30 days of their last study treatment; 1 death per arm was attributed to study drugs. Fever and Infection Fever in the absence of infection was seen in 46.5% of TAC-treated patients and in 17.1% of FAC-treated patients. Grade 3/4 fever in the absence of infection was seen in 1.3% and 0% of TAC- and FAC-treated patients respectively. Infection was seen in 39.4% of TAC-treated patients compared to 36.3% of FAC-treated patients. Grade 3/4 infection was seen in 3.9% and 2.2% of TAC-treated and FAC-treated patients respectively. There were no septic deaths in either treatment arm. Gastrointestinal Reactions In addition to gastrointestinal reactions reflected in the table above, 7 patients in the TAC arm were reported to have colitis/enteritis/large intestine perforation vs. one patient in the FAC arm. Five of the 7 TAC-treated patients required treatment discontinuation; no deaths due to these events occurred. Cardiovascular Reactions More cardiovascular reactions were reported in the TAC arm vs. the FAC arm; dysrhythmias, all grades (7.9% vs. 6.0%), hypotension, all grades (2.6% vs. 1.1%) and CHF (2.3% vs. 0.9%, at 70 months median follow-up). One patient in each arm died due to heart failure. Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Treatment-related acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplasia is known to occur in patients treated with anthracyclines and/or cyclophosphamide, including use in adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. AML occurs at a higher frequency when these agents are given in combination with radiation therapy. AML occurred in the adjuvant breast cancer trial (TAX316). The cumulative risk of developing treatment-related AML at 5 years in TAX316 was 0.4% for TAC-treated patients and 0.1% for FAC-treated patients. This risk of AML is comparable to the risk observed for other anthracyclines/cyclophosphamide containing adjuvant breast chemotherapy regimens. Lung Cancer Monotherapy with TAXOTERE for unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2: Treatment emergent adverse drug reactions are shown in Table 7. Included in this table are safety data for a total of 176 patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma and a history of prior treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy who were treated in two randomized, controlled trials. These reactions were described using NCI Common Toxicity Criteria regardless of relationship to study treatment, except for the hematologic toxicities or where otherwise noted. Table 7 - Treatment Emergent Adverse Reactions Regardless of Relationship to Treatment in Patients Receiving TAXOTERE as Monotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Previously Treated with Platinum-Based ChemotherapyNormal Baseline LFTs: Transaminases ≤1.5 times ULN or alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 times ULN or isolated elevations of transaminases or alkaline phosphatase up to 5 times ULN Adverse Reaction TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 n=176 % Best Supportive Care n=49 % Vinorelbine/Ifosfamide n=119 % Neutropenia Any 84 14 83 Grade 3/4 65 12 57 Leukopenia Any 84 6 89 Grade 3/4 49 0 43 Thrombocytopenia Any 8 0 8 Grade 3/4 3 0 2 Anemia Any 91 55 91 Grade 3/4 9 12 14 Febrile Neutropenia Febrile Neutropenia: ANC grade 4 with fever >38°C with intravenous antibiotics and/or hospitalization 6 NANot Applicable 1 Infection Any 34 29 30 Grade 3/4 10 6 9 Treatment Related Mortality 3 NA 3 Hypersensitivity Reactions Any 6 0 1 Grade 3/4 3 0 0 Fluid Retention Any 34 NDNot Done 23 Severe 3 3 Neurosensory Any 23 14 29 Grade 3/4 2 6 5 Neuromotor Any 16 8 10 Grade 3/4 5 6 3 Skin Any 20 6 17 Grade 3/4 1 2 1 Gastrointestinal Nausea Any 34 31 31 Grade 3/4 5 4 8 Vomiting Any 22 27 22 Grade 3/4 3 2 6 Diarrhea Any 23 6 12 Grade 3/4 3 0 4 Alopecia 56 35 50 Asthenia Any 53 57 54 SevereCOSTART term and grading system 18 39 23 Stomatitis Any 26 6 8 Grade 3/4 2 0 1 Pulmonary Any 41 49 45 Grade 3/4 21 29 19 Nail Disorder Any 11 0 2 Severe 1 0 0 Myalgia Any 6 0 3 Severe 0 0 0 Arthralgia Any 3 2 2 Severe 0 0 1 Taste Perversion Any 6 0 0 Severe 1 0 0 Combination therapy with TAXOTERE in chemotherapy-naïve advanced unresectable or metastatic NSCLC Table 8 presents safety data from two arms of an open label, randomized controlled trial (TAX326) that enrolled patients with unresectable stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer and no history of prior chemotherapy. Adverse reactions were described using the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria except where otherwise noted. Table 8 - Adverse Reactions Regardless of Relationship to Treatment in Chemotherapy-Naïve Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Receiving TAXOTERE in Combination with Cisplatin Adverse Reaction TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 + Cisplatin 75 mg/m2 n=406 % Vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 + Cisplatin 100 mg/m2 n=396 % Neutropenia Any 91 90 Grade 3/4 74 78 Febrile Neutropenia 5 5 Thrombocytopenia Any 15 15 Grade 3/4 3 4 Anemia Any 89 94 Grade 3/4 7 25 Infection Any 35 37 Grade 3/4 8 8 Fever in absence of infection Any 33 29 Grade 3/4 < 1 1 Hypersensitivity ReactionReplaces NCI term "Allergy" Any 12 4 Grade 3/4 3 < 1 Fluid RetentionCOSTART term and grading system Any 54 42 All severe or life-threatening events 2 2 Pleural effusion Any 23 22 All severe or life-threatening events 2 2 Peripheral edema Any 34 18 All severe or life-threatening events <1 <1 Weight gain Any 15 9 All severe or life-threatening events <1 <1 Neurosensory Any 47 42 Grade 3/4 4 4 Neuromotor Any 19 17 Grade 3/4 3 6 Skin Any 16 14 Grade 3/4 <1 1 Nausea Any 72 76 Grade 3/4 10 17 Vomiting Any 55 61 Grade 3/4 8 16 Diarrhea Any 47 25 Grade 3/4 7 3 Anorexia Any 42 40 All severe or life-threatening events 5 5 Stomatitis Any 24 21 Grade 3/4 2 1 Alopecia Any 75 42 Grade 3 <1 0 Asthenia Any 74 75 All severe or life-threatening events 12 14 Nail Disorder Any 14 <1 All severe events <1 0 Myalgia Any 18 12 All severe events <1 <1 Deaths within 30 days of last study treatment occurred in 31 patients (7.6%) in the docetaxel+cisplatin arm and 37 patients (9.3%) in the vinorelbine+cisplatin arm. Deaths within 30 days of last study treatment attributed to study drug occurred in 9 patients (2.2%) in the docetaxel+cisplatin arm and 8 patients (2.0%) in the vinorelbine+cisplatin arm. The second comparison in the study, vinorelbine+cisplatin versus TAXOTERE+carboplatin (which did not demonstrate a superior survival associated with TAXOTERE [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]) demonstrated a higher incidence of thrombocytopenia, diarrhea, fluid retention, hypersensitivity reactions, skin toxicity, alopecia and nail changes on the TAXOTERE+carboplatin arm, while a higher incidence of anemia, neurosensory toxicity, nausea, vomiting, anorexia and asthenia was observed on the vinorelbine+cisplatin arm. Prostate Cancer Combination therapy with TAXOTERE in patients with prostate cancer The following data are based on the experience of 332 patients, who were treated with TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks in combination with prednisone 5 mg orally twice daily (see Table 9). Table 9 - Clinically Important Treatment Emergent Adverse Reactions (Regardless of Relationship) in Patients with Prostate Cancer who Received TAXOTERE in Combination with Prednisone (TAX327) TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks + prednisone 5 mg twice daily n=332 % Mitoxantrone 12 mg/m2 every 3 weeks + prednisone 5 mg twice daily n=335 % Adverse Reaction Any Grade 3/4 Any Grade 3/4 Anemia 67 5 58 2 Neutropenia 41 32 48 22 Thrombocytopenia 3 1 8 1 Febrile neutropenia 3 N/A 2 N/A Infection 32 6 20 4 Epistaxis 6 0 2 0 Allergic Reactions 8 1 1 0 Fluid RetentionRelated to treatment 24 1 5 0 Weight Gain 8 0 3 0 Peripheral Edema 18 0 2 0 Neuropathy Sensory 30 2 7 0 Neuropathy Motor 7 2 3 1 Rash/Desquamation 6 0 3 1 Alopecia 65 N/A 13 N/A Nail Changes 30 0 8 0 Nausea 41 3 36 2 Diarrhea 32 2 10 1 Stomatitis/Pharyngitis 20 1 8 0 Taste Disturbance 18 0 7 0 Vomiting 17 2 14 2 Anorexia 17 1 14 0 Cough 12 0 8 0 Dyspnea 15 3 9 1 Cardiac left ventricular function 10 0 22 1 Fatigue 53 5 35 5 Myalgia 15 0 13 1 Tearing 10 1 2 0 Arthralgia 8 1 5 1 Gastric Cancer Combination therapy with TAXOTERE in gastric adenocarcinoma Data in the following table are based on the experience of 221 patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma and no history of prior chemotherapy for advanced disease, who were treated with TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil (see Table 10). Table 10 - Clinically Important Treatment Emergent Adverse Reactions Regardless of Relationship to Treatment in the Gastric Cancer Study TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 + cisplatin 75 mg/m2 + fluorouracil 750 mg/m2 n=221 Cisplatin 100 mg/m2 + fluorouracil 1000 mg/m2 n=224 Adverse Reaction Any % Grade 3/4 % Any % Grade 3/4 % Clinically important treatment emergent adverse reactions were determined based upon frequency, severity, and clinical impact of the adverse reaction. Anemia 97 18 93 26 Neutropenia 96 82 83 57 Fever in the absence of infection 36 2 23 1 Thrombocytopenia 26 8 39 14 Infection 29 16 23 10 Febrile neutropenia 16 N/A 5 N/A Neutropenic infection 16 N/A 10 N/A Allergic reactions 10 2 6 0 Fluid retentionRelated to treatment 15 0 4 0 Edema 13 0 3 0 Lethargy 63 21 58 18 Neurosensory 38 8 25 3 Neuromotor 9 3 8 3 Dizziness 16 5 8 2 Alopecia 67 5 41 1 Rash/itch 12 1 9 0 Nail changes 8 0 0 0 Skin desquamation 2 0 0 0 Nausea 73 16 76 19 Vomiting 67 15 73 19 Anorexia 51 13 54 12 Stomatitis 59 21 61 27 Diarrhea 78 20 50 8 Constipation 25 2 34 3 Esophagitis/dysphagia/odynophagia 16 2 14 5 Gastrointestinal pain/cramping 11 2 7 3 Cardiac dysrhythmias 5 2 2 1 Myocardial ischemia 1 0 3 2 Tearing 8 0 2 0 Altered hearing 6 0 13 2 Head and Neck Cancer Combination therapy with TAXOTERE in head and neck cancer Table 11 summarizes the safety data obtained from patients that received induction chemotherapy with TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil followed by radiotherapy (TAX323; 174 patients) or chemoradiotherapy (TAX324; 251 patients). The treatment regimens are described in Section 14.6. Table 11 – Clinically Important Treatment Emergent Adverse Reactions (Regardless of Relationship) in Patients with SCCHN Receiving Induction Chemotherapy with TAXOTERE in Combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil followed by radiotherapy (TAX323) or chemoradiotherapy (TAX324) TAX323 (n=355) TAX324 (n=494) TAXOTERE arm (n=174) Comparator arm (n=181) TAXOTERE arm (n=251) Comparator arm (n=243) Adverse Reaction (by Body System) Any % Grade 3/4 % Any % Grade 3/4 % Any % Grade 3/4 % Any % Grade 3/4 % Clinically important treatment emergent adverse reactions based upon frequency, severity, and clinical impact. Neutropenia 93 76 87 53 95 84 84 56 Anemia 89 9 88 14 90 12 86 10 Thrombocytopenia 24 5 47 18 28 4 31 11 Infection 27 9 26 8 23 6 28 5 Febrile neutropeniaFebrile neutropenia: grade ≥2 fever concomitant with grade 4 neutropenia requiring intravenous antibiotics and/or hospitalization. 5 N/A 2 N/A 12 N/A 7 N/A Neutropenic infection 14 N/A 8 N/A 12 N/A 8 N/A Cancer pain 21 5 16 3 17 9 20 11 Lethargy 41 3 38 3 61 5 56 10 Fever in the absence of infection 32 1 37 0 30 4 28 3 Myalgia 10 1 7 0 7 0 7 2 Weight loss 21 1 27 1 14 2 14 2 Allergy 6 0 3 0 2 0 0 0 Fluid retentionRelated to treatment. 20 0 14 1 13 1 7 2 Edema only 13 0 7 0 12 1 6 1 Weight gain only 6 0 6 0 0 0 1 0 Dizziness 2 0 5 1 16 4 15 2 Neurosensory 18 1 11 1 14 1 14 0 Altered hearing 6 0 10 3 13 1 19 3 Neuromotor 2 1 4 1 9 0 10 2 Alopecia 81 11 43 0 68 4 44 1 Rash/itch 12 0 6 0 20 0 16 1 Dry skin 6 0 2 0 5 0 3 0 Desquamation 4 1 6 0 2 0 5 0 Nausea 47 1 51 7 77 14 80 14 Stomatitis 43 4 47 11 66 21 68 27 Vomiting 26 1 39 5 56 8 63 10 Diarrhea 33 3 24 4 48 7 40 3 Constipation 17 1 16 1 27 1 38 1 Anorexia 16 1 25 3 40 12 34 12 Esophagitis/dysphagia/ Odynophagia 13 1 18 3 25 13 26 10 Taste, sense of smell altered 10 0 5 0 20 0 17 1 Gastrointestinal pain/cramping 8 1 9 1 15 5 10 2 Heartburn 6 0 6 0 13 2 13 1 Gastrointestinal bleeding 4 2 0 0 5 1 2 1 Cardiac dysrhythmia 2 2 2 1 6 3 5 3 VenousIncludes superficial and deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism 3 2 6 2 4 2 5 4 Ischemia myocardial 2 2 1 0 2 1 1 1 Tearing 2 0 1 0 2 0 2 0 Conjunctivitis 1 0 1 0 1 0 0.4 0 6.2 Post-Marketing Experiences The following adverse reactions have been identified from clinical trials and/or post-marketing surveillance. Because they are reported from a population of unknown size, precise estimates of frequency cannot be made. Body as a whole: diffuse pain, chest pain, radiation recall phenomenon. Cardiovascular: atrial fibrillation, deep vein thrombosis, ECG abnormalities, thrombophlebitis, pulmonary embolism, syncope, tachycardia, myocardial infarction. Cutaneous: very rare cases of cutaneous lupus erythematosus and rare cases of bullous eruptions such as erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and Scleroderma-like changes usually preceded by peripheral lymphedema. In some cases multiple factors may have contributed to the development of these effects. Severe hand and foot syndrome has been reported. Cases of permanent alopecia have been reported. Gastrointestinal: abdominal pain, anorexia, constipation, duodenal ulcer, esophagitis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal perforation, ischemic colitis, colitis, intestinal obstruction, ileus, neutropenic enterocolitis and dehydration as a consequence to gastrointestinal events have been reported. Hematologic: bleeding episodes. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), often in association with sepsis or multiorgan failure, has been reported. Cases of acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplasic syndrome have been reported in association with TAXOTERE when used in combination with other chemotherapy agents and/or radiotherapy. Hypersensitivity: rare cases of anaphylactic shock have been reported. Very rarely these cases resulted in a fatal outcome in patients who received premedication. Hepatic: rare cases of hepatitis, sometimes fatal primarily in patients with pre-existing liver disorders, have been reported. Neurologic: confusion, rare cases of seizures or transient loss of consciousness have been observed, sometimes appearing during the infusion of the drug. Ophthalmologic: conjunctivitis, lacrimation or lacrimation with or without conjunctivitis. Excessive tearing which may be attributable to lacrimal duct obstruction has been reported. Rare cases of transient visual disturbances (flashes, flashing lights, scotomata) typically occurring during drug infusion and in association with hypersensitivity reactions have been reported. These were reversible upon discontinuation of the infusion. Cases of cystoid macular edema (CME) have been reported in patients treated with TAXOTERE. Hearing: rare cases of ototoxicity, hearing disorders and/or hearing loss have been reported, including cases associated with other ototoxic drugs. Respiratory: dyspnea, acute pulmonary edema, acute respiratory distress syndrome/pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease, interstitial pneumonia, respiratory failure, and pulmonary fibrosis have rarely been reported and may be associated with fatal outcome. Rare cases of radiation pneumonitis have been reported in patients receiving concomitant radiotherapy. Renal: renal insufficiency and renal failure have been reported, the majority of these cases were associated with concomitant nephrotoxic drugs. Metabolism and nutrition disorders: cases of hyponatremia have been reported.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION For all indications, toxicities may warrant dosage adjustments [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)]. Administer in a facility equipped to manage possible complications (e.g. anaphylaxis). Administer in a facility equipped to manage possible complications (e.g., anaphylaxis). Administer intravenously (IV) over 1 hr every 3 weeks. PVC equipment is not recommended. Use only a 21 gauge needle to withdraw TAXOTERE from the vial. BC locally advanced or metastatic: 60 mg/m2 to 100 mg/m2 single agent (2.1) BC adjuvant: 75 mg/m2 administered 1 hour after doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for 6 cycles (2.1) NSCLC: after platinum therapy failure: 75 mg/m2 single agent (2.2) NSCLC: chemotherapy-naive: 75 mg/m2 followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 (2.2) HRPC: 75 mg/m2 with 5 mg prednisone twice a day continuously (2.3) GC: 75 mg/m2 followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 (both on day 1 only) followed by fluorouracil 750 mg/m2 per day as a 24-hr IV (days 1–5), starting at end of cisplatin infusion (2.4) SCCHN: 75 mg/m2 followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 IV (day 1), followed by fluorouracil 750 mg/m2 per day as a 24-hr IV (days 1–5), starting at end of cisplatin infusion; for 4 cycles (2.5) SCCHN: 75 mg/m2 followed by cisplatin 100 mg/m2 IV (day 1), followed by fluorouracil 1000 mg/m2 per day as a 24-hr IV (days 1–4); for 3 cycles (2.5) For all patients: Premedicate with oral corticosteroids (2.6) Adjust dose as needed (2.7) 2.1 Breast Cancer For locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of prior chemotherapy, the recommended dose of TAXOTERE is 60 mg/m2 to 100 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 1 hour every 3 weeks. For the adjuvant treatment of operable node-positive breast cancer, the recommended TAXOTERE dose is 75 mg/m2 administered 1 hour after doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for 6 courses. Prophylactic G-CSF may be used to mitigate the risk of hematological toxicities [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)]. 2.2 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer For treatment after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy, TAXOTERE was evaluated as monotherapy, and the recommended dose is 75 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 1 hour every 3 weeks. A dose of 100 mg/m2 in patients previously treated with chemotherapy was associated with increased hematologic toxicity, infection, and treatment-related mortality in randomized, controlled trials [see Boxed Warning, Dosage and Administration (2.7), Warnings and Precautions (5), Clinical Studies (14)]. For chemotherapy-naïve patients, TAXOTERE was evaluated in combination with cisplatin. The recommended dose of TAXOTERE is 75 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 1 hour immediately followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 over 30–60 minutes every 3 weeks [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)]. 2.3 Prostate Cancer For hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer, the recommended dose of TAXOTERE is 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks as a 1 hour intravenous infusion. Prednisone 5 mg orally twice daily is administered continuously [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)]. 2.4 Gastric Adenocarcinoma For gastric adenocarcinoma, the recommended dose of TAXOTERE is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion, followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2, as a 1 to 3 hour intravenous infusion (both on day 1 only), followed by fluorouracil 750 mg/m2 per day given as a 24-hour continuous intravenous infusion for 5 days, starting at the end of the cisplatin infusion. Treatment is repeated every three weeks. Patients must receive premedication with antiemetics and appropriate hydration for cisplatin administration [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)]. 2.5 Head and Neck Cancer Patients must receive premedication with antiemetics, and appropriate hydration (prior to and after cisplatin administration). Prophylaxis for neutropenic infections should be administered. All patients treated on the TAXOTERE containing arms of the TAX323 and TAX324 studies received prophylactic antibiotics. Induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy (TAX323) For the induction treatment of locally advanced inoperable SCCHN, the recommended dose of TAXOTERE is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously over 1 hour, on day one, followed by fluorouracil as a continuous intravenous infusion at 750 mg/m2 per day for five days. This regimen is administered every 3 weeks for 4 cycles. Following chemotherapy, patients should receive radiotherapy. [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)]. Induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy (TAX324) For the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced (unresectable, low surgical cure, or organ preservation) SCCHN, the recommended dose of TAXOTERE is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion on day 1, followed by cisplatin 100 mg/m2 administered as a 30-minute to 3 hour infusion, followed by fluorouracil 1000 mg/m2/day as a continuous infusion from day 1 to day 4. This regimen is administered every 3 weeks for 3 cycles. Following chemotherapy, patients should receive chemoradiotherapy [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)]. 2.6 Premedication Regimen All patients should be premedicated with oral corticosteroids (see below for prostate cancer) such as dexamethasone 16 mg per day (e.g., 8 mg twice daily) for 3 days starting 1 day prior to TAXOTERE administration in order to reduce the incidence and severity of fluid retention as well as the severity of hypersensitivity reactions [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. For hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer, given the concurrent use of prednisone, the recommended premedication regimen is oral dexamethasone 8 mg, at 12 hours, 3 hours and 1 hour before the TAXOTERE infusion [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. 2.7 Dosage Adjustments During Treatment Breast Cancer Patients who are dosed initially at 100 mg/m2 and who experience either febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than 1 week, or severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions during TAXOTERE therapy should have the dosage adjusted from 100 mg/m2 to 75 mg/m2. If the patient continues to experience these reactions, the dosage should either be decreased from 75 mg/m2 to 55 mg/m2 or the treatment should be discontinued. Conversely, patients who are dosed initially at 60 mg/m2 and who do not experience febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than 1 week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions, or severe peripheral neuropathy during TAXOTERE therapy may tolerate higher doses. Patients who develop ≥grade 3 peripheral neuropathy should have TAXOTERE treatment discontinued entirely. Combination Therapy with TAXOTERE in the Adjuvant Treatment of Breast Cancer TAXOTERE in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide should be administered when the neutrophil count is ≥1,500 cells/mm3. Patients who experience febrile neutropenia should receive G-CSF in all subsequent cycles. Patients who continue to experience this reaction should remain on G-CSF and have their TAXOTERE dose reduced to 60 mg/m2. Patients who experience grade 3 or 4 stomatitis should have their TAXOTERE dose decreased to 60 mg/m2. Patients who experience severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions or moderate neurosensory signs and/or symptoms during TAXOTERE therapy should have their dosage of TAXOTERE reduced from 75 mg/m2 to 60 mg/m2. If the patient continues to experience these reactions at 60 mg/m2, treatment should be discontinued. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Monotherapy with TAXOTERE for NSCLC treatment after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy Patients who are dosed initially at 75 mg/m2 and who experience either febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than one week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions, or other grade 3/4 non-hematological toxicities during TAXOTERE treatment should have treatment withheld until resolution of the toxicity and then resumed at 55 mg/m2. Patients who develop ≥grade 3 peripheral neuropathy should have TAXOTERE treatment discontinued entirely. Combination therapy with TAXOTERE for chemotherapy-naïve NSCLC For patients who are dosed initially at TAXOTERE 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin, and whose nadir of platelet count during the previous course of therapy is <25,000 cells/mm3, in patients who experience febrile neutropenia, and in patients with serious non-hematologic toxicities, the TAXOTERE dosage in subsequent cycles should be reduced to 65 mg/m2. In patients who require a further dose reduction, a dose of 50 mg/m2 is recommended. For cisplatin dosage adjustments, see manufacturers' prescribing information. Prostate Cancer Combination therapy with TAXOTERE for hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer TAXOTERE should be administered when the neutrophil count is ≥1,500 cells/mm3. Patients who experience either febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than one week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions or moderate neurosensory signs and/or symptoms during TAXOTERE therapy should have the dosage of TAXOTERE reduced from 75 mg/m2 to 60 mg/m2. If the patient continues to experience these reactions at 60 mg/m2, the treatment should be discontinued. Gastric or Head and Neck Cancer TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil in gastric cancer or head and neck cancer Patients treated with TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil must receive antiemetics and appropriate hydration according to current institutional guidelines. In both studies, G-CSF was recommended during the second and/or subsequent cycles in case of febrile neutropenia, or documented infection with neutropenia, or neutropenia lasting more than 7 days. If an episode of febrile neutropenia, prolonged neutropenia or neutropenic infection occurs despite G-CSF use, the TAXOTERE dose should be reduced from 75 mg/m2 to 60 mg/m2. If subsequent episodes of complicated neutropenia occur the TAXOTERE dose should be reduced from 60 mg/m2 to 45 mg/m2. In case of grade 4 thrombocytopenia the TAXOTERE dose should be reduced from 75 mg/m2 to 60 mg/m2. Patients should not be retreated with subsequent cycles of TAXOTERE until neutrophils recover to a level >1,500 cells/mm3 and platelets recover to a level >100,000 cells/mm3. Discontinue treatment if these toxicities persist. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. Recommended dose modifications for toxicities in patients treated with TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil are shown in Table 1. Table 1 - Recommended Dose Modifications for Toxicities in Patients Treated with TAXOTERE in Combination with Cisplatin and Fluorouracil Toxicity Dosage adjustment Diarrhea grade 3 First episode: reduce fluorouracil dose by 20%. Second episode: then reduce TAXOTERE dose by 20%. Diarrhea grade 4 First episode: reduce TAXOTERE and fluorouracil doses by 20%. Second episode: discontinue treatment. Stomatitis/mucositis grade 3 First episode: reduce fluorouracil dose by 20%. Second episode: stop fluorouracil only, at all subsequent cycles. Third episode: reduce TAXOTERE dose by 20%. Stomatitis/mucositis grade 4 First episode: stop fluorouracil only, at all subsequent cycles. Second episode: reduce TAXOTERE dose by 20%. Liver dysfunction: In case of AST/ALT >2.5 to ≤5 × ULN and AP ≤2.5 × ULN, or AST/ALT >1.5 to ≤5 × ULN and AP >2.5 to ≤5 × ULN, TAXOTERE should be reduced by 20%. In case of AST/ALT >5 × ULN and/or AP >5 × ULN TAXOTERE should be stopped. The dose modifications for cisplatin and fluorouracil in the gastric cancer study are provided below: Cisplatin dose modifications and delays Peripheral neuropathy: A neurological examination should be performed before entry into the study, and then at least every 2 cycles and at the end of treatment. In the case of neurological signs or symptoms, more frequent examinations should be performed and the following dose modifications can be made according to NCIC-CTC grade: Grade 2: Reduce cisplatin dose by 20%. Grade 3: Discontinue treatment. Ototoxicity: In the case of grade 3 toxicity, discontinue treatment. Nephrotoxicity: In the event of a rise in serum creatinine ≥grade 2 (>1.5 x normal value) despite adequate rehydration, CrCl should be determined before each subsequent cycle and the following dose reductions should be considered (see Table 2). For other cisplatin dosage adjustments, also refer to the manufacturers' prescribing information. Table 2 – Dose Reductions for Evaluation of Creatinine Clearance Creatinine clearance result before next cycle Cisplatin dose next cycle CrCl = Creatinine clearance CrCl ≥60 mL/min Full dose of cisplatin was given. CrCl was to be repeated before each treatment cycle. CrCl between 40 and 59 mL/min Dose of cisplatin was reduced by 50% at subsequent cycle. If CrCl was >60 mL/min at end of cycle, full cisplatin dose was reinstituted at the next cycle. If no recovery was observed, then cisplatin was omitted from the next treatment cycle. CrCl <40 mL/min Dose of cisplatin was omitted in that treatment cycle only. If CrCl was still <40 mL/min at the end of cycle, cisplatin was discontinued. If CrCl was >40 and <60 mL/min at end of cycle, a 50% cisplatin dose was given at the next cycle. If CrCl was >60 mL/min at end of cycle, full cisplatin dose was given at next cycle. Fluorouracil dose modifications and treatment delays For diarrhea and stomatitis, see Table 1. In the event of grade 2 or greater plantar-palmar toxicity, fluorouracil should be stopped until recovery. The fluorouracil dosage should be reduced by 20%. For other greater than grade 3 toxicities, except alopecia and anemia, chemotherapy should be delayed (for a maximum of 2 weeks from the planned date of infusion) until resolution to grade ≤1 and then recommenced, if medically appropriate. For other fluorouracil dosage adjustments, also refer to the manufacturers' prescribing information. Combination Therapy with Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors: Avoid using concomitant strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, atazanavir, indinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin and voriconazole). There are no clinical data with a dose adjustment in patients receiving strong CYP3A4 inhibitors. Based on extrapolation from a pharmacokinetic study with ketoconazole in 7 patients, consider a 50% docetaxel dose reduction if patients require co-administration of a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor. [see Drug Interactions (7), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 2.8 Administration Precautions TAXOTERE is a cytotoxic anticancer drug and, as with other potentially toxic compounds, caution should be exercised when handling and preparing TAXOTERE solutions. The use of gloves is recommended. Please refer to [see How Supplied/ Storage and Handling (16.3)]. If TAXOTERE Injection Concentrate, initial diluted solution, or final dilution for infusion should come into contact with the skin, immediately and thoroughly wash with soap and water. If TAXOTERE Injection Concentrate, initial diluted solution, or final dilution for infusion should come into contact with mucosa, immediately and thoroughly wash with water. Contact of the TAXOTERE concentrate with plasticized PVC equipment or devices used to prepare solutions for infusion is not recommended. In order to minimize patient exposure to the plasticizer DEHP (di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate), which may be leached from PVC infusion bags or sets, the final TAXOTERE dilution for infusion should be stored in bottles (glass, polypropylene) or plastic bags (polypropylene, polyolefin) and administered through polyethylene-lined administration sets. One-vial TAXOTERE (Injection Concentrate) TAXOTERE Injection Concentrate requires NO prior dilution with a diluent and is ready to add to the infusion solution. Please follow the preparation instructions provided below. 2.9 Preparation and Administration DO NOT use the two-vial formulation (Injection Concentrate and diluent) with the one-vial formulation. One-vial TAXOTERE (Injection Concentrate) TAXOTERE Injection Concentrate (20 mg/mL) requires NO prior dilution with a diluent and is ready to add to the infusion solution. Use only a 21 gauge needle to withdraw TAXOTERE from the vial because larger bore needles (e.g., 18 and 19 gauge) may result in stopper coring and rubber particulates. TAXOTERE vials should be stored between 2 and 25°C (36 and 77°F). If the vials are stored under refrigeration, allow the appropriate number of vials of TAXOTERE Injection Concentrate vials to stand at room temperature for approximately 5 minutes before use. Using only a 21 gauge needle, aseptically withdraw the required amount of TAXOTERE injection concentrate (20 mg docetaxel/mL) with a calibrated syringe and inject via a single injection (one shot) into a 250 mL infusion bag or bottle of either 0.9% Sodium Chloride solution or 5% Dextrose solution to produce a final concentration of 0.3 mg/mL to 0.74 mg/mL. If a dose greater than 200 mg of TAXOTERE is required, use a larger volume of the infusion vehicle so that a concentration of 0.74 mg/mL TAXOTERE is not exceeded. Thoroughly mix the infusion by gentle manual rotation. As with all parenteral products, TAXOTERE should be inspected visually for particulate matter or discoloration prior to administration whenever the solution and container permit. If the TAXOTERE dilution for intravenous infusion is not clear or appears to have precipitation, it should be discarded. TAXOTERE infusion solution is supersaturated, therefore may crystallize over time. If crystals appear, the solution must no longer be used and shall be discarded. The TAXOTERE dilution for infusion should be administered intravenously as a 1-hour infusion under ambient room temperature (below 25°C) and lighting conditions. 2.10 Stability TAXOTERE final dilution for infusion, if stored between 2°C and 25°C (36°F and 77°F) is stable for 6 hours. TAXOTERE final dilution for infusion (in either 0.9% Sodium Chloride solution or 5% Dextrose solution) should be used within 6 hours (including the 1 hour intravenous administration). In addition, physical and chemical in-use stability of the infusion solution prepared as recommended has been demonstrated in non-PVC bags up to 48 hours when stored between 2°C and 8°C (36 and 46°F).
Use in special populations
8. USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category D [see 'Warnings and Precautions' section ] Based on its mechanism of action and findings in animals, TAXOTERE can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. If TAXOTERE is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while receiving this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant during therapy with TAXOTERE. TAXOTERE can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Studies in both rats and rabbits at doses ≥0.3 and 0.03 mg/kg/day, respectively (about 1/50 and 1/300 the daily maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis), administered during the period of organogenesis, have shown that TAXOTERE is embryotoxic and fetotoxic (characterized by intrauterine mortality, increased resorption, reduced fetal weight, and fetal ossification delay). The doses indicated above also caused maternal toxicity. 8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known whether docetaxel is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from TAXOTERE, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. 8.4 Pediatric Use The alcohol content of TAXOTERE Injection should be taken into account when given to pediatric patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)]. The efficacy of TAXOTERE in pediatric patients as monotherapy or in combination has not been established. The overall safety profile of TAXOTERE in pediatric patients receiving monotherapy or TCF was consistent with the known safety profile in adults. TAXOTERE has been studied in a total of 289 pediatric patients: 239 in 2 trials with monotherapy and 50 in combination treatment with cisplatin and 5-fluoruracil (TCF). TAXOTERE Monotherapy TAXOTERE monotherapy was evaluated in a dose-finding phase 1 trial in 61 pediatric patients (median age 12.5 years, range 1–22 years) with a variety of refractory solid tumors. The recommended dose was 125 mg/m2 as a 1-hour intravenous infusion every 21 days. The primary dose limiting toxicity was neutropenia. The recommended dose for TAXOTERE monotherapy was evaluated in a phase 2 single-arm trial in 178 pediatric patients (median age 12 years, range 1–26 years) with a variety of recurrent/refractory solid tumors. Efficacy was not established with tumor response rates ranging from one complete response (CR) (0.6%) in a patient with undifferentiated sarcoma to four partial responses (2.2%) seen in one patient each with Ewing Sarcoma, neuroblastoma, osteosarcoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. TAXOTERE in Combination TAXOTERE was studied in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (TCF) versus cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (CF) for the induction treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in pediatric patients prior to chemoradiation consolidation. Seventy-five patients (median age 16 years, range 9 to 21 years) were randomized (2:1) to TAXOTERE (75 mg/m2) in combination with cisplatin (75 mg/m2) and 5-fluorouracil (750 mg/m2) (TCF) or to cisplatin (80 mg/m2) and 5-fluorouracil (1000 mg/m2/day) (CF). The primary endpoint was the CR rate following induction treatment of NPC. One patient out of 50 in the TCF group (2%) had a complete response while none of the 25 patients in the CF group had a complete response. Pharmacokinetics: Pharmacokinetic parameters for docetaxel were determined in 2 pediatric solid tumor trials. Following docetaxel administration at 55 mg/m2 to 235 mg/m2 in a 1-hour intravenous infusion every 3 weeks in 25 patients aged 1 to 20 years (median 11 years), docetaxel clearance was 17.3±10.9 L/h/m2 . Docetaxel was administered in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (TCF), at dose levels of 75 mg/m2 in a 1-hour intravenous infusion day 1 in 28 patients aged 10 to 21 years (median 16 years, 17 patients were older than 16). Docetaxel clearance was 17.9±8.75 L/h/m2, corresponding to an AUC of 4.20±2.57 μg.h/mL. In summary, the body surface area adjusted clearance of docetaxel monotherapy and TCF combination in children were comparable to those in adults [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.5 Geriatric Use In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy in elderly patients. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer In a study conducted in chemotherapy-naïve patients with NSCLC (TAX326), 148 patients (36%) in the TAXOTERE+cisplatin group were 65 years of age or greater. There were 128 patients (32%) in the vinorelbine+cisplatin group 65 years of age or greater. In the TAXOTERE+cisplatin group, patients less than 65 years of age had a median survival of 10.3 months (95% CI: 9.1 months, 11.8 months) and patients 65 years or older had a median survival of 12.1 months (95% CI: 9.3 months, 14 months). In patients 65 years of age or greater treated with TAXOTERE+cisplatin, diarrhea (55%), peripheral edema (39%) and stomatitis (28%) were observed more frequently than in the vinorelbine+cisplatin group (diarrhea 24%, peripheral edema 20%, stomatitis 20%). Patients treated with TAXOTERE+cisplatin who were 65 years of age or greater were more likely to experience diarrhea (55%), infections (42%), peripheral edema (39%) and stomatitis (28%) compared to patients less than the age of 65 administered the same treatment (43%, 31%, 31% and 21%, respectively). When TAXOTERE was combined with carboplatin for the treatment of chemotherapy-naïve, advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma, patients 65 years of age or greater (28%) experienced higher frequency of infection compared to similar patients treated with TAXOTERE+cisplatin, and a higher frequency of diarrhea, infection and peripheral edema than elderly patients treated with vinorelbine+cisplatin. Prostate Cancer Of the 333 patients treated with TAXOTERE every three weeks plus prednisone in the prostate cancer study (TAX327), 209 patients were 65 years of age or greater and 68 patients were older than 75 years. In patients treated with TAXOTERE every three weeks, the following treatment emergent adverse reactions occurred at rates ≥10% higher in patients 65 years of age or greater compared to younger patients: anemia (71% vs. 59%), infection (37% vs. 24%), nail changes (34% vs. 23%), anorexia (21% vs. 10%), weight loss (15% vs. 5%) respectively. Breast Cancer In the adjuvant breast cancer trial (TAX316), TAXOTERE in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide was administered to 744 patients of whom 48 (6%) were 65 years of age or greater. The number of elderly patients who received this regimen was not sufficient to determine whether there were differences in safety and efficacy between elderly and younger patients. Gastric Cancer Among the 221 patients treated with TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil in the gastric cancer study, 54 were 65 years of age or older and 2 patients were older than 75 years. In this study, the number of patients who were 65 years of age or older was insufficient to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. However, the incidence of serious adverse reactions was higher in the elderly patients compared to younger patients. The incidence of the following adverse reactions (all grades, regardless of relationship): lethargy, stomatitis, diarrhea, dizziness, edema, febrile neutropenia/neutropenic infection occurred at rates ≥10% higher in patients who were 65 years of age or older compared to younger patients. Elderly patients treated with TCF should be closely monitored. Head and Neck Cancer Among the 174 and 251 patients who received the induction treatment with TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil (TPF) for SCCHN in the TAX323 and TAX324 studies, 18 (10%) and 32 (13%) of the patients were 65 years of age or older, respectively. These clinical studies of TAXOTERE in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil in patients with SCCHN did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. Other reported clinical experience with this treatment regimen has not identified differences in responses between elderly and younger patients. 8.6 Hepatic Impairment Patients with bilirubin >ULN should not receive TAXOTERE. Also, patients with AST and/or ALT >1.5 × ULN concomitant with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 × ULN should not receive TAXOTERE [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. The alcohol content of TAXOTERE Injection should be taken into account when given to patients with hepatic impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)].
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known whether docetaxel is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from TAXOTERE, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Interactions

7. DRUG INTERACTIONS Docetaxel is a CYP3A4 substrate. In vitro studies have shown that the metabolism of docetaxel may be modified by the concomitant administration of compounds that induce, inhibit, or are metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4. In vivo studies showed that the exposure of docetaxel increased 2.2-fold when it was coadministered with ketoconazole, a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4. Protease inhibitors, particularly ritonavir, may increase the exposure of docetaxel. Concomitant use of TAXOTERE and drugs that inhibit CYP3A4 may increase exposure to docetaxel and should be avoided. In patients receiving treatment with TAXOTERE, close monitoring for toxicity and a TAXOTERE dose reduction could be considered if systemic administration of a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor cannot be avoided [see Dosage and Administration (2.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Cytochrome P450 3A4 inducers, inhibitors, or substrates: May alter docetaxel metabolism. (7)

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA020449
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0075-8004,0075-8003
Date Last Revised 16-06-2016
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1001405
Storage and handling 16.2 Storage Store between 2°C and 25°C (36°F and 77°F). Retain in the original package to protect from light. Freezing does not adversely affect the product.
Marketing authorisation holder sanofi-aventis U.S. LLC
Warnings WARNING: TOXIC DEATHS, HEPATOTOXICITY, NEUTROPENIA, HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS, and FLUID RETENTION The incidence of treatment-related mortality associated with TAXOTERE therapy is increased in patients with abnormal liver function, in patients receiving higher doses, and in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma and a history of prior treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy who receive TAXOTERE as a single agent at a dose of 100 mg/m2 [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. TAXOTERE should not be given to patients with bilirubin > upper limit of normal (ULN), or to patients with AST and/or ALT >1.5 × ULN concomitant with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 × ULN. Patients with elevations of bilirubin or abnormalities of transaminase concurrent with alkaline phosphatase are at increased risk for the development of grade 4 neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, infections, severe thrombocytopenia, severe stomatitis, severe skin toxicity, and toxic death. Patients with isolated elevations of transaminase >1.5 × ULN also had a higher rate of febrile neutropenia grade 4 but did not have an increased incidence of toxic death. Bilirubin, AST or ALT, and alkaline phosphatase values should be obtained prior to each cycle of TAXOTERE therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. TAXOTERE therapy should not be given to patients with neutrophil counts of <1500 cells/mm3. In order to monitor the occurrence of neutropenia, which may be severe and result in infection, frequent blood cell counts should be performed on all patients receiving TAXOTERE [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. Severe hypersensitivity reactions characterized by generalized rash/erythema, hypotension and/or bronchospasm, or very rarely fatal anaphylaxis, have been reported in patients who received a 3-day dexamethasone premedication. Hypersensitivity reactions require immediate discontinuation of the TAXOTERE infusion and administration of appropriate therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. TAXOTERE must not be given to patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to TAXOTERE or to other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80 [see Contraindications (4)] . Severe fluid retention occurred in 6.5% (6/92) of patients despite use of a 3-day dexamethasone premedication regimen. It was characterized by one or more of the following events: poorly tolerated peripheral edema, generalized edema, pleural effusion requiring urgent drainage, dyspnea at rest, cardiac tamponade, or pronounced abdominal distention (due to ascites) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]. WARNING: TOXIC DEATHS, HEPATOTOXICITY, NEUTROPENIA, HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS, and FLUID RETENTION See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning Treatment-related mortality increases with abnormal liver function, at higher doses, and in patients with NSCLC and prior platinum-based therapy receiving TAXOTERE at 100 mg/m2 (5.1) Should not be given if bilirubin > ULN, or if AST and/or ALT > 1.5 × ULN concomitant with alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 × ULN. LFT elevations increase risk of severe or life-threatening complications. Obtain LFTs before each treatment cycle (8.6) Should not be given if neutrophil counts are < 1500 cells/mm3. Obtain frequent blood counts to monitor for neutropenia (4) Severe hypersensitivity, including very rare fatal anaphylaxis, has been reported in patients who received dexamethasone premedication. Severe reactions require immediate discontinuation of TAXOTERE and administration of appropriate therapy (5.4) Contraindicated if history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to TAXOTERE or to drugs formulated with polysorbate 80 (4) Severe fluid retention may occur despite dexamethasone (5.5)