Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 06 July 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE ORBACTIV is a lipoglycopeptide antibacterial drug indicated for the treatment of adult patients with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused or suspected to be caused by susceptible isolates of designated Gram-positive microorganisms. (1.1) To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of ORBACTIV and other antibacterial drugs, ORBACTIV should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. (1.2) 1.1 Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections ORBACTIV® (oritavancin) for injection is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) caused by susceptible isolates of the following Gram-positive microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus (including methicillin-susceptible and methicillin–resistant isolates), Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Streptococcus anginosus group (includes S. anginosus, S. intermedius, and S. constellatus), and Enterococcus faecalis (vancomycin-susceptible isolates only). 1.2 Usage To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of ORBACTIV and other antibacterial drugs, ORBACTIV should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Use of intravenous unfractionated heparin sodium is contraindicated for 120 hours (5 days) after ORBACTIV administration. (4.1, 5.1) Known hypersensitivity to ORBACTIV (4.2, 5.2) 4.1 Intravenous Unfractionated Heparin Sodium Use of intravenous unfractionated heparin sodium is contraindicated for 120 hours (5 days) after ORBACTIV administration because the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) test results may remain falsely elevated for up to 120 hours (5 days) after ORBACTIV administration [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Drug Interactions (7.2)]. 4.2 Hypersensitivity ORBACTIV is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to ORBACTIV.
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are also discussed in the Warnings and Precautions section of labeling: Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Infusion Related Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Clostridium difficile-associated Diarrhea [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Osteomyelitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] The most common adverse reactions (≥3%) in patients treated with ORBACTIV were headache, nausea, vomiting, limb and subcutaneous abscesses, and diarrhea. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Melinta Therapeutics at 1-844-633-6568 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of ORBACTIV cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. ORBACTIV has been evaluated in two, double-blind, controlled ABSSSI clinical trials, which included 976 adult patients treated with a single 1200 mg intravenous dose of ORBACTIV and 983 patients treated with intravenous vancomycin for 7 to 10 days. The median age of patients treated with ORBACTIV was 45.6 years, ranging between 18 and 89 years of age with 8.8% ≥65 years of age. Patients treated with ORBACTIV were predominantly male (65.4%), 64.4% were Caucasian, 5.8% were African American, and 28.1% were Asian. Safety was evaluated for up to 60 days after dosing. In the pooled ABSSSI clinical trials, serious adverse reactions were reported in 57/976 (5.8%) patients treated with ORBACTIV and 58/983 (5.9%) treated with vancomycin. The most commonly reported serious adverse reaction was cellulitis in both treatment groups: 11/976 (1.1%) in ORBACTIV and 12/983 (1.2%) in the vancomycin arms, respectively. The most commonly reported adverse reactions (≥3%) in patients receiving a single 1200 mg dose of ORBACTIV in the pooled ABSSSI clinical trials were: headache, nausea, vomiting, limb and subcutaneous abscesses, and diarrhea. In the pooled ABSSSI clinical trials, ORBACTIV was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 36/976 (3.7%) of patients; the most common reported reactions leading to discontinuation were cellulitis (4/976, 0.4%) and osteomyelitis (3/976, 0.3%). Table 1 provides selected adverse reactions occurring in ≥1.5% of patients receiving ORBACTIV in the pooled ABSSSI clinical trials. There were 540 (55.3%) patients in the ORBACTIV arm and 559 (56.9%) patients in the vancomycin arm, who reported ≥1 adverse reaction. Table 1: Incidence of Selected Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥1.5% of Patients Receiving ORBACTIV in the Pooled ABSSSI Clinical Trials Adverse Reactions ORBACTIV N=976 (%) Vancomycin N=983 (%) Gastrointestinal disorders Diarrhea 36 (3.7) 32 (3.4) Nausea 97 (9.9) 103 (10.5) Vomiting 45 (4.6) 46 (4.7) Nervous system disorders Dizziness 26 (2.7) 26 (2.6) Headache 69 (7.1) 66 (6.7) General disorders and administration Infusion site phlebitis 24 (2.5) 15 (1.5) Infusion site reaction 19 (1.9) 34 (3.5) Infections and infestations Abscess (limb and subcutaneous) 37 (3.8) 23 (2.3) Investigations Alanine aminotransferase increased 27 (2.8) 15 (1.5) Aspartate aminotransferase increased 18 (1.8) 15 (1.5) Cardiac disorders Tachycardia 24 (2.5) 11 (1.1) The following selected adverse reactions were reported in ORBACTIV-treated patients at a rate of less than 1.5%: Blood and lymphatic system disorders: anemia, eosinophilia General disorders and administration site conditions: infusion site erythema, extravasation, induration, pruritis, rash, edema peripheral Immune system disorders: hypersensitivity Infections and infestations: osteomyelitis Investigations: total bilirubin increased, hyperuricemia Metabolism and nutrition disorders: hypoglycemia Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: tenosynovitis, myalgia Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: bronchospasm, wheezing Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: urticaria, angioedema, erythema multiforme, pruritis, leucocytoclastic vasculitis, rash.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION A 1200 mg single dose is administered by intravenous infusion over 3 hours. (2.1) 2.1 Recommended Dosage The recommended dosing for ORBACTIV is a single 1200 mg dose administered by intravenous infusion over 3 hours in patients 18 years and older. 2.2 Preparation of ORBACTIV for Intravenous Infusion ORBACTIV is intended for intravenous infusion, only after reconstitution and dilution. Three ORBACTIV 400 mg vials need to be reconstituted and diluted to prepare a single 1200 mg intravenous dose. Reconstitution: Aseptic technique should be used to reconstitute three ORBACTIV 400 mg vials. Add 40 mL of sterile water for injection (WFI) to reconstitute each vial to provide a 10 mg/mL solution per vial. For each vial, gently swirl to avoid foaming and ensure that all ORBACTIV powder is completely reconstituted in solution. Each vial should be inspected visually for particulate matter after reconstitution and should appear to be clear, colorless to pale yellow solution. Dilution: Use ONLY 5% dextrose in sterile water (D5W) for dilution. Do NOT use Normal Saline for dilution as it is incompatible with ORBACTIV and may cause precipitation of the drug. Use aseptic technique to: Withdraw and discard 120 mL from a 1000 mL intravenous bag of D5W. Withdraw 40 mL from each of the three reconstituted vials and add to D5W intravenous bag to bring the bag volume to 1000 mL. This yields a concentration of 1.2 mg/mL. Since no preservative or bacteriostatic agent is present in this product, aseptic technique must be used in preparing the final intravenous solution. Diluted intravenous solution in an infusion bag should be used within 6 hours when stored at room temperature, or used within 12 hours when refrigerated at 2 to 8°C (36 to 46°F). The combined storage time (reconstituted solution in the vial and diluted solution in the bag) and 3 hour infusion time should not exceed 6 hours at room temperature or 12 hours if refrigerated. 2.3 Incompatibilities ORBACTIV is administered intravenously. ORBACTIV should only be diluted in D5W. Do NOT use normal saline for dilution as it is incompatible with ORBACTIV and may cause precipitation of the drug. Therefore other intravenous substances, additives or other medications mixed in normal saline should not be added to ORBACTIV single-use vials or infused simultaneously through the same IV line or through a common intravenous port. In addition, drugs formulated at a basic or neutral pH may be incompatible with ORBACTIV. ORBACTIV should not be administered simultaneously with commonly used intravenous drugs through a common intravenous port. If the same intravenous line is used for sequential infusion of additional medications, the line should be flushed before and after infusion of ORBACTIV with D5W.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category C Reproduction studies performed in rats and rabbits have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to oritavancin at the highest concentrations administered, 30 mg/kg/day and 15 mg/kg/day, respectively. Those daily doses would be equivalent to a human dose of 300 mg, or 25% of the single clinical dose of 1200 mg. Higher doses were not evaluated in nonclinical developmental and reproductive toxicology studies. There are no adequate and well-controlled trials in pregnant women. ORBACTIV should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. 8.3 Nursing Mothers It is unknown whether oritavancin is excreted in human milk. Following a single intravenous infusion in lactating rats, radio-labeled [14C]-oritavancin was excreted in milk and absorbed by nursing pups. Caution should be exercised when ORBACTIV is administered to a nursing woman. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness of ORBACTIV in pediatric patients (younger than 18 years of age) has not been studied. 8.5 Geriatric Use The pooled Phase 3 ABSSSI clinical trials of ORBACTIV did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and older to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. 8.6 Renal Impairment No dosage adjustment of ORBACTIV is needed in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. The pharmacokinetics of ORBACTIV in severe renal impairment have not been evaluated. ORBACTIV is not removed from blood by hemodialysis. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment No dosage adjustment of ORBACTIV is needed in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. The pharmacokinetics of ORBACTIV in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency has not been studied [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers It is unknown whether oritavancin is excreted in human milk. Following a single intravenous infusion in lactating rats, radio-labeled [14C]-oritavancin was excreted in milk and absorbed by nursing pups. Caution should be exercised when ORBACTIV is administered to a nursing woman.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS 7.1 Effect of ORBACTIV on CYP Substrates A screening drug-drug interaction study indicated that ORBACTIV is a nonspecific, weak inhibitor (CYP2C9 and CYP2C19) or inducer (CYP3A4 and CYP2D6) of several CYP isoforms [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. A drug-drug interaction study that assessed the interaction potential of a single 1200 mg dose of ORBACTIV on the pharmacokinetics of S-warfarin (CYP2C9 probe substrate) showed no effect of ORBACTIV on S-warfarin Cmax or AUC. Avoid administering ORBACTIV concomitantly with drugs with a narrow therapeutic window that are predominantly metabolized by one of the affected CYP450 enzymes, as co-administration may increase or decrease concentrations of the narrow therapeutic range drug. Patients should be closely monitored for signs of toxicity or lack of efficacy if they have been given ORBACTIV while on a potentially affected compound (e.g. patients should be monitored for bleeding if concomitantly receiving ORBACTIV and warfarin). 7.2 Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions ORBACTIV may artificially prolong certain laboratory coagulation tests (see Table 2) by binding to and preventing the action of the phospholipid reagents which activate coagulation in commonly used laboratory coagulation tests [see Contraindications (4.1) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.5)]. For patients who require monitoring of anticoagulation effect within the indicated time after ORBACTIV dosing, a non-phospholipid dependent coagulation test such as a Factor Xa (chromogenic) assay or an alternative anticoagulant not requiring aPTT monitoring may be considered. ORBACTIV does not interfere with coagulation in vivo. In addition, ORBACTIV does not affect tests that are used for diagnosis of Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT). Table 2: Coagulation Tests Affected and Unaffected by ORBACTIV Elevated by ORBACTIV Unaffected by ORBACTIV Prothrombin time (PT) up to 12 hours Chromogenic Factor Xa Assay International normalized ratio (INR) up to 12 hours Thrombin Time (TT) Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) up to 120 hours Activated clotting time (ACT) up to 24 hours Silica clot time (SCT) up to 18 hours Dilute Russell's viper venom time (DRVVT) up to 72 hours D-dimer up to 72 hours

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA206334
Agency product number PUG62FRZ2E
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 70842-140
Date Last Revised 30-03-2018
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Storage and handling 16.1 How Supplied/Storage ORBACTIV is supplied as single use 50 mL capacity glass vials containing sterile lyophilized powder equivalent to 400 mg of oritavancin (NDC 70842-140-01). Three vials are packaged in a carton to supply a single 1200 mg dose treatment (NDC 70842-140-03). ORBACTIV vials should be stored at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP, Controlled Room Temperature (CRT)].
Marketing authorisation holder Melinta Therapeutics, Inc.