Data from FDA - Curated by Toby Galbraith - Last updated 11 October 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE STRIBILD® is indicated as a complete regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults and pediatric patients 12 years of age and older weighing at least 35 kg who have no antiretroviral treatment history or to replace the current antiretroviral regimen in those who are virologically suppressed (HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/mL) on a stable antiretroviral regimen for at least 6 months with no history of treatment failure and no known substitutions associated with resistance to the individual components of STRIBILD [see Clinical Studies (14)]. STRIBILD is a four-drug combination of elvitegravir, an HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitor (HIV-1 INSTI), cobicistat, a CYP3A inhibitor, and emtricitabine and tenofovir DF, both HIV nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors (HIV NRTI) and is indicated as a complete regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults and pediatric patients 12 years of age and older weighing at least 35 kg who have no antiretroviral treatment history or to replace the current antiretroviral regimen in those who are virologically suppressed (HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/mL) on a stable antiretroviral regimen for at least 6 months with no history of treatment failure and no known substitutions associated with resistance to the individual components of STRIBILD. (1, 14)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Coadministration of STRIBILD is contraindicated with drugs that are highly dependent on CYP3A for clearance and for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events. These drugs and other contraindicated drugs (which may lead to reduced efficacy of STRIBILD and possible resistance) are listed in Table 1 [see Drug Interactions (7.5) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Table 1 Drugs that are Contraindicated with STRIBILD Drug Class Drugs within Class that are Contraindicated with STRIBILD Clinical Comment Alpha 1-Adrenoreceptor Antagonist Alfuzosin Potential for increased alfuzosin concentrations, which can result in hypotension. Anticonvulsants Carbamazepine Phenobarbital Phenytoin Potential for decreased cobicistat and elvitegravir plasma concentrations, which may result in loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance. Antimycobacterial Rifampin Rifampin is a potent inducer of CYP450 metabolism and may cause significant decrease in the plasma concentration of elvitegravir and cobicistat. This may result in loss of therapeutic effect to STRIBILD. Antipsychotic Lurasidone Pimozide Potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions. Potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions such as cardiac arrhythmias. Ergot Derivatives Dihydroergotamine Ergotamine Methylergonovine Potential for serious and/or life-threatening events such as acute ergot toxicity characterized by peripheral vasospasm and ischemia of the extremities and other tissues. GI Motility Agent Cisapride Potential for serious and/or life-threatening events such as cardiac arrhythmias. Herbal Products St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) Coadministration of products containing St. John's wort and STRIBILD may result in reduced plasma concentrations of elvitegravir and cobicistat. This may result in loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance. HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors Lovastatin Simvastatin Potential for serious reactions such as myopathy, including rhabdomyolysis. Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) Inhibitor Sildenafil See Drug Interactions (7), Table 6, for sildenafil when dosed as Viagra for erectile dysfunction. when dosed as Revatio for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension There is increased potential for sildenafil-associated adverse events (which include visual disturbances, hypotension, priapism, and syncope). Sedatives/Hypnotics Triazolam Orally administered midazolam See Drug Interactions (7), Table 6, for parenterally administered midazolam. Triazolam and orally administered midazolam are extensively metabolized by CYP3A4. Coadministration of triazolam or orally administered midazolam with STRIBILD may cause large increases in the concentration of these benzodiazepines. The potential exists for serious and/or life threatening events such as prolonged or increased sedation or respiratory depression. Coadministration of STRIBILD is contraindicated with drugs that: Are highly dependent on CYP3A for clearance and for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious adverse events. (4) Strongly induce CYP3A, which may lead to lower exposure of one or more components and loss of efficacy of STRIBILD and possible resistance. (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in other sections of the labeling: Severe Acute Exacerbations of Hepatitis B in Patients Coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV [see Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. New Onset or Worsening Renal Impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Lactic Acidosis/Severe Hepatomegaly with Steatosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. Bone Loss and Mineralization Defects [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]. Immune Reconstitution Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]. Most common adverse drug reactions to STRIBILD (incidence greater than or equal to 10%, all grades) are nausea and diarrhea. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Gilead Sciences, Inc. at 1-800-GILEAD-5 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Clinical Trials in HIV-1 Infected Adult Subjects with No Antiretroviral Treatment History The safety assessment of STRIBILD is based on the Week-144 pooled data from 1408 subjects in two randomized, double-blind, active-controlled clinical trials, Study 102 and Study 103, in antiretroviral treatment-naïve HIV-1 infected adult subjects [see Clinical Studies (14)]. A total of 701 subjects received STRIBILD once daily in these two studies. The proportion of subjects who discontinued treatment with STRIBILD, ATRIPLA, or ATV+RTV+TRUVADA due to adverse events, regardless of severity, was 6.0%, 7.4%, and 8.5%, respectively. Table 2 displays the frequency of adverse reactions greater than or equal to 5% of subjects in any treatment arm. Table 2 Adverse ReactionsFrequencies of adverse reactions are based on all treatment-emergent adverse events attributed to study drugs. (All Grades) Reported in ≥5% of Adult Subjects in Any Treatment Arm in Studies 102 and 103 (Week-144 Analysis) STRIBILD N=701 ATRIPLA N=352 ATV+RTV+TRUVADA N=355 EYE DISORDERS Ocular icterus <1% 0% 13% GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS Diarrhea 12% 11% 17% Flatulence 2% <1% 8% Nausea 16% 9% 14% GENERAL DISORDERS AND ADMINISTRATION SITE CONDITIONS Fatigue 4% 8% 6% HEPATOBILIARY DISORDERS Jaundice 0% <1% 9% NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS Somnolence 1% 7% 1% Headache 7% 4% 6% Dizziness 3% 21% 5% PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS Insomnia 3% 9% 1% Abnormal dreams 9% 27% 4% SKIN AND SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE DISORDERS RashRash event includes dermatitis, drug eruption, eczema, pruritus, pruritus generalized, rash, rash erythematous, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculo-papular, rash morbilliform, rash papular, rash pruritic, and urticaria. 4% 15% 6% See Warnings and Precautions (5.2) for a discussion of renal adverse reactions from clinical trials experience with STRIBILD. Additional adverse reactions observed with STRIBILD included suicidal ideation and suicide attempt (0.3%), all in subjects with a preexisting history of depression or psychiatric illness. Clinical Trials in Virologically Suppressed HIV-1 Infected Adult Subjects No new adverse reactions to STRIBILD through Week 48 were identified in 584 virologically stably suppressed adult subjects switching to STRIBILD from a regimen containing a RTV-boosted protease inhibitor (PI) or a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI). In a combined analysis of studies 115 and 121, the frequency of adverse reactions (all grades) was 24% in subjects switching to STRIBILD compared to 6% of subjects in either group who stayed on their baseline antiretroviral regimen, RTV-boosted PI+TRUVADA or NNRTI+TRUVADA. Common adverse reactions that occurred in greater than or equal to 2% of subjects switching to STRIBILD were nausea (4%), flatulence (2%), and headache (2%). The proportion of subjects who discontinued treatment with STRIBILD, the RTV-boosted PI, or the NNRTI due to adverse events was 2%, 3%, and 1%, respectively. Clinical Trials of the Components of STRIBILD in Adult Subjects Emtricitabine and Tenofovir DF: In addition to the adverse reactions observed with STRIBILD, the following adverse reactions occurred in at least 5% of treatment-experienced or treatment-naïve subjects receiving emtricitabine or tenofovir DF with other antiretroviral agents in other clinical trials: depression, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, vomiting, fever, pain, nasopharyngitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, upper respiratory tract infection, arthralgia, back pain, myalgia, paresthesia, peripheral neuropathy (including peripheral neuritis and neuropathy), anxiety, increased cough, and rhinitis. Skin discoloration has been reported with higher frequency among emtricitabine-treated subjects; it was manifested by hyperpigmentation on the palms and/or soles and was generally mild and asymptomatic. The mechanism and clinical significance are unknown. Laboratory Abnormalities: The frequency of laboratory abnormalities (Grades 3–4) occurring in at least 2% of subjects receiving STRIBILD in studies 102 and 103 are presented in Table 3. Table 3 Laboratory Abnormalities (Grades 3–4) Reported in ≥2% of Adult Subjects Receiving STRIBILD in Studies 102 and 103 (Week-144 Analysis) Laboratory Parameter AbnormalityFrequencies are based on treatment-emergent laboratory abnormalities. , For subjects with serum amylase >1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN), lipase test was also performed. The frequency of increased lipase (Grades 3–4) occurring in STRIBILD (N=69), ATRIPLA (N=40), and ATV+RTV+TRUVADA (N=38) was 17%, 15%, and 24%, respectively. STRIBILD N=701 ATRIPLA N=352 ATV+RTV+TRUVADA N=355 AST (>5.0 × ULN) 3% 6% 6% ALT (>3.0 × ULN) 2% 5% 4% Amylase (>2.0 × ULN) 3% 3% 5% Creatine Kinase (≥10.0 × ULN) 8% 15% 11% Urine RBC (Hematuria) (>75 RBC/HPF) 4% 2% 4% In Study 103, BMD was assessed by DEXA in a nonrandom subset of 120 subjects (STRIBILD group, N=54; ATV+RTV+TRUVADA group, N=66). Mean percentage decreases in BMD from baseline to Week 144 in the STRIBILD group were comparable to that in the ATV+RTV+TRUVADA group at the lumbar spine (–1.43% versus –3.68%, respectively) and at the hip (–2.83% versus –3.77%, respectively). In studies 102 and 103, bone fractures occurred in 27 subjects (3.9%) in the STRIBILD group, 8 subjects (2.3%) in the ATRIPLA group, and 19 subjects (5.4%) in the ATV+RTV+TRUVADA group. These findings were consistent with data from an earlier 144-week trial of treatment-naïve subjects receiving tenofovir DF + lamivudine + efavirenz. Proteinuria (all grades) occurred in 52% of subjects receiving STRIBILD, 41% of subjects receiving ATRIPLA, and 42% of subjects receiving ATV+RTV+TRUVADA. The cobicistat component of STRIBILD has been shown to increase serum creatinine and decrease estimated creatinine clearance due to inhibition of tubular secretion of creatinine without affecting renal glomerular function. In studies 102 and 103, increases in serum creatinine and decreases in estimated creatinine clearance occurred early in treatment with STRIBILD, after which levels stabilized. Table 4 displays the mean changes in serum creatinine and eGFR levels at Week 144 and the percentage of subjects with elevations in serum creatinine (all grades). Table 4 Change from Baseline in Serum Creatinine and eGFR and Incidence of Elevated Serum Creatinine (All Grades) in Studies 102 and 103 at Week 144 STRIBILD N=701 ATRIPLA N=352 ATV+RTV+TRUVADA N=355 Serum Creatinine (mg/dL)Mean change ± standard deviation 0.14 (±0.14) 0.01 (±0.12) 0.09 (±0.15) eGFR by Cockcroft-Gault (mL/minute) –14.0 (±16.6) –1.9 (±17.9) –9.8 (±19.4) Subjects with Elevations in Serum Creatinine (All Grades) (%) 12 2 6 Emtricitabine or Tenofovir DF: In addition to the laboratory abnormalities observed with STRIBILD, the following laboratory abnormalities have been previously reported in subjects treated with emtricitabine or tenofovir DF with other antiretroviral agents in other clinical trials: Grade 3 or 4 laboratory abnormalities of ALT (M: greater than 215 U per L; F: greater than 170 U per L), alkaline phosphatase (greater than 550 U per L), bilirubin (greater than 2.5 × ULN), serum glucose (less than 40 or greater than 250 mg per dL), glycosuria (greater than or equal to 3+), neutrophils (less than 750 per mm3), fasting cholesterol (greater than 240 mg per dL), and fasting triglycerides (greater than 750 mg per dL). Serum Lipids: In the clinical trials of STRIBILD, a similar percentage of subjects receiving STRIBILD, ATRIPLA, and ATV+RTV+TRUVADA were on lipid-lowering agents at baseline (12%, 12%, and 13%, respectively). While receiving study drug through Week 144, an additional 11% of STRIBILD subjects were started on lipid-lowering agents, compared to 13% of ATRIPLA and 12% of ATV+RTV+TRUVADA subjects. Changes from baseline in total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides are presented in Table 5. Table 5 Lipid Values, Mean Change from Baseline at Week 144 in Adult Subjects Receiving STRIBILD or Comparator in Studies 102 and 103 STRIBILD N=701 ATRIPLA N=352 ATV+RTV+TRUVADA N=355 Baseline Week 144 Baseline Week 144 Baseline Week 144 mg/dL ChangeThe change from baseline is the mean of within-patient changes from baseline for patients with both baseline and Week 144 values. mg/dL Change mg/dL Change Total Cholesterol (fasted) 166 [N=675] +17 [N=535] 161 [N=343] +22 [N=262] 168 [N=337] +16 [N=243] HDL-cholesterol (fasted) 43 [N=675] +7 [N=535] 43 [N=343] +9 [N=262] 42 [N=335] +7 [N=242] LDL-cholesterol (fasted) 100 [N=675] +15 [N=535] 97 [N=343] +19 [N=262] 101 [N=337] +18 [N=242] Triglycerides (fasted) 122 [N=675] +12 [N=535] 121 [N=343] +5 [N=262] 132 [N=337] +22 [N=242] Clinical Trials in Pediatric Subjects The safety of STRIBILD in 50 HIV-1 infected, treatment-naïve pediatric subjects aged 12 to less than 18 years and weighing at least 35 kg (77 lbs) was evaluated through 48 weeks in an open-label clinical trial (Study 112) [see Clinical Studies (14.4)]. In this study, the safety profile of STRIBILD was similar to that in adults. Twenty-two subjects (44%) had treatment-emergent proteinuria (Grades 1–2). One subject met laboratory criteria for proximal renal tubulopathy, evidenced by sustained proteinuria and normoglycemic glycosuria beginning at Week 32. The subject continued to receive STRIBILD and was ultimately lost to follow-up. Among the 50 pediatric subjects receiving STRIBILD for 48 weeks, mean BMD increased from baseline to Week 48, +0.68% at the lumbar spine and +0.77% for total body less head. Mean changes from baseline BMD Z-scores (height-age adjusted) to Week 48 were –0.09 for lumbar spine and –0.12 for total body less head. At Week 48, 7 STRIBILD subjects had significant (greater than or equal to 4%) lumbar spine BMD loss and 2 had significant total body less head BMD loss. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of tenofovir DF. Because postmarketing reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. No additional postmarketing adverse reactions specific for emtricitabine have been identified. Immune System Disorders allergic reaction, including angioedema Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders lactic acidosis, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia Respiratory, Thoracic, and Mediastinal Disorders dyspnea Gastrointestinal Disorders pancreatitis, increased amylase, abdominal pain Hepatobiliary Disorders hepatic steatosis, hepatitis, increased liver enzymes (most commonly AST, ALT, gamma GT) Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders rash Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders rhabdomyolysis, osteomalacia (manifested as bone pain and which may contribute to fractures), muscular weakness, myopathy Renal and Urinary Disorders acute renal failure, renal failure, acute tubular necrosis, Fanconi syndrome, proximal renal tubulopathy, interstitial nephritis (including acute cases), nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, renal insufficiency, increased creatinine, proteinuria, polyuria General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions asthenia The following adverse reactions, listed under the body system headings above, may occur as a consequence of proximal renal tubulopathy: rhabdomyolysis, osteomalacia, hypokalemia, muscular weakness, myopathy, hypophosphatemia.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Testing: Prior to initiation of STRIBILD, patients should be tested for hepatitis B virus infection. Assess serum creatinine, serum phosphorous, estimated serum creatinine clearance, urine glucose, and urine protein before initiating STRIBILD and during therapy in all patients as clinically appropriate. (2.1) Recommended dosage: One tablet taken once daily with food. (2.2) Dosage in renal impairment: Initiation of STRIBILD in patients with estimated creatinine clearance below 70 mL per minute is not recommended. Discontinue in patients with estimated creatinine clearance below 50 mL per minute. (2.3) 2.1 Testing Prior to Initiation and During Treatment with STRIBILD Prior to initiation of STRIBILD, patients should be tested for hepatitis B virus infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. It is recommended that serum creatinine, serum phosphorous, estimated creatinine clearance, urine glucose, and urine protein should be assessed before initiating STRIBILD and during therapy in all patients as clinically appropriate [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. 2.2 Recommended Dosage STRIBILD is a four-drug fixed dose combination product containing 150 mg of elvitegravir, 150 mg of cobicistat, 200 mg of emtricitabine, and 300 mg of tenofovir DF. The recommended dosage of STRIBILD is one tablet taken orally once daily with food in adults and pediatric patients 12 years of age and older with a body weight at least 35 kg (at least 77 lbs) and creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 70 mL per minute [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 2.3 Dosage Adjustment in Patients with Renal Impairment Initiation of STRIBILD in patients with estimated creatinine clearance below 70 mL per minute is not recommended. Because STRIBILD is a fixed-dose combination tablet, STRIBILD should be discontinued if estimated creatinine clearance declines below 50 mL per minute during treatment with STRIBILD, as the dose interval adjustment required for emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF) cannot be achieved [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Adverse Reactions (6.1), Use in Specific Populations (8.6), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), and Clinical Studies (14)]. No data are available to make dose recommendations for pediatric patients with renal impairment. 2.4 Dosage in Patients with Hepatic Impairment STRIBILD is not recommended for use in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Pregnancy: Use during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk. (8.1) Lactation: Women infected with HIV should be instructed not to breastfeed due to the potential for HIV transmission. (8.2) Pediatrics: Not recommended for patients less than 12 years of age or weighing less than 35 kg. (8.4) 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Exposure Registry There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to STRIBILD during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) at 1-800-258-4263. Risk Summary Prospective pregnancy data from the Antiviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) are not sufficient to adequately assess the risk of birth defects or miscarriage. However, elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir DF use during pregnancy has been evaluated in a limited number of women as reported to the APR. Available data from the APR through January 2016 show no birth defects reported for elvitegravir or cobicistat, and no difference in the overall risk of major birth defects for emtricitabine or tenofovir DF compared with the background rate for major birth defects of 2.7% in a U.S. reference population of the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) [see Data]. In animal studies, no adverse developmental effects were observed when the components of STRIBILD were administered separately during the period of organogenesis at exposures up to 23 and 0.2 times (rats and rabbits, respectively, elvitegravir), 1.8 and 4.3 times (rats and rabbits, respectively, cobicistat), and 60 and 120 times (mice and rabbits, respectively, emtricitabine) the exposure at the recommended daily dose of these components in STRIBILD, and at 14 and 19 times (rats and rabbits, respectively, tenofovir DF) the human dose based on body surface area comparisons [see Data]. Likewise, no adverse developmental effects were seen when elvitegravir or cobicistat was administered to rats through lactation at exposures up to 18 times or 1.2 times, respectively, the exposure at the recommended daily therapeutic dose, and when emtricitabine was administered to mice through lactation at exposures up to approximately 60 times the exposure at the recommended daily therapeutic dose. No adverse effects were observed in the offspring of rats when tenofovir DF was administered through lactation at tenofovir exposures of approximately 2.7 times the exposure at the recommended daily dosage of STRIBILD. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defects, loss, or other adverse outcomes. The rate of miscarriage is not reported in the APR. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2–4% and 15–20%, respectively. Data Human Data Elvitegravir: Based on prospective reports from the APR through January 2016 of 73 exposures to elvitegravir-containing regimens during pregnancy resulting in live births (including 51 exposed in the first trimester), there have been no birth defects reported. Cobicistat: Based on prospective reports from the APR through January 2016 of 77 exposures to cobicistat-containing regimens during pregnancy resulting in live births (including 54 exposed in the first trimester), there have been no birth defects reported. Emtricitabine: Based on prospective reports to the APR through January 2016 of 3155 exposures to emtricitabine-containing regimens during pregnancy resulting in live births (including 2145 exposed in the first trimester and 1010 exposed in the second/third trimester), there was no difference between emtricitabine and overall birth defects compared with the background birth defect rate of 2.7% in the U.S. reference population of the MACDP. The prevalence of birth defects in live births was 2.2% (95% CI: 1.6% to 3.0%) with first trimester exposure to emtricitabine-containing regimens and 2.1% (95% CI: 1.3% to 3.2%) with the second/third trimester exposure to emtricitabine-containing regimens. Tenofovir DF: Based on prospective reports from the APR through January 2016 of 4100 exposures to tenofovir DF-containing regimens during pregnancy resulting in live births (including 2779 exposed in the first trimester and 1321 exposed in the second/third trimester), there was no difference between tenofovir DF and overall birth defects compared with the background birth defect rate of 2.7% in the U.S. reference population of the MACDP. The prevalence of birth defects in live births was 2.2% (95% CI: 1.7% to 2.8%) with first trimester exposure, and 2.0% (95% CI: 1.3% to 3.0%) with the second/third trimester exposure to tenofovir DF-containing regimens. Animal Data Elvitegravir: Elvitegravir was administered orally to pregnant rats (at 0, 300, 1000, and 2000 mg/kg/day), and rabbits (at 0, 50, 150, and 450 mg/kg/day) through organogenesis (on gestation days 7 through 17 and days 7 through 19, respectively). No significant toxicological effects were observed in embryo-fetal toxicity studies performed with elvitegravir in rats at exposures (AUC) approximately 23 times higher and in rabbits at approximately 0.2 times higher than human exposures at the recommended daily dose. In a pre- and postnatal developmental study in rats, elvitegravir was administered orally at doses of 0, 300, 1000, and 2000 mg/kg from gestation day 7 to day 20 of lactation. At doses of 2000 mg/kg/day of elvitegravir, neither maternal nor developmental toxicity was noted. Systemic exposures (AUC) at this dose were 18 times the human exposures at the recommended daily dose. Cobicistat: Cobicistat was administered orally to pregnant rats at doses of 0, 25, 50, and 125 mg/kg/day on gestation day 6 to 17. Increases in post-implantation loss and decreased fetal weights were observed at a maternal toxic dose of 125 mg/kg/day. No malformations were noted at doses up to 125 mg/kg/day. Systemic exposures (AUC) at 50 mg/kg/day in pregnant females were 1.8 times higher than human exposures at the recommended daily dose. In pregnant rabbits, cobicistat was administered orally at doses of 0, 20, 50, and 100 mg/kg/day during the gestation days 7 to 20. No maternal or embryo/fetal effects were noted at the highest dose of 100 mg/kg/day. Systemic exposures (AUC) at 100 mg/kg/day were 4.3 times higher than human exposures at the recommended daily dose. In a pre- and postnatal developmental study in rats, cobicistat was administered orally at doses of 0, 10, 30, and 75 mg/kg from gestation day 6 to postnatal day 20, 21, or 22. At doses of 75 mg/kg/day of cobicistat, neither maternal nor developmental toxicity was noted. Systemic exposures (AUC) at this dose were 1.2 times the human exposures at the recommended daily dose. Emtricitabine: Emtricitabine was administered orally to pregnant mice (at 0, 250, 500, or 1000 mg/kg/day), and rabbits (at 0, 100, 300, or 1000 mg/kg/day) through organogenesis (on gestation days 6 through 15, and 7 through 19, respectively). No significant toxicological effects were observed in embryo-fetal toxicity studies performed with emtricitabine in mice at exposures (AUC) approximately 60 times higher and in rabbits at approximately 120 times higher than human exposures at the recommended daily dose. In a pre/postnatal development study in mice, emtricitabine was administered orally at doses up to 1000 mg/kg/day; no significant adverse effects directly related to drug were observed in the offspring exposed daily from before birth (in utero) through sexual maturity at daily exposures (AUC) of approximately 60 times higher than human exposures at the recommended daily dose. Tenofovir DF: Tenofovir DF was administered orally to pregnant rats (at 0, 50, 150, or 450 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (at 0, 30, 100, or 300 mg/kg/day) through organogenesis (on gestation days 7 through 17, and 6 through 18, respectively). No significant toxicological effects were observed in embryo-fetal toxicity studies performed with tenofovir DF in rats at doses up to 14 times the human dose based on body surface area comparisons and in rabbits at doses up to 19 times the human dose based on body surface area comparisons. In a pre/postnatal development study in rats, tenofovir DF was administered orally through lactation at doses up to 600 mg/kg/day; no adverse effects were observed in the offspring at tenofovir exposures of approximately 2.7 times higher than human exposures at the recommended daily dose of STRIBILD. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that HIV-infected mothers not breastfeed their infants to avoid risking postnatal transmission of HIV. Based on limited published data, emtricitabine and tenofovir have been shown to be present in human breast milk. It is not known whether elvitegravir or cobicistat are present in human breast milk, while elvitegravir and cobicistat have been shown to be present in rat milk [see Data]. It is not known if the components of STRIBILD affect milk production or have effects on the breastfed child. Because of the potential for: (1) HIV transmission (in HIV-negative infants); (2) developing viral resistance (in HIV-positive infants); and (3) adverse reactions in a breastfed infant similar to those seen in adults, instruct mothers not to breastfeed if they are receiving STRIBILD [see Data]. Animal Data Elvitegravir: During the prenatal and postnatal developmental toxicology study at doses up to 2000 mg/kg/day mean elvitegravir milk to plasma ratio of 0.1 was measured 30 minutes after administration to rats on lactation day 14. Cobicistat: During the prenatal and postnatal developmental toxicology study at doses up to 75 mg/kg/day mean cobicistat milk to plasma ratio of up to 1.9 was measured 2 hours after administration to rats on lactation day 10. 8.4 Pediatric Use The pharmacokinetics, safety, and virologic and immunologic responses were evaluated in 50 treatment-naïve, HIV-1 infected subjects aged 12 to less than 18 years weighing at least 35 kg (77 lbs) receiving STRIBILD through 48 weeks in an open-label trial (Study 112). The safety and efficacy of STRIBILD in these subjects was similar to that in antiretroviral treatment-naïve adults [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), and Clinical Studies (14.4)]. Safety and effectiveness of STRIBILD in pediatric patients less than 12 years of age or weighing less than 35 kg (77 lbs) have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of STRIBILD did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. In general, caution should be exercised in the administration of STRIBILD in elderly patients, keeping in mind the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.6 Renal Impairment Initiation of STRIBILD in patients with estimated creatinine clearance below 70 mL per min is not recommended. Because STRIBILD is a fixed-dose combination tablet, STRIBILD should be discontinued if estimated creatinine clearance declines below 50 mL per minute during treatment with STRIBILD as dose interval adjustment required for emtricitabine and tenofovir DF cannot be achieved [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), and Clinical Studies (14)]. No data are available to make dose recommendations for pediatric patients with renal impairment. Clinical Trials in Adult Subjects with Mild to Moderate Renal Impairment In Study 118, 33 HIV-1 infected treatment-naïve subjects with mild to moderate renal impairment (eGFR by Cockcroft-Gault method between 50 and 89 mL/minute) were studied in an open-label clinical trial evaluating the safety of 48 weeks of treatment with STRIBILD. After 48 weeks of treatment, the mean change in serum creatinine was 0.17 ± 0.14 mg/dL and the mean change in eGFR by Cockcroft-Gault method was –6.9 ± 9.0 mL/minute for subjects treated with STRIBILD. Twelve of the 33 subjects studied had baseline eGFR between 50 and 70 mL/minute. Three subjects, all with baseline eGFR between 50–60 mL/minute, discontinued STRIBILD due to a renal adverse event. The safety of STRIBILD among 21 of the 33 subjects with baseline eGFR greater than or equal to 70 mL/minute was consistent with the safety profile in studies 102 and 103. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment No dose adjustment of STRIBILD is required in patients with mild (Child-Pugh Class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh Class B) hepatic impairment. No pharmacokinetic or safety data are available regarding the use of STRIBILD in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C). Therefore, STRIBILD is not recommended for use in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS STRIBILD is a complete regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection; therefore, STRIBILD should not be administered with other antiretroviral medications for treatment of HIV-1 infection. (7.1) STRIBILD can alter the concentration of drugs metabolized by CYP3A or CYP2D6. Drugs that induce CYP3A can alter the concentrations of one or more components of STRIBILD. Consult the full prescribing information prior to and during treatment for potential drug-drug interactions. (4, 7.2, 7.3, 12.3) 7.1 Not Recommended with Other Antiretroviral Medications STRIBILD is a complete regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection; therefore, STRIBILD should not be administered with other antiretroviral medications for treatment of HIV-1 infection. Complete information regarding potential drug-drug interactions with other antiretroviral medications is not provided [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 7.2 Potential for STRIBILD to Affect Other Drugs Cobicistat, a component of STRIBILD, is an inhibitor of CYP3A and CYP2D6 and an inhibitor of the following transporters: P-glycoprotein (P-gp), BCRP, OATP1B1, and OATP1B3. Thus, coadministration of STRIBILD with drugs that are primarily metabolized by CYP3A or CYP2D6, or are substrates of P-gp, BCRP, OATP1B1, or OATP1B3, may result in increased plasma concentrations of such drugs. Elvitegravir is a modest inducer of CYP2C9 and may decrease the plasma concentrations of CYP2C9 substrates. 7.3 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect One or More Components of STRIBILD Elvitegravir and cobicistat, components of STRIBILD, are metabolized by CYP3A. Cobicistat is also metabolized, to a minor extent, by CYP2D6. Drugs that induce CYP3A activity are expected to increase the clearance of elvitegravir and cobicistat, resulting in decreased plasma concentration of cobicistat and elvitegravir, which may lead to loss of therapeutic effect of STRIBILD and development of resistance (Table 6). Coadministration of STRIBILD with other drugs that inhibit CYP3A may decrease the clearance and increase the plasma concentration of cobicistat (Table 6). 7.4 Drugs Affecting Renal Function Because emtricitabine and tenofovir, components of STRIBILD, are primarily excreted by the kidneys by a combination of glomerular filtration and active tubular secretion, coadministration of STRIBILD with drugs that reduce renal function or compete for active tubular secretion may increase concentrations of emtricitabine, tenofovir, and other renally eliminated drugs and this may increase the risk of adverse reactions. Some examples of drugs that are eliminated by active tubular secretion include, but are not limited to, acyclovir, cidofovir, ganciclovir, valacyclovir, valganciclovir, aminoglycosides (e.g., gentamicin), and high-dose or multiple NSAIDs [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. 7.5 Established and Other Potentially Significant Interactions Table 6 provides a listing of established or potentially clinically significant drug interactions. The drug interactions described are based on studies conducted with either STRIBILD or the components of STRIBILD (elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir DF) as individual agents and/or in combination, or are predicted drug interactions that may occur with STRIBILD [for magnitude of interaction see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. The table includes potentially significant interactions but is not all inclusive [see Contraindications (4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Table 6 Established and Other Potentially SignificantThis table is not all inclusive. Drug Interactions: Alteration in Dose or Regimen May Be Recommended Based on Drug Interaction Studies or Predicted Interaction Concomitant Drug Class: Drug Name Effect on Concentration↑=Increase, ↓=Decrease Clinical Comment Acid Reducing Agents: AntacidsIndicates that a drug-drug interaction trial was conducted. e.g., aluminum and magnesium hydroxide ↓ elvitegravir Separate STRIBILD and antacid administration by at least 2 hours. Antiarrhythmics: e.g., amiodarone bepridil digoxin disopyramide flecainide systemic lidocaine mexiletine propafenone quinidine ↑ antiarrhythmics ↑ digoxin Therapeutic concentration monitoring, if available, is recommended for antiarrhythmics when coadministered with STRIBILD. Antibacterials: clarithromycin ↑ clarithromycin ↑ cobicistat Patients with CLcr greater than or equal to 60 mL/minute: No dose adjustment of clarithromycin is required. Patients with CLcr between 50 mL/minute and 60 mL/minute: The dose of clarithromycin should be reduced by 50%. Anticoagulants: warfarin Effect on warfarin unknown Monitor international normalized ratio (INR) upon coadministration of warfarin with STRIBILD. Anticonvulsants: oxcarbazepine ↓ elvitegravir ↓ cobicistat Contraindicated anticonvulsants [see Contraindications (4)] Alternative anticonvulsants should be considered when STRIBILD is coadministered with oxcarbazepine. clonazepam ethosuximide ↑ clonazepam ↑ ethosuximide Clinical monitoring is recommended upon coadministration of clonazepam or ethosuximide with STRIBILD. Antidepressants: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) e.g., paroxetine Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) e.g., amitriptyline desipramine imipramine nortriptyline bupropion trazodone ↑ SSRIs (except sertraline) ↑ TCAs ↑ trazodone Careful dose titration of the antidepressant and monitoring for antidepressant response are recommended when coadministered with STRIBILD. Antifungals: itraconazole ketoconazole voriconazole ↑ elvitegravir ↑ cobicistat ↑ itraconazole ↑ ketoconazole ↑ voriconazole When coadministered with STRIBILD, the maximum daily dose of ketoconazole or itraconazole should not exceed 200 mg per day. An assessment of benefit/risk ratio is recommended to justify use of voriconazole with STRIBILD. Anti-gout: colchicine ↑ colchicine STRIBILD is not recommended to be coadministered with colchicine to patients with renal or hepatic impairment. Treatment of gout-flares – coadministration of colchicine in patients receiving STRIBILD: 0.6 mg (1 tablet) × 1 dose, followed by 0.3 mg (half tablet) 1 hour later. Treatment course to be repeated no earlier than 3 days. Prophylaxis of gout-flares – coadministration of colchicine in patients receiving STRIBILD: If the original regimen was 0.6 mg twice a day, the regimen should be adjusted to 0.3 mg once a day. If the original regimen was 0.6 mg once a day, the regimen should be adjusted to 0.3 mg once every other day. Treatment of familial Mediterranean fever – coadministration of colchicine in patients receiving STRIBILD: Maximum daily dose of 0.6 mg (may be given as 0.3 mg twice a day). Antimycobacterial: rifabutin rifapentine ↓ elvitegravir ↓ cobicistat Contraindicated antimycobacterials [see Contraindications (4)] Coadministration of STRIBILD with rifabutin or rifapentine is not recommended. Antipsychotics: e.g., perphenazine risperidone thioridazine quetiapine ↑ antipsychotic ↑ quetiapine Contraindicated antipsychotics [see Contraindications (4)] A decrease in the dose of antipsychotics that are metabolized by CYP3A4 or CYP2D6 may be needed when coadministered with STRIBILD. Initiation of STRIBILD in patients taking quetiapine: Consider alternative antiretroviral therapy to avoid increases in quetiapine exposure. If coadministration is necessary, reduce the quetiapine dose to 1/6 of the current dose and monitor for quetiapine-associated adverse reactions. Refer to the quetiapine prescribing information for recommendations on adverse reaction monitoring. Initiation of quetiapine in patients taking STRIBILD: Refer to the quetiapine prescribing information for initial dosing and titration of quetiapine. Beta-Blockers: e.g., metoprolol timolol ↑ beta-blockers Clinical monitoring is recommended and a dose decrease of the beta-blocker may be necessary when these agents are coadministered with STRIBILD. Calcium Channel Blockers: e.g., amlodipine diltiazem felodipine nicardipine nifedipine verapamil ↑ calcium channel blockers Clinical monitoring is recommended upon coadministration of calcium channel blockers with STRIBILD. Systemic/Inhaled/Nasal/Ophthalmic Corticosteroids: e.g., betamethasone budesonide ciclesonide dexamethasone fluticasone methylprednisolone mometasone triamcinolone ↓ elvitegravir ↓ cobicistat ↑ corticosteroids Coadministration with oral dexamethasone or other systemic corticosteroids that induce CYP3A may result in loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance to elvitegravir. Consider alternative corticosteroids. Coadministration with corticosteroids whose exposures are significantly increased by strong CYP3A inhibitors can increase the risk for Cushing's syndrome and adrenal suppression. Alternative corticosteroids including beclomethasone, prednisone, and prednisolone (whose PK and/or PD are less affected by strong CYP3A inhibitors relative to other studied steroids) should be considered, particularly for long-term use [see Drug Interactions (7.6)]. Endothelin Receptor Antagonists: bosentan ↑ bosentan Coadministration of bosentan in patients on STRIBILD: In patients who have been receiving STRIBILD for at least 10 days, start bosentan at 62.5 mg once daily or every other day based upon individual tolerability. Coadministration of STRIBILD in patients on bosentan: Discontinue use of bosentan at least 36 hours prior to initiation of STRIBILD. After at least 10 days following the initiation of STRIBILD, resume bosentan at 62.5 mg once daily or every other day based upon individual tolerability. Hepatitis C Antiviral Agents: ledipasvir/sofosbuvir sofosbuvir/velpatasvir ↑ tenofovir The safety of increased tenofovir concentrations in the setting of HARVONI® (ledipasvir/sofosbuvir) and STRIBILD has not been established. Coadministration is not recommended. Patients receiving STRIBILD concomitantly with EPCLUSA® (sofosbuvir/velpatasvir) should be monitored for adverse reactions associated with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors: atorvastatin ↑ atorvastatin Contraindicated HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors [see Contraindications (4)] Initiate with the lowest starting dose of atorvastatin and titrate carefully while monitoring for safety (e.g., myopathy). Do not exceed a dosage of atorvastatin 20 mg daily. Hormonal Contraceptives: drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol ↑ drospirenone ↑ norgestimate ↓ ethinyl estradiol Plasma concentrations of drospirenone may be increased when coadministered with cobicistat- containing products. Clinical monitoring is recommended due to the potential for hyperkalemia. The effects of increases in the concentration of the progestational component norgestimate are not fully known and can include increased risk of insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, acne, and venous thrombosis. The potential risks and benefits associated with coadministration of norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol with STRIBILD should be considered, particularly in women who have risk factors for these events. Coadministration of STRIBILD with other hormonal contraceptives (e.g., contraceptive patch, contraceptive vaginal ring, or injectable contraceptives) or oral contraceptives containing progestogens other than drospirenone or norgestimate has not been studied; therefore, alternative (nonhormonal) methods of contraception can be considered. Immuno-suppressants: e.g., cyclosporine sirolimus tacrolimus ↑ immuno-suppressants Therapeutic monitoring of the immunosuppressive agents is recommended upon coadministration with STRIBILD. Narcotic Analgesics: buprenorphine/naloxone ↑ buprenorphine ↑ norbuprenorphine ↓ naloxone Patients should be closely monitored for sedation and cognitive effects. Inhaled Beta Agonist: salmeterol ↑ salmeterol Coadministration of salmeterol and STRIBILD is not recommended because it may result in increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events associated with salmeterol, including QT prolongation, palpitations, and sinus tachycardia. Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) Inhibitors: sildenafil tadalafil vardenafil ↑ PDE-5 inhibitors Contraindicated PDE-5 Inhibitors [see Contraindications (4)] Coadministration with STRIBILD may result in an increase in PDE-5 inhibitor associated adverse reactions, including hypotension, syncope, visual disturbances, and priapism. Use of tadalafil for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH): Coadministration of tadalafil in patients on STRIBILD: In patients receiving STRIBILD for at least 1 week, start tadalafil at 20 mg once daily. Increase tadalafil dose to 40 mg once daily based upon individual tolerability. Coadministration of STRIBILD in patients on tadalafil: Avoid use of tadalafil during the initiation of STRIBILD. Stop tadalafil at least 24 hours prior to starting STRIBILD. After at least one week following initiation of STRIBILD, resume tadalafil at 20 mg once daily. Increase tadalafil dose to 40 mg once daily based upon individual tolerability. Use of PDE-5 inhibitors for erectile dysfunction: The below PDE-5 inhibitors can be used along with increased monitoring for PDE-5-inhibitor associated adverse events: Sildenafil at a single dose not exceeding 25 mg in 48 hours, or Tadalafil at a single dose not exceeding 10 mg in 72 hours, or Vardenafil at a single dose not exceeding 2.5 mg in 72 hours Sedative/hypnotics: Benzodiazepines: e.g., parenterally administered midazolam clorazepate diazepam estazolam flurazepam buspirone zolpidem ↑ sedatives/hypnotics Contraindicated sedative/hypnotics [see Contraindications (4)] Coadministration of parenteral midazolam with STRIBILD should be done in a setting that ensures close clinical monitoring and appropriate medical management in case of respiratory depression and/or prolonged sedation. Dosage reduction for midazolam should be considered, especially if more than a single dose of midazolam is administered. With other sedative/hypnotics, dose reduction may be necessary and clinical monitoring is recommended. 7.6 Drugs without Clinically Significant Interactions with STRIBILD Based on drug interaction studies conducted with the components of STRIBILD, no clinically significant drug interactions have been either observed or are expected when STRIBILD is combined with the following drugs: entecavir, famciclovir, H2 receptor antagonists, methadone, proton pump inhibitors, ribavirin, and sertraline.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA203100
Agency product number 4GDQ854U53
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 61958-1201
Date Last Revised 01-09-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1306298
Storage and handling Store at 25 °C (77 °F), excursions permitted to 15–30 °C (59–86 °F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Keep container tightly closed. Dispense only in original container.
Marketing authorisation holder Gilead Sciences, Inc.
Warnings WARNING: POSTTREATMENT ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B STRIBILD is not approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, and the safety and efficacy of STRIBILD have not been established in patients coinfected with HBV and human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1). Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B have been reported in patients who are coinfected with HBV and HIV-1 and have discontinued EMTRIVA or VIREAD, which are components of STRIBILD. Hepatic function should be monitored closely, with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients who are coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV and discontinue STRIBILD. If appropriate, initiation of anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. WARNING: POSTTREATMENT ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning. STRIBILD is not approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B have been reported in patients coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV who have discontinued EMTRIVA or VIREAD, two of the components of STRIBILD. Hepatic function should be monitored closely in these patients. If appropriate, initiation of anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted. (5.1)