Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 24 November 2019

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE MVASI is a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor indicated for the treatment of: Metastatic colorectal cancer, in combination with intravenous fluorouracil-based chemotherapy for first- or second-line treatment. (1.1) Metastatic colorectal cancer, in combination with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for second-line treatment in patients who have progressed on a first-line bevacizumab product-containing regimen. (1.1) Limitations of Use: MVASI is not indicated for adjuvant treatment of colon cancer. (1.1) Unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel for first-line treatment. (1.2) Recurrent glioblastoma in adults. (1.3) Metastatic renal cell carcinoma in combination with interferon-alfa. (1.4) Persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer, in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin, or paclitaxel and topotecan. (1.5) 1.1 Metastatic Colorectal Cancer MVASI, in combination with intravenous fluorouracil-based chemotherapy, is indicated for the first- or second-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). MVASI, in combination with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, is indicated for the second-line treatment of patients with mCRC who have progressed on a first-line bevacizumab product-containing regimen. Limitations of Use: MVASI is not indicated for adjuvant treatment of colon cancer [ s ee Clinical Studies ( 14.2 )] . 1.2 First-Line Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer MVASI, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). 1.3 Recurrent Glioblastoma MVASI is indicated for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) in adults. 1.4 Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma MVASI, in combination with interferon-alfa, is indicated for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). 1.5 Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Cervical Cancer MVASI, in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin or paclitaxel and topotecan, is indicated for the treatment of patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer.

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS None. None (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling: Gastrointestinal Perforations and Fistulae [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] . Surgery and Wound Healing Complications [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] . Hemorrhage [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] . Arterial Thromboembolic Events [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] . Venous Thromboembolic Events [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.5 )] . Hypertension [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 )] . Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7 )] . Renal Injury and Proteinuria [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 )] . Infusion-Related Reactions [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.9 ) ] . Ovarian Failure [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.11 )] . Congestive Heart Failure [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.12 )]. Most common adverse reactions incidence (incidence > 10%) are epistaxis, headache, hypertension, rhinitis, proteinuria, taste alteration, dry skin, rectal hemorrhage, lacrimation disorder, back pain and exfoliative dermatitis. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Amgen Medical Information at 1-800-77-AMGEN (1-800-772-6436) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The safety data in Warnings and Precautions and described below reflect exposure to bevacizumab in 4134 patients including those with mCRC (AVF2107g, E3200), non-squamous NSCLC (E4599), GBM (EORTC 26101), mRCC (BO17705), and cervical cancer (GOG-0240), including controlled studies or other cancers, at the recommended dose and schedule for a median of 6 to 23 doses. The most common adverse reactions observed in patients receiving bevacizumab as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapy at a rate > 10% were epistaxis, headache, hypertension, rhinitis, proteinuria, taste alteration, dry skin, rectal hemorrhage, lacrimation disorder, back pain and exfoliative dermatitis. Across clinical studies, bevacizumab was discontinued in 8% to 22% of patients because of adverse reactions [see Clinical Studies ( 14 )]. Metastatic Colorectal Cancer In Combination with bolus-IFL The safety of bevacizumab was evaluated in 392 patients who received at least one dose of bevacizumab in a double-blind, active-controlled study (AVF2107g), which compared bevacizumab (5 mg/kg every 2 weeks) with bolus-IFL to placebo with bolus-IFL in patients with mCRC [see Clinical Studies ( 14.1 )]. Patients were randomized (1:1:1) to placebo with bolus-IFL, bevacizumab with bolus-IFL, or bevacizumab with fluorouracil and leucovorin. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. All Grades 3-4 adverse reactions and selected Grades 1-2 adverse reactions (i.e., hypertension, proteinuria, thromboembolic events) were collected in the entire study population. Adverse reactions are presented in Table 2. Table 2: Grades 3-4 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence (≥ 2%) in Patients Receiving Bevacizumab vs. Placebo in Study AVF2107g Adverse Reaction a Bevacizumab with IFL (N = 392) Placebo w ith IFL (N = 396) Hematology Leukopenia 37% 31% Neutropenia 21% 14% Gast r o intestinal Diarrhea 34% 25% Abdominal pain 8% 5% Constipation 4% 2% Vascular Hypertension 12% 2% Deep vein thrombosis 9% 5% Intra-abdominal Thrombosis 3% 1% Syncope 3% 1% Gene r al Asthenia 10% 7% Pain 8% 5% a NCI-CTC version 3. In Combination with FOLFOX4 The safety of bevacizumab was evaluated in 521 patients in an open-label, active-controlled study (E3200) in patients who were previously treated with irinotecan and fluorouracil for initial therapy for mCRC. Patients were randomized (1:1:1) to FOLFOX4, bevacizumab (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks prior to FOLFOX4 on Day 1) with FOLFOX4, or bevacizumab alone (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks). Bevacizumab was continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Selected Grades 3-5 non-hematologic and Grades 4-5 hematologic occurring at a higher incidence (≥ 2%) in patients receiving bevacizumab with FOLFOX4 compared to FOLFOX4 alone were fatigue (19% vs. 13%), diarrhea (18% vs. 13%), sensory neuropathy (17% vs. 9%), nausea (12% vs. 5%), vomiting (11% vs. 4%), dehydration (10% vs. 5%), hypertension (9% vs. 2%), abdominal pain (8% vs. 5%), hemorrhage (5% vs. 1%), other neurological (5% vs. 3%), ileus (4% vs. 1%) and headache (3% vs. 0%). These data are likely to under-estimate the true adverse reaction rates due to the reporting mechanisms. First- L ine Non - Squamous Non - Small Cell Lung Cancer The safety of bevacizumab was evaluated as first-line treatment in 422 patients with unresectable NSCLC who received at least one dose of bevacizumab in an active-controlled, open-label, multicenter trial (E4599) [see Clinical Studies ( 14.3 )]. Chemotherapy-naïve patients with locally advanced, metastatic or recurrent non–squamous NSCLC were randomized (1:1) to receive six 21-day cycles of paclitaxel and carboplatin with or without bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks). After completion or upon discontinuation of chemotherapy, patients randomized to receive bevacizumab continued to receive bevacizumab alone until disease progression or until unacceptable toxicity. The trial excluded patients with predominant squamous histology (mixed cell type tumors only), CNS metastasis, gross hemoptysis (1/2 teaspoon or more of red blood), unstable angina, or receiving therapeutic anticoagulation. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Only Grades 3-5 non-hematologic and Grades 4-5 hematologic adverse reactions were collected. Grades 3-5 non-hematologic and Grades 4-5 hematologic adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥ 2%) in patients receiving bevacizumab with paclitaxel and carboplatin compared with patients receiving chemotherapy alone were neutropenia (27% vs. 17%), fatigue (16% vs. 13%), hypertension (8% vs. 0.7%), infection without neutropenia (7% vs. 3%), venous thromboembolism (5% vs. 3%), febrile neutropenia (5% vs. 2%), pneumonitis/pulmonary infiltrates (5% vs. 3%), infection with Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (4% vs. 2%), hyponatremia (4% vs. 1%), headache (3% vs. 1%) and proteinuria (3% vs. 0%). Recurrent Glioblastoma The safety of bevacizumab was evaluated in a multicenter, randomized, open-label study (EORTC 26101) in patients with recurrent GBM following radiotherapy and temozolomide of whom 278 patients received at least one dose of bevacizumab and are considered safety evaluable [see Clinical Studies ( 14.4 )]. Patients were randomized (2:1) to receive bevacizumab (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks) with lomustine or lomustine alone until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. In the bevacizumab with lomustine arm, 22% of patients discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions compared with 10% of patients in the lomustine arm. In patients receiving bevacizumab with lomustine, the adverse reaction profile was similar to that observed in other approved indications. Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma The safety of bevacizumab was evaluated in 337 patients who received at least one dose of bevacizumab in a multicenter, double-blind study (BO17705) in patients with mRCC. Patients who had undergone a nephrectomy were randomized (1:1) to receive either bevacizumab (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks) or placebo with interferon-alfa [see Clinical Studies ( 14.5 )]. Patients were treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Grades 3-5 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (> 2%) were fatigue (13% vs. 8%), asthenia (10% vs. 7%), proteinuria (7% vs. 0%), hypertension (6% vs. 1%; including hypertension and hypertensive crisis), and hemorrhage (3% vs. 0.3%; including epistaxis, small intestinal hemorrhage, aneurysm ruptured, gastric ulcer hemorrhage, gingival bleeding, hemoptysis, hemorrhage intracranial, large intestinal hemorrhage, respiratory tract hemorrhage, and traumatic hematoma). Adverse reactions are presented in Table 3. Table 3: Grades 1-5 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence (≥ 5%) of Patients Receiving Bevacizumab vs. Placebo with Interferon-Alfa in Study BO17705 Adverse Reaction a Bevacizumab w ith Int e rferon-Alfa (N = 337) Placebo with Interferon -A lfa (N = 304) Metabolism and nutrition Decreased appetite 36% 31% Weight loss 20% 15% General Fatigue 33% 27% Vascular Hypertension 28% 9% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal Epistaxis 27% 4% Dysphonia 5% 0% Nervous sys t em Headache 24% 16% Gast r o intestinal Diarrhea 21% 16% Renal and urinary Proteinuria 20% 3% Musculoskeletal and connective tissue Myalgia 19% 14% Back pain 12% 6% a NCI-CTC version 3. The following adverse reactions were reported at a 5-fold greater incidence in patients receiving bevacizumab with interferon-alfa compared to patients receiving placebo with interferon-alfa and not represented in Table 2: gingival bleeding (13 patients vs. 1 patient); rhinitis (9 vs. 0); blurred vision (8 vs. 0); gingivitis (8 vs. 1); gastroesophageal reflux disease (8 vs. 1); tinnitus (7 vs. 1); tooth abscess (7 vs. 0); mouth ulceration (6 vs. 0); acne (5 vs. 0); deafness (5 vs. 0); gastritis (5 vs. 0); gingival pain (5 vs. 0) and pulmonary embolism (5 vs. 1). Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Cervical Cancer The safety of bevacizumab was evaluated in 218 patients who received at least one dose of bevacizumab in a multicenter study (GOG-0240) in patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer [see Clinical Studies ( 14.6 )]. Patients were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive paclitaxel and cisplatin with or without bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks), or paclitaxel and topotecan with or without bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks). The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Grades 3-4 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥ 2%) in 218 patients receiving bevacizumab with chemotherapy compared to 222 patients receiving chemotherapy alone were abdominal pain (12% vs. 10%), hypertension (11% vs. 0.5%), thrombosis (8% vs. 3%), diarrhea (6% vs. 3%), anal fistula (4% vs. 0%), proctalgia (3% vs. 0%), urinary tract infection (8% vs. 6%), cellulitis (3% vs. 0.5%), fatigue (14% vs. 10%), hypokalemia (7% vs. 4%), hyponatremia (4% vs. 1%), dehydration (4% vs. 0.5%), neutropenia (8% vs. 4%), lymphopenia (6% vs. 3%), back pain (6% vs. 3%), and pelvic pain (6% vs. 1%). Adverse reactions are presented in Table 4. Table 4: Grades 1-4 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence (≥ 5%) in Patients Receiving Bevacizumab with Chemotherapy vs. Chemotherapy Alone in Study GOG-0240 Adverse Rea c tion a Bevacizumab w ith Chemotherapy (N = 218) Chemotherapy (N = 222) Gene r al Fatigue 80% 75% Peripheral edema 15% 22% Metabolism and nutrition Decreased appetite 34% 26% Hyperglycemia 26% 19% Hypomagnesemia 24% 15% Weight loss 21% 7% Hyponatremia 19% 10% Hypoalbuminemia 16% 11% Vascular Hypertension 29% 6% Thrombosis 10% 3% Infections Urinary tract infection 22% 14% Infection 10% 5% Nervous sys t em Headache 22% 13% Dysarthria 8% 1% Psychiat r ic Anxiety 17% 10% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal Epistaxis 17% 1% Renal and urinary Increased blood creatinine 16% 10% Proteinuria 10% 3% Gast r o intestinal Stomatitis 15% 10% Proctalgia 6% 1% Anal fistula 6% 0.0% Reproductive system and breast Pelvic pain 14% 8% Hematology Neutropenia 12% 6% Lymphopenia 12% 5% a NCI-CTC version 3. 6.2 Immunogenicity As with all therapeutic proteins, there is a potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and the specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to bevacizumab in the studies described below with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other bevacizumab products may be misleading. In clinical studies for adjuvant treatment of a solid tumor, 0.6% (14/2233) of patients tested positive for treatment-emergent anti-bevacizumab antibodies as detected by an electrochemiluminescent (ECL) based assay. Among these 14 patients, three tested positive for neutralizing antibodies against bevacizumab using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The clinical significance of these anti-bevacizumab antibodies is not known. 6.3 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of bevacizumab products. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. General : Polyserositis Cardiovascular: Pulmonary hypertension, Mesenteric venous occlusion Gastrointestinal: Gastrointestinal ulcer, Intestinal necrosis, Anastomotic ulceration Hemic and lymphatic: Pancytopenia Hepatobiliary disorders: Gallbladder perforation Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: Osteonecrosis of the jaw Renal: Renal thrombotic microangiopathy (manifested as severe proteinuria) Respiratory: Nasal septum perforation

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Do not administer MVASI for 28 days following major surgery and until surgical wound is fully healed. (2.1) Metastatic colorectal cancer (2.2) 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks with bolus-IFL 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks with FOLFOX4 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks or 7.5 mg/kg every 3 weeks with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin based chemotherapy after progression on a first-line bevacizumab product-containing regimen First-line non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (2.3) 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks with carboplatin and paclitaxel Recurrent glioblastoma (2.4) 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (2.5) 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks with interferon-alfa Persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer (2.6) 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks with paclitaxel and cisplatin or paclitaxel and topotecan Administer as an intravenous infusion (2.8) 2.1 Important Administration Information Do not administer MVASI until at least 28 days following surgery and the wound is fully healed. 2.2 Metastatic Colorectal Cancer The recommended dosage when MVASI is administered in combination with intravenous fluorouracil-based chemotherapy is: 5 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in combination with bolus-IFL. 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in combination with FOLFOX4. 5 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks or 7.5 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in patients who have progressed on a first-line bevacizumab product-containing regimen. 2.3 First-Line Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer The recommended dosage is 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel. 2.4 Recurrent Glioblastoma The recommended dosage is 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks. 2.5 Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma The recommended dosage is 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in combination with interferon-alfa. 2.6 Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Cervical Cancer The recommended dosage is 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin, or in combination with paclitaxel and topotecan. 2.7 Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions Table 1 describes dosage modifications for specific adverse reactions [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5 )]. No dose reductions for MVASI are recommended. Table 1: Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions Adverse Reaction Severity Dosage Modification Gastrointestinal Perforations and Fistulae [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1 )] Gastrointestinal perforation, any grade Tracheoesophageal fistula, any grade Fistula, Grade 4 Fistula formation involving any internal organ Discontinue MVASI Wound Healing Complications [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2 )] Wound healing complications requiring medical intervention Necrotizing fasciitis Discontinue MVASI Hemorrhage [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] Grade 3 or 4 Discontinue MVASI Recent history of hemoptysis of 1/2 teaspoon (2.5 mL) or more Withhold MVASI Thromboembolic Events [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 , 5.5 )] Arterial thromboembolism, severe Discontinue MVASI Venous thromboembolism, Grade 4 Discontinue MVASI Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6 )] Hypertensive crisis Hypertensive encephalopathy Discontinue MVASI Hypertension, severe (such as Grade 3 and above) Withhold MVASI until controlled with medical management; resume once controlled Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7 )] Any Discontinue MVASI Renal Injury and Proteinuria [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8 )] Nephrotic syndrome Discontinue MVASI Proteinuria greater than or equal to 2 grams per 24 hours in absence of nephrotic syndrome Withhold MVASI until proteinuria less than 2 grams per 24 hours Infusion-Related Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.9 )] Severe Discontinue MVASI Clinically significant Interrupt infusion; resume at a decreased rate of infusion after symptoms resolve Mild, clinically insignificant Decrease infusion rate Congestive Heart Failure [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.12 )] Any Discontinue MVASI 2.8 Preparation and Administration Preparation Use appropriate aseptic technique. Visually inspect vial for particulate matter and discoloration prior to preparation and administration. Discard vial if solution is cloudy, discolored or contains particulate matter. Withdraw necessary amount of MVASI and dilute in a total volume of 100 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP. DO NOT ADMINISTER OR MIX WITH DEXTROSE SOLUTION. Discard any unused portion left in a vial, as the product contains no preservatives. Store diluted MVASI solution at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) for up to 8 hours. No incompatibilities between MVASI and polyvinylchloride or polyolefin bags have been observed. Administration Administer as an intravenous infusion. First infusion: Administer infusion over 90 minutes. Subsequent infusions: Administer second infusion over 60 minutes if first infusion is tolerated. Administer all subsequent infusions over 30 minutes if second infusion over 60 minutes is tolerated.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed. (8.2) *Biosimilar means that the biological product is approved based on data demonstrating that it is highly similar to an FDA-approved biological product, known as a reference product, and that there are no clinically meaningful differences between the biosimilar product and the reference product. Biosimilarity of MVASI has been demonstrated for the condition(s) of use (e.g., indication(s), dosing regimen(s)), strength(s), dosage form(s), and route(s) of administration described in its Full Prescribing Information. 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Based on findings from animal studies and their mechanism of action [ see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.1 ) ], bevacizumab products may cause fetal harm in pregnant women. Limited postmarketing reports describe cases of fetal malformations with use of bevacizumab products in pregnancy; however, these reports are insufficient to determine drug associated risks. In animal reproduction studies, intravenous administration of bevacizumab to pregnant rabbits every 3 days during organogenesis at doses approximately 1 to 10 times the clinical dose of 10 mg/kg produced fetal resorptions, decreased maternal and fetal weight gain and multiple congenital malformations including corneal opacities and abnormal ossification of the skull and skeleton including limb and phalangeal defects ( see Data ). Furthermore, animal models link angiogenesis and VEGF and VEGFR2 to critical aspects of female reproduction, embryofetal development, and postnatal development. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively. Data Animal Data Pregnant rabbits dosed with 10 mg/kg to 100 mg/kg bevacizumab (approximately 1 to 10 times the clinical dose of 10 mg/kg) every three days during the period of organogenesis (gestation day 6-18) exhibited decreases in maternal and fetal body weights and increased number of fetal resorptions. There were dose-related increases in the number of litters containing fetuses with any type of malformation (42% for the 0 mg/kg dose, 76% for the 30 mg/kg dose, and 95% for the 100 mg/kg dose) or fetal alterations (9% for the 0 mg/kg dose, 15% for the 30 mg/kg dose, and 61% for the 100 mg/kg dose). Skeletal deformities were observed at all dose levels, with some abnormalities including meningocele observed only at the 100 mg/kg dose level. Teratogenic effects included: reduced or irregular ossification in the skull, jaw, spine, ribs, tibia and bones of the paws; fontanel, rib and hindlimb deformities; corneal opacity; and absent hindlimb phalanges. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary No data are available regarding the presence of bevacizumab products in human milk, the effects on the breast fed infant, or the effects on milk production. Human IgG is present in human milk, but published data suggest that breast milk antibodies do not enter the neonatal and infant circulation in substantial amounts. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with MVASI and for 6 months after the last dose. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females Bevacizumab products may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.1 )]. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with MVASI and for 6 months after the last dose. Infertility Females Bevacizumab products increase the risk of ovarian failure and may impair fertility. Inform females of reproductive potential of the risk of ovarian failure prior to the first dose of MVASI. Long-term effects of bevacizumab products on fertility are not known. In a clinical study of 179 premenopausal women randomized to receive chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab, the incidence of ovarian failure was higher in patients who received bevacizumab with chemotherapy (34%) compared to patients who received chemotherapy alone (2%). After discontinuing bevacizumab with chemotherapy, recovery of ovarian function occurred in 22% of these patients [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.11 ), Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 ) ]. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of bevacizumab products in pediatric patients have not been established. In published literature reports, cases of non-mandibular osteonecrosis have been observed in patients under the age of 18 years who have received bevacizumab. Bevacizumab products are not approved for use in patients under the age of 18 years. Antitumor activity was not observed among eight pediatric patients with relapsed GBM who received bevacizumab and irinotecan. Addition of bevacizumab to standard of care did not result in improved event-free survival in pediatric patients enrolled in two randomized clinical studies, one in high grade glioma (n = 121) and one in metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma or non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (n = 154). Based on the population pharmacokinetics analysis of data from 152 pediatric and young adult patients with cancer (7 months to 21 years of age), bevacizumab clearance normalized by body weight in pediatrics was comparable to that in adults. Juvenile Animal Toxicity Data Juvenile cynomolgus monkeys with open growth plates exhibited physeal dysplasia following 4 to 26 weeks exposure at 0.4 to 20 times the recommended human dose (based on mg/kg and exposure). The incidence and severity of physeal dysplasia were dose-related and were partially reversible upon cessation of treatment. 8.5 Geriatric Use In an exploratory, pooled analysis of 1745 patients from five randomized, controlled studies, 35% of patients were ≥ 65 years old. The overall incidence of ATE was increased in all patients receiving bevacizumab with chemotherapy as compared to those receiving chemotherapy alone, regardless of age; however, the increase in the incidence of ATE was greater in patients ≥ 65 years (8% vs. 3%) as compared to patients < 65 years (2% vs. 1%) [ s ee Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4 )] .

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Effects of MVASI on Other Drugs No clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of irinotecan or its active metabolite SN38, interferon-alfa, carboplatin or paclitaxel was observed when bevacizumab was administered in combination with these drugs; however, 3 of the 8 patients receiving bevacizumab with paclitaxel and carboplatin had lower paclitaxel exposure after four cycles of treatment (at Day 63) than those at Day 0, while patients receiving paclitaxel and carboplatin alone had a greater paclitaxel exposure at Day 63 than at Day 0.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number BLA761028
Agency product number 2S9ZZM9Q9V
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 55513-207,55513-206
Date Last Revised 25-06-2019
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 2046145
Marketing authorisation holder Amgen Inc