Data from FDA - Curated by Toby Galbraith - Last updated 12 July 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE NAMZARIC is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe dementia of the Alzheimer's type in patients stabilized on 10 mg of donepezil hydrochloride once daily. NAMZARIC is a combination of memantine hydrochloride, an NMDA receptor antagonist, and donepezil hydrochloride, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe dementia of the Alzheimer's type in patients stabilized on 10 mg of donepezil hydrochloride once daily. (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS NAMZARIC is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to memantine hydrochloride, donepezil hydrochloride, piperidine derivatives, or to any excipients used in the formulation. NAMZARIC is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to memantine hydrochloride, donepezil hydrochloride, piperidine derivatives, or to any excipients used in the formulation. (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are discussed below and elsewhere in the labeling. Cardiovascular Conditions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Peptic Ulcer Disease and Gastrointestinal Bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Nausea and Vomiting [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Genitourinary Conditions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Seizures [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] Pulmonary Conditions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)] The most common adverse reactions, occurring at a frequency of at least 5% and greater than placebo with memantine hydrochloride extended-release 28 mg/day, were headache, diarrhea, and dizziness. (6.1) The most common adverse reactions, occurring at a frequency of at least 5% in patients receiving donepezil hydrochloride and at twice or more the placebo rate, include diarrhea, anorexia, vomiting, nausea, and ecchymosis. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Allergan at 1-800-433-8871 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Memantine Hydrochloride Memantine hydrochloride extended-release was evaluated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 676 patients with moderate to severe dementia of the Alzheimer's type (341 patients treated with memantine 28 mg/day dose and 335 patients treated with placebo) for a treatment period up to 24 weeks. Of the patients randomized, 236 treated with memantine 28 mg/day and 227 treated with placebo were on a stable dose of donepezil for 3 months prior to screening. Adverse Reactions Leading to Discontinuation with Memantine Hydrochloride In the placebo-controlled clinical trial of memantine hydrochloride extended-release, the proportion of patients in the memantine hydrochloride extended-release 28 mg/day dose group and in the placebo group who discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions was 10% and 6%, respectively. The most common adverse reaction in the memantine hydrochloride extended-release treated group that led to treatment discontinuation was dizziness, at a rate of 1.5%. Most Common Adverse Reactions with Memantine Hydrochloride The most common adverse reactions with memantine hydrochloride extended-release in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease, defined as those occurring at a frequency of at least 5% in the memantine hydrochloride extended-release group and at a higher frequency than placebo, were headache, diarrhea, and dizziness. Table 1 lists adverse reactions that occurred at an incidence of ≥ 2% in the memantine hydrochloride extended-release treated group and occurred at a rate greater than placebo. Table 1: Adverse reactions with memantine hydrochloride extended-release in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease Adverse Reaction Placebo (n = 335) % Memantine hydrochloride extended-release 28 mg (n = 341) % Gastrointestinal Disorders Diarrhea 4 5 Constipation 1 3 Abdominal pain 1 2 Vomiting 1 2 Infections and Infestations Influenza 3 4 Investigations Increased weight 1 3 Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders Back pain 1 3 Nervous System Disorders Headache 5 6 Dizziness 1 5 Somnolence 1 3 Psychiatric Disorders Anxiety 3 4 Depression 1 3 Aggression 1 2 Renal and Urinary Disorders Urinary incontinence 1 2 Vascular Disorders Hypertension 2 4 Hypotension 1 2 Donepezil hydrochloride Adverse Reactions Leading to Discontinuation with Donepezil Hydrochloride In controlled clinical trials of donepezil hydrochloride, the rate of discontinuation due to adverse reactions for patients treated with donepezil hydrochloride was approximately 12%, compared to 7% for patients treated with placebo. The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation, defined as those occurring in at least 2% of donepezil hydrochloride patients and at twice or more the incidence seen with placebo, were anorexia (2%), nausea (2%), diarrhea (2%) and urinary tract infection (2%). Most Common Adverse Reactions with Donepezil Hydrochloride The most common adverse reactions reported with donepezil hydrochloride in controlled clinical trials in patients with severe Alzheimer's disease, defined as those occurring at a frequency of at least 5% in the donepezil hydrochloride group and at twice or more the placebo rate, were diarrhea, anorexia, vomiting, nausea, and ecchymosis. The most common adverse reactions reported with donepezil hydrochloride in controlled clinical trials in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease were insomnia, muscle cramp, and fatigue. Table 2 lists adverse reactions that occurred at an incidence of ≥ 2% in the donepezil hydrochloride group and at a rate greater than placebo in controlled trials in patients with severe Alzheimer's disease. Table 2: Adverse reactions with donepezil hydrochloride in patients with severe Alzheimer's disease Body System/Adverse Event Placebo (n = 392) % Donepezil hydrochloride 10 mg/day (n = 501) % Percent of Patients with any Adverse Event 73 81 Body as a Whole Accident 12 13 Infection 9 11 Headache 3 4 Pain 2 3 Back pain 2 3 Fever 1 2 Chest pain < 1 2 Cardiovascular System Hypertension 2 3 Hemorrhage 1 2 Syncope 1 2 Digestive System Diarrhea 4 10 Vomiting 4 8 Anorexia 4 8 Nausea 2 6 Hemic and Lymphatic System Ecchymosis 2 5 Metabolic and Nutritional Systems Increased creatine phosphokinase 1 3 Dehydration 1 2 Hyperlipemia < 1 2 Nervous System Insomnia 4 5 Hostility 2 3 Nervousness 2 3 Hallucinations 1 3 Somnolence 1 2 Dizziness 1 2 Depression 1 2 Confusion 1 2 Emotional lability 1 2 Personality disorder 1 2 Skin and Appendages Eczema 2 3 Urogenital System Urinary incontinence 1 2 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of memantine hydrochloride and donepezil hydrochloride. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Memantine Hydrochloride Acute renal failure, agranulocytosis, cardiac failure congestive, hepatitis, leukopenia (including neutropenia), pancreatitis, pancytopenia, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, suicidal ideation, thrombocytopenia, and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Donepezil Hydrochloride Abdominal pain, agitation, cholecystitis, confusion, convulsions, hallucinations, heart block (all types), hemolytic anemia, hepatitis, hyponatremia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, pancreatitis, and rash.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION For patients on donepezil hydrochloride 10 mg only, the recommended starting dose of NAMZARIC is 7 mg/10 mg, taken once daily in the evening. The dose should be increased in 7 mg increments to the recommended maintenance dose of 28 mg/10 mg. The minimum recommended interval between dose increases is one week. (2.1) Patients on memantine hydrochloride (10 mg twice daily or 28 mg extended-release once daily) and donepezil hydrochloride 10 mg once daily can be switched to NAMZARIC 28 mg/10 mg, taken once daily in the evening. (2.1) NAMZARIC can be taken with or without food, whole or sprinkled on applesauce; do not divide, chew, or crush. (2.2) Severe renal impairment: the recommended maintenance dose for NAMZARIC is 14 mg/10 mg once daily in the evening. (2.3) 2.1 Recommended Dosing The recommended dose of NAMZARIC is 28 mg/10 mg once daily. For patients stabilized on donepezil and not currently on memantine: For patients stabilized on donepezil hydrochloride 10 mg and not currently on memantine hydrochloride, the recommended starting dose of NAMZARIC is 7 mg/10 mg, taken once a day in the evening. The dose should be increased in 7 mg increments of the memantine hydrochloride component to the recommended maintenance dose of 28 mg/10 mg once daily. The minimum recommended interval between dose increases is one week. The dose should only be increased if the previous dose has been well tolerated. The maximum dose is 28 mg/10 mg once daily. For patients stabilized on both donepezil and memantine: Patients stabilized on memantine hydrochloride (10 mg twice daily or 28 mg extended-release once daily) and donepezil hydrochloride 10 mg once daily can be switched to NAMZARIC 28 mg/10 mg, taken once a day in the evening. Patients should start NAMZARIC the day following the last dose of memantine hydrochloride and donepezil hydrochloride administered separately. If a patient misses a single dose of NAMZARIC, the next dose should be taken as scheduled, without doubling up the dose. 2.2 Administration Information NAMZARIC can be taken with or without food. NAMZARIC capsules can be taken intact or may be opened, sprinkled on applesauce, and swallowed without chewing. The entire contents of each NAMZARIC capsule should be consumed; the dose should not be divided. Except when opened and sprinkled on applesauce, as described above, NAMZARIC capsules should be swallowed whole. NAMZARIC capsules should not be divided, chewed, or crushed. 2.3 Dosing in Patients with Severe Renal Impairment For patients stabilized on donepezil and not currently on memantine: For patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance 5-29 mL/min, based on the Cockcroft-Gault equation) stabilized on donepezil hydrochloride 10 mg once daily and not currently on memantine hydrochloride, the recommended starting dose of NAMZARIC is 7 mg/10 mg taken once a day in the evening. The dose should be increased to the recommended maintenance dose of 14 mg/10 mg once daily in the evening after a minimum of one week [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)]. For patients stabilized on both donepezil and memantine: Patients with severe renal impairment, stabilized on memantine hydrochloride (5 mg twice daily or 14 mg extended-release once daily) and donepezil hydrochloride 10 mg once daily, can be switched to NAMZARIC 14 mg/10 mg, taken once daily in the evening.
Use in special populations
8. USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no adequate data on the developmental risk associated with the use of NAMZARIC or its active ingredients (memantine hydrochloride and donepezil hydrochloride) in pregnant women. Adverse developmental effects (mortality and decreased body weight and skeletal ossification) were observed in the offspring of rats administered memantine or donepezil during pregnancy at doses associated with minimal maternal toxicity. These doses are higher than those used in humans at the recommended daily dose of NAMZARIC [see Data]. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. Data Animal Data Memantine Hydrochloride Oral administration of memantine (2, 6, or 18 mg/kg/day) to rats during the period of organogenesis resulted in decreased skeletal ossification in fetuses at the highest dose tested. The higher no-effect dose for adverse developmental effects (6 mg/kg) is 2 times the dose of memantine at the recommended human daily dose (RHD) of NAMZARIC (28 mg memantine/10 mg donepezil) on a body surface area (mg/m2) basis. Oral administration of memantine to rabbits (3, 10, or 30 mg/kg/day) during the period of organogenesis resulted in no adverse developmental effects. The highest dose tested is approximately 20 times the dose of memantine at the RHD of NAMZARIC on a mg/m2 basis. In rats, memantine (2, 6, or 18 mg/kg/day) was administered orally prior to and throughout mating and, in females, through the period of organogenesis or continuing throughout lactation to weaning. Decreased skeletal ossification in fetuses and decreased body weight in pups were observed at the highest dose tested. The higher no-effect dose for adverse developmental effects (6 mg/kg/day) is 2 times the dose of memantine at the RHD of NAMZARIC on a mg/m2 basis. Oral administration of memantine (2, 6, or 18 mg/kg/day) to rats from late gestation throughout lactation to weaning, resulted in decreased pup weights at the highest dose tested. The higher no-effect dose (6 mg/kg/day) is approximately 2 times the dose of memantine at the RHD of NAMZARIC on a mg/m2 basis. Donepezil Hydrochloride Oral administration of donepezil to rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis resulted in no adverse developmental effects. The highest doses (16 and 10 mg/kg/day, respectively) were approximately 15 and 7 times, respectively, the dose of donepezil at the RHD of NAMZARIC on a mg/m2 basis. Oral administration of donepezil (1, 3, or 10 mg/kg/day) to rats during late gestation and throughout lactation to weaning resulted in an increase in stillbirths and offspring mortality at the highest dose tested. The higher no-effect dose (3 mg/kg/day) is approximately 3 times the dose of donepezil at the RHD of NAMZARIC on a mg/m2 basis. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There are no data on the presence of memantine or donepezil in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects of NAMZARIC or its metabolites on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for NAMZARIC and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from NAMZARIC or from the underlying maternal condition. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness of NAMZARIC in pediatric patients have not been established. Memantine failed to demonstrate efficacy in two 12-week controlled clinical studies of 578 pediatric patients aged 6-12 years with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), including autism, Asperger's disorder and Pervasive Development Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Memantine has not been studied in pediatric patients under 6 years of age or over 12 years of age. Memantine treatment was initiated at 3 mg/day and the dose was escalated to the target dose (weight-based) by week 6. Oral doses of memantine 3, 6, 9, or 15 mg extended-release capsules were administered once daily to patients with weights < 20 kg, 20-39 kg, 40-59 kg and ≥ 60 kg, respectively. In a randomized, 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel study (Study A) in patients with autism, there was no statistically significant difference in the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) total raw score between patients randomized to memantine (n=54) and those randomized to placebo (n=53). In a 12-week responder-enriched randomized withdrawal study (Study B) in 471 patients with ASD, there was no statistically significant difference in the loss of therapeutic response rates between patients randomized to remain on full-dose memantine (n=153) and those randomized to switch to placebo (n=158). The overall risk profile of memantine in pediatric patients was generally consistent with the known risk profile in adults [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. In Study A, the adverse reactions in the memantine group (n=56) that were reported in at least 5% of patients and at least twice the frequency of the placebo group (N=58) are listed in Table 3: Table 3: Study A Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions With a Frequency ≥ 5% and Twice That of Placebo a Reported adverse reactions leading to discontinuation in more than one patient in either treatment group. Adverse Reaction Memantine N=56 Placebo N=58 Cough 8.9% 3.4% Influenza 7.1% 3.4% Rhinorrhea 5.4% 0% Agitation 5.4% 1.7% Discontinuations due to adverse reactions a Aggression 3.6% 1.7% Irritability 1.8% 3.4% The adverse reactions that were reported in at least 5% of patients in the 12-48 week open-label study to identify responders to enroll in Study B are listed in Table 4: Table 4: 12-48 Week Open Label Lead-In study to Study B Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions with a Frequency ≥ 5% a At least 1% incidence of adverse reactions leading to premature discontinuation. Adverse Reaction Memantine N=903 Headache 8.0% Nasopharyngitis 6.3% Pyrexia 5.8% Irritability 5.4% Discontinuations due to adverse reactions a Irritability 1.2% Aggression 1.0% In the randomized withdrawal study (Study B), the adverse reaction in patients randomized to placebo (n=160) and reported in at least 5% of patients and at twice the frequency of the full-dose memantine treatment group (n=157) was irritability (5.0% vs 2.5%). In a juvenile animal study, male and female juvenile rats were administered memantine (15, 30, and 45 mg/kg/day) starting on postnatal day (PND) 14 through PND 70. Body weights were reduced at 45 mg/kg/day. Delays in sexual maturation were noted in male and female rats at doses ≥ 30 mg/kg/day. Memantine induced neuronal lesions in several areas of the brain on PND 15 and 17 at doses ≥ 30 mg/kg/day. Behavioral toxicity (decrease percent of auditory startle habituation) was noted for animals in the 45 mg/kg/day dose group. The 15 mg/kg/day dose was considered the No-Observed-Adverse-Effect-Level (NOAEL) for this study. In a second juvenile rat toxicity study, male and female juvenile rats were administered memantine (1, 3, 8, 15, 30, and 45 mg/kg/day) starting on postnatal day (PND) 7 through PND 70. Due to early memantine-related mortality, the 30 and 45 mg/kg/day dose groups were terminated without further evaluation. Memantine induced apoptosis or neuronal degeneration in several areas of the brain on PND 8, 10, and 17 at a dose of 15 mg/kg/day. The NOAEL for apoptosis and neuronal degeneration was 8 mg/kg/day. Behavioral toxicity (effects on motor activity, auditory startle habituation, and learning and memory) was noted at doses ≥ 3 mg/kg/day during treatment, but was not seen after drug discontinuation. Therefore, the 1 mg/kg/day dose was considered the NOAEL for the neurobehavioral effect in this study. 8.5 Geriatric Use Memantine Hydrochloride The majority of people with Alzheimer's disease are 65 years and older. In the clinical study of memantine hydrochloride extended-release, the mean age of patients was approximately 77 years; over 91% of patients were 65 years of age and older, 67% were 75 years of age and older, and 14% were 85 years of age and older. The efficacy and safety data presented in the clinical trials section were obtained from these patients. There were no clinically meaningful differences in most adverse events reported by patients ≥ 65 years old and < 65 years old. Donepezil Hydrochloride The mean age of patients enrolled in the clinical studies with donepezil hydrochloride was 73 years; 80% of these patients were between 65 and 84 years of age, and 49% of patients 75 years of age and older. The efficacy and safety data presented in the clinical trials section were obtained from these patients. There were no clinically significant differences in most adverse events reported by patients ≥ 65 years old and < 65 years old. 8.6 Renal Impairment A dosage reduction is recommended in patients with severe renal impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. No dosage adjustment is needed in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment No dosage adjustment is needed in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. NAMZARIC has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Combined use with NMDA antagonists: use with caution. (7.2) NAMZARIC may interfere with anticholinergic medications. (7.4) Concomitant administration of succinylcholine, similar neuromuscular blocking agents, or cholinergic agonists may lead to synergistic effect. (7.5) 7.1 Use of Memantine with Drugs That Make the Urine Alkaline The clearance of memantine was reduced by about 80% under alkaline urine conditions at pH 8. Therefore, alterations of urine pH towards the alkaline condition may lead to an accumulation of the drug with a possible increase in adverse reactions. Urine pH is altered by diet, drugs (e.g., carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, sodium bicarbonate) and clinical state of the patient (e.g., renal tubular acidosis or severe infections of the urinary tract). Hence, memantine should be used with caution under these conditions. 7.2 Use of Memantine with Other N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) Antagonists The combined use of memantine hydrochloride with other NMDA antagonists (amantadine, ketamine, and dextromethorphan) has not been systematically evaluated and such use should be approached with caution. 7.3 Effect of Other Drugs on the Metabolism of Donepezil Inhibitors of CYP3A4 (e.g., ketoconazole) and CYP2D6 (e.g., quinidine), inhibit donepezil metabolism in vitro. Whether there is a clinical effect of quinidine is not known. Inducers of CYP3A4 (e.g., phenytoin, carbamazepine, dexamethasone, rifampin, and phenobarbital) could increase the rate of elimination of donepezil. 7.4 Use of Donepezil with Anticholinergics Because of their mechanism of action, cholinesterase inhibitors, including donepezil hydrochloride, have the potential to interfere with the activity of anticholinergic medications. 7.5 Use of Donepezil with Cholinomimetics and Other Cholinesterase Inhibitors A synergistic effect may be expected when cholinesterase inhibitors, including donepezil hydrochloride, are given concurrently with succinylcholine, similar neuromuscular blocking agents, or cholinergic agonists such as bethanechol.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA206439
Agency product number 3O2T2PJ89D
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0456-1207,0456-1229,0456-1228,0456-1221,0456-1214
Date Last Revised 30-06-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Storage and handling 16.2 Storage and Handling Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F and 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container, as defined in the USP.
Marketing authorisation holder Allergan, Inc.