Data from FDA - Curated by Marshall Pearce - Last updated 12 January 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Adult Patients: ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD are human immunodeficiency virus integrase strand transfer inhibitors (HIV-1 INSTI) indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adult patients (1). Pediatric Patients: ISENTRESS is indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in pediatric patients weighing at least 2 kg (1). ISENTRESS HD is indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in pediatric patients weighing at least 40 kg (1). Adult Patients: ISENTRESS® and ISENTRESS® HD are indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection in adult patients. Pediatric Patients: ISENTRESS is indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in pediatric patients weighing at least 2 kg. ISENTRESS HD is indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in pediatric patients weighing at least 40 kg.

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS None None (4).
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The most common adverse reactions of moderate to severe intensity (≥2%) are insomnia, headache, dizziness, nausea and fatigue (6.1). Creatine kinase elevations were observed in subjects who received ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD. Myopathy and rhabdomyolysis have been reported. Use with caution in patients at increased risk of myopathy or rhabdomyolysis, such as patients receiving concomitant medications known to cause these conditions and patients with a history of rhabdomyolysis, myopathy or increased serum creatine kinase (6.2). To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., at 1-877-888-4231 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Treatment-Naïve Adults The safety of ISENTRESS was evaluated in HIV-infected treatment-naïve subjects in 2 Phase III studies: STARTMRK evaluated ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily versus efavirenz, both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and ONCEMRK evaluated ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily versus ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. Safety data from these two studies are presented side-by-side in Tables 5 and 6 to simplify presentation; direct comparisons across trials should not be made due to differing duration of follow-up and study design. STARTMRK (ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily) In STARTMRK, subjects received ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily (N=281) or efavirenz (EFV) 600 mg at bedtime (N=282) both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, (N=282). During double-blind treatment, the total follow-up for subjects receiving ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily + emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate was 1104 patient-years and 1036 patient-years for subjects receiving efavirenz 600 mg at bedtime + emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. In STARTMRK, the rate of discontinuation of therapy due to adverse events through Week 240 was 5% in subjects receiving ISENTRESS + emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and 10% in subjects receiving efavirenz + emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. ONCEMRK (ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg [2 × 600 mg] once daily) In ONCEMRK, subjects received ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily (n=531) or ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily (n=266) both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. During double-blind treatment, the total follow-up for subjects with ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily was 516 patient-years and for ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily was 258 patient-years. In ONCEMRK, the rate of discontinuation of therapy due to adverse events through Week 48 was 1% in subjects receiving ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily and 2% in subjects receiving ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily. Clinical adverse reactions of moderate to severe intensity occurring in ≥2% of treatment-naïve subjects treated with ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily or efavirenz in STARTMRK through Week 240 or ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily or ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily in ONCEMRK through Week 48 are presented in Table 6. In STARTMRK, clinical adverse reactions of all intensities (mild, moderate and severe) occurring in ≥2% of subjects on ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily through Week 240 also include diarrhea, flatulence, asthenia, decreased appetite, abnormal dreams, depression and nightmare. In ONCEMRK, clinical adverse reactions of all intensities (mild, moderate and severe) occurring in ≥2% of subjects on ISENTRESS HD or ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily through Week 48 also include abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and decreased appetite. Table 6: Adverse ReactionsIncludes adverse experiences considered by investigators to be at least possibly, probably, or definitely related to the drug. of Moderate to Severe IntensityIntensities are defined as follows: Moderate (discomfort enough to cause interference with usual activity); Severe (incapacitating with inability to work or do usual activity). Occurring in ≥2% of Treatment-Naïve Adult Subjects Receiving ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD System Organ Class, Preferred Term STARTMRK Week 240 ONCEMRK Week 48 ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily (N= 281) Efavirenz 600 mg At Bedtime (N= 282) ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg Once Daily (N=531) ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily (N=266) Note: ISENTRESS BID, ISENTRESS HD and efavirenz were administered with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate N= total number of subjects per treatment group Headache 4% 5% 1% <1% Insomnia 4% 4% <1% <1% Nausea 3% 4% 1% 0% Dizziness 2% 6% <1% 0% Fatigue 2% 3% 0% 0% Laboratory Abnormalities The percentages of adult subjects with selected Grade 2 to 4 laboratory abnormalities (that represent a worsening Grade from baseline) who were treated with ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily or efavirenz in STARTMRK or ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily or ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily in ONCEMRK are presented in Table 7. Table 7: Selected Grade 2 to 4 Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in Treatment-Naïve Subjects STARTMRK Week 240 ONCEMRK Week 48 Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term (Unit) Limit ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily (N = 281) Efavirenz 600 mg At Bedtime (N = 282) ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg Once Daily (N=531) ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily (N=266) ULN = Upper limit of normal range Notes: ISENTRESS BID, ISENTRESS HD and Efavirenz were administered with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate Hematology Absolute neutrophil count (103/µL) Grade 2 0.75 - 0.999 3% 5% 1% 1% Grade 3 0.50 - 0.749 3% 1% 1% 1% Grade 4 <0.50 1% 1% 0% 0% Hemoglobin (gm/dL) Grade 2 7.5 - 8.4 1% 1% 0% 0% Grade 3 6.5 - 7.4 1% 1% 0% 0% Grade 4 <6.5 <1% 0% 0% 0% Platelet count (103/µL) Grade 2 50 - 99.999 1% 0% 1% <1% Grade 3 25 - 49.999 <1% <1% 0% 0% Grade 4 <25 0% 0% 0% <1% Blood chemistry Fasting (non-random) serum glucose test (mg/dL)Test not done in ONCEMRK Grade 2 126 - 250 7% 6% - - Grade 3 251 - 500 2% 1% - - Grade 4 >500 0% 0% - - Total serum bilirubin Grade 2 1.6 - 2.5 × ULN 5% <1% 1% 1% Grade 3 2.6 - 5.0 × ULN 1% 0% 1% 0% Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN <1% 0% <1% 0% Creatinine Grade 2 1.4-1.8 × ULN 1% 1% 0% <1% Grade 3 1.9-3.4 × ULN 0% <1% 0% 0% Grade 4 ≥3.5 × ULN 0% 0% 0% 0% Serum aspartate aminotransferase Grade 2 2.6 - 5.0 × ULN 8% 10% 3% 2% Grade 3 5.1 - 10.0 × ULN 5% 3% 1% <1% Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 1% <1% <1% 0% Serum alanine aminotransferase Grade 2 2.6 - 5.0 × ULN 11% 12% 3% 1% Grade 3 5.1 - 10.0 × ULN 2% 2% 1% <1% Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 2% 1% <1% 0% Serum alkaline phosphatase Grade 2 2.6 - 5.0 × ULN 1% 3% 1% 0% Grade 3 5.1 - 10.0 × ULN 0% 1% 0% 0% Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN <1% <1% 0% 0% LipaseTest not done in STARTMRK Grade 2 1.6-3.0 x ULN - - 5% 5% Grade 3 3.1-5.0 × ULN - - 2% <1% Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN - - 1% 0% Creatine kinase Grade 2 6.0-9.9 × ULN - - 3% 2% Grade 3 10.0-19.9 × ULN - - 1% 3% Grade 4 ≥20.0 × ULN - - 2% 2% Lipids, Change from Baseline Changes from baseline in fasting lipids are shown in Table 8. Table 8: Lipid Values, Mean Change from Baseline, STARTMRK Study Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily + Emtricitabine (+) Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate N = 207 Efavirenz 600 mg At Bedtime + Emtricitabine (+) Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate N = 187 Change from Baseline at Week 240 Change from Baseline at Week 240 Baseline Mean Week 240 Mean Mean Change Baseline Mean Week 240 Mean Mean Change (mg/dL) (mg/dL) (mg/dL) (mg/dL) (mg/dL) (mg/dL) Notes: N = total number of subjects per treatment group with at least one lipid test result available. The analysis is based on all available data. If subjects initiated or increased serum lipid-reducing agents, the last available lipid values prior to the change in therapy were used in the analysis. If the missing data was due to other reasons, subjects were censored thereafter for the analysis. At baseline, serum lipid-reducing agents were used in 5% of subjects in the group receiving ISENTRESS and 3% in the efavirenz group. Through Week 240, serum lipid-reducing agents were used in 9% of subjects in the group receiving ISENTRESS and 15% in the efavirenz group. LDL-CholesterolFasting (non-random) laboratory tests at Week 240. 96 106 10 93 118 25 HDL-Cholesterol 38 44 6 38 51 13 Total Cholesterol 159 175 16 157 201 44 Triglyceride 128 130 2 141 178 37 Treatment-Experienced Adults The safety assessment of ISENTRESS in treatment-experienced subjects is based on the pooled safety data from the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2 in antiretroviral treatment-experienced HIV-1 infected adult subjects. A total of 462 subjects received the recommended dose of ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily in combination with optimized background therapy (OBT) compared to 237 subjects taking placebo in combination with OBT. The median duration of therapy in these trials was 96 weeks for subjects receiving ISENTRESS and 38 weeks for subjects receiving placebo. The total exposure to ISENTRESS was 708 patient-years versus 244 patient-years on placebo. The rates of discontinuation due to adverse events were 4% in subjects receiving ISENTRESS and 5% in subjects receiving placebo. Clinical ADRs were considered by investigators to be causally related to ISENTRESS + OBT or placebo + OBT. Clinical ADRs of moderate to severe intensity occurring in ≥2% of subjects treated with ISENTRESS and occurring at a higher rate compared to placebo are presented in Table 9. Table 9: Adverse Drug ReactionsIncludes adverse reactions at least possibly, probably, or definitely related to the drug. of Moderate to Severe IntensityIntensities are defined as follows: Moderate (discomfort enough to cause interference with usual activity); Severe (incapacitating with inability to work or do usual activity). Occurring in ≥2% of Treatment-Experienced Adult Subjects Receiving ISENTRESS and at a Higher Rate Compared to Placebo (96 Week Analysis) System Organ Class, Adverse Reactions Randomized Studies BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2 ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily + OBT (n = 462) Placebo + OBT (n = 237) Nervous System Disorders n=total number of subjects per treatment group. Headache 2% <1% Laboratory Abnormalities The percentages of adult subjects treated with ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily or placebo in Studies BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2 with selected Grade 2 to 4 laboratory abnormalities representing a worsening Grade from baseline are presented in Table 10. Table 10: Selected Grade 2 to 4 Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in Treatment-Experienced Subjects (96 Week Analysis) Randomized Studies BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2 Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term (Unit) Limit ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily + OBT (N = 462) Placebo + OBT (N = 237) ULN = Upper limit of normal range Hematology Absolute neutrophil count (103/µL) Grade 2 0.75 - 0.999 4% 5% Grade 3 0.50 - 0.749 3% 3% Grade 4 <0.50 1% <1% Hemoglobin (gm/dL) Grade 2 7.5 - 8.4 1% 3% Grade 3 6.5 - 7.4 1% 1% Grade 4 <6.5 <1% 0% Platelet count (103/µL) Grade 2 50 - 99.999 3% 5% Grade 3 25 - 49.999 1% <1% Grade 4 <25 1% <1% Blood chemistry Fasting (non-random) serum glucose test (mg/dL) Grade 2 126 - 250 10% 7% Grade 3 251 - 500 3% 1% Grade 4 >500 0% 0% Total serum bilirubin Grade 2 1.6 - 2.5 × ULN 6% 3% Grade 3 2.6 - 5.0 × ULN 3% 3% Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN 1% 0% Serum aspartate aminotransferase Grade 2 2.6 - 5.0 × ULN 9% 7% Grade 3 5.1 - 10.0 × ULN 4% 3% Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 1% 1% Serum alanine aminotransferase Grade 2 2.6 - 5.0 × ULN 9% 9% Grade 3 5.1 - 10.0 × ULN 4% 2% Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 1% 2% Serum alkaline phosphatase Grade 2 2.6 - 5.0 × ULN 2% <1% Grade 3 5.1 - 10.0 × ULN <1% 1% Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 1% <1% Serum pancreatic amylase test Grade 2 1.6 - 2.0 × ULN 2% 1% Grade 3 2.1 - 5.0 × ULN 4% 3% Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN <1% <1% Serum lipase test Grade 2 1.6 - 3.0 × ULN 5% 4% Grade 3 3.1 - 5.0 × ULN 2% 1% Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN 0% 0% Serum creatine kinase Grade 2 6.0 - 9.9 × ULN 2% 2% Grade 3 10.0 - 19.9 × ULN 4% 3% Grade 4 ≥20.0 × ULN 3% 1% Less Common Adverse Reactions Observed in Treatment-Naïve and Treatment-Experienced Studies The following ADRs occurred in <2% of treatment-naïve or treatment-experienced subjects receiving ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD in a combination regimen. These events have been included because of their seriousness, increased frequency compared with efavirenz or placebo, or investigator's assessment of potential causal relationship. Gastrointestinal Disorders: abdominal pain, gastritis, dyspepsia, vomiting General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: asthenia Hepatobiliary Disorders: hepatitis Immune System Disorders: hypersensitivity Infections and Infestations: genital herpes, herpes zoster Psychiatric Disorders: depression (particularly in subjects with a pre-existing history of psychiatric illness), including suicidal ideation and behaviors Renal and Urinary Disorders: nephrolithiasis, renal failure Selected Adverse Events - Adults In studies of ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, cancers were reported in treatment-experienced subjects who initiated ISENTRESS or placebo, both with OBT, and in treatment-naïve subjects who initiated ISENTRESS or efavirenz, both with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate; several were recurrent. The types and rates of specific cancers were those expected in a highly immunodeficient population (many had CD4+ counts below 50 cells/mm3 and most had prior AIDS diagnoses). The risk of developing cancer in these studies was similar in the group receiving ISENTRESS and the group receiving the comparator. Grade 2-4 creatine kinase laboratory abnormalities were observed in subjects treated with ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD (see Tables 6 and 8). Myopathy and rhabdomyolysis have been reported with ISENTRESS. Use with caution in patients at increased risk of myopathy or rhabdomyolysis, such as patients receiving concomitant medications known to cause these conditions and patients with a history of rhabdomyolysis, myopathy or increased serum creatine kinase. Rash occurred more commonly in treatment-experienced subjects receiving regimens containing ISENTRESS + darunavir/ritonavir compared to subjects receiving ISENTRESS without darunavir/ritonavir or darunavir/ritonavir without ISENTRESS. However, rash that was considered drug related occurred at similar rates for all three groups. These rashes were mild to moderate in severity and did not limit therapy; there were no discontinuations due to rash. Patients with Co-existing Conditions - Adults Patients Co-infected with Hepatitis B and/or Hepatitis C Virus In Phase III studies of ISENTRESS, patients with chronic (but not acute) active hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection were permitted to enroll provided that baseline liver function tests did not exceed 5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). In the treatment-experienced studies, BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2, 16% of all patients (114/699) were co-infected; in the treatment-naïve studies, STARTMRK and ONCEMRK, 6% (34/563) and 3% (23/797), respectively, were co-infected. In general the safety profile of ISENTRESS in subjects with hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection was similar to that in subjects without hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection, although the rates of AST and ALT abnormalities were higher in the subgroup with hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection for all treatment groups. At 96 weeks, in treatment-experienced subjects receiving ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, Grade 2 or higher laboratory abnormalities that represent a worsening Grade from baseline of AST, ALT or total bilirubin occurred in 29%, 34% and 13%, respectively, of co-infected subjects treated with ISENTRESS as compared to 11%, 10% and 9% of all other subjects treated with ISENTRESS. At 240 weeks, in treatment-naïve subjects receiving ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, Grade 2 or higher laboratory abnormalities that represent a worsening Grade from baseline of AST, ALT or total bilirubin occurred in 22%, 44% and 17%, respectively, of co-infected subjects treated with ISENTRESS as compared to 13%, 13% and 5% of all other subjects treated with ISENTRESS. At 48 weeks, in treatment-naïve subjects receiving ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily, Grade 2 or higher laboratory abnormalities that represent a worsening Grade from baseline of AST, ALT or total bilirubin occurred in 13%, 33% and 13%, respectively, of co-infected subjects treated with ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily as compared to 4%, 3% and 2% of all other subjects treated with ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily. Pediatrics 2 to 18 Years of Age ISENTRESS has been studied in 126 antiretroviral treatment-experienced HIV-1 infected children and adolescents 2 to 18 years of age, in combination with other antiretroviral agents in IMPAACT P1066 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4) and Clinical Studies (14.4)]. Of the 126 patients, 96 received the recommended dose of ISENTRESS. In these 96 children and adolescents, frequency, type and severity of drug related adverse reactions through Week 24 were comparable to those observed in adults. One patient experienced drug related clinical adverse reactions of Grade 3 psychomotor hyperactivity, abnormal behavior and insomnia; one patient experienced a Grade 2 serious drug related allergic rash. One patient experienced drug related laboratory abnormalities, Grade 4 AST and Grade 3 ALT, which were considered serious. 4 Weeks to Less than 2 Years of Age ISENTRESS has also been studied in 26 HIV-1 infected infants and toddlers 4 weeks to less than 2 years of age, in combination with other antiretroviral agents in IMPAACT P1066 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4) and Clinical Studies (14.4)]. In these 26 infants and toddlers, the frequency, type and severity of drug-related adverse reactions through Week 48 were comparable to those observed in adults. One patient experienced a Grade 3 serious drug-related allergic rash that resulted in treatment discontinuation. HIV-1 Exposed Neonates Forty-two neonates were treated with ISENTRESS for up to 6 weeks from birth, and followed for a total of 24 weeks in IMPAACT P1110 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)]. There were no drug related clinical adverse reactions and three drug-related laboratory adverse reactions (one case of transient Grade 4 neutropenia in a subject receiving zidovudine-containing regimen for prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT), and two bilirubin elevations (one each, Grade 1 and Grade 2) considered non-serious and not requiring specific therapy). The safety profile in neonates was generally similar to that observed in older patients treated with ISENTRESS. No clinically meaningful differences in the adverse event profile of neonates were observed when compared to adults. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of ISENTRESS. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders: thrombocytopenia Gastrointestinal Disorders: diarrhea Hepatobiliary Disorders: hepatic failure (with and without associated hypersensitivity) in patients with underlying liver disease and/or concomitant medications Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: rhabdomyolysis Nervous System Disorders: cerebellar ataxia Psychiatric Disorders: anxiety, paranoia

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD can be administered with or without food (2.1). Do not substitute ISENTRESS chewable tablets or ISENTRESS for oral suspension for the ISENTRESS 400 mg or 600 mg film-coated tablet. See specific dosing guidance for chewable tablets and the formulation for oral suspension (2.1). Adults Treatment-naïve patients or patients who are virologically suppressed on an initial regimen of ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily: 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) film-coated tablet orally, once daily or 400 mg film-coated tablet orally, twice daily (2.2). Treatment experienced patients: 400 mg film-coated tablet orally, twice daily (2.2). During coadministration with rifampin in adults, 800 mg (2 × 400 mg) twice daily (2.2). Pediatrics If weighing at least 40 kg, and either treatment-naïve patients or patients who are virologically suppressed on an initial regimen of ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily: 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) film-coated tablet orally, once daily or 400 mg film-coated tablet orally, twice daily or 300 mg chewable tablets, twice daily (2.3). If weighing at least 25 kg: One 400 mg film-coated tablet orally, twice daily. If unable to swallow a tablet, consider the chewable tablet, as specified in Table 2 (2.3). If weighing at least 3 kg to less than 25 kg: Weight based dosing, as specified in Table 4. For patients weighing between 11 and 20 kg, either the chewable tablet or the formulation for oral suspension can be used, as specified in Table 4 (2.3). For neonates (birth to 4 weeks [28 days] of age): Weight-based dosing of the oral suspension as specified in Table 5 (2.3). 2.1 General Dosing Recommendations Because the formulations have different pharmacokinetic profiles, do not substitute ISENTRESS chewable tablets or ISENTRESS for oral suspension for the ISENTRESS 400 mg film-coated tablet or the ISENTRESS HD 600 mg film-coated tablet. See specific dosing guidance for chewable tablets and the formulation for oral suspension. Because the extent to which ISENTRESS may be dialyzable is unknown, dosing before a dialysis session should be avoided [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. ISENTRESS film-coated tablets must be swallowed whole. ISENTRESS chewable tablets may be chewed or swallowed whole. Maximum daily dose is 300 mg taken by mouth twice daily. ISENTRESS for oral suspension: Using the provided mixing cup, combine 10 mL of water and the entire contents of one packet of ISENTRESS for oral suspension and mix. Each single-use packet for oral suspension contains 100 mg of raltegravir which is suspended in 10 mL of water giving a final concentration of 10 mg per mL. Maximum daily dose is 100 mg taken by mouth twice daily. Gently swirl the mixing cup for 45 seconds in a circular motion to mix the powder into a uniform suspension. Do not shake. Once mixed, measure the prescribed dose volume of suspension with a syringe and administer the dose orally. The dose should be administered orally within 30 minutes of mixing. Discard any remaining suspension into the trash. For more details on preparation and administration of the suspension, see Instructions for Use . 2.2 Adults The recommended adult dosage of ISENTRESS film-coated tablets is displayed in Table 1. ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD should be taken by mouth and may be taken with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Table 1: Dosing Recommendations for ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD in Adult Patients Population Recommended Dose Treatment-naïve patients or patients who are virologically suppressed on an initial regimen of ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily or 400 mg twice daily Treatment-experienced 400 mg twice daily Treatment-naïve or treatment-experienced when coadministered with rifampin [see Drug Interactions (7.1)] 800 mg (2 × 400 mg) twice daily 2.3 Pediatrics The recommended pediatric dosage of ISENTRESS is displayed in Table 2. ISENTRESS film-coated tablets, chewable tablets and for oral suspension should be taken by mouth and may be taken with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Table 2: Dosing Recommendations for ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD in Pediatric Patients Recommended Pediatric Dosage and Formulation Population/Weight Film-Coated Tablets 400 mg Film-Coated Tablets 600 mg Chewable Tablets 100 mg and 25 mg For Oral Suspension 100 mg If at least 40 kg and either treatment-naïve or virologically suppressed on an initial regimen of ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily 400 mg twice daily 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily 300 mg twice daily (see Table 3) NA If at least 25 kg 400 mg twice dailyIf able to swallow a tablet NA Weight-based dosing twice daily (see Table 3) NA If at least 4 weeks of age and weighing 3 kg to less than 25 kg NA NA Weight-based dosing twice daily (see Table 4) Weight-based dosing twice daily up to 20 kg (see Table 4) From birth to 4 weeks (28 days) weighing at least 2 kg NA NA NA Weight-based dosing once daily or twice daily (see Table 5) Table 3: Alternative DosageThe weight-based dosing recommendation for the chewable tablet is based on approximately 6 mg/kg/dose twice daily [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. with ISENTRESS Chewable Tablets for Pediatric Patients Weighing at Least 25 kg Body Weight (kg) Dose Number of Chewable Tablets 25 to less than 28 150 mg twice daily 1.5 × 100 mgThe 100 mg chewable tablet can be divided into equal halves. twice daily 28 to less than 40 200 mg twice daily 2 × 100 mg twice daily At least 40 300 mg twice daily 3 × 100 mg twice daily Table 4: Recommended DosageThe weight-based dosing recommendation for the chewable tablet and oral suspension is based on approximately 6 mg/kg/dose twice daily [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. for ISENTRESS For Oral Suspension and Chewable Tablets in Pediatric Patients at Least 4 Weeks of Age and Weighing at Least 3 kg and Less than 25 kg Body Weight (kg) Volume (Dose) of Suspension to be Administered Number of Chewable TabletsThe chewable tablets are available as 25 mg and 100 mg tablets. 3 to less than 4 2.5 mL (25 mg) twice daily 4 to less than 6 3 mL (30 mg) twice daily 6 to less than 8 4 mL (40 mg) twice daily 8 to less than 11 6 mL (60 mg) twice daily 11 to less than 14For weight between 11 and 20 kg, either formulation can be used. 8 mL (80 mg) twice daily 3 × 25 mg twice daily 14 to less than 20 10 mL (100 mg) twice daily 1 × 100 mg twice daily 20 to less than 25 1.5 × 100 mgThe 100 mg chewable tablet can be divided into equal halves. twice daily For full-term neonates (birth to 4 weeks [28 days] of age): Weight-based dosing of the oral suspension as specified in Table 5. No data are available in pre-term neonates. The use of ISENTRESS is not recommended in pre-term neonates. Table 5: Recommended Dose for ISENTRESS For Oral Suspension in Full-Term Neonates (Birth to 4 Weeks [28 days] of Age) Body Weight (kg) Volume (Dose) of Suspension to be Administered Note: If the mother has taken ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD 2-24 hours before delivery, the neonate's first dose should be given between 24-48 hours after birth. Birth to 1 Week - Once daily dosingThe dosing recommendations are based on approximately 1.5 mg/kg/dose. 2 to less than 3 0.4 mL (4 mg) once daily 3 to less than 4 0.5 mL (5 mg) once daily 4 to less than 5 0.7 mL (7 mg) once daily 1 to 4 Weeks - Twice daily dosing The dosing recommendations are based on approximately 3 mg/kg/dose. 2 to less than 3 0.8 mL (8 mg) twice daily 3 to less than 4 1 mL (10 mg) twice daily 4 to less than 5 1.5 mL (15 mg) twice daily
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Lactation: Women infected with HIV should be instructed not to breastfeed due to the potential for HIV transmission (8.2). 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Exposure Registry There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) at 1-800-258-4263. Risk Summary Available data from the APR show no difference in the rate of overall birth defects for raltegravir compared to the background rate for major birth defects of 2.7% in the U.S. reference population of the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) [see Data]. The rate of miscarriage is not reported in the APR. The estimated background rate of miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies in the U.S. general population is 15-20%. The background risk for major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. Methodological limitations of the APR include the use of MACDP as the external comparator group. The MACDP population is not disease-specific, evaluates women and infants from a limited geographic area, and does not include outcomes for births that occurred at <20 weeks gestation [see Data]. In animal reproduction studies in rats and rabbits, no evidence of adverse developmental outcomes was observed with oral administration of raltegravir during organogenesis at doses that produced exposures up to approximately 4 times the maximal recommended human dose (MRHD) of 1200 mg [see Data]. Data Human Data Based on prospective reports from the APR of over 400 exposures to raltegravir during pregnancy resulting in live births (including over 200 exposures in the first trimester), there was no difference between the overall risk of birth defects for raltegravir compared with the background birth defect rate of 2.7% in the U.S. reference population of the MACDP. The prevalence of defects in live births was 2.8% (95% CI: 1.1% to 5.8%) following first trimester exposure to raltegravir-containing regimens and 3.4% (95% CI: 1.5% to 6.6%) following second and third trimester exposure to raltegravir-containing regimens. Animal Data In a combined embryo/fetal and pre/postnatal development study, raltegravir was administered orally to rats at doses of 100, 300, 600 mg/kg/day on gestation day 6 to 20 or from gestation day 6 to lactation day 20. No effects on pre/postnatal development were observed up to the highest dose tested. Embryo-fetal findings were limited to an increase in the incidence of supernumerary ribs in the 600 mg/kg/day group. Systemic exposure (AUC) at 600 mg/kg/day was approximately 3 times higher than exposure at the MRHD of 1200 mg. In pregnant rabbits, raltegravir was administered orally at doses of 100, 500, or 1000 mg/kg/day during the gestation days 7 to 20. No embryo/fetal effects were noted up to the highest dose of 1000 mg/kg/day. Systemic exposure (AUC) at 1000 mg/kg/day was approximately 4 times higher than exposures at the MRHD of 1200 mg. In both species, raltegravir has been shown to cross the placenta, with fetal plasma concentrations observed in rats approximately 1.5 to 2.5 times greater than in maternal plasma and fetal plasma concentrations in rabbits approximately 2% that of maternal concentrations on gestation day 20. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that HIV-1 infected mothers in the United States not breastfeed their infants to avoid risking postnatal transmission of HIV-1 infection. There are no data on the presence of raltegravir in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. When administered to lactating rats, raltegravir was present in milk [see Data]. Because of the potential for: 1) HIV transmission (in HIV-negative infants), 2) developing viral resistance (in HIV-positive infants), and 3) adverse reactions in a breastfed infant, instruct mothers not to breastfeed if they are receiving ISENTRESS/ISENTRESS HD. Data Raltegravir was excreted into the milk of lactating rats following oral administration (600 mg/kg/day) from gestation day 6 to lactation day 14, with milk concentrations approximately 3 times that of maternal plasma concentrations observed 2 hours postdose on lactation day 14. 8.4 Pediatric Use ISENTRESS HIV-1 Infected Children The safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic profile, and efficacy of twice daily ISENTRESS were evaluated in HIV-1 infected infants, children and adolescents 4 weeks to 18 years of age in an open-label, multicenter clinical trial, IMPAACT P1066 [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) and Clinical Studies (14.4)]. The safety profile was comparable to that observed in adults [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. HIV-1 Exposed Neonates The safety and pharmacokinetics of ISENTRESS for oral suspension were evaluated in 42 full-term HIV-1 exposed neonates at high risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection in a Phase 1, open-label, multicenter clinical study, IMPAACT P1110. Cohort 1 neonates received 2 single doses of ISENTRESS for oral suspension: the first within 48 hours of birth and the second at 7 to 10 days of age. Cohort 2 neonates received daily dosing of ISENTRESS for oral suspension for 6 weeks: 1.5 mg/kg once daily starting within 48 hours of birth through Day 7 (week 1); 3 mg/kg twice daily on Days 8 to 28 of age (weeks 2 to 4); and 6 mg/kg twice daily on Days 29 to 42 of age (weeks 5 and 6). Sixteen neonates were enrolled in Cohort 1 (10 were exposed and 6 were unexposed to raltegravir in utero) and 26 in Cohort 2 (all unexposed to raltegravir in utero); all infants received a standard of care antiretroviral drug regimen for prevention of mother to child transmission. All enrolled neonates were followed for safety for a duration of 24 weeks. The 42 infants were 52% male, 69% Black and 12% Caucasian. HIV-1 status was assessed by nucleic acid test at birth, week 6 and week 24; all patients were HIV-1 negative at completion of the study. The safety profile was comparable to that observed in adults [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. ISENTRESS is not recommended in pre-term neonates or in pediatric patients weighing less than 2 kg. ISENTRESS HD ISENTRESS HD once daily has not been studied in pediatric patients. However population PK modeling and simulation support the use of 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily in pediatric patients weighing at least 40 kg [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of ISENTRESS/ISENTRESS HD did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger subjects. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy. 8.6 Use in Patients with Hepatic Impairment No dosage adjustment of ISENTRESS is necessary for patients with mild to moderate (Child-Pugh A and B) hepatic impairment. No hepatic impairment study has been conducted with ISENTRESS HD and therefore administration in subjects with hepatic impairment is not recommended. The effect of severe hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of raltegravir has not been studied [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.7 Use in Patients with Renal Impairment No dosage adjustment of ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD is necessary in patients with any degree of renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. The extent to which ISENTRESS may be dialyzable is unknown.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Coadministration of ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD and other drugs may alter the plasma concentration of raltegravir. The potential for drug-drug interactions must be considered prior to and during therapy (7). Coadministration of ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD with drugs that are strong inducers of UGT1A1, such as rifampin, may result in reduced plasma concentrations of raltegravir (2.1, 7.1). 7.1 Effect of Other Agents on the Pharmacokinetics of Raltegravir Raltegravir is not a substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. Based on in vivo and in vitro studies, raltegravir is eliminated mainly by metabolism via a UGT1A1-mediated glucuronidation pathway. Coadministration of ISENTRESS with drugs that inhibit UGT1A1 may increase plasma levels of raltegravir and coadministration of ISENTRESS with drugs that induce UGT1A1, such as rifampin, may reduce plasma levels of raltegravir (see Table 10). Selected drug interactions are presented in Table 11 [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. In some cases, recommendations differ for ISENTRESS versus ISENTRESS HD. Table 11: Selected Drug Interactions in Adults Concomitant Drug Class: Drug Name Effect on Concentration of Raltegravir Clinical Comment for ISENTRESS Clinical Comment for ISENTRESS HD Metal-Containing Antacids Aluminum and/or magnesium-containing antacids ↓ Coadministration or staggered administration is not recommended. Calcium carbonate antacid ↓ No dose adjustment Co-administration is not recommended Other Agents Rifampin ↓ The recommended dosage is 800 mg twice daily during coadministration with rifampin. There are no data to guide co-administration of ISENTRESS with rifampin in patients below 18 years of age [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)]. Coadministration is not recommended. Tipranavir/ritonavir No dose adjustment Coadministration is not recommended Etravirine ↓ No dose adjustment Coadministration is not recommended. Strong inducers of drug metabolizing enzymes not mentioned above e.g., Carbamazepine Phenobarbital Phenytoin ↓↔ The impact of other strong inducers of drug metabolizing enzymes on raltegravir is unknown. Coadministration is not recommended. 7.2 Drugs without Clinically Significant Interactions with ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD ISENTRESS In drug interaction studies performed using ISENTRESS film-coated tablets 400 mg twice daily dose, raltegravir did not have a clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of the following: ethinyl estradiol/norgestimate, methadone, midazolam, lamivudine, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, etravirine, darunavir/ritonavir, or boceprevir. Moreover, atazanavir, atazanavir/ritonavir, boceprevir, calcium carbonate antacids, darunavir/ritonavir, efavirenz, etravirine, omeprazole, or tipranavir/ritonavir did not have a clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of 400 mg twice daily raltegravir. No dose adjustment is required when ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily is coadministered with these drugs. ISENTRESS HD In drug interaction studies, efavirenz did not have a clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily. No dose adjustment is recommended when ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily is coadministered with atazanavir, atazanavir/ritonavir, hormonal contraceptives, methadone, lamivudine, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, darunavir/ritonavir, boceprevir, efavirenz and omeprazole.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA022145
Agency product number 43Y000U234
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 50090-1085
Date Last Revised 26-12-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Marketing authorisation holder A-S Medication Solutions