Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 04 September 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE TAMIFLU is an influenza neuraminidase inhibitor (NAI) indicated for: Treatment of acute, uncomplicated influenza A and B in patients 2 weeks of age and older who have been symptomatic for no more than 48 hours. ( 1.1) Prophylaxis of influenza A and B in patients 1 year and older. ( 1.2) Limitations of Use: Not a substitute for annual influenza vaccination. ( 1.3) Consider available information on influenza drug susceptibility patterns and treatment effects when deciding whether to use. ( 1.3) Not recommended for patients with end-stage renal disease not undergoing dialysis. ( 1.3) 1.1 Treatment of Influenza TAMIFLU is indicated for the treatment of acute, uncomplicated illness due to influenza A and B infection in patients 2 weeks of age and older who have been symptomatic for no more than 48 hours. 1.2 Prophylaxis of Influenza TAMIFLU is indicated for the prophylaxis of influenza A and B in patients 1 year and older. 1.3 Limitations of Use TAMIFLU is not a substitute for early influenza vaccination on an annual basis as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Influenza viruses change over time. Emergence of resistance substitutions could decrease drug effectiveness. Other factors (for example, changes in viral virulence) might also diminish clinical benefit of antiviral drugs. Prescribers should consider available information on influenza drug susceptibility patterns and treatment effects when deciding whether to use TAMIFLU [see Microbiology (12.4)] . TAMIFLU is not recommended for patients with end-stage renal disease not undergoing dialysis [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS TAMIFLU is contraindicated in patients with known serious hypersensitivity to oseltamivir or any component of the product. Severe allergic reactions have included anaphylaxis and serious skin reactions including toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, and erythema multiforme [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] . Patients with known serious hypersensitivity to oseltamivir or any of the components of TAMIFLU ( 4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are discussed below and elsewhere in the labeling: Serious skin and hypersensitivity reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Neuropsychiatric events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Most common adverse reactions (>1% and more common than with placebo): Treatment studies – Nausea, vomiting, headache. ( 6.1) Prophylaxis studies – Nausea, vomiting, headache, pain. ( 6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Genentech at 1-888-835-2555 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Adverse Reactions from Treatment and Prophylaxis Trials in Adult and Adolescent Subjects (13 years of age and older) The overall safety profile of TAMIFLU is based on data from 2,646 adult and adolescent subjects that received the recommended dosage of 75 mg orally twice daily for 5 days for treatment of influenza and 1,943 adult and adolescent subjects that received the recommended dosage of 75 mg orally once daily for up to 6 weeks for prophylaxis of influenza in clinical trials. The most common adverse reactions in the pooled treatment and pooled prophylaxis trials in adults and adolescents are displayed in Table 5. The majority of these adverse reactions were reported on a single occasion, occurred on either the first or second treatment day and resolved spontaneously within 1-2 days. This summary includes otherwise healthy adults/adolescents and subjects "at risk" (subjects at higher risk of developing complications associated with influenza, e.g., elderly patients and patients with chronic cardiac or respiratory disease). In general, the safety profile in the subjects "at risk" was qualitatively similar to that in otherwise healthy adults/adolescents. Table 5 Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥1% of Adults and Adolescents (13 years of age and older) in Treatment and Prophylaxis Trials Adverse reactions that occurred in ≥1% of TAMIFLU-treated adults and adolescents and ≥1% greater in TAMIFLU-treated subjects compared to placebo-treated subjects in either the treatment or prophylaxis trials. System Organ Class Treatment Trials Prophylaxis Trials Adverse Reaction TAMIFLU 75 mg twice daily (n = 2646) Placebo (n = 1977) TAMIFLU 75 mg once daily (n = 1943) Placebo (n = 1586) Gastrointestinal Disorders Nausea 10% 6% 8% 4% Vomiting 8% 3% 2% 1% Nervous System Disorders Headache 2% 1% 17% 16% General Disorders Pain <1% <1% 4% 3% Adverse Reactions from Treatment and Prophylaxis Trials in Pediatric Subjects (1 year to 12 years of age) A total of 1,481 pediatric subjects (including otherwise healthy pediatric subjects aged 1 year to 12 years and asthmatic pediatric subjects aged 6 to 12 years) participated in clinical trials of TAMIFLU for the treatment of influenza. A total of 859 pediatric subjects received treatment with TAMIFLU for oral suspension either at a 2 mg per kg twice daily for 5 days or weight-band dosing. Vomiting was the only adverse reaction reported at a frequency of >1% in subjects receiving TAMIFLU (16%) compared to placebo (8%). Amongst the 148 pediatric subjects aged 1 year to 12 years who received TAMIFLU at doses of 30 to 60 mg once daily for 10 days in a post-exposure prophylaxis study in household contacts (n = 99), and in a separate 6–week seasonal influenza prophylaxis safety study (n = 49), vomiting was the most frequent adverse reaction (8% on TAMIFLU versus 2% in the no prophylaxis group). Adverse Reactions from Treatment Trials in Pediatric Subjects (2 weeks to less than 1 year of age) Assessment of adverse reactions in pediatric subjects 2 weeks to less than 1 year of age was based on two open-label studies that included safety data on 135 influenza-infected subjects 2 weeks to less than 1 year of age (including premature infants at least 36 weeks post conceptional age) exposed to TAMIFLU at doses ranging from 2 to 3.5 mg per kg of the formulation for oral suspension twice daily orally for 5 days. The safety profile of TAMIFLU was similar across the age range studied, with vomiting (9%), diarrhea (7%) and diaper rash (7%) being the most frequently reported adverse reactions, and was generally comparable to that observed in older pediatric and adult subjects. Adverse Reactions from the Prophylaxis Trial in Immunocompromised Subjects In a 12-week seasonal prophylaxis study in 475 immunocompromised subjects, including 18 pediatric subjects 1 year to 12 years of age, the safety profile in the 238 subjects receiving TAMIFLU 75 mg once daily was consistent with that previously observed in other TAMIFLU prophylaxis clinical trials [see Clinical Studies (14.2)] . 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of TAMIFLU. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to TAMIFLU exposure. General disorders and administration site conditions: Swelling of the face or tongue, allergy, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions, hypothermia Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Rash, dermatitis, urticaria, eczema, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, erythema multiforme [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Gastrointestinal Disorders: Gastrointestinal bleeding, hemorrhagic colitis Cardiac Disorders: Arrhythmia Hepatobiliary Disorders: Hepatitis, abnormal liver function tests Nervous System Disorders: Seizure Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders: Aggravation of diabetes Psychiatric Disorders: Abnormal behavior, delirium, including symptoms such as hallucinations, agitation, anxiety, altered level of consciousness, confusion, nightmares, delusions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Treatment of influenza ( 2.2) Adults and adolescents (13 years and older): 75 mg twice daily for 5 days Pediatric patients 1 to 12 years of age: Based on weight twice daily for 5 days Pediatric patients 2 weeks to less than 1 year of age: 3mg/kg twice daily for 5 days Renally impaired adult patients (creatinine clearance >30-60 mL/min): Reduce to 30 mg twice daily for 5 days ( 2.4) Renally impaired adult patients (creatinine clearance >10-30 mL/min): Reduce to 30 mg once daily for 5 days ( 2.4) ESRD patients on hemodialysis: Reduce to 30 mg immediately and then 30 mg after every hemodialysis cycle. Treatment duration not to exceed 5 days ( 2.4) ESRD patients on CAPD: Reduce to a single 30 mg dose immediately ( 2.4) Prophylaxis of influenza ( 2.3) Adults and adolescents (13 years and older): 75 mg once daily for at least 10 days Community outbreak: 75 mg once daily for up to 6 weeks Pediatric patients 1 to 12 years of age: Based on weight once daily for 10 days Community outbreak: Based on weight once daily for up to 6 weeks Renally impaired adult patients (creatinine clearance >30-60 mL/min): Reduce to 30 mg once daily ( 2.4) Renally impaired adult patients (creatinine clearance >10-30 mL/min): Reduce to 30 mg once every other day ( 2.4) ESRD patients on hemodialysis: Reduce to 30 mg immediately and then 30 mg after alternate hemodialysis cycles for the recommended duration of prophylaxis ( 2.4) ESRD patients on CAPD: Reduce to 30 mg immediately and then 30 mg once weekly for the recommended duration of prophylaxis ( 2.4) 2.1 Dosage and Administration Overview Administer TAMIFLU for the treatment of influenza in patients 2 weeks of age or older [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)] or for prophylaxis of influenza in patients 1 year and older [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)] using: TAMIFLU capsules or TAMIFLU for oral suspension (supplied as a powder). This is the preferred formulation (6 mg per mL) for patients who cannot swallow capsules. Prior to use, the supplied TAMIFLU powder must be constituted with water by the pharmacist to produce the oral suspension [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)]. The capsules and oral suspension may be taken with or without food; however, tolerability may be enhanced if TAMIFLU is taken with food. Adjust the TAMIFLU dosage in patients with moderate or severe renal impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. For patients who cannot swallow capsules, TAMIFLU for oral suspension is the preferred formulation. When TAMIFLU for oral suspension is not available from wholesaler or the manufacturer, TAMIFLU capsules may be opened and mixed with sweetened liquids such as regular or sugar-free chocolate syrup, corn syrup, caramel topping, or light brown sugar (dissolved in water). During emergency situations and when neither the oral suspension or the age-appropriate strengths of TAMIFLU capsules to mix with sweetened liquids are available, then a pharmacist may prepare an emergency supply of oral suspension from TAMIFLU 75 mg capsules [see Dosage and Administration (2.6)]. 2.2 Recommended Dosage for Treatment of Influenza Initiate treatment with TAMIFLU within 48 hours of influenza symptom onset. Adults and Adolescents (13 years of age and older) The recommended oral dosage of TAMIFLU for treatment of influenza in adults and adolescents 13 years and older is 75 mg twice daily (one 75 mg capsule or 12.5 mL of oral suspension twice daily) for 5 days. Pediatric Patients (2 weeks of age through 12 years of age) Table 1 displays the recommended oral dosage of TAMIFLU for treatment of influenza in pediatric patients 2 weeks of age through 12 years of age and provides information about prescribing the capsule or the formulation for oral suspension. 2.3 Recommended Dosage for Prophylaxis of Influenza Initiate post-exposure prophylaxis with TAMIFLU within 48 hours following close contact with an infected individual. Initiate seasonal prophylaxis with TAMIFLU during a community outbreak. Adults and Adolescents (13 years of age and older) The recommended dosage of TAMIFLU for prophylaxis of influenza in adults and adolescents 13 years and older is 75 mg orally once daily (one 75 mg capsule or 12.5 mL of oral suspension once daily) for at least 10 days following close contact with an infected individual and up to 6 weeks during a community outbreak. In immunocompromised patients, TAMIFLU may be continued for up to 12 weeks [see Use in Specific Populations (8.9)] . The duration of protection lasts for as long as TAMIFLU dosing is continued. Pediatric Patients (1 year to 12 years of age) Table 1 displays the recommended oral dosage of TAMIFLU for prophylaxis of influenza in pediatric patients 1 year to 12 years of age based on body weight and provides information about prescribing the capsule or the formulation for oral suspension. Prophylaxis in pediatric patients is recommended for 10 days following close contact with an infected individual and up to 6 weeks during a community outbreak [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4) and Clinical Studies (14.2)] . Table 1 TAMIFLU Dosage Recommendations in Pediatric Patients for Treatment and Prophylaxis of Influenza Weight Treatment Dosage for 5 days Prophylaxis Dosage for 10 days The recommended duration for post-exposure prophylaxis is 10 days and the recommended duration for community outbreak (seasonal/pre-exposure) prophylaxis is up to 6 weeks (or up to 12 weeks in immunocompromised patients). The amount supplied (e.g., number of bottles or capsules) for seasonal prophylaxis may be greater than for post-exposure prophylaxis. Volume of Oral Suspension (6 mg/mL) for each Dose Use an oral dosing dispensing device that measures the appropriate volume in mL with the oral suspension. Number of Bottles of Oral Suspension to Dispense Number of Capsules to Dispense (Strength) TAMIFLU for oral suspension is the preferred formulation for patients who cannot swallow capsules. Patients from 2 Weeks to less than 1 Year of Age Any weight 3 mg/kg twice daily Not applicable 0.5 mL/kg For patients less than 1 year of age, provide an appropriate dosing device that can accurately measure and administer small volumes. 1 bottle Not applicable Patients 1 to 12 Years of Age Based on Body Weight 15 kg or less 30 mg twice daily 30 mg once daily 5 mL 1 bottle 10 capsules (30 mg) 15.1 kg to 23 kg 45 mg twice daily 45 mg once daily 7.5 mL 2 bottles 10 capsules (45 mg) 23.1 kg to 40 kg 60 mg twice daily 60 mg once daily 10 mL 2 bottles 20 capsules (30 mg) 40.1 kg or more 75 mg twice daily 75 mg once daily 12.5 mL 3 bottles 10 capsules (75 mg) 2.4 Dosage in Patients with Renal Impairment Table 2 displays the dosage recommendations for the treatment and prophylaxis of influenza in adults with various stages of renal impairment (estimated creatinine clearance of less than or equal to 90 mL per minute). Dosage modifications are recommended in adults with an estimated creatinine clearance less than or equal to 60 mL per minute [see Use in Specific Population (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)] . Table 2 Recommended Dosage Modifications for Treatment and Prophylaxis of Influenza in Adults with Renal Impairment or End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) on Dialysis Renal Impairment (Creatinine Clearance) Recommended Treatment Regimen Capsules or oral suspension can be used for 30 mg dosing. Recommended Prophylaxis Regimen The recommended duration for post-exposure prophylaxis is at least 10 days and the recommended duration for community outbreak (seasonal/pre-exposure) prophylaxis is up to 6 weeks (or up to 12 weeks in immunocompromised patients). Mild (>60-90 mL/minute) 75 mg twice daily for 5 days 75 mg once daily Moderate (>30-60 mL/minute) 30 mg twice daily for 5 days 30 mg once daily Severe (>10-30 mL/minute) 30 mg once daily for 5 days 30 mg every other day ESRD Patients on Hemodialysis (≤ 10 mL/minute) 30 mg immediately and then 30 mg after every hemodialysis cycle (treatment duration not to exceed 5 days) 30 mg immediately and then 30 mg after alternate hemodialysis cycles ESRD Patients on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Data derived from studies in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. (≤10 mL/minute) A single 30 mg dose administered immediately 30 mg immediately and then 30 mg once weekly ESRD Patients not on Dialysis TAMIFLU is not recommended TAMIFLU is not recommended 2.5 Preparation and Storage of Constituted TAMIFLU Oral Suspension Prior to dispensing to the patient, constitute TAMIFLU for oral suspension (supplied as powder): Tap the closed bottle containing the supplied TAMIFLU white powder several times to loosen the powder. Measure 55 mL of water in a graduated cylinder. Add the total amount of water for constitution to the bottle. Close bottle with child-resistant cap tightly and shake the closed bottle well for 15 seconds. Label the bottle with instructions to "Shake Well Before Use". The constituted oral suspension contains 360 mg of oseltamivir base per 60 mL of volume (6 mg per mL) and is white, tutti-frutti–flavored). Use the constituted oral suspension within 17 days of preparation when stored under refrigeration, 2º to 8ºC (36º to 46ºF), or within 10 days if stored at controlled room temperature, 25ºC (77ºF). Write the expiration date of the constituted oral suspension on the bottle label. Ensure patients have an oral dosing dispenser that measures the appropriate volume in milliliters. Counsel patients on how to utilize the oral dosing dispenser and correctly measure the oral suspension as prescribed (see Tables 1 and 2). 2.6 Emergency Preparation of Oral Suspension from 75 mg TAMIFLU Capsules The following directions are provided for use only during emergency situations and when FDA-approved, commercially manufactured TAMIFLU for oral suspension is not available from wholesalers or the manufacturer. The following emergency preparation instructions will provide one patient with enough TAMIFLU for a 5-day course of treatment of influenza or a 10-day course of prophylaxis of influenza: Step #1: Determine the dosage of TAMIFLU for the patient [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.3, and 2.4)] then determine the total volume of oral suspension needed to be prepared (see Table 3). Table 3 Emergency Preparation: Volume of Prepared Oral Suspension (6 mg per mL) Based Upon TAMIFLU Dose TAMIFLU Dose If the TAMIFLU dose is between the doses listed, use the greater listed dose to determine the total volume of prepared oral suspension. Total Volume to Prepare per Patient 15 mg or less 37.5 mL 30 mg 75 mL 45 mg 100 mL 60 mg 125 mL 75 mg 150 mL Step #2: Preparation must be performed with only one of the following vehicles (other vehicles have not been studied): Cherry Syrup (Humco ®), Ora-Sweet ® SF (sugar-free) (Paddock Laboratories), or simple syrup. Determine the number of capsules and the amount of water and vehicle needed to prepare the total volume (see Table 3) of prepared oral suspension (6 mg per mL) for a complete treatment or prophylaxis course (see Table 4). Table 4 Emergency Preparation: Number of TAMIFLU 75 mg Capsules and Amount of Water and Vehicle Needed to Prepare the Total Volume of a Prepared Oral Suspension (6 mg per mL) Total Volume of Prepared Oral Suspension 37.5 mL 75 mL 100 mL 125 mL 150 mL Number of TAMIFLU 75 mg Capsules (Total Strength) Includes overage to ensure all doses can be delivered 3 (225 mg) 6 (450 mg) 8 (600 mg) 10 (750 mg) 12 (900 mg) Amount of Water 2.5 mL 5 mL 7 mL 8 mL 10 mL Volume of Vehicle Cherry Syrup (Humco ®) OR Ora-Sweet ® SF (Paddock Laboratories) OR simple syrup 34.5 mL 69 mL 91 mL 115 mL 137 mL Step #3: Follow the instructions below for preparing the 75 mg TAMIFLU capsules to produce the oral suspension (6 mg per mL): Place the specified amount of water into a polyethyleneterephthalate (PET) or glass bottle (see Table 4). Constitution in other bottle types is not recommended because there is no stability data with other bottle types. Carefully separate the capsule body and cap and pour the contents of the required number of TAMIFLU 75 mg capsules into the PET or glass bottle. Gently swirl the suspension to ensure adequate wetting of the TAMIFLU powder for at least 2 minutes. Slowly add the specified amount of vehicle to the bottle. Close the bottle using a child-resistant cap and shake well for 30 seconds to completely dissolve the active drug and to ensure homogeneous distribution of the dissolved drug in the resulting suspension. The active drug, oseltamivir phosphate, readily dissolves in the specified vehicles. The suspension is caused by inert ingredients of TAMIFLU capsules which are insoluble in these vehicles. Put an ancillary label on the bottle indicating "Shake Well Before Use." Instruct the parent or caregiver that any unused suspension remaining in the bottle following completion of therapy must be discarded by either affixing an ancillary label to the bottle or adding a statement to the pharmacy label instructions. Place a pharmacy label on the bottle that includes the patient's name, dosing instructions, drug name and any other required information to be in compliance with all State and Federal Pharmacy Regulations. Place an appropriate expiration date on the label according to storage conditions below. Include the recommended dosage on the pharmacy label as per Tables 1 and 2 [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.3, and 2.4)]. Store the prepared oral suspension in glass or PET bottles either: In a refrigerator [2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F)]: Stable for 5 weeks when stored in a refrigerator. At room temperature [25°C (77°F)]: Stable for 5 days when stored at room temperature.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category C Risk Summary There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with TAMIFLU in pregnant women. Available published epidemiological data suggest that TAMIFLU, taken in any trimester, is not associated with an increased risk of birth defects. However, these studies individually are limited by small sample sizes, use of different comparison groups, and some lacked information on dose, which preclude a definitive assessment of the risk. In animal studies, there was a dose-dependent increase in the incidence rates of a variety of minor skeletal abnormalities and variants in offspring of rats and rabbits exposed at maternally toxic doses 100 and 50 times human exposures, respectively. TAMIFLU should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)] . Clinical Considerations Disease-Associated Maternal and/or Embryo/Fetal Risk Pregnant women are at higher risk of severe complications from influenza, which may lead to adverse pregnancy and/or fetal outcomes including maternal death, still births, birth defects, preterm delivery, low birth weight and small for gestational age. Data Human Data Published prospective and retrospective observational studies of approximately 1,500 women exposed to TAMIFLU during pregnancy, including approximately 400 women exposed in the first trimester, suggest that the observed rate of congenital malformations was not increased above the rate in the general comparison population, regardless of when therapy was administered during the gestational period. However, individually, none of these studies had adequate sample sizes and some lacked information on dose, which preclude a definitive assessment of the risk. Animal Data Studies for effects on embryo-fetal development were conducted in rats (50, 250, and 1500 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (50, 150, and 500 mg/kg/day) by the oral route. Relative exposures at these doses were, respectively, 2, 13, and 100 times human exposure in the rat and 4, 8, and 50 times human exposure in the rabbit, based on AUC. Pharmacokinetic studies indicated that there was fetal exposure in both species. In the rat study, minimal maternal toxicity was reported in the 1500 mg/kg/day group. In the rabbit study, slight and marked maternal toxicities were observed, respectively, in the 150 and 500 mg/kg/day groups. At the maternally toxic doses, statistically significant increases in the incidence rates of a variety of minor skeletal abnormalities and variants were observed in the exposed offspring. However, the individual incidence rate of each skeletal abnormality or variant remained within the background rates of occurrence in the species studied. 8.3 Nursing Mothers Risk Summary Based on limited published data, oseltamivir and oseltamivir carboxylate are present in human milk at low levels considered unlikely to lead to toxicity in the breastfed infant. Exercise caution when TAMIFLU is administered to a nursing woman. 8.4 Pediatric Use Treatment of Influenza The safety and efficacy of TAMIFLU for the treatment of influenza in pediatric patients 2 weeks old to 17 years of age has been established [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), and Clinical Studies (14.1)] and is based on: 13 to 17 years of age: Safety and efficacy in adolescent patients 13 to 17 years of age was supported by adequate and well-controlled trials in adults and adolescents and younger pediatric patients and safety data in adolescents treated with TAMIFLU in a study of treatment and prophylaxis. 1 year to 12 years of age: Safety and efficacy in pediatric patients 1 year to 12 years of age was supported by results of one double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 452 pediatric patients with influenza in whom TAMIFLU 2 mg per kg twice daily or placebo was administered within 48 hours of symptom onset [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Additional safety information was provided in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in pediatric patients 6 to 12 years of age with known asthma. Efficacy could not be established in pediatric patients with asthma. 2 weeks to less than 1 year of age: Safety and efficacy in pediatric patients 2 weeks to less than 1 year of age is supported by adequate and well-controlled trials in adults and older pediatric patients and two open-label trials of TAMIFLU (2 to 3.5 mg per kg twice daily for 5 days) in 136 pediatric subjects 2 weeks to less than 1 year of age. In these two trials, the oseltamivir plasma concentrations in these subjects were similar to or higher than the oseltamivir plasma concentrations observed in older pediatric subjects and adults [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) and Clinical Studies (14.1)] . The safety and efficacy of TAMIFLU for treatment of influenza in pediatric patients less than 2 weeks of age have not been established. Prophylaxis of Influenza The safety and efficacy of TAMIFLU for the prophylaxis of influenza in pediatric patients 1 year to 17 years old has been established [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), and Clinical Studies (14.2)] and is based on: 13 to 17 years of age: Prophylaxis in adolescent patients 13 to 17 years of age is supported by one randomized, placebo-controlled post-exposure household prophylaxis trial of TAMIFLU 75 mg taken orally once daily for 7 days in household contacts including 207 adolescents [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. 1 year to 12 years of age: TAMIFLU for prophylaxis in pediatric patients 1 year to 12 years of age is supported by one randomized, open-label, post-exposure household prophylaxis trial including pediatric subjects 1 year to 12 years of age who received 30 to 60 mg of TAMIFLU for oral suspension (supplied as powder) taken orally once daily for 10 days [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. Additional safety information was provided in a 6-week seasonal prophylaxis (community outbreak) safety study in 49 patients 1 year to 12 years of age. The safety and efficacy of TAMIFLU for prophylaxis of influenza have not been established for pediatric patients less than 1 year of age. 8.5 Geriatric Use Treatment of Influenza Of the 4,765 adults in clinical trials of TAMIFLU for the treatment of influenza, 948 (20%) were 65 years and older, while 329 (7%) were 75 years and older. In three double-blind, placebo-controlled trials in the treatment of influenza in patients at least 65 years old, that enrolled 741 subjects (374 received placebo and 362 received TAMIFLU), no overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger subjects [see Clinical Studies (14.1)] . Prophylaxis of Influenza Of the 4,603 adults in clinical trials of TAMIFLU for the prophylaxis of influenza, 1,046 (23%) were 65 years and older, while 719 (16%) were 75 years and older. In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in elderly residents of nursing homes who took TAMIFLU for up to 42 days for the prophylaxis of influenza (TAMIFLU n=276, placebo n=272), no overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger subjects [see Clinical Studies (14.2)] . 8.6 Renal Impairment Patients with renal impairment had higher blood levels of oseltamivir carboxylate compared to patients with normal renal function which may increase the risk of TAMIFLU-associated adverse reactions. Therefore, dosage adjustment is recommended for patients with a serum creatinine clearance between 10 and 60 mL/minute and for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing routine hemodialysis or continuous peritoneal dialysis treatment [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. TAMIFLU is not recommended for patients with ESRD not undergoing dialysis [see Indications and Usage (1.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)] . 8.7 Hepatic Impairment No dosage adjustment is required in patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment. The safety and pharmacokinetics in patients with severe hepatic impairment have not been evaluated [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)] . 8.8 Use in Patients with Chronic Conditions Efficacy of TAMIFLU in the treatment of influenza in patients with chronic cardiac disease and/or respiratory disease was evaluated in one randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Efficacy in this population, as measured by time to alleviation of all symptoms, was not established, but no new safety signals were identified [ see Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. No clinical trial data are available regarding treatment of influenza in patients with any medical condition sufficiently severe or unstable to be considered at imminent risk of requiring hospitalization. 8.9 Immunocompromised Patients Efficacy of TAMIFLU for the treatment or prophylaxis of influenza has not been established in immunocompromised patients [see Clinical Studies (14.2)] . Safety of TAMIFLU for prophylaxis of influenza has been demonstrated for up to 12 weeks in immunocompromised patients [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers Risk Summary Based on limited published data, oseltamivir and oseltamivir carboxylate are present in human milk at low levels considered unlikely to lead to toxicity in the breastfed infant. Exercise caution when TAMIFLU is administered to a nursing woman.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), intranasal: Avoid administration of LAIV within 2 weeks before or 48 hours after TAMIFLU use, unless medically indicated. ( 7) 7.1 Influenza Vaccines Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine The concurrent use of TAMIFLU with live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) intranasal has not been evaluated. However, because of the potential for TAMIFLU to inhibit replication of live vaccine virus and possibly reduce the efficacy of LAIV, avoid administration of LAIV within 2 weeks before or 48 hours after TAMIFLU administration, unless medically indicated. Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Inactivated influenza vaccine can be administered at any time relative to use of TAMIFLU. 7.2 Drugs Without Clinically Significant Drug Interaction with TAMIFLU No dose adjustments are needed for either oseltamivir or the concomitant drug when coadministering oseltamivir with amoxicillin, acetaminophen, aspirin, cimetidine, antacids (magnesium and aluminum hydroxides and calcium carbonates), rimantadine, amantadine, or warfarin [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)] .

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA021087
Agency product number 4A3O49NGEZ
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 52125-307
Date Last Revised 12-04-2018
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Storage and handling Storage Store the capsules at 25ºC (77ºF); excursions permitted to 15º to 30ºC (59º to 86ºF) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Marketing authorisation holder REMEDYREPACK INC.