Data from FDA - Curated by Marshall Pearce - Last updated 07 November 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Rituxan ® (rituximab) is a CD20-directed cytolytic antibody indicated for the treatment of patients with: Non-Hodgkin 's Lymphoma (NHL) (1.1) Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) (1.2) Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) in combination with methotrexate in adult patients with moderately-to severely-active RA who have inadequate response to one or more TNF antagonist therapies (1.3) Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener 's Granulomatosis) and Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) in adult patients in combination with glucocorticoids (1.4) Limitations of Use: Rituxan is not recommended for use in patients with severe, active infections (1.5).

1.1 Non-Hodgkin 's Lymphoma (NHL) Rituxan® (rituximab) is indicated for the treatment of patients with: Relapsed or refractory, low-grade or follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL as a single agent Previously untreated follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL in combination with first line chemotherapy and, in patients achieving a complete or partial response to Rituxan in combination with chemotherapy, as single-agent maintenance therapy.

Non-progressing (including stable disease), low-grade, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL as a single agent after first-line CVP chemotherapy Previously untreated diffuse large B-cell, CD20-positive NHL in combination with CHOP or other anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimens 1.2 Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Rituxan® (rituximab) is indicated, in combination with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (FC), for the treatment of patients with previously untreated and previously treated CD20-positive CLL. 1.3 Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Rituxan® (rituximab) in combination with methotrexate is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with moderately - to severely - active rheumatoid arthritis who have had an inadequate response to one or more TNF antagonist therapies.

1.4 Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener 's Granulomatosis) and Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) Rituxan® (rituximab), in combination with glucocorticoids, is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener 's Granulomatosis) and Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA).

1.5 Limitations of Use Rituxan is not recommended for use in patients with severe, active infections.

Learning Zones

An epgonline.org Learning Zone (LZ) is an area of the site dedicated to providing detailed self-directed medical education about a disease, condition or procedure.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)

Refine your knowledge of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) with information on pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment options and more

+ 1 more

IL-17A in Psoriasis

IL-17A in Psoriasis

Experts discuss new targeted therapies for psoriasis at the European Association of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) Congress.

+ 1 more

Psoriasis

Psoriasis

See information on psoriasis pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, comorbidities, treatment options, and more.

+ 2 more

Load more

Related Content

Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS None. None.
Adverse reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling: Infusion reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Mucocutaneous reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Hepatitis B reactivation with fulminant hepatitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Tumor lysis syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Infections [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] Cardiac arrhythmias [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)] Renal toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)] Bowel obstruction and perforation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)] The most common adverse reactions of Rituxan (incidence?

25 %) observed in clinical trials of patients with NHL were infusion reactions, fever, lymphopenia, chills, infection, and asthenia.

The most common adverse reactions of Rituxan (incidence?

25 %) observed in clinical trials of patients with CLL were: infusion reactions and neutropenia.

Most common adverse reactions in clinical trials were: NHL (?

25 %): infusion reactions, fever, lymphopenia, chills, infection and asthenia (6.1).

CLL (?

25 %): infusion reactions and neutropenia (6.1).

RA (?

10 %): upper respiratory tract infection, nasopharyngitis, urinary tract infection, and bronchitis (other important adverse reactions include infusion reactions, serious infections, and cardiovascular events) (6.2).

GPA and MPA (?15 %): infections, nausea, diarrhea, headache, muscle spasms, anemia, peripheral edema (other important adverse reactions include infusion reactions) (6.3).

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Genentech at 1-888-835-2555 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience in Lymphoid Malignancies Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug can not be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

The data described below reflect exposure to Rituxan in 2783 patients, with exposures ranging from a single infusion up to 2 years.

Rituxan was studied in both single-arm and controlled trials (n=356 and n=2427).

The population included 1180 patients with low grade or follicular lymphoma, 927 patients with DLBCL, and 676 patients with CLL. Most NHL patients received Rituxan as an infusion of 375 mg/m2 per infusion, given as a single agent weekly for up to 8 doses, in combination with chemotherapy for up to 8 doses, or following chemotherapy for up to 16 doses.

CLL patients received Rituxan 375 mg/m2 as an initial infusion followed by 500 mg/m2 for up to 5 doses, in combination with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide.

Seventy-one percent of CLL patients received 6 cycles and 90 % received at least 3 cycles of Rituxan-based therapy.

Infusion Reactions In the majority of patients with NHL, infusion reactions consisting of fever, chills/rigors, nausea, pruritus, angioedema, hypotension, headache, bronchospasm, urticaria, rash, vomiting, myalgia, dizziness, or hypertension occurred during the first Rituxan infusion.

Infusion reactions typically occurred within 30 to 120 minutes of beginning the first infusion and resolved with slowing or interruption of the Rituxan infusion and with supportive care (diphenhydramine, acetaminophen, and intravenous saline).

The incidence of infusion reactions was highest during the first infusion (77 %) and decreased with each subsequent infusion.

[See Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

In patients with previously untreated follicular NHL or previously untreated DLBCL, who did not experience a Grade 3 or 4 infusion-related reaction in Cycle 1 and received a 90-minute infusion of Rituxan at Cycle 2, the incidence of Grade 3-4 infusion-related reactions on the day of, or day after the infusion was 1.1 % (95 % CI [0.3 %, 2.8 %]).

For

Cycles 2-8, the incidence of Grade 3-4 infusion reactions on the day of or day after the 90-minute infusion, was 2.8 % (95 % CI [1.3 %, 5.0 %]).

[See Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Clinical Studies (14.4)].

Infections Serious infections (NCI CTCAE Grade 3 or 4), including sepsis, occurred in less than 5 % of patients with NHL in the single-arm studies.

The overall incidence of infections was 31 % (bacterial 19 %, viral 10 %, unknown 6 %, and fungal 1 %).

[See Warnings and Precautions (5.4), (5.5), (5.6)].

In randomized, controlled studies where Rituxan was administered following chemotherapy for the treatment of follicular or low-grade NHL, the rate of infection was higher among patients who received Rituxan.

In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients, viral infections occurred more frequently in those who received Rituxan.

Cytopenias and hypogammaglobulinemia In patients with NHL receiving rituximab monotherapy, NCI-CTC Grade 3 and 4 cytopenias were reported in 48 % of patients.

These included lymphopenia (40 %), neutropenia (6 %), leukopenia (4 %), anemia (3 %), and thrombocytopenia (2 %).

The median duration of lymphopenia was 14 days (range, 1-588 days) and of neutropenia was 13 days (range, 2-116 days).

A single occurrence of transient aplastic anemia (pure red cell aplasia) and two occurrences of hemolytic anemia following Rituxan therapy occurred during the single-arm studies.

In studies of monotherapy, Rituxan-induced B-cell depletion occurred in 70 % to 80 % of patients with NHL. Decreased IgM and IgG serum levels occurred in 14 % of these patients.

In CLL trials, the frequency of prolonged neutropenia and late-onset neutropenia was higher in patients treated with R-FC compared to patients treated with FC. Prolonged neutropenia is defined as Grade 3-4 neutropenia that has not resolved between 24 and 42 days after the last dose of study treatment.

Late-onset neutropenia is defined as Grade 3-4 neutropenia starting at least 42 days after the last treatment dose.

In patients with previously untreated CLL, the frequency of prolonged neutropenia was 8.5 % for patients who received R-FC (n=402) and 5.8 % for patients who received FC (n=398).

In patients who did not have prolonged neutropenia, the frequency of late-onset neutropenia was 14.8 % of 209 patients who received R-FC and 4.3 % of 230 patients who received FC.

For patients with previously treated CLL, the frequency of prolonged neutropenia was 24.8 % for patients who received R-FC (n=274) and 19.1 % for patients who received FC (n=274).

In patients who did not have prolonged neutropenia, the frequency of late-onset neutropenia was 38.7 % in 160 patients who received R-FC and 13.6 % of 147 patients who received FC. Relapsed or Refractory, Low-Grade NHL Adverse reactions in Table 1 occurred in 356 patients with relapsed or refractory, low-grade or follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL treated in single-arm studies of Rituxan administered as a single agent [See Clinical

Studies (14.1)].

Most patients received Rituxan 375 mg/m2 weekly for 4 doses.

Table 1 Incidence of Adverse Reactions in?

5 % of Patients with Relapsed or Refractory, Low-Grade or Follicular NHL, Receiving Single-agent Rituxan (N=356)Adverse reactions observed up to 12 months following Rituxan.

, Adverse reactions graded for severity by NCI-CTC criteria.

All Grades (%) Grade 3 and 4 (%) Any Adverse Reactions 99 57 Body as a Whole 86 10 Fever 53 1 Chills 33 3 Infection 31 4 Asthenia 26 1 Headache 19 1 Abdominal Pain 14 1 Pain 12 1 Back Pain 10 1 Throat Irritation 9 0 Flushing 5 0 Heme and Lymphatic System 67 48 Lymphopenia 48 40 Leukopenia 14 4 Neutropenia 14 6 Thrombocytopenia 12 2 Anemia 8 3 Skin and Appendages 44 2 Night Sweats 15 1 Rash 15 1 Pruritus 14 1 Urticaria 8 1 Respiratory System 38 4 Increased Cough 13 1 Rhinitis 12 1 Bronchospasm 8 1 Dyspnea 7 1 Sinusitis 6 0 Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders 38 3 Angioedema 11 1 Hyperglycemia 9 1 Peripheral Edema 8 0 LDH Increase 7 0 Digestive System 37 2

Nausea 23 1

Diarrhea 10 1 Vomiting 10 1 Nervous System 32 1 Dizziness 10 1 Anxiety 5 1 Musculoskeletal System 26 3 Myalgia 10 1 Arthralgia 10 1 Cardiovascular System 25 3 Hypotension 10 1 Hypertension 6 1 In these single-arm Rituxan studies, bronchiolitis obliterans occurred during and up to 6 months after Rituxan infusion.

Previously Untreated, Low-Grade or Follicular, NHL In Study 4, patients in the R-CVP arm experienced a higher incidence of infusional toxicity and neutropenia compared to patients in the CVP arm.

The following adverse reactions occurred more frequently (?

5 %) in patients receiving R-CVP compared to CVP alone: rash (17 % vs. 5 %), cough (15 % vs. 6 %), flushing (14 % vs. 3 %), rigors (10 % vs. 2 %), pruritus (10 % vs. 1 %), neutropenia (8 % vs. 3 %), and chest tightness (7 % vs. 1 %).

[See Clinical Studies (14.2)].

In Study 5, detailed safety data collection was limited to serious adverse reactions, Grade?

2 infections, and Grade?

3 adverse reactions.

In patients receiving Rituxan as single-agent maintenance therapy following Rituxan plus chemotherapy, infections were reported more frequently compared to the observation arm (37 % vs. 22 %).

Grade 3-4 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (?

2 %) in the Rituxan group were infections (4 % vs. 1 %) and neutropenia (4 % vs. <1 %).

In Study 6, the following adverse reactions were reported more frequently (?

5 %) in patients receiving Rituxan following CVP compared to patients who received no further therapy: fatigue (39 % vs. 14 %), anemia (35 % vs. 20 %), peripheral sensory neuropathy (30 % vs. 18 %), infections (19 % vs. 9 %), pulmonary toxicity (18 % vs. 10 %), hepato-biliary toxicity (17 % vs. 7 %), rash and/or pruritus (17 % vs. 5 %), arthralgia (12 % vs. 3 %), and weight gain (11 % vs. 4 %).

Neutropenia was the only Grade 3 or 4 adverse reaction that occurred more frequently (?

2 %) in the Rituxan arm compared with those who received no further therapy (4 % vs. 1 %).

[See Clinical Studies (14.3)].

DLBCL In Studies 7 and 8, [see Clinical Studies (14.3)], the following adverse reactions, regardless of severity, were reported more frequently (?

5 %) in patients age?

60 years receiving R-CHOP as compared to CHOP alone: pyrexia (56 % vs. 46 %), lung disorder (31 % vs. 24 %), cardiac disorder (29 % vs. 21 %), and chills (13 % vs. 4 %).

Detailed safety data collection in these studies was primarily limited to Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions and serious adverse reactions.

In Study 8, a review of cardiac toxicity determined that supraventricular arrhythmias or tachycardia accounted for most of the difference in cardiac disorders (4.5 % for R-CHOP vs. 1.0 % for CHOP).

The following Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions occurred more frequently among patients in the R-CHOP arm compared with those in the CHOP arm: thrombocytopenia (9 % vs. 7 %) and lung disorder (6 % vs. 3 %).

Other Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions occurring more frequently among patients receiving R-CHOP were viral infection (Study 8), neutropenia (Studies 8 and 9), and anemia (Study 9).

CLL The data below reflect exposure to Rituxan in combination with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide in 676 patients with CLL in Study 11 or Study 12 [See Clinical Studies (14.5)].

The age range was 30-83 years and 71 % were men.

Detailed safety data collection in Study 11 was limited to Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions and serious adverse reactions.

Infusion-related adverse reactions were defined by any of the following adverse events occurring during or within 24 hours of the start of infusion: nausea, pyrexia, chills, hypotension, vomiting, and dyspnea.

In Study 11, the following Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions occurred more frequently in R-FC-treated patients compared to FC-treated patients: infusion reactions (9 % in R-FC arm), neutropenia (30 % vs. 19 %), febrile neutropenia (9 % vs. 6 %), leukopenia (23 % vs. 12 %), and pancytopenia (3 % vs. 1 %).

In Study 12, the following Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions occurred more frequently in R-FC-treated patients compared to

FC-treated patients: infusion reactions (7 % in R-FC arm), neutropenia (49 % vs. 44 %), febrile neutropenia (15 % vs. 12 %), thrombocytopenia (11 % vs. 9 %), hypotension (2 % vs. 0 %), and hepatitis B (2 % vs. < 1 %).

Fifty-nine percent of R-FC-treated patients experienced an infusion reaction of any severity.

6.2 Clinical Trials Experience in Rheumatoid Arthritis Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical trials of a drug can not be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data presented below reflect the experience in 2578 RA patients treated with Rituxan in controlled and long-term studies with a total exposure of 5014 patient-years.

Among all exposed patients, adverse reactions reported in greater than 10 % of patients include infusion-related reactions, upper respiratory tract infection, nasopharyngitis, urinary tract infection, and bronchitis.

In placebo-controlled studies, patients received 2?

500 mg or 2?

1000 mg intravenous infusions of Rituxan or placebo, in combination with methotrexate, during a 24-week period.

From these studies, 938 patients treated with Rituxan (2?

1000 mg) or placebo have been pooled (see Table 2).

Adverse reactions reported in?

5 % of patients were hypertension, nausea, upper respiratory tract infection, arthralgia, pyrexia and pruritus (see Table 2).

The rates and types of adverse reactions in patients who received Rituxan 2?

500 mg were similar to those observed in patients who received Rituxan 2?

1000 mg.

Table 2These data are based on 938 patients treated in Phase 2 and 3 studies of Rituxan (2?

1000 mg) or placebo administered in combination with methotrexate.

Incidence of All Adverse ReactionsCoded using MedDRA. Occurring in?

2 % and at Least 1 % Greater than Placebo Among Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients in Clinical Studies Up to Week 24 (Pooled)

Preferred Term Placebo + MTX

N=398 n (%) Rituxan + MTX N=540 n (%) Hypertension 21 (5) 43 (8) Nausea 19 (5) 41 (8) Upper Respiratory Tract Infection 23 (6) 37 (7) Arthralgia 14 (4) 31 (6) Pyrexia 8 (2) 27 (5) Pruritus 5 (1) 26 (5) Chills 9 (2) 16 (3) Dyspepsia 3 (< 1) 16 (3) Rhinitis 6 (2) 14 (3) Paresthesia 3 (< 1) 12 (2) Urticaria 3 (< 1) 12 (2) Abdominal Pain Upper 4 (1) 11 (2) Throat Irritation 0 (0) 11 (2) Anxiety 5 (1) 9 (2) Migraine 2 (< 1) 9 (2) Asthenia 1 (< 1) 9 (2) Infusion Reactions In the Rituxan RA pooled placebo-controlled studies, 32 % of Rituxan-treated patients experienced an adverse reaction during or within 24 hours following their first infusion, compared to 23 % of placebo-treated patients receiving their first infusion.

The incidence of adverse reactions during the 24-hour period following the second infusion, Rituxan or placebo, decreased to 11 % and 13 %, respectively.

Acute infusion reactions (manifested by fever, chills, rigors, pruritus, urticaria/rash, angioedema, sneezing, throat irritation, cough, and/or bronchospasm, with or without associated hypotension or hypertension) were experienced by 27 % of Rituxan-treated patients following their first infusion, compared to 19 % of placebo-treated patients receiving their first placebo infusion.

The incidence of these acute infusion reactions following the second infusion of Rituxan or placebo decreased to 9 % and 11 %, respectively.

Serious acute infusion reactions were experienced by < 1 % of patients in either treatment group.

Acute infusion reactions required dose modification (stopping, slowing, or interruption of the infusion) in 10 % and 2 % of patients receiving rituximab or placebo, respectively, after the first course.

The proportion of patients experiencing acute infusion reactions decreased with subsequent courses of Rituxan.

The administration of intravenous glucocorticoids prior to Rituxan infusions reduced the incidence and severity of such reactions, however, there was no clear benefit from the administration of oral glucocorticoids for the prevention of acute infusion reactions.

Patients in clinical studies also received antihistamines and acetaminophen prior to Rituxan infusions.

Infections In the pooled, placebo-controlled studies, 39 % of patients in the Rituxan group experienced an infection of any type compared to 34 % of patients in the placebo group.

The most common infections were nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, bronchitis, and sinusitis.

The incidence of serious infections was 2 % in the Rituxan-treated patients and 1 % in the placebo group.

In the experience with Rituxan in 2578 RA patients, the rate of serious infections was 4.31 per 100 patient years.

The most common serious infections (?

0.5 %) were pneumonia or lower respiratory tract infections, cellulitis and urinary tract infections.

Fatal serious infections included pneumonia, sepsis and colitis.

Rates of serious infection remained stable in patients receiving subsequent courses.

In 185 Rituxan-treated RA patients with active disease, subsequent treatment with a biologic DMARD, the majority of which were TNF antagonists, did not appear to increase the rate of serious infection.

Thirteen serious infections were observed in 186.1 patient years (6.99 per 100 patient years) prior to exposure and 10 were observed in 182.3 patient years (5.49 per 100 patient years) after exposure.

Cardiac Adverse Reactions In the pooled, placebo-controlled studies, the proportion of patients with serious cardiovascular reactions was 1.7 % and 1.3 % in the Rituxan and placebo treatment groups, respectively.

Three cardiovascular deaths occurred during the double-blind period of the RA studies including all rituximab regimens (3/769 = 0.4 %) as compared to none in the placebo treatment group (0/389).

In the experience with Rituxan in 2578 RA patients, the rate of serious cardiac reactions was 1.93 per 100 patient years.

The rate of myocardial infarction (MI) was 0.56 per 100 patient years (28 events in 26 patients), which is consistent with MI rates in the general RA population.

These rates did not increase over three courses of Rituxan.

Since patients with RA are at increased risk for cardiovascular events compared with the general population, patients with RA should be monitored throughout the infusion and Rituxan should be discontinued in the event of a serious or life-threatening cardiac event.

Hypophosphatemia and hyperuricemia In the pooled, placebo-controlled studies, newly-occurring hypophosphatemia (< 2.0 mg/dl) was observed in 12 % (67/540) of patients on Rituxan versus 10 % (39/398) of patients on placebo.

Hypophosphatemia was more common in patients who received corticosteroids.

Newly-occurring hyperuricemia (>10 mg/dl) was observed in 1.5 % (8/540) of patients on Rituxan versus 0.3 % (1/398) of patients on placebo.

In the experience with Rituxan in RA patients, newly-occurring hypophosphatemia was observed in 21 % (528/2570) of patients and newly-occurring hyperuricemia was observed in 2 % (56/2570) of patients.

The majority of the observed hypophosphatemia occurred at the time of the infusions and was transient.

Retreatment in Patients with RA In the experience with Rituxan in RA patients, 2578 patients have been exposed to Rituxan and have received up to 10 courses of Rituxan in RA clinical trials, with 1890, 1043, and 425 patients having received at least two, three, and four courses, respectively.

Most of the patients who received additional courses did so 24 weeks or more after the previous course and none were retreated sooner than 16 weeks.

The rates and types of adverse reactions reported for subsequent courses of Rituxan were similar to rates and types seen for a single course of Rituxan.

In RA Study 2, where all patients initially received Rituxan, the safety profile of patients who were retreated with Rituxan was similar to those who were retreated with placebo [See Clinical Studies (14.6), and Dosage and

Administration (2.5)].

6.3 Clinical Trials Experience in Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener 's Granulomatosis) and Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical trials of a drug can not be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data presented below reflect the experience in 197 patients with GPA and MPA treated with Rituxan or cyclophosphamide in a single controlled study, which was conducted in two phases: a 6 month randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled remission induction phase and an additional 12 month remission maintenance phase.

In the 6-month remission induction phase, 197 patients with GPA and MPA were randomized to either Rituxan 375 mg/m2 once weekly for 4 weeks plus glucocorticoids, or oral cyclophosphamide 2 mg/kg daily (adjusted for renal function, white blood cell count, and other factors) plus glucocorticoids to induce remission.

Once remission was achieved or at the end of the 6 month remission induction period, the cyclophosphamide group received azathioprine to maintain remission.

The Rituxan group did not receive additional therapy to maintain remission.

The primary analysis was at the end of the 6 month remission induction period and the safety results for this period are described below.

Adverse reactions presented below in Table 3 were adverse events which occurred at a rate of greater than or equal to 10 % in the Rituxan group.

This table reflects experience in 99 GPA and MPA patients treated with Rituxan, with a total of 47.6 patient-years of observation and 98 GPA and MPA patients treated with cyclophosphamide, with a total of 47.0 patient-years of observation.

Infection was the most common category of adverse events reported (47-62 %) and is discussed below.

Table 3 Incidence of All Adverse Reactions Occurring in?

10 % of Rituxan-treated GPA and MPA Patients in the Clinical Study Up to Month 6The study design allowed for crossover or treatment by best medical judgment, and 13 patients in each treatment group received a second therapy during the 6 month study period.

Preferred Term Rituxan N=99 n (%) Cyclophosphamide N=98 n (%) Nausea 18 (18 %) 20 (20 %) Diarrhea 17 (17 %) 12 (12 %) Headache 17 (17 %) 19 (19 %) Muscle spasms 17 (17 %) 15 (15 %) Anemia 16 (16 %) 20 (20 %) Peripheral edema 16 (16 %) 6 (6 %) Insomnia 14 (14 %) 12 (12 %) Arthralgia 13 (13 %) 9 (9 %) Cough 13 (13 %) 11 (11 %) Fatigue 13 (13 %) 21 (21 %) Increased ALT 13 (13 %) 15 (15 %) Hypertension 12 (12 %) 5 (5 %) Epistaxis 11 (11 %) 6 (6 %) Dyspnea 10 (10 %) 11 (11 %) Leukopenia 10 (10 %) 26 (27 %) Rash 10 (10 %) 17 (17 %) Infusion Reactions Infusion-related reactions in the active-controlled, double-blind study were defined as any adverse event occurring within 24 hours of an infusion and considered to be infusion-related by investigators.

Among the 99 patients treated with Rituxan, 12 % experienced at least one infusion related reaction, compared with 11 % of the 98 patients in the cyclophosphamide group.

Infusion-related reactions included cytokine release syndrome, flushing, throat irritation, and tremor.

In the Rituxan group, the proportion of patients experiencing an infusion related reaction was 12 %, 5 %, 4 %, and 1 % following the first, second, third, and fourth infusions, respectively.

Patients were pre-medicated with antihistamine and acetaminophen before each Rituxan infusion and were on background oral corticosteroids which may have mitigated or masked an infusion reaction; however, there is insufficient evidence to determine whether premedication diminishes the frequency or severity of infusion reactions.

Infections In the active-controlled, double-blind study, 62 % (61/99) of patients in the Rituxan group experienced an infection of any type compared to 47 % (46/98) patients in the cyclophosphamide group by Month 6.

The most common infections in the Rituxan group were upper respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and herpes zoster.

The incidence of serious infections was 11 % in the Rituxan-treated patients and 10 % in the cyclophosphamide treated patients, with rates of approximately 25 and 28 per 100 patient-years, respectively.

The most common serious infection was pneumonia.

Hypogammaglobulinemia Hypogammaglobulinemia (IgA, IgG or IgM below the lower limit of normal) has been observed in patients with GPA and MPA treated with Rituxan.

At 6 months, in the Rituxan group, 27 %, 58 % and 51 % of patients with normal immunoglobulin levels at baseline, had low IgA, IgG and IgM levels, respectively compared to 25 %, 50 % and 46 % in the cyclophosphamide group.

Retreatment in Patients with GPA and MPA In the active-controlled, double-blind study, subsequent courses of Rituxan were allowed for patients experiencing a relapse of disease.

The limited data preclude any conclusions regarding the safety of subsequent courses of Rituxan with GPA and MPA [See Dosage and Administration (2.6), and Warnings and Precautions (5.14)].

6.4 Immunogenicity As with all therapeutic proteins, there is a potential for immunogenicity.

The observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay is highly dependent on several factors including assay sensitivity and specificity, assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease.

For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to Rituxan with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.

Using an ELISA assay, anti-human anti-chimeric antibody (HACA) was detected in 4 of 356 (1.1 %) patients with low-grade or follicular NHL receiving single-agent Rituxan.

Three of the four patients had an objective clinical response.

A total of 273/2578 (11 %) patients with RA tested positive for HACA at any time after receiving Rituxan.

HACA

positivity was not associated with increased infusion reactions or other adverse reactions.

Upon further treatment, the proportions of patients with infusion reactions were similar between HACA positive and negative patients, and most reactions were mild to moderate.

Four HACA positive patients had serious infusion reactions, and the temporal relationship between HACA positivity and infusion reaction was variable.

A total of 23/99 (23 %) Rituxan-treated patients with GPA and MPA tested positive for HACA by 18 months.

The clinical relevance of HACA formation in Rituxan-treated patients is unclear.

6.5 Postmarketing Experience Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Decisions to include these reactions in labeling are typically based on one or more of the following factors: (1) seriousness of the reaction, (2) frequency of reporting, or (3) strength of causal connection to Rituxan.

Hematologic: prolonged pancytopenia, marrow hypoplasia, Grade 3-4 prolonged or late-onset neutropenia, hyperviscosity syndrome in Waldenstrom 's macroglobulinemia, prolonged hypogammaglobulinemia [See Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

Cardiac: fatal cardiac failure.

Immune/Autoimmune Events: uveitis, optic neuritis, systemic vasculitis, pleuritis, lupus-like syndrome, serum sickness, polyarticular arthritis, and vasculitis with rash.

Infection: viral infections, including progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), increase in fatal infections in HIV-associated lymphoma, and a reported increased incidence of Grade 3 and 4 infections [See Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

Neoplasia: disease progression of Kaposi 's sarcoma.

Skin: severe mucocutaneous reactions.

Gastrointestinal: bowel obstruction and perforation.

Pulmonary: fatal bronchiolitis obliterans and fatal interstitial lung disease.

Nervous system: Posterior

Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES)/Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS).

Usage information

Dosing and administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Administer only as an intravenous infusion.

Do not administer as an intravenous push or bolus.

Rituxan should only be administered by a healthcare professional with appropriate medical support to manage severe infusion reactions that can be fatal if they occur.

The dose for NHL is 375 mg/m2 (2.2).

The dose for CLL is 375 mg/m2 in the first cycle and 500 mg/m2 in cycles 2-6, in combination with FC, administered every 28 days (2.3).

The dose as a component of Zevalin® (Ibritumomab tiuxetan) Therapeutic Regimen is 250 mg/m2 (2.4).

The dose for RA in combination with methotrexate is two-1000 mg intravenous infusions separated by 2 weeks (one course) every 24 weeks or based on clinical evaluation, but not sooner than every 16 weeks.

Methylprednisolone 100 mg intravenous or equivalent glucocorticoid is recommended 30 minutes prior to each infusion (2.5).

The dose for GPA and MPA in combination with glucocorticoids is 375 mg/m2 once weekly for 4 weeks (2.6).

2.1

Administration Administer only as an Intravenous Infusion [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)].

Do not administer as an intravenous push or bolus.

Premedicate before each infusion [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)].

Rituxan should only be administered by a healthcare professional with appropriate medical support to manage severe infusion reactions that can be fatal if they occur [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

First Infusion: Initiate infusion at a rate of 50 mg/hr.

In the absence of infusion toxicity, increase infusion rate by 50 mg/hr increments every 30 minutes, to a maximum of 400 mg/hr.

Subsequent Infusions: Standard Infusion: Initiate infusion at a rate of 100 mg/hr.

In the absence of infusion toxicity, increase rate by 100 mg/hr increments at 30-minute intervals, to a maximum of 400 mg/hr.

For previously untreated follicular NHL and DLBCL patients: If patients did not experience a Grade 3 or 4 infusion related adverse event during Cycle 1, a 90-minute infusion can be administered in Cycle 2 with a glucocorticoid-containing chemotherapy regimen.

Initiate at a rate of 20 % of the total dose given in the first 30 minutes and the remaining 80 % of the total dose given over the next 60 minutes.

If the 90-minute infusion is tolerated in Cycle 2, the same rate can be used when administering the remainder of the treatment regimen (through Cycle 6 or 8).

Patients who have clinically significant cardiovascular disease or who have a circulating lymphocyte count?5000/ mm3 before Cycle 2 should not be administered the 90-minute infusion [see Clinical Studies (14.4)].

Interrupt the infusion or slow the infusion rate for infusion reactions [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Continue the infusion at one-half the previous rate upon improvement of symptoms.

2.2 Recommended Dose for Non-Hodgkin 's Lymphoma (NHL) The recommended dose is 375 mg/m2 as an intravenous infusion according to the following schedules: Relapsed or

Refractory, Low-Grade or

Follicular, CD20-Positive, B-Cell NHL Administer once weekly for 4 or 8 doses.

Retreatment for Relapsed or Refractory, Low-Grade or Follicular, CD20-Positive, B-Cell NHL Administer once weekly for 4 doses.

Previously Untreated, Follicular, CD20-Positive, B-Cell NHL Administer on Day 1 of each cycle of chemotherapy, for up to 8 doses.

In patients with complete or partial response, initiate Rituxan maintenance eight weeks following completion of Rituxan in combination with chemotherapy.

Administer Rituxan as a single-agent every 8 weeks for 12 doses.

Non-progressing, Low-Grade, CD20-Positive, B-cell NHL, after first-line CVP chemotherapy Following completion of 6-8 cycles of CVP chemotherapy, administer once weekly for 4 doses at 6-month intervals to a maximum of 16 doses.

Diffuse Large B-Cell NHL Administer on Day 1 of each cycle of chemotherapy for up to 8 infusions.

2.3 Recommended Dose for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) The recommended dose is: 375 mg/m2 the day prior to the initiation of FC chemotherapy, then 500 mg/m2 on Day 1 of cycles 2-6 (every 28 days).

2.4 Recommended Dose as a Component of Zevalin® for treatment of NHL Infuse rituximab 250 mg/m2 within 4 hours prior to the administration of Indium-111- (In-111-) Zevalin and within 4 hours prior to the administration of Yttrium-90- (Y-90-) Zevalin.

Administer Rituxan and In-111-Zevalin 7-9 days prior to Rituxan and Y-90- Zevalin.

Refer to the Zevalin package insert for full prescribing information regarding the Zevalin therapeutic regimen.

2.5 Recommended Dose for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Administer Rituxan as two-1000 mg intravenous infusions separated by 2 weeks.

Glucocorticoids administered as methylprednisolone 100 mg intravenous or its equivalent 30 minutes prior to each infusion are recommended to reduce the incidence and severity of infusion reactions.

Subsequent courses should be administered every 24 weeks or based on clinical evaluation, but not sooner than every 16 weeks.

Rituxan is given in combination with methotrexate.

2.6 Recommended Dose for Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener 's Granulomatosis) and Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) Administer Rituxan as a 375 mg/m2 intravenous infusion once weekly for 4 weeks.

Glucocorticoids administered as methylprednisolone 1000 mg intravenously per day for 1 to 3 days followed by oral prednisone 1 mg/kg/day (not to exceed 80 mg/day and tapered per clinical need) are recommended to treat severe vasculitis symptoms.

This regimen should begin within 14 days prior to or with the initiation of Rituxan and may continue during and after the 4 week course of Rituximab treatment.

Safety and efficacy of treatment with subsequent courses of Rituxan have not been established [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)].

2.7 Recommended Concomitant Medications Premedicate before each infusion with acetaminophen and an antihistamine.

For patients administered Rituxan according to the 90-minute infusion rate, the glucocorticoid component of their chemotherapy regimen should be administered prior to infusion [see Clinical Studies (14.4)].

For RA patients, methylprednisolone 100 mg intravenously or its equivalent is recommended 30 minutes prior to each infusion.

For GPA and MPA patients, glucocorticoids are given in combination with Rituxan [see Dosage and Administration (2.6)].

Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) and anti-herpetic viral prophylaxis is recommended for patients with CLL during treatment and for up to 12 months following treatment as appropriate.

PCP prophylaxis is also recommended for patients with GPA and MPA during treatment and for at least 6 months following the last Rituxan infusion.

2.8 Preparation for Administration Use appropriate aseptic technique.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.

Do not use vial if particulates or discoloration is present.

Withdraw the necessary amount of

Rituxan and dilute to a final concentration of 1 mg /mL to 4 mg /mL in an infusion bag containing either 0.9 % Sodium Chloride, USP, or 5 % Dextrose in Water, USP.

Gently invert the bag to mix the solution.

Do not mix or dilute with other drugs.

Discard any unused portion left in the vial.

Rituxan solutions for infusion may be stored at 2°C-8°C (36°F-46°F) for 24 hours.

Rituxan solutions for infusion have been shown to be stable for an additional 24 hours at room temperature.

However, since Rituxan solutions do not contain a preservative, diluted solutions should be stored refrigerated (2°C-8°C).

No incompatibilities between Rituxan and polyvinylchloride or polyethylene bags have been observed.

Use in special populations

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Pregnancy: Limited human data; B-cell lymphocytopenia occurred in infants exposed in utero (8.1).

Geriatric Use: In CLL patients older than 70 years of age, exploratory analyses suggest no benefit with the addition of Rituxan to FC (8.5).

8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category C Risk Summary There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of rituximab in pregnant women.

Women of childbearing potential should use effective contraception while receiving Rituxan and for 12 months following treatment.

Rituxan should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Human data Postmarketing data indicate that B-cell lymphocytopenia generally lasting less than six months can occur in infants exposed to rituximab in-utero.

Rituximab was detected postnatally in the serum of infants exposed in-utero.

Animal Data An embryo-fetal developmental toxicity study was performed on pregnant cynomolgus monkeys.

Pregnant animals received rituximab via the intravenous route during early gestation (organogenesis period; post-coitum days 20 through 50).

Rituximab was administered as loading doses on postcoitum (PC) Days 20, 21 and 22, at 15, 37.5 or 75 mg/kg/day, and then weekly on PC Days 29, 36, 43 and 50, at 20, 50 or 100 mg/kg/week.

The 100 mg/kg/week dose resulted in 80 % of the exposure (based on AUC) of those achieved following a dose of 2 grams in humans.

Rituximab crosses the monkey placenta.

Exposed offspring did not exhibit any teratogenic effects but did have decreased lymphoid tissue B cells.

A subsequent pre-and postnatal reproductive toxicity study in cynomolgus monkeys was completed to assess developmental effects including the recovery of B cells and immune function in infants exposed to rituximab in utero.

Animals were treated with a loading dose of 0, 15, or 75 mg/kg every day for 3 days, followed by weekly dosing with 0, 20, or 100 mg/kg dose.

Subsets of pregnant females were treated from PC

Day 20 through postpartum Day 78, PC Day 76 through PC Day 134, and from PC Day 132 through delivery and postpartum Day 28.

Regardless of the timing of treatment, decreased B cells and immunosuppression were noted in the offspring of rituximab-treated pregnant animals.

The B-cell counts returned to normal levels, and immunologic function was restored within 6 months postpartum.

8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known whether Rituxan is secreted into human milk.

However, Rituxan is secreted in the milk of lactating cynomolgus monkeys, and IgG is excreted in human milk.

Published data suggest that antibodies in breast milk do not enter the neonatal and infant circulations in substantial amounts.

The unknown risks to the infant from oral ingestion of Rituxan should be weighed against the known benefits of breastfeeding.

8.4 Pediatric Use FDA has not required pediatric studies in polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (PJIA) patients ages 0 to 16 due to concerns regarding the potential for prolonged immunosuppression as a result of B-cell depletion in the developing juvenile immune system.

Hypogammaglobulinemia has been observed in pediatric patients treated with Rituxan.

The safety and effectiveness of Rituxan in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use Diffuse Large B-Cell NHL Among patients with DLBCL evaluated in three randomized, active-controlled trials, 927 patients received Rituxan in combination with chemotherapy.

Of these, 396 (43 %) were age 65 or greater and 123 (13 %) were age 75 or greater.

No overall differences in effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients.

Cardiac adverse reactions, mostly supraventricular arrhythmias, occurred more frequently among elderly patients.

Serious pulmonary adverse reactions were also more common among the elderly, including pneumonia and pneumonitis.

Low-Grade or Follicular Non-Hodgkin 's Lymphoma Patients with previously untreated follicular NHL evaluated in Study 5 were randomized to Rituxan as single-agent maintenance therapy (n=505) or observation (n=513) after achieving a response to Rituxan in combination with chemotherapy.

Of these, 123 (24 %) patients in the Rituxan arm were age 65 or older.

No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients.

Other clinical studies of Rituxan in low-grade or follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Among patients with CLL evaluated in two randomized active-controlled trials, 243 of 676 Rituxan-treated patients (36 %) were 65 years of age or older; of these, 100 Rituxan-treated patients (15 %) were 70 years of age or older.

In exploratory analyses defined by age, there was no observed benefit from the addition of Rituxan to fludarabine and cyclophosphamide among patients 70 years of age or older in

Study 11 or in Study 12; there was also no observed benefit from the addition of Rituxan to fludarabine and cyclophosphamide among patients 65 years of age or older in Study 12 [See Clinical Studies (14.5)].

Patients 70 years or older received lower dose intensity of fludarabine and cyclophosphamide compared to younger patients, regardless of the addition of Rituxan.

In Study 11, the dose intensity of Rituxan was similar in older and younger patients, however in Study 12 older patients received a lower dose intensity of Rituxan.

The incidence of Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions was higher among patients receiving R-FC who were 70 years or older compared to younger patients for neutropenia [44 % vs. 31 % (Study 11); 56 % vs. 39 % (Study 12)], febrile neutropenia [16 % vs. 6 % (Study 10)], anemia [5 % vs. 2 % (Study 11); 21 % vs. 10 % (Study 12)], thrombocytopenia [19 % vs. 8 % (Study 12)], pancytopenia [7 % vs. 2 % (Study 11); 7 % vs. 2 % (Study 12)] and infections [30 % vs. 14 % (Study 12)].

Rheumatoid

Arthritis Among the 2578 patients in global RA studies completed to date, 12 % were 65-75 years old and 2 % were 75 years old and older.

The incidences of adverse reactions were similar between older and younger patients.

The rates of serious adverse reactions, including serious infections, malignancies, and cardiovascular events were higher in older patients.

Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener 's Granulomatosis) and Microscopic Polyangiitis Of the 99 Rituxan-treated GPA and MPA patients, 36 (36 %) were 65 years old and over, while 8 (8 %) were 75 years and over.

No overall differences in efficacy were observed between patients that were 65 years old and over and younger patients.

The overall incidence and rate of all serious adverse events was higher in patients 65 years old and over.

The clinical study did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.

Pregnancy and lactation

8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known whether Rituxan is secreted into human milk.

However, Rituxan is secreted in the milk of lactating cynomolgus monkeys, and IgG is excreted in human milk.

Published data suggest that antibodies in breast milk do not enter the neonatal and infant circulations in substantial amounts.

The unknown risks to the infant from oral ingestion of Rituxan should be weighed against the known benefits of breastfeeding.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Formal drug interaction studies have not been performed with Rituxan.

In patients with CLL, Rituxan did not alter systemic exposure to fludarabine or cyclophosphamide.

In clinical trials of patients with RA, concomitant administration of methotrexate or cyclophosphamide did not alter the pharmacokinetics of rituximab.

Renal toxicity when used in combination with cisplatin (5.8).

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number BLA103705
Agency product number 4F4X42SYQ6
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 50242-051,50242-053
Date Last Revised 26-04-2016
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1657862
Storage and handling Rituxan vials [100 mg/10 mL single-use vials (NDC 50242-051-21) and 500 mg/50 mL single-use vials (NDC 50242-053-06)] are stable at 2°C–8°C (36°F–46°F). Rituxan vials should be protected from direct sunlight. Do not freeze or shake.
Marketing authorisation holder Genentech, Inc.
Warnings

WARNING:

FATAL INFUSION REACTIONS, SEVERE MUCOCUTANEOUS REACTIONS, HEPATITIS B VIRUS REACTIVATION and PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY Infusion Reactions Rituxan administration can result in serious, including fatal infusion reactions.

Deaths within 24 hours of Rituxan infusion have occurred.

Approximately 80 % of fatal infusion reactions occurred in association with the first infusion.

Monitor patients closely.

Discontinue Rituxan infusion for severe reactions and provide medical treatment for Grade 3 or 4 infusion reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Severe Mucocutaneous Reactions Severe, including fatal, mucocutaneous reactions can occur in patients receiving Rituxan [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Adverse Reactions (6)].

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Reactivation HBV reactivation can occur in patients treated with Rituxan, in some cases resulting in fulminant hepatitis, hepatic failure, and death.

Screen all patients for HBV infection before treatment initiation, and monitor patients during and after treatment with Rituxan.

Discontinue Rituxan and concomitant medications in the event of HBV reactivation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Adverse Reactions (6)].

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML), including fatal PML, can occur in patients receiving Rituxan [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4), Adverse Reactions (6)].

WARNING:

FATAL INFUSION REACTIONS, SEVERE MUCOCUTANEOUS REACTIONS, HEPATITIS B VIRUS REACTIVATION and PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

Fatal infusion reactions within 24 hours of Rituxan infusion; approximately 80 % of fatal reactions occurred with first infusion.

Monitor patients and discontinue Rituxan infusion for severe reactions (5.1).

Severe mucocutaneous reactions, some with fatal outcomes (5.2).

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation, in some cases resulting in fulminant hepatitis, hepatic failure, and death (5.3).

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) resulting in death (5.4).