6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the labeling: Increased mortality [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] QT Prolongation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)] Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Drug Interactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] The most common adverse reactions reported in 10% or more of adult patients treated with SIRTURO were nausea, arthralgia, headache, hemoptysis and chest pain. (6.1) The most common adverse reactions reported in 10% or more of pediatric patients (12 to less than 18 years of age) treated with SIRTURO were arthralgia, nausea and abdominal pain. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Janssen Therapeutics, Division of Janssen Products, LP at 1-800-JANSSEN (1-800-526-7736) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Studies Experience Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to the rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. Use SIRTURO only in combination with other anti-mycobacterial drugs [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)]. Refer to the prescribing information of the drugs used in combination with SIRTURO for their respective adverse reactions. Clinical Studies Experience in Adults Adverse drug reactions for SIRTURO were identified from the pooled safety data from 335 SIRTURO-exposed patients who received 8 weeks (Study 2) and 24 weeks (Studies 1 and 3) at the proposed dose. Studies 1 and 2 were randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials in newly diagnosed patients with pulmonary MDR-TB. In both treatment arms, patients received SIRTURO or placebo in combination with other drugs used to treat MDR-TB. Study 3 was an open-label, noncomparative study with SIRTURO administered as part of an individualized pulmonary MDR-TB treatment regimen in previously treated patients. In Study 1, 35% were Black, 17.5% were Hispanic, 12.5% were White, 9.4% were Asian, and 25.6% were of another race. Eight of 79 (10.1%) patients in the SIRTURO group and 16 of 81 (19.8%) patients in the placebo treatment group were HIV-infected. Seven (8.9%) SIRTURO-treated patients and six (7.4%) placebo-treated patients discontinued Study 1 because of an adverse reaction. Table 2: Select Adverse Reactions from Study 1 That Occurred More Frequently Than Placebo During Treatment with SIRTURO Adverse Reactions SIRTURO Treatment Group N=79 n (%) Placebo Treatment Group N=81 n (%) Nausea 30 (38) 26 (32) Arthralgia 26 (33) 18 (22) Headache 22 (28) 10 (12) Hemoptysis 14 (18) 9 (11) Chest Pain 9 (11) 6 (7) Anorexia 7 (9) 3 (4) Transaminases IncreasedTerms represented by 'transaminases increased' included transaminases increased, AST increased, ALT increased, hepatic enzyme increased, and hepatic function abnormal. 7 (9) 1 (1) Rash 6 (8) 3 (4) Blood Amylase Increased 2 (3) 1 (1) No additional unique adverse reactions were identified from the uncontrolled Study 3. In both Studies 1 and 2, aminotransferase elevations of at least 3 times the upper limit of normal developed more frequently in the SIRTURO treatment group (11/102 [10.8%] vs 6/105 [5.7%]) than in the placebo treatment group. In Study 3, 22/230 (9.6%) patients had alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase greater than or equal to 3 times the upper limit of normal during the overall treatment period. Increased Mortality In Study 1, there was a statistically significant increased mortality risk by Week 120 in the SIRTURO treatment group compared to the placebo treatment group (9/79 (11.4%) versus 2/81 (2.5%), p-value=0.03, an exact 95% confidence interval of the difference [1.1%, 18.2%]). Five of the 9 SIRTURO deaths and the 2 placebo deaths were tuberculosis-related. One death occurred during the 24-week SIRTURO treatment period. The median time to death for the remaining eight patients in the SIRTURO treatment group was 329 days after last intake of SIRTURO. The imbalance in deaths is unexplained; no discernible pattern between death and sputum conversion, relapse, sensitivity to other drugs used to treat tuberculosis, HIV status, and severity of disease was observed. In the open-label Study 3, 6.9% (16/233) of patients died. The most common cause of death as reported by the investigator was TB (9 patients). All but one patient who died of TB had not converted or had relapsed. The causes of death in the remaining patients varied. Clinical Studies Experience in Pediatric Patients The safety assessment of bedaquiline is based on the Week 24 analysis of the single-arm, open-label trial, TMC207-C211, in 15 pediatric patients. The trial was designed to enroll patients 12 to less than 18 years of age (only patients 14 to less than 18 years of age were enrolled) with confirmed or probable pulmonary MDR-TB infection who received SIRTURO at the recommended dosage regimen in combination with a background regimen [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. The most common adverse drug reactions were arthralgia in 6/15 (40%) patients, nausea in 2/15 (13%) patients, and abdominal pain in 2/15 (13%) patients. Among the 15 patients, no deaths occurred during treatment with SIRTURO. Observed laboratory abnormalities were comparable to those in adults.