Data from FDA (Food and Drug Administration, USA) - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 31 December 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE SELZENTRY is indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of only CCR5-tropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in patients 2 years of age and older weighing at least 10 kg. Limitations of Use: • SELZENTRY is not recommended in patients with dual/mixed- or CXCR4-tropic HIV-1 [see Microbiology (12.4)]. SELZENTRY is a CCR5 co-receptor antagonist indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of only CCR5-tropic HIV-1 infection in patients 2 years of age and older weighing at least 10 kg. (1) Limitations of Use: •Not recommended in patients with dual/mixed- or CXCR4 tropic HIV-1. (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS SELZENTRY is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment or ESRD (CrCl less than 30 mL per minute) who are concomitantly taking potent CYP3A inhibitors or inducers [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. •SELZENTRY is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (CrCl less than 30 mL per minute) who are concomitantly taking potent CYP3A inhibitors or inducers. (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in other sections of the labeling: •Hepatotoxicity [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] •Severe Skin and Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] •Cardiovascular Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] •The most common adverse events in treatment-experienced adult subjects (greater than 8% incidence) which occurred at a higher frequency compared with placebo are upper respiratory tract infections, cough, pyrexia, rash, and dizziness. (6.1) •The most common adverse events in treatment-naive adult subjects (greater than 8% incidence) which occurred at a higher frequency than the comparator arm are upper respiratory tract infections, bronchitis, flatulence, bloating and distention, upper respiratory tract signs and symptoms, and gastrointestinal atonic and hypomotility disorders. (6.1) •The most common adverse reactions in treatment-experienced pediatric subjects (greater than or equal to 3% incidence) are vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and dizziness. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact ViiV Healthcare at 1-877-844-8872 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Adverse Reactions in Adult Subjects Treatment-Experienced Subjects: The safety profile of SELZENTRY is primarily based on 840 HIV-1-infected subjects who received at least 1 dose of SELZENTRY during two Phase 3 trials. A total of 426 of these subjects received the indicated twice-daily dosing regimen. Assessment of treatment-emergent adverse events is based on the pooled data from 2 trials in subjects with CCR5-tropic HIV-1 (A4001027 and A4001028). The median duration of therapy with SELZENTRY for subjects in these trials was 48 weeks, with the total exposure on SELZENTRY twice daily at 309 patient-years versus 111 patient-years on placebo each administered with optimized background therapy (OBT). The population was 89% male and 84% white, with mean age of 46 years (range: 17 to 75 years). Subjects received dose equivalents of 300 mg maraviroc once or twice daily. The most common adverse events reported with twice-daily therapy with SELZENTRY with frequency rates higher than placebo, regardless of causality, were upper respiratory tract infections, cough, pyrexia, rash, and dizziness. In these 2 trials, the rate of discontinuation due to adverse events was 5% for subjects who received SELZENTRY twice daily + OBT as well as those who received placebo + OBT. Most of the adverse events reported were judged to be mild to moderate in severity. The data described below occurred with twice-daily dosing of SELZENTRY. The total numbers of subjects reporting infections were 233 (55%) and 84 (40%) in the group receiving SELZENTRY twice daily and the placebo group, respectively. Correcting for the longer duration of exposure on SELZENTRY compared with placebo, the exposure-adjusted frequency (rate per 100 subject-years) of these events was 133 for both SELZENTRY twice daily and placebo. Dizziness or postural dizziness occurred in 8% of subjects on either SELZENTRY or placebo, with 2 subjects (0.5%) on SELZENTRY permanently discontinuing therapy (1 due to syncope, 1 due to orthostatic hypotension) versus 1 subject on placebo (0.5%) permanently discontinuing therapy due to dizziness. Treatment-emergent adverse events, regardless of causality, from Trials A4001027 and A4001028 are summarized in Table 5. Selected events occurring at greater than or equal to 2% of subjects and at a numerically higher rate in subjects treated with SELZENTRY are included; events that occurred at the same or higher rate on placebo are not displayed. Table 5. Selected Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (All Causality) ≥2% on SELZENTRY (and at a Higher Rate Compared with Placebo) in Trials A4001027 and A4001028 (Pooled Analysis, 48 Weeks) SELZENTRY Twice Dailya Placebo Body System/ Adverse Event (n = 426) % Exposure-Adjusted Rate (per 100 pt-yrs) PYE = 309b (n = 209) % Exposure-Adjusted Rate (per 100 pt-yrs) PYE = 111b Eye Disorders Conjunctivitis 2 3 1 3 Ocular infections, inflammations, and associated manifestations 2 3 1 2 Gastrointestinal Disorders Constipation 6 9 3 6 General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions Pyrexia 13 20 9 17 Pain and discomfort 4 5 3 5 Infections and Infestations Upper respiratory tract infection 23 37 13 27 Herpes infection 8 11 4 8 Sinusitis 7 10 3 6 Bronchitis 7 9 5 9 Folliculitis 4 5 2 4 Anogenital warts 2 3 1 3 Influenza 2 3 0.5 1 Otitis media 2 3 0.5 1 Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders Appetite disorders 8 11 7 13 Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders Joint-related signs and symptoms 7 10 3 5 Muscle pains 3 4 0.5 1 Neoplasms Benign, Malignant, and Unspecified Skin neoplasms benign 3 4 1 3 Nervous System Disorders Dizziness/postural dizziness 9 13 8 17 Paresthesias and dysesthesias 5 7 3 6 Sensory abnormalities 4 6 1 3 Disturbances in consciousness 4 5 3 6 Peripheral neuropathies 4 5 3 6 Psychiatric Disorders Disturbances in initiating and maintaining sleep 8 11 5 10 Depressive disorders 4 6 3 5 Anxiety symptoms 4 5 3 7 Renal and Urinary Disorders Bladder and urethral symptoms 5 7 1 3 Urinary tract signs and symptoms 3 4 1 3 Respiratory, Thoracic, and Mediastinal Disorders Coughing and associated symptoms 14 21 5 10 Upper respiratory tract signs and symptoms 6 9 3 6 Nasal congestion and inflammations 4 6 3 5 Breathing abnormalities 4 5 2 5 Paranasal sinus disorders 3 4 0.5 1 Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders Rash 11 16 5 11 Apocrine and eccrine gland disorders 5 7 4 7.5 Pruritus 4 5 2 4 Lipodystrophies 3 5 0.5 1 Erythemas 2 3 1 2 Vascular Disorders Vascular hypertensive disorders 3 4 2 4 a300-mg dose equivalent. bPYE = Patient-years of exposure. Laboratory Abnormalities: Table 6 shows the treatment-emergent Grade 3-4 laboratory abnormalities that occurred in greater than 2% of subjects receiving SELZENTRY. Table 6. Maximum Shift in Laboratory Test Values (without Regard to Baseline) ≥2% of Grade 3-4 Abnormalities (ACTG Criteria) in Trials A4001027 and A4001028 (Pooled Analysis, 48 Weeks) Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term Limit SELZENTRY Twice Daily + OBT (n = 421)a % Placebo + OBT (n = 207)a % Aspartate aminotransferase >5.0 x ULN 4.8 2.9 Alanine aminotransferase >5.0 x ULN 2.6 3.4 Total bilirubin >2.5 x ULN 5.5 5.3 Amylase >2.0 x ULN 5.7 5.8 Lipase >2.0 x ULN 4.9 6.3 Absolute neutrophil count <750/mm3 4.3 2.4 a Percentages based on total subjects evaluated for each laboratory parameter. ULN=Upper limit of normal. Treatment‑Naive Subjects: Treatment‑Emergent Adverse Events: Treatment‑emergent adverse events, regardless of causality, from Trial A4001026, a double‑blind, comparative, controlled trial in which 721 treatment‑naive subjects received SELZENTRY 300 mg twice daily (n = 360) or efavirenz 600 mg once daily (n = 361) in combination with lamivudine/zidovudine (COMBIVIR®) for 96 weeks, are summarized in Table 7. Selected events occurring in greater than or equal to 2% of subjects and at a numerically higher rate in subjects treated with SELZENTRY are included; events that occurred at the same or higher rate on efavirenz are not displayed. Table 7. Selected Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (All Causality) ≥2% on SELZENTRY (and at a Higher Rate Compared with Efavirenz) in Trial A4001026 (96 Weeks) Body System/ Adverse Event SELZENTRY 300 mg Twice Daily + Lamivudine/Zidovudine (n = 360) % Efavirenz 600 mg Once Daily + Lamivudine/Zidovudine (n = 361) % Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders Anemias NEC 8 5 Neutropenias 4 3 Ear and Labyrinth Disorders Ear disorders NEC 3 2 Gastrointestinal Disorders Flatulence, bloating, and distention 10 7 Gastrointestinal atonic and hypomotility disorders NEC 9 5 Gastrointestinal signs and symptoms NEC 3 2 General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions Body temperature perception 3 1 Infections and Infestations Upper respiratory tract infection 32 30 Bronchitis 13 9 Herpes infection 7 6 Bacterial infections NEC 6 3 Herpes zoster/varicella 5 4 Tinea infections 4 3 Lower respiratory tract and lung infections 3 2 Neisseria infections 3 0 Viral infections NEC 3 2 Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders Joint-related signs and symptoms 6 5 Nervous System Disorders Paresthesias and dysesthesias 4 3 Memory loss (excluding dementia) 3 1 Renal and Urinary Disorders Bladder and urethral symptoms 4 3 Reproductive System and Breast Disorders Erection and ejaculation conditions and disorders 3 2 Respiratory, Thoracic, and Mediastinal Disorders Upper respiratory tract signs and symptoms 9 5 Skin and Subcutaneous Disorders Nail and nail bed conditions (excluding infections and infestations) 6 2 Lipodystrophies 4 3 Acnes 3 2 Alopecias 2 1 Laboratory Abnormalities: Table 8. Maximum Shift in Laboratory Test Values (without Regard to Baseline) ≥2% of Grade 3-4 Abnormalities (ACTG Criteria) in Trial A4001026 (96 Weeks) Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term Limit SELZENTRY 300 mg Twice Daily + Lamivudine/Zidovudine (n = 353)a % Efavirenz 600 mg Once Daily+ Lamivudine/Zidovudine (n = 350)a % Aspartate aminotransferase >5.0 x ULN 4.0 4.0 Alanine aminotransferase >5.0 x ULN 3.9 4.0 Creatine kinase – 3.9 4.8 Amylase >2.0 x ULN 4.3 6.0 Absolute neutrophil count <750/mm3 5.7 4.9 Hemoglobin <7.0 g/dL 2.9 2.3 a n = Total number of subjects evaluable for laboratory abnormalities. ULN=Upper limit of normal. Percentages based on total subjects evaluated for each laboratory parameter. If the same subject in a given treatment group had greater than 1 occurrence of the same abnormality, only the most severe is counted. Less Common Adverse Events in Clinical Trials: The following adverse events occurred in less than 2% of subjects treated with SELZENTRY or at a rate similar to the comparator. These events have been included because of their seriousness and either increased frequency on SELZENTRY or are potential risks due to the mechanism of action. Events attributed to the subjects’ underlying HIV-1 infection are not listed. Blood and Lymphatic System: Marrow depression and hypoplastic anemia. Cardiac Disorders: Unstable angina, acute cardiac failure, coronary artery disease, coronary artery occlusion, myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia. Hepatobiliary Disorders: Hepatic cirrhosis, hepatic failure, cholestatic jaundice, portal vein thrombosis, jaundice. Infections and Infestations: Endocarditis, infective myositis, viral meningitis, pneumonia, treponema infections, septic shock, Clostridium difficile colitis, meningitis. Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: Myositis, osteonecrosis, rhabdomyolysis, blood CK increased. Neoplasms Benign, Malignant, and Unspecified (Including Cysts and Polyps): Abdominal neoplasm, anal cancer, basal cell carcinoma, Bowen’s disease, cholangiocarcinoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, lymphoma, metastases to liver, esophageal carcinoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of skin, tongue neoplasm (malignant stage unspecified), anaplastic large cell lymphomas T- and null-cell types, bile duct neoplasms malignant, endocrine neoplasms malignant and unspecified. Nervous System Disorders: Cerebrovascular accident, convulsions and epilepsy, tremor (excluding congenital), facial palsy, hemianopia, loss of consciousness, visual field defect. Clinical Trials Experience in Pediatric Subjects Trial A4001031 is an open-label trial in which 103 treatment-experienced, CCR5-tropic, HIV-1–infected pediatric subjects aged 2 to less than 18 years weighing at least 10 kg received SELZENTRY twice daily in combination with OBT. The dose of SELZENTRY was based on body surface area (BSA) and on whether the subject was receiving potent CYP3A inhibitors and/or inducers. The median duration of therapy with SELZENTRY was 131 weeks with 72% of subjects receiving study treatment for greater than 48 weeks and 62% of subjects receiving study treatment for 96 weeks. In these 103 children and adolescents, the safety profile through 96 weeks was similar to that for adults. Most of the adverse reactions reported were mild to moderate; severe (Grade 3 and 4) adverse reactions occurred in 2% of subjects. The most common adverse reactions (all grades) reported with twice-daily therapy with SELZENTRY, were vomiting (12%), abdominal pain (4%), diarrhea (4%), nausea (4%), and dizziness (3%). Three subjects (3%) discontinued due to adverse events. Maraviroc-related gastrointestinal adverse events through 48 weeks (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain/cramps) were observed more commonly in subjects who received the SELZENTRY oral solution (21%) compared with those who received SELZENTRY tablets (16%). Subjects were permitted to change formulations after Week 48. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse events have been identified during post-approval use of SELZENTRY. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders Stevens‑Johnson syndrome (SJS), drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN).

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Prior to initiation of SELZENTRY, test all patients for CCR5 tropism using a highly sensitive tropism assay. (2.1) SELZENTRY tablets and oral solution are taken twice daily by mouth and may be taken with or without food. SELZENTRY must be given in combination with other antiretroviral medications. (2.2) Recommended Dosage in Adults: (2.3) Concomitant Medications Dosage of SELZENTRY When given with potent CYP3A inhibitors (with or without potent CYP3A inducers) including PIs (except tipranavir/ritonavir), delavirdine (2.3, 7.1) 150 mg twice daily With NRTIs, tipranavir/ritonavir, nevirapine, raltegravir, and other drugs that are not potent CYP3A inhibitors or CYP3A inducers (2.3, 7.1) 300 mg twice daily With potent CYP3A inducers including efavirenz (without a potent CYP3A inhibitor) (2.3, 7.1) 600 mg twice daily A more complete list of coadministered drugs is listed in Dosage and Administration. (2) Pediatric Patients Aged 2 Years and Older and Weighing at Least 10 kg: Administer twice daily. Dosage should be based on body weight (kg) and concomitant medications and should not exceed the recommended adult dose. (2.4) Patients with Renal Impairment: Dose adjustment may be necessary in patients with renal impairment. (2.5) 2.1 Testing prior to Initiation of SELZENTRY Prior to initiation of SELZENTRY, test all patients for CCR5 tropism using a highly sensitive tropism assay. SELZENTRY is recommended for patients with only CCR5-tropic HIV-1 infection. Outgrowth of pre-existing low-level CXCR4- or dual/mixed-tropic HIV-1 not detected by tropism testing at screening has been associated with virologic failure on SELZENTRY [see Microbiology (12.4), Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Monitor patients for ALT, AST, and bilirubin prior to initiation of SELZENTRY and at other time points during treatment as clinically indicated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. 2.2 General Dosing Recommendations • SELZENTRY tablets and oral solution are taken twice daily by mouth and may be taken with or without food. • SELZENTRY must be given in combination with other antiretroviral medications. • The recommended dosage of SELZENTRY differs based on concomitant medications due to drug interactions. 2.3 Recommended Dosage in Adults Table 1 displays oral dosage of SELZENTRY based on different concomitant medications [see Drug Interactions (7.1)]. Table 1. Recommended Dosage in Adults Concomitant Medications Dosage of SELZENTRY Potent CYP3A inhibitors (with or without a potent CYP3A inducer) including: •protease inhibitors (except tipranavir/ritonavir) •delavirdine •elvitegravir/ritonavir •ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin •other potent CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., nefazodone, telithromycin) •boceprevir 150 mg twice daily Noninteracting concomitant medications, including tipranavir/ritonavir, nevirapine, raltegravir, all nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), and enfuvirtidea 300 mg twice daily Potent CYP3A inducers (without a potent CYP3A inhibitor) including: •efavirenz •rifampin •etravirine •carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and phenytoin 600 mg twice daily a Noninteracting concomitant medications include all medications that are not potent CYP3A inhibitors or inducers. 2.4 Recommended Dosage in Pediatric Patients The recommended dosage of SELZENTRY should be based on body weight (kg) and should not exceed the recommended adult dose. The recommended dosage also differs based on concomitant medications due to drug interactions (Table 2 and Table 3) [see Drug Interactions (7.1), Use in Specific Populations (8.4)]. Before prescribing SELZENTRY tablets, assess children for the ability to swallow tablets. If a child is unable to reliably swallow SELZENTRY tablets, the oral solution formulation should be prescribed. Administer the oral solution using the included press-in bottle adapter and oral dosing syringe. Table 2. Recommended Dosage in Pediatric Patients Aged 2 Years and Older Weighing at Least 10 kg (Tablets) Concomitant Medications Dosage of SELZENTRY Based on Weight 10 kg to <20 kg 20 kg to <30 kg 30 kg to <40 kg ≥40 kg Potent CYP3A inhibitors (with or without a CYP3A inducer) including: • protease inhibitors (except tipranavir/ritonavir) • delavirdine • elvitegravir/ritonavir • ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin • other potent CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., nefazodone, telithromycin) • boceprevir 50 mg twice daily 75 mg twice daily 100 mg twice daily 150 mg twice daily Noninteracting concomitant medications, including tipranavir/ritonavir, nevirapine, raltegravir, all NRTIs, and enfuvirtidea Not recommended Not recommended 300 mg twice daily 300 mg twice daily Potent CYP3A inducers (without a potent CYP3A inhibitor) including: • efavirenz • rifampin • etravirine • carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and phenytoin Not recommended a Noninteracting concomitant medications include all medications that are not potent CYP3A inhibitors or inducers. Table 3. Recommended Dosage in Pediatric Patients Aged 2 Years and Older Weighing at Least 10 kg (Oral Solution) Concomitant Medications Dosage (Volume of Solution) of SELZENTRY Based on Weight 10 kg to <20 kg 20 kg to <30 kg 30 kg to <40 kg ≥40 kg Potent CYP3A inhibitors (with or without a CYP3A inducer) including: • protease inhibitors (except tipranavir/ritonavir) • delavirdine • elvitegravir/ritonavir • ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin • other potent CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., nefazodone, telithromycin) • boceprevir 50 mg (2.5 mL) twice daily 80 mg (4 mL) twice daily 100 mg (5 mL) twice daily 150 mg (7.5 mL) twice daily Noninteracting concomitant medications, including tipranavir/ritonavir, nevirapine, raltegravir, all NRTIs, and enfuvirtidea Not recommended Not recommended 300 mg (15 mL) twice daily 300 mg (15 mL) twice daily Potent CYP3A inducers (without a potent CYP3A inhibitor) including: • efavirenz • rifampin • etravirine • carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and phenytoin Not recommended a Noninteracting concomitant medications include all medications that are not potent CYP3A inhibitors or inducers. 2.5 Recommended Dosage in Patients with Renal Impairment Adults Table 4 provides dosing recommendations for patients based on renal function and concomitant medications. Table 4. Recommended Dosage in Adults Based on Renal Function Concomitant Medications Dosage of SELZENTRY Based on Renal Function Normal (CrCl >80 mL/min) Mild (CrCl >50 and ≤80 mL/min) Moderate (CrCl ≥30 and ≤50 mL/min) Severe (CrCl <30 mL/min) End-Stage Renal Disease on Regular Hemodialysis Potent CYP3A inhibitors (with or without a CYP3A inducer) including: • protease inhibitors (except tipranavir/ritonavir) • delavirdine • elvitegravir/ritonavir • ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin • other potent CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., nefazodone, telithromycin) • boceprevir 150 mg twice daily 150 mg twice daily 150 mg twice daily Contra- indicated Contra- indicated Noninteracting concomitant medications, including tipranavir/ritonavir, nevirapine, raltegravir, all NRTIs, and enfuvirtidea 300 mg twice daily 300 mg twice daily 300 mg twice daily 300 mg twice dailyb 300 mg twice dailyb Potent CYP3A inducers (without a potent CYP3A inhibitor) including: • efavirenz • rifampin • etravirine • carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and phenytoin 600 mg twice daily 600 mg twice daily 600 mg twice daily Contra- indicated Contra- indicated a Noninteracting concomitant medications include all medications that are not potent CYP3A inhibitors or inducers. bThe dosage of SELZENTRY should be reduced to 150 mg twice daily if there are any symptoms of postural hypotension [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. Pediatric Patients There are no data to recommend specific doses of SELZENTRY in pediatric patients with mild or moderate renal impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)]. Additionally, SELZENTRY is contraindicated for pediatric patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on regular hemodialysis who are receiving potent CYP3A inhibitors [see Contraindications (4)].
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS •Lactation: Women infected with HIV should be instructed not to breastfeed due to the potential for HIV transmission. (8.2) 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Exposure Registry There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to SELZENTRY during pregnancy. Physicians are encouraged to register patients by calling the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) at 1-800-258-4263. Risk Summary Limited data on the use of SELZENTRY during pregnancy from the APR and case reports are not sufficient to inform a drug-associated risk of birth defects and miscarriage. In animal reproduction studies, no evidence of adverse developmental outcomes was observed with maraviroc. During organogenesis in the rat and rabbit, systemic exposures (AUC) to maraviroc were approximately 20 times (rats) and 5 times (rabbits) the exposure in humans at the recommended 300-mg twice-daily dose. In the rat pre- and post-natal development study, maternal systemic exposure (AUC) to maraviroc was approximately 14 times the exposure in humans at the recommended 300-mg twice-daily dose [seeData]. The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively. Data Animal Data: Maraviroc was administered orally to pregnant rats (up to 1,000 mg per kg per day) and rabbits (up to 75 mg per kg per day) on gestation Days 6 to 17 and 7 to 19, respectively. No adverse effects on embryo-fetal development were observed at these dose levels, resulting in exposures (AUC) approximately 20 times (rats) and 5 times (rabbits) higher than human exposures at the recommended daily dose. In the rat pre- and post-natal development study, maraviroc was administered orally at up to 1,000 mg per kg per day on gestation Day 6 to lactation/post-partum Day 20, with development of the offspring (including fertility and reproductive performance) unaffected by maternal administration of maraviroc at an exposure (AUC) approximately 14 times higher than human exposure at the recommended daily dose. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that HIV‑1-infected mothers in the United States not breastfeed their infants to avoid risking postnatal transmission of HIV‑1 infection. There are no data on the presence of maraviroc in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. When administered to lactating rats, maraviroc was present in milk [see Data]. Because of the potential for (1) HIV transmission (in HIV-negative infants), (2) developing viral resistance (in HIV-positive infants), and (3) serious adverse reactions in a breastfed infant similar to those seen in adults, instruct mothers not to breastfeedif they are receiving SELZENTRY. Data Maraviroc (and related metabolites) was excreted into the milk of lactating rats following a single oral dose of maraviroc (100 mg per kg) on lactation Day 12, with a maximal milk concentration achieved one hour post-administration at a milk concentration approximately 2.5 times that of maternal plasma concentrations. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety, pharmacokinetic (PK) profile, and antiviral activity of SELZENTRY were evaluated in treatment-experienced, CCR5-tropic, HIV-1-infected pediatric subjects aged 2 to less than 18 years weighing at least 10 kg in an open-label, multicenter clinical trial, A4001031 [see Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Studies (14.2)]. Pharmacokinetics were evaluated in a total of 98 pediatric subjects: 85 subjects received SELZENTRY and concomitant medications that included potent CYP3A inhibitors with or without potent CYP3A inducers, 10 subjects received SELZENTRY and noninteracting medications (not containing potent CYP3A inhibitors or potent CYP3A inducers), and three subjects received SELZENTRY and medications that included potent CYP3A inducers without potent CYP3A inhibitors [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. See Dosage and Administration (2.4, 2.5) for dosing recommendations for pediatric patients aged 2 years and older and weighing at least 10 kg. The pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of maraviroc in patients younger than 2 years have not been established. Therefore, SELZENTRY is not recommended in this patient population. Additionally, there are insufficient data to make dosing recommendations for use of SELZENTRY in pediatric patients concomitantly receiving noninteracting medications and weighing less than 30 kg or in pediatric patients concomitantly receiving potent CYP3A inducers without a potent CYP3A inhibitor [see Dosage and Administration (2.4, 2.5)]. 8.5 Geriatric Use There were insufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over in the clinical trials to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. In general, caution should be exercised when administering SELZENTRY in elderly patients, also reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic and renal function, of concomitant disease and other drug therapy. 8.6 Renal Impairment Recommended doses of SELZENTRY for adult patients with impaired renal function (CrCl less than or equal to 80 mL per minute) are based on the results of a pharmacokinetic trial conducted in healthy adult subjects with various degrees of renal impairment. Maraviroc has not been studied in pediatric patients with renal impairment. There are no data to recommend specific doses of SELZENTRY in pediatric patients with mild to moderate renal impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)]. SELZENTRY is contraindicated in pediatric patients with severe renal impairment or ESRD on regular hemodialysis who are receiving potent CYP3A inhibitors [see Contraindications (4)]. The pharmacokinetics of maraviroc in adult subjects with mild and moderate renal impairment was similar to that in subjects with normal renal function [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. A limited number of adult subjects with mild and moderate renal impairment in the Phase 3 clinical trials (n = 131 and n = 12, respectively) received the same dose of SELZENTRY as that administered to subjects with normal renal function. In these subjects there was no apparent difference in the adverse event profile for maraviroc compared with subjects with normal renal function. If adult patients with severe renal impairment or ESRD not receiving a concomitant potent CYP3A inhibitor or inducer experience any symptoms of postural hypotension while taking SELZENTRY 300 mg twice daily, the dose should be reduced to 150 mg twice daily. No trials have been performed in subjects with severe renal impairment or ESRD co-treated with potent CYP3A inhibitors or inducers. Hence, no dose of SELZENTRY can be recommended, and SELZENTRY is contraindicated for these patients [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment Maraviroc is principally metabolized by the liver; therefore, when administering this drug to patients with hepatic impairment, maraviroc concentrations may be increased. Maraviroc concentrations are higher when SELZENTRY 150 mg is administered with a potent CYP3A inhibitor compared with following administration of 300 mg without a CYP3A inhibitor, so patients with moderate hepatic impairment who receive SELZENTRY 150 mg with a potent CYP3A inhibitor should be monitored closely for maraviroc-associated adverse events. Maraviroc has not been studied in subjects with severe hepatic impairment or in pediatric patients with any degree of hepatic impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.8 Gender Population pharmacokinetic analysis of pooled Phase 1/2a data indicated gender (female: n = 96, 23.2% of the total population) does not affect maraviroc concentrations. Dosage adjustment based on gender is not necessary. 8.9 Race Population pharmacokinetic analysis of pooled Phase 1/2a data indicated exposure was 26.5% higher in Asians (n = 95) as compared with non-Asians (n = 318). However, a trial designed to evaluate pharmacokinetic differences between whites (n = 12) and Singaporeans (n = 12) showed no difference between these 2 populations. No dose adjustment based on race is needed.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS •Coadministration with CYP3A inhibitors, including protease inhibitors (except tipranavir/ritonavir) and delavirdine, will increase the concentration of SELZENTRY. (7.1) •Coadministration with CYP3A inducers, including efavirenz, may decrease the concentration of SELZENTRY. (7.1) •Coadministration with St. John’s wort is not recommended. (7.1) 7.1 Effect of Concomitant Drugs on the Pharmacokinetics of Maraviroc Maraviroc is a substrate of CYP3A and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and its pharmacokinetics are likely to be modulated by inhibitors and inducers of these enzymes/transporters. Therefore, a dosage adjustment may be required when maraviroc is coadministered with those drugs [see Dosage and Administration (2.3, 2.4)]. Concomitant use of maraviroc and St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) or products containing St. John's wort is not recommended. Coadministration of maraviroc with St. John's wort is expected to substantially decrease maraviroc concentrations and may result in suboptimal levels of maraviroc and lead to loss of virologic response and possible resistance to maraviroc. Additional drug interaction information is available [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA022128
Agency product number MD6P741W8A
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 50090-1486
Date Last Revised 21-11-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 729203
Marketing authorisation holder A-S Medication Solutions
Warnings WARNING: HEPATOTOXICITY Hepatotoxicity has been reported with use of SELZENTRY. Severe rash or evidence of a systemic allergic reaction (e.g., fever, eosinophilia, or elevated IgE) prior to the development of hepatotoxicity may occur. Patients with signs or symptoms of hepatitis or allergic reaction following use of SELZENTRY should be evaluated immediately [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. WARNING: HEPATOTOXICITY See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning. • Hepatotoxicity has been reported which may be preceded by severe rash or other features of a systemic allergic reaction (e.g., fever, eosinophilia, or elevated IgE). (5.1) • Immediately evaluate patients with signs or symptoms of hepatitis or allergic reaction. (5.1)