Data from FDA (Food and Drug Administration, USA) - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 18 February 2018

Indication(s)

INDICATIONS AND USAGE Kinevac (Sincalide for Injection) may be used: (1) to stimulate gallbladder contraction, as may be assessed by various methods of diagnostic imaging, or to obtain by duodenal aspiration a sample of concentrated bile for analysis of cholesterol, bile salts, phospholipids, and crystals; (2) to stimulate pancreatic secretion (especially in conjunction with secretin) prior to obtaining a duodenal aspirate for analysis of enzyme activity, composition, and cytology; (3) to accelerate the transit of a barium meal through the small bowel, thereby decreasing the time and extent of radiation associated with fluoroscopy and x-ray examination of the intestinal tract.

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Advisory information

contraindications
CONTRAINDICATIONS The preparation is contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to sincalide and in patients with intestinal obstruction.
Special warnings and precautions
PRECAUTIONS General The possibility exists that stimulation of gallbladder contraction in patients with small gallbladder stones could lead to the evacuation of the stones from the gallbladder, resulting in their lodging in the cystic duct or in the common bile duct. The risk of such an event is considered to be minimal because sincalide, when given as directed, does not ordinarily cause complete contraction of the gallbladder. Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic or mutagenic potential, or possible impairment of fertility in males or females. Teratogenic Effects Pregnancy Category B Reproduction studies in rats in which sincalide was administered subcutaneously at doses up to 12.5 times the maximum recommended human dose revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to sincalide. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed (see WARNINGS). Labor and Delivery Sincalide should not be administered to pregnant women near term because of its effect on smooth muscle; the possibility of inducing labor prematurely exists. The effects of sincalide on labor, delivery and lactation in animals has not been determined (see WARNINGS). Nursing Mothers It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when sincalide is administered to a nursing woman. Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in children have not been established.
Adverse reactions
ADVERSE REACTIONS Reactions to sincalide are generally mild and of short duration. The most frequent adverse reactions were abdominal discomfort or pain, and nausea; rapid intravenous injection of 0.04 mcg sincalide per kg expectably causes transient abdominal cramping. These phenomena are usually manifestations of the physiologic action of the drug, including delayed gastric emptying and increased intestinal motility. These reactions occurred in approximately 20 percent of patients; they are not to be construed as necessarily indicating an abnormality of the billiary tract unless there is other clinical or radiologic evidence of disease. The incidence of other adverse reactions, including vomiting, flushing, sweating, rash, hypotension, hypertension, shortness of breath, urge to defecate, headache, diarrhea, sneezing, and numbness was less than 1 percent; dizziness was reported in approximately 2 percent of patients. These manifestations are usually lessened by slower injection rate.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Reconstitution and Storage Sincalide for Injection may be stored at room temperature prior to reconstitution. To reconstitute, aseptically add 5 mL of Sterile Water for Injection USP to the vial. This solution may be kept at room temperature and should be used within 8 hours of reconstitution, after which time any unused portion should be discarded. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. For prompt contraction of the gallbladder, a dose of 0.02 mcg sincalide per kg (1.4 mcg/70 kg) is injected intravenously over a 30- to 60-second interval; if satisfactory contraction of the gallbladder does not occur in 15 minutes, a second dose, 0.04 mcg sincalide per kg, may be administered. To reduce the intestinal side effects (see ADVERSE REACTIONS), an intravenous infusion may be prepared at a dose of 0.12 mcg/kg in 100 mL of Sodium Chloride Injection USP and given at a rate of 2 mL per minute. When Kinevac (Sincalide for Injection) is used in cholecystography, roentgenograms are usually taken at five-minute intervals after the injection. For visualization of the cystic duct, it may be necessary to take roentgenograms at one-minute intervals during the first five minutes after the injection. For the Secretin-Kinevac test of pancreatic function, the patient receives a dose of 0.25 units secretin per kg by intravenous infusion over a 60-minute period. Thirty minutes after the initiation of the secretin infusion, a separate IV infusion of Kinevac at a total dose of 0.02 mcg per kg is administered over a 30-minute interval. For example, the total dose for a 70 kg patient is 1.4 mcg of sincalide; therefore, dilute 1.4 mL of reconstituted Kinevac solution to 30 mL with Sodium Chloride Injection USP and administer at a rate of 1 mL per minute. To accelerate the transit time of a barium meal through the small bowel, administer Kinevac after the barium meal is beyond the proximal jejunum. (Sincalide, like cholecystokinin, may cause pyloric contraction.) The recommended dose is 0.04 mcg sincalide per kg (2.8 mcg/70 kg) injected intravenously over a 30- to 60- second interval; if satisfactory transit of the barium meal has not occurred in 30 minutes, a second dose of 0.04 mcg sincalide per kg may be administered. For reduction of side effects, a 30-minute IV infusion of sincalide [0.12 mcg per kg (8.4 mcg/70 kg) diluted to approximately 100 mL with Sodium Chloride Injection USP] may be administered. Sodium Chloride Injection dilutions may be kept at room temperature and should be used within one hour of dilution.
Pregnancy and lactation
Nursing Mothers It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when sincalide is administered to a nursing woman.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA017697
Agency product number M03GIQ7Z6P
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0270-0556
Date Last Revised 09-02-2018
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Storage and handling Storage Store at 25° C (77° F); excursions permitted to 15-30° C (59-86° F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. U.S. Patent 6,803,046
Marketing authorisation holder Bracco Diagnostics Inc.