Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 07 May 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE LUCENTIS is indicated for the treatment of patients with: LUCENTIS, a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor, is indicated for the treatment of patients with: Neovascular (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) (1.1) Macular Edema Following Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO) (1.2) Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) (1.3) Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) (1.4) Myopic Choroidal Neovascularization (mCNV) (1.5) 1.1 Neovascular (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) 1.2 Macular Edema Following Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO) 1.3 Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) 1.4 Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) 1.5 Myopic Choroidal Neovascularization (mCNV)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Ocular or periocular infections (4.1) Hypersensitivity (4.2) 4.1 Ocular or Periocular Infections LUCENTIS is contraindicated in patients with ocular or periocular infections. 4.2 Hypersensitivity LUCENTIS is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to ranibizumab or any of the excipients in LUCENTIS. Hypersensitivity reactions may manifest as severe intraocular inflammation.
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label: Endophthalmitis and Retinal Detachments [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] Increases in Intraocular Pressure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ] Thromboembolic Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] Fatal Events in patients with DME and DR at baseline [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] The most common adverse reactions (reported more frequently in LUCENTIS-treated subjects than control subjects) are conjunctival hemorrhage, eye pain, vitreous floaters, and increased IOP (6.2). To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Genentech at 1-888-835-2555 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Injection Procedure Serious adverse reactions related to the injection procedure have occurred in < 0.1% of intravitreal injections, including endophthalmitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ], rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, and iatrogenic traumatic cataract. 6.2 Clinical Studies Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in one clinical trial of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of the same or another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The data below reflect exposure to 0.5 mg LUCENTIS in 440 patients with neovascular AMD in Studies AMD-1, AMD-2, and AMD-3; in 259 patients with macular edema following RVO. The data also reflect exposure to 0.3 mg LUCENTIS in 250 patients with DME and DR at baseline [see Clinical Studies (14) ]. Safety data observed in 224 patients with mCNV, as well as Studies AMD-4 and D-3, were consistent with these results. On average, the rates and types of adverse reactions in patients were not significantly affected by dosing regimen. Ocular Reactions Table 1 shows frequently reported ocular adverse reactions in LUCENTIS-treated patients compared with the control group. Table 1 Ocular Reactions in the DME and DR, AMD, and RVO Studies DME and DR 2-year AMD 2-year AMD 1-year RVO 6-month Adverse Reaction LUCENTIS 0.3 mg Control LUCENTIS 0.5 mg Control LUCENTIS 0.5 mg Control LUCENTIS 0.5 mg Control n=250 n=250 n=379 n=379 n=440 n=441 n=259 n=260 Conjunctival hemorrhage 47% 32% 74% 60% 64% 50% 48% 37% Eye pain 17% 13% 35% 30% 26% 20% 17% 12% Vitreous floaters 10% 4% 27% 8% 19% 5% 7% 2% Intraocular pressure increased 18% 7% 24% 7% 17% 5% 7% 2% Vitreous detachment 11% 15% 21% 19% 15% 15% 4% 2% Intraocular inflammation 4% 3% 18% 8% 13% 7% 1% 3% Cataract 28% 32% 17% 14% 11% 9% 2% 2% Foreign body sensation in eyes 10% 5% 16% 14% 13% 10% 7% 5% Eye irritation 8% 5% 15% 15% 13% 12% 7% 6% Lacrimation increased 5% 4% 14% 12% 8% 8% 2% 3% Blepharitis 3% 2% 12% 8% 8% 5% 0% 1% Dry eye 5% 3% 12% 7% 7% 7% 3% 3% Visual disturbance or vision blurred 8% 4% 18% 15% 13% 10% 5% 3% Eye pruritis 4% 4% 12% 11% 9% 7% 1% 2% Ocular hyperemia 9% 9% 11% 8% 7% 4% 5% 3% Retinal disorder 2% 2% 10% 7% 8% 4% 2% 1% Maculopathy 5% 7% 9% 9% 6% 6% 11% 7% Retinal degeneration 1% 0% 8% 6% 5% 3% 1% 0% Ocular discomfort 2% 1% 7% 4% 5% 2% 2% 2% Conjunctival hyperemia 1% 2% 7% 6% 5% 4% 0% 0% Posterior capsule opacification 4% 3% 7% 4% 2% 2% 0% 1% Injection site hemorrhage 1% 0% 5% 2% 3% 1% 0% 0% Non-Ocular Reactions Non-ocular adverse reactions with an incidence of ≥ 5% in patients receiving LUCENTIS for DR, DME, AMD, and/or RVO and which occurred at a ≥ 1% higher frequency in patients treated with LUCENTIS compared to control are shown in Table 2. Though less common, wound healing complications were also observed in some studies. Table 2 Non-Ocular Reactions in the DME and DR, AMD, and RVO Studies DME and DR 2-year AMD 2-year AMD 1-year RVO 6-month Adverse Reaction LUCENTIS 0.3 mg Control LUCENTIS 0.5 mg Control LUCENTIS 0.5 mg Control LUCENTIS 0.5 mg Control n=250 n=250 n=379 n=379 n=440 n=441 n=259 n=260 Nasopharyngitis 12% 6% 16% 13% 8% 9% 5% 4% Anemia 11% 10% 8% 7% 4% 3% 1% 1% Nausea 10% 9% 9% 6% 5% 5% 1% 2% Cough 9% 4% 9% 8% 5% 4% 1% 2% Constipation 8% 4% 5% 7% 3% 4% 0% 1% Seasonal allergy 8% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 0% 2% Hypercholesterolemia 7% 5% 5% 5% 3% 2% 1% 1% Influenza 7% 3% 7% 5% 3% 2% 3% 2% Renal failure 7% 6% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% Upper respiratory tract infection 7% 7% 9% 8% 5% 5% 2% 2% Gastroesophageal reflux disease 6% 4% 4% 6% 3% 4% 1% 0% Headache 6% 8% 12% 9% 6% 5% 3% 3% Edema peripheral 6% 4% 3% 5% 2% 3% 0% 1% Renal failure chronic 6% 2% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% Neuropathy peripheral 5% 3% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% Sinusitis 5% 8% 8% 7% 5% 5% 3% 2% Bronchitis 4% 4% 11% 9% 6% 5% 0% 2% Atrial fibrillation 3% 3% 5% 4% 2% 2% 1% 0% Arthralgia 3% 3% 11% 9% 5% 5% 2% 1% Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1% 1% 6% 3% 3% 1% 0% 0% Wound healing complications 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 6.3 Immunogenicity As with all therapeutic proteins, there is the potential for an immune response in patients treated with LUCENTIS. The immunogenicity data reflect the percentage of patients whose test results were considered positive for antibodies to LUCENTIS in immunoassays and are highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assays. The pre-treatment incidence of immunoreactivity to LUCENTIS was 0%-5% across treatment groups. After monthly dosing with LUCENTIS for 6 to 24 months, antibodies to LUCENTIS were detected in approximately 1%-9% of patients. The clinical significance of immunoreactivity to LUCENTIS is unclear at this time. Among neovascular AMD patients with the highest levels of immunoreactivity, some were noted to have iritis or vitritis. Intraocular inflammation was not observed in patients with DME and DR at baseline, or RVO patients with the highest levels of immunoreactivity. 6.4 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reaction has been identified during post-approval use of LUCENTIS. Because this reaction was reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate the frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Ocular: Tear of retinal pigment epithelium among patients with neovascular AMD

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION For ophthalmic intravitreal injection only (2.1) Neovascular (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) (2.2): LUCENTIS 0.5 mg (0.05 mL) is recommended to be administered by intravitreal injection once a month (approximately 28 days). -Although not as effective, patients may be treated with 3 monthly doses followed by less frequent dosing with regular assessment. -Although not as effective, patients may also be treated with one dose every 3 months after 4 monthly doses. Patients should be assessed regularly. Macular Edema Following Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO) (2.3): LUCENTIS 0.5 mg (0.05 mL) is recommended to be administered by intravitreal injection once a month (approximately 28 days). Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) and Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) (2.4): LUCENTIS 0.3 mg (0.05 mL) is recommended to be administered by intravitreal injection once a month (approximately 28 days). Myopic Choroidal Neovascularization (mCNV) (2.5): LUCENTIS 0.5 mg (0.05 mL) is recommended to be initially administered by intravitreal injection once a month (approximately 28 days) for up to three months. Patients may be retreated if needed. 2.1 General Dosing Information FOR OPHTHALMIC INTRAVITREAL INJECTION. Vials: A 5-micron sterile filter needle (19-gauge × 1-1/2 inch), a 1-mL Luer lock syringe and a 30-gauge × ½ inch sterile injection needle are needed but not included. 2.2 Neovascular (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) LUCENTIS 0.5 mg (0.05 mL of 10 mg/mL solution) is recommended to be administered by intravitreal injection once a month (approximately 28 days). Although not as effective, patients may be treated with 3 monthly doses followed by less frequent dosing with regular assessment. In the 9 months after three initial monthly doses, less frequent dosing with 4-5 doses on average is expected to maintain visual acuity while monthly dosing may be expected to result in an additional average 1-2 letter gain. Patients should be assessed regularly [see Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. Although not as effective, patients may also be treated with one dose every 3 months after 4 monthly doses. Compared with continued monthly dosing, dosing every 3 months over the next 9 months will lead to an approximate 5-letter (1-line) loss of visual acuity benefit, on average. Patients should be assessed regularly [see Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. 2.3 Macular Edema Following Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO) LUCENTIS 0.5 mg (0.05 mL of 10 mg/mL solution) is recommended to be administered by intravitreal injection once a month (approximately 28 days). In Studies RVO-1 and RVO-2, patients received monthly injections of LUCENTIS for 6 months. In spite of being guided by optical coherence tomography and visual acuity re-treatment criteria, patients who were then not treated at Month 6 experienced on average, a loss of visual acuity at Month 7, whereas patients who were treated at Month 6 did not. Patients should be treated monthly [see Clinical Studies (14.2) ]. 2.4 Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) and Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) LUCENTIS 0.3 mg (0.05 mL of 6 mg/mL solution) is recommended to be administered by intravitreal injection once a month (approximately 28 days). 2.5 Myopic Choroidal Neovascularization (mCNV) LUCENTIS 0.5 mg (0.05 mL of 10 mg/mL LUCENTIS solution) is recommended to be initially administered by intravitreal injection once a month (approximately 28 days) for up to 3 months. Patients may be retreated if needed [(see Clinical Studies 14.5 )]. 2.6 Preparation for Administration Prefilled Syringe: The prefilled syringe is sterile and is for single use only. Do not use the product if the packaging is damaged or has been tampered with. To prepare LUCENTIS for intravitreal administration, please adhere to these instructions for use. Read all the instructions carefully before using the prefilled syringe. The opening of the sealed tray and all subsequent steps should be done under aseptic conditions. For the intravitreal injection, a 30-gauge × ½ inch sterile injection needle should be used (not provided). Note: the dose must be set to 0.05 mL. Device description LUCENTIS prefilled syringes are available in 2 dose strengths: LUCENTIS 0.5 mg prefilled syringe with a CLEAR finger grip. LUCENTIS 0.3 mg prefilled syringe with an ORANGE finger grip. Check the labels on the LUCENTIS carton, syringe tray and prefilled syringe to make sure you have the correct dose strength. Step 1: Prepare Make sure that your pack contains a sterile prefilled syringe in a sealed tray. Peel the lid off the syringe tray and, using aseptic technique, remove the syringe. Step 2: Inspect syringe LUCENTIS should be colorless to pale yellow. Do not use the prefilled syringe if: -the syringe cap is detached from the Luer lock. -the syringe is damaged. -particulates, cloudiness, or discoloration are visible. Step 3: Remove syringe cap Snap off (do not turn or twist) the syringe cap (see Figure 2). Step 4: Attach needle Attach a 30G × ½ inch sterile injection needle firmly onto the syringe by screwing it tightly onto the Luer lock (see Figure 3). Carefully remove the needle cap by pulling it straight off. Note: Do not wipe the needle at any time. Step 5: Dislodge air bubbles Hold the syringe with the needle pointing up. If there are any air bubbles, gently tap the syringe with your finger until the bubbles rise to the top (see Figure 4). Step 6: Expel air and adjust drug dose Hold the syringe at eye level, and carefully push the plunger rod until the edge below the dome of the rubber stopper is aligned with the 0.05 mL dose mark (see Figure 5). Note: The plunger rod is not attached to the rubber stopper – this is to prevent air being drawn into the syringe. Step 7: Inject The injection procedure should be carried out under aseptic conditions. Insert the needle into the injection site. Inject slowly until rubber stopper reaches the bottom of the syringe to deliver the volume of 0.05 mL. After injection, do not recap the needle or detach it from the syringe. Dispose of the used syringe together with the needle in a sharps disposal container or in accordance with local requirements. Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Vial: Using aseptic technique, all of the LUCENTIS vial contents are withdrawn through a 5-micron (19-gauge × 1-1/2 inch), sterile filter needle attached to a 1 mL syringe (not included). The filter needle should be discarded after withdrawal of the vial contents and should not be used for intravitreal injection. The filter needle should be replaced with a sterile 30-gauge × ½ inch needle for the intravitreal injection. Use aseptic technique to carry out the following preparation steps: Prepare for intravitreal injection with the following medical devices for single use (not included): a 5-micron sterile filter needle (19-gauge × 1-1/2 inch) a 1 mL sterile Luer lock syringe (with marking to measure 0.05 mL) a sterile injection needle (30-gauge × 1/2-inch) Before withdrawal, disinfect the outer part of the rubber stopper of the vial. Place a 5-micron filter needle (19-gauge × 1-1/2 inch) onto a 1 mL Luer lock syringe using aseptic technique. Push the filter needle into the center of the vial stopper until the needle touches the bottom edge of the vial. Withdraw all the liquid from the vial, keeping the vial in an upright position, slightly inclined to ease complete withdrawal. Ensure that the plunger rod is drawn sufficiently back when emptying the vial in order to completely empty the filter needle. The filter needle should be discarded after withdrawal of the vial contents and must not be used for the intravitreal injection. Attach a 30-gauge × 1/2-inch sterile injection needle firmly onto the syringe by screwing it tightly onto the Luer lock. Carefully remove the needle cap by pulling it straight off. Do not wipe the needle at any time. Hold the syringe with the needle pointing up. If there are any air bubbles, gently tap the syringe with your finger until the bubbles rise to the top. Hold the syringe at eye level, and carefully push the plunger rod until the plunger tip is aligned with the line that marks 0.05 mL on the syringe. Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2.7 Administration The intravitreal injection procedure should be carried out under controlled aseptic conditions, which include the use of sterile gloves, a sterile drape, and a sterile eyelid speculum (or equivalent). Adequate anesthesia and a broad-spectrum microbicide should be given prior to the injection. Prior to and 30 minutes following the intravitreal injection, patients should be monitored for elevation in intraocular pressure using tonometry. Monitoring may also consist of a check for perfusion of the optic nerve head immediately after the injection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ]. Patients should also be monitored for and instructed to report any symptoms suggestive of endophthalmitis without delay following the injection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ]. Each prefilled syringe or vial should only be used for the treatment of a single eye. If the contralateral eye requires treatment, a new prefilled syringe or vial should be used and the sterile field, syringe, gloves, drapes, eyelid speculum, filter needle (vial only), and injection needles should be changed before LUCENTIS is administered to the other eye. No special dosage modification is required for any of the populations that have been studied (e.g., gender, elderly).
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of LUCENTIS administration in pregnant women. Administration of ranibizumab to pregnant monkeys throughout the period of organogenesis resulted in a low incidence of skeletal abnormalities at intravitreal doses 13-times the predicted human exposure (based on maximal serum trough levels [Cmax]) after a single eye treatment at the recommended clinical dose. No skeletal abnormalities were observed at serum trough levels equivalent to the predicted human exposure after a single eye treatment at the recommended clinical dose [see Animal Data ]. Animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, and it is not known whether ranibizumab can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Based on the anti-VEGF mechanism of action for ranibizumab [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1) ], treatment with LUCENTIS may pose a risk to human embryofetal development. LUCENTIS should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed. Data Animal Data An embryo-fetal developmental toxicity study was performed on pregnant cynomolgus monkeys. Pregnant animals received intravitreal injections of ranibizumab every 14 days starting on Day 20 of gestation, until Day 62 at doses of 0, 0.125, and 1 mg/eye. Skeletal abnormalities including incomplete and/or irregular ossification of bones in the skull, vertebral column, and hindlimbs and shortened supernumerary ribs were seen at a low incidence in fetuses from animals treated with 1 mg/eye of ranibizumab. The 1 mg/eye dose resulted in trough serum ranibizumab levels up to 13 times higher than predicted Cmax levels with single eye treatment in humans. No skeletal abnormalities were seen at the lower dose of 0.125 mg/eye, a dose which resulted in trough exposures equivalent to single eye treatment in humans. No effect on the weight or structure of the placenta, maternal toxicity, or embryotoxicity was observed. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There are no data available on the presence of ranibizumab in human milk, the effects of ranibizumab on the breastfed infant or the effects of ranibizumab on milk production/excretion. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because the potential for absorption and harm to infant growth and development exists, caution should be exercised when LUCENTIS is administered to a nursing woman. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for LUCENTIS and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from ranibizumab. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Infertility No studies on the effects of ranibizumab on fertility have been conducted and it is not known whether ranibizumab can affect reproduction capacity. Based on the anti-VEGF mechanism of action for ranibizumab, treatment with LUCENTIS may pose a risk to reproductive capacity. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of LUCENTIS in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use In the clinical studies, approximately 76% (2449 of 3227) of patients randomized to treatment with LUCENTIS were ≥ 65 years of age and approximately 51% (1644 of 3227) were ≥ 75 years of age [see Clinical Studies (14) ]. No notable differences in efficacy or safety were seen with increasing age in these studies. Age did not have a significant effect on systemic exposure.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Drug interaction studies have not been conducted with LUCENTIS. LUCENTIS intravitreal injection has been used adjunctively with PDT. Twelve of 105 (11%) patients with neovascular AMD developed serious intraocular inflammation; in 10 of the 12 patients, this occurred when LUCENTIS was administered 7 days (± 2 days) after PDT.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number BLA125156
Agency product number ZL1R02VT79
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 50242-082,50242-080
Date Last Revised 29-03-2018
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1306074
Storage and handling LUCENTIS should be refrigerated at 2º-8ºC (36º-46ºF). DO NOT FREEZE. Do not use beyond the date stamped on the label. Protect LUCENTIS prefilled syringes and vials from light and store in the original carton until time of use. Do not open LUCENTIS prefilled syringe sealed tray until time of use.
Marketing authorisation holder Genentech, Inc.