Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 12 April 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the central nervous system (CNS) in adults and pediatric patients (including term neonates), to visualize lesions with abnormal blood-brain barrier or abnormal vascularity of the brain, spine, and associated tissues (1.1) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) to evaluate adults with known or suspected renal or aorto-ilio-femoral occlusive vascular disease. (1.2) 1.1 MRI of the Central Nervous System (CNS) MultiHance is indicated for intravenous use in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the central nervous system (CNS) in adults and pediatric patients (including term neonates), to visualize lesions with abnormal blood-brain barrier or abnormal vascularity of the brain, spine, and associated tissues. 1.2 MRA of Renal and Aorto-ilio-femoral Vessels MultiHance is indicated for use in magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) to evaluate adults with known or suspected renal or aorto-ilio-femoral occlusive vascular disease.

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS MultiHance is contraindicated in patients with known allergic or hypersensitivity reactions to gadolinium-based contrast agents [ see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ]. MultiHance is contraindicated in patients with known allergic or hypersensitivity reactions to gadolinium-based contrast agents. (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Hypersensitivity reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] The most commonly reported adverse reactions are nausea (1.3%) and headache (1.2%). (6) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Bracco Diagnostics Inc. at 1-800-257-5181 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Adults In all clinical trials with MultiHance, a total of 4967 adult subjects (137 healthy volunteers and 4830 patients) received MultiHance at doses ranging from 0.005 to 0.4 mmol/kg. There were 2838 (57%) men and 2129 (43%) women with a mean age of 56.5 years (range 18 to 93 years). A total of 4403 (89%) subjects were Caucasian, 134 (3%) Black, 275 (6%) Asian, 40 (1%) Hispanic, 70 (1%) in other racial groups, and for 45 (1%) subjects, race was not reported. The most commonly reported adverse reactions in adult subjects who received MultiHance were nausea (1.3%) and headache (1.2%). Most adverse reactions were mild to moderate in intensity. One subject experienced a serious anaphylactoid reaction with laryngeal spasm and dyspnea [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ]. Serious adverse reactions consisting of convulsions, pulmonary edema, acute necrotizing pancreatitis, and anaphylactoid reactions were reported in 0.1% of subjects in clinical trials. Adverse reactions that occurred in at least 0.5% of 4967 adult subjects who received MultiHance are listed below (Table 2), in decreasing order of occurrence within each system. TABLE 2: ADVERSE REACTIONS REPORTED IN ≥ 0.5% OF ADULT SUBJECTS WHO RECEIVED MULTIHANCE IN CLINICAL TRIALS Number of subjects dosed 4967 Number of subjects with any adverse reaction 517(10.4%) Gastrointestinal Disorders Nausea 67 (1.3%) General Disorders and Administration Site Disorders Injection Site Reaction Feeling Hot 54 (1.1%) 49 (1.0%) Nervous System Disorders Headache Dysgeusia Paresthesia Dizziness 60 (1.2%) 33 (0.7%) 24 (0.5%) 24 (0.5%) The following adverse reactions occurred in less than 0.5% of the 4967 adult subjects who received MultiHance. Serious adverse reactions described above are not repeated below. Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders: Basophilia; Cardiac Disorders: Atrioventricular block first degree; Eye Disorders: Eye pruritus, eye swelling, ocular hyperemia, visual disturbance; Gastrointestinal Disorders: Abdominal pain or discomfort, diarrhea, dry mouth, lip swelling, paraesthesia oral, tongue edema, vomiting; General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: Chest pain or discomfort, chills, malaise; Immune System Disorders: Hypersensitivity; Investigations: Nonspecific changes in laboratory tests (including hematology, blood chemistry, liver enzymes and urinalysis), blood pressure and electrocardiogram parameters (including PR, QRS and QT intervals and ST-T segment changes). Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: Myalgia; Nervous System Disorders: Parosmia, tremor; Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders: Dyspnea, laryngospasm, nasal congestion, sneezing, wheezing; Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: Hyperhidrosis, pruritus, rash, swelling face, urticaria. Pediatric Patients In clinical trials of MultiHance in MRI of the CNS, 307 pediatric subjects received MultiHance at a dose of 0.1 mmol/kg. A total of 160 (52%) subjects were male and the overall mean age was 6.0 years (range, 2 days to 17 years). A total of 211 (69%) subjects were Caucasian, 24 (8%) Black, 15 (5%) Asian, 39 (13%), Hispanic, 2 (<1%) in other racial groups, and for 16 (5%), race was not reported. Adverse reactions were reported for 14 (4.6%) of the subjects. The frequency and the nature of the adverse reactions were similar to those seen in the adult patients. The most commonly reported adverse reactions were vomiting (1.0%), pyrexia (0.7%), and hyperhidrosis (0.7%). No subject died during study participation. 6.2 Post-marketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of MultiHance. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Immune System Disorders: Anaphylactic, anaphylactoid and hypersensitivity reactions manifested with various degrees of severity up to anaphylactic shock, loss of consciousness and death. The reactions generally involved signs or symptoms of respiratory, cardiovascular, and/or mucocutaneous abnormalities. General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: Extravasation of MultiHance may lead to injection site reactions, characterized by local pain or burning sensation, swelling, blistering, and necrosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. Adverse events with variable onset and duration have been reported after GBCA administration [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. These include fatigue, asthenia, pain syndromes, and heterogeneous clusters of symptoms in the neurological, cutaneous, and musculoskeletal systems. Skin: Gadolinium associated plaques.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION The recommended dose of MultiHance is 0.2 mL/kg (0.1 mmol/kg) administered as a rapid bolus intravenous injection. For MRI of the CNS in pediatric patients below 2 years of age the recommended dosage range is 0.1 to 0.2 mL/kg. To ensure complete injection of the contrast medium, follow the injection with a saline flush of at least 5 mL in MRI of the CNS and at least 20 mL in MRA. (2) 2.1 Dosing and Imaging Instructions 2.1.1 MRI of the CNS In adults and in pediatric patients over 2 years of age, the recommended dose of MultiHance for MRI of the CNS is 0.2 mL/kg (0.1 mmol/kg) administered as a rapid bolus intravenous injection. In pediatric patients below 2 years of age, the recommended dosage range is 0.1 to 0.2 mL/kg administered as a rapid bolus intravenous injection. To ensure complete injection of the contrast medium, follow the injection with a saline flush of at least 5 mL. Imaging of the CNS can be performed starting immediately after the bolus injection of MultiHance. 2.1.2 MRA of Renal and Aorto-ilio-femoral Vessels For MRA examination, the recommended dose is 0.2 mL/kg (0.1 mmol/kg) administered as a rapid bolus intravenous injection followed by at least 20 mL saline flush either manually or using an automatic injector system. Start imaging immediately after the administration of MultiHance, with scan delay calculated by test bolus or automatic bolus detection technique. If an automatic contrast detection pulse sequence is not used for bolus timing, then a test bolus injection of 1-2 mL of MultiHance should be used to calculate the appropriate scan delay. 2.2 Dosing Table *For pediatric patients less than 2 years of age, one-half of the per kg dose may be used. TABLE 1: WEIGHT-BASED DOSING VOLUMES FOR: CNS IMAGING (ADULTS AND PEDIATRICS ≥2 YEARS OF AGE*) AND MRA IMAGING (ADULTS ONLY) 0.1mM/kg dose Kilograms (Kg) Pounds (lb) Volume, Milliliters (mL) 2.5 5.5 0.5 5 11 1.0 10 22 2.0 15 33 3.0 20 44 4.0 25 55 5.0 30 66 6.0 35 77 7.0 40 88 8.0 45 99 9.0 50 110 10.0 55 121 11.0 60 132 12.0 65 143 13.0 70 154 14.0 75 165 15.0 80 176 16.0 85 187 17.0 90 198 18.0 95 209 19.0 100 220 20.0 105 231 21.0 110 242 22.0 115 253 23.0 120 264 24.0 125 275 25.0 130 286 26.0 135 297 27.0 140 308 28.0 145 319 29.0 150 330 30.0 2.3 Administration Inspect the MultiHance vial visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. Do not use the solution if it is discolored or particulate matter is present. Draw MultiHance into a syringe and inject using sterile technique. Do not mix intravenous medications or parenteral nutrition solutions with MultiHance. Do not administer other medications in the same intravenous line with MultiHance. MultiHance vials are intended for single use only. Administer immediately after opening and discard any unused product.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary GBCAs cross the placenta and result in fetal exposure and gadolinium retention. The human data on the association between GBCAs and adverse fetal outcomes are limited and inconclusive (see Data). In animal reproduction studies, gadobenate dimeglumine has been shown to be teratogenic in rabbits following repeated intravenous administration during organogenesis at doses up to 6 times the recommended human dose. There were no adverse developmental effects observed in rats with intravenous administration of gadobenate dimeglumine during organogenesis at doses up to three times the recommended human dose (see Data). Because of the potential risks of gadolinium to the fetus, use MultiHance only if imaging is essential during pregnancy and cannot be delayed. The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and is 15 to 20%, respectively. Data Human Data Contrast enhancement is visualized in the human placenta and fetal tissues after maternal GBCA administration. Cohort studies and case reports on exposure to GBCAs during pregnancy have not reported a clear association between GBCAs and adverse effects in the exposed neonates. However, a retrospective cohort study, comparing pregnant women who had a GBCA MRI to pregnant women who did not have an MRI, reported a higher occurrence of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in the group receiving GBCA MRI. Limitations of this study include a lack of comparison with non-contrast MRI and lack of information about the maternal indication for MRI. Overall, these data preclude a reliable evaluation of the potential risk of adverse fetal outcomes with the use of GBCAs in pregnancy. Animal Data Gadolinium Retention GBCAs administered to pregnant non-human primates (0.1 mmol/kg on gestational days 85 and 135) result in measurable gadolinium concentration in the offspring in bone, brain, skin, liver, kidney, and spleen for at least 7 months. GBCAs administered to pregnant mice (2 mmol/kg daily on gestational days 16 through 19) result in measurable gadolinium concentrations in the pups in bone, brain, kidney, liver, blood, muscle, and spleen at one month postnatal age. Reproductive Toxicology Gadobenate dimeglumine has been shown to be teratogenic in rabbits when administered intravenously at 2 mmol/kg/day (6 times the recommended human dose based on body surface area) during organogenesis (day 6 to 18) inducing microphthalmia/small eye and/or focal retinal fold in 3 fetuses from 3 separate litters. In addition, MultiHance intravenously administered at 3 mmol/kg/day (10 times the recommended human dose based on body surface area) has been shown to increase intrauterine deaths in rabbits. There was no evidence that MultiHance induced teratogenic effects in rats at doses up to 2 mmol/kg/day (3 times the recommended human dose based on body surface area), however, rat dams exhibited no systemic toxicity at this dose. There were no adverse effects on the birth, survival, growth, development and fertility of the F1 generation at doses up to 2 mmol/kg in a rat peri- and post-natal (Segment III) study. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary Limited literature reports that breastfeeding after gadobenate dimeglumine administration to the mother would result in the infant receiving an oral dose of 0.001%-0.04% of the maternal dose. There is no information on the effects of the drug on the breastfed infant or the effects of the drug on milk production. Additionally, there is limited GBCA gastrointestinal absorption. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered together with the mother’s clinical need for MultiHance and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from MultiHance or from the underlying maternal condition. 8.4 Pediatric Use MultiHance is approved for intravenous use for MRI of the CNS to visualize lesions with abnormal blood brain barrier or abnormal vascularity of the brain, spine, and associated tissues in pediatric patients from birth, including term neonates, to less than 17 years of age. Pediatric use is based on evidence of effectiveness in adults and in 202 pediatric patients 2 years of age and older, in addition to experience in 105 pediatric patients birth to less than 2 years of age that supported extrapolation from adult data [see Clinical Studies (14)]. Adverse reactions in pediatric patients were similar to those reported in adults [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. No dose adjustment according to age is necessary in pediatric patients two years of age and older. For pediatric patients, less than 2 years of age, the recommended dosage range is 0.1 to 0.2 mL/kg [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Pharmacokinetics (12.3)]. The safety of MultiHance has not been established in preterm neonates. 8.5 Geriatric Use Of the total number of 4967 adult subjects in clinical studies of MultiHance, 33% were 65 and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these elderly subjects and the younger subjects. The drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to MultiHance may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function it may be useful to monitor renal function.
Pregnancy and lactation
8.2 Lactation Risk Summary Limited literature reports that breastfeeding after gadobenate dimeglumine administration to the mother would result in the infant receiving an oral dose of 0.001%-0.04% of the maternal dose. There is no information on the effects of the drug on the breastfed infant or the effects of the drug on milk production. Additionally, there is limited GBCA gastrointestinal absorption. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered together with the mother’s clinical need for MultiHance and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from MultiHance or from the underlying maternal condition.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS 7.1 Transporter-Based Drug-Drug Interactions MultiHance and other drugs may compete for the canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (MOAT also referred to as MRP2 or ABCC2). Therefore MultiHance may prolong the systemic exposure of drugs such as cisplatin, antracyclines (e.g. doxorubicin, daunorubicin), vinca alkaloids (e.g. vincristine), methotrexate, etoposide, tamoxifen, and paclitaxel. In particular, consider the potential for prolonged drug exposure in patients with decreased MOAT activity (e.g. Dubin Johnson syndrome).

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA021357
Agency product number 3Q6PPC19PO
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0270-5164
Date Last Revised 02-04-2018
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Marketing authorisation holder BRACCO DIAGNOSTICS INC
Warnings WARNING: NEPHROGENIC SYSTEMIC FIBROSIS Gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) increase the risk for NSF among patients with impaired elimination of the drugs. Avoid use of GBCAs in these patients unless the diagnostic information is essential and not available with non-contrasted MRI or other modalities. NSF may result in fatal or debilitating systemic fibrosis affecting the skin, muscle and internal organs. The risk for NSF appears highest among patients with: chronic, severe kidney disease (GFR <30 mL/min/1.73m2), or acute kidney injury. Screen patients for acute kidney injury and other conditions that may reduce renal function. For patients at risk for chronically reduced renal function (e.g. age > 60 years, hypertension or diabetes), estimate the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) through laboratory testing. For patients at highest risk for NSF, do not exceed the recommended MultiHance dose and allow a sufficient period of time for elimination of the drug from the body prior to re-administration. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] WARNING: NEPHROGENIC SYSTEMIC FIBROSIS See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning Gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) increase the risk for NSF among patients with impaired elimination of the drugs. Avoid use of GBCAs in these patients unless the diagnostic information is essential and not available with non-contrasted MRI or other modalities. The risk for NSF appears highest among patients with: chronic, severe kidney disease (GFR <30 mL/min/1.73m2), or acute kidney injury. Screen patients for acute kidney injury and other conditions that may reduce renal function. For patients at risk for chronically reduced renal function (e.g. age > 60 years, hypertension or diabetes), estimate the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) through laboratory testing. (5.1)