Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 24 November 2019

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE •Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP is indicated for patients with metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum whose disease has recurred or progressed following initial fluorouracil-based therapy. Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP is a topoisomerase inhibitor indicated for: •Patients with metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum whose disease has recurred or progressed following initial fluorouracil-based therapy. (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS •Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to the drug or its excipients. •Hypersensitivity to Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP or its excipients (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS Common adverse reactions (>30%) observed in single agent therapy clinical studies are: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, anorexia, neutropenia, leukopenia (including lymphocytopenia), anemia, asthenia, fever, body weight decreasing, alopecia. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Hospira, Inc. at 1-800-441-4100, or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Studies Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. Common adverse reactions (>30%) observed in single agent therapy clinical studies are: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, anorexia, neutropenia, leukopenia (including lymphocytopenia), anemia, asthenia, fever, body weight decreasing, and alopecia. Second-Line Single-Agent Therapy Weekly Dosage Schedule In three clinical studies evaluating the weekly dosage schedule, 304 patients with metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum that had recurred or progressed following 5-FU-based therapy were treated with Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. Seventeen of the patients died within 30 days of the administration of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP; in five cases (1.6%, 5/304), the deaths were potentially drug-related. One of the patients died of neutropenic sepsis without fever. Neutropenic fever occurred in nine (3.0%) other patients; these patients recovered with supportive care. One hundred nineteen (39.1%) of the 304 patients were hospitalized because of adverse events; 81 (26.6%) patients were hospitalized for events judged to be related to administration of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. The primary reasons for drug-related hospitalization were diarrhea, with or without nausea and/or vomiting (18.4%); neutropenia/leukopenia, with or without diarrhea and/or fever (8.2%); and nausea and/or vomiting (4.9%). The first dose of at least one cycle of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP was reduced for 67% of patients who began the studies at the 125-mg/m2 starting dose. Within-cycle dose reductions were required for 32% of the cycles initiated at the 125-mg/m2 dose level. The most common reasons for dose reduction were late diarrhea, neutropenia, and leukopenia. Thirteen (4.3%) patients discontinued treatment with Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP because of adverse events. The adverse events in Table 3 are based on the experience of the 304 patients enrolled in the three studies described in CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1) . Table 3. Adverse Events Occurring in >10% of 304 Previously Treated Patients with Metastatic Carcinoma of the Colon or Rectuma a Severity of adverse events based on NCI CTC (version 1.0) b Occurring >24 hours after administration of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP c Occurring ≤24 hours after administration of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP d Primarily upper respiratory infections e Not applicable; complete hair loss = NCI grade 2 Body System & Event % of Patients Reporting NCI Grades 1-4 NCI Grades 3 & 4 GASTROINTESTINAL Diarrhea (late)b 7-9 stools/day (grade 3) ≥10 stools/day (grade 4) Nausea Vomiting Anorexia Diarrhea (early)c Constipation Flatulence Stomatitis Dyspepsia 88 — — 86 67 55 51 30 12 12 10 31 (16) (14) 17 12 6 8 2 0 1 0 HEMATOLOGIC Leukopenia Anemia Neutropenia 500 to <1000/mm3 (grade 3) <500/mm3 (grade 4) 63 60 54 — — 28 7 26 (15) (12) BODY AS A WHOLE Asthenia Abdominal cramping/pain Fever Pain Headache Back pain Chills Minor infectiond Edema Abdominal enlargement 76 57 45 24 17 14 14 14 10 10 12 16 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 0 METABOLIC AND NUTRITIONAL ↓ Body weight Dehydration ↑ Alkaline phosphatase ↑ SGOT 30 15 13 10 1 4 4 1 DERMATOLOGIC Alopecia Sweating Rash 60 16 13 NAe 0 1 RESPIRATORY Dyspnea ↑ Coughing Rhinitis 22 17 16 4 0 0 NEUROLOGIC Insomnia Dizziness 19 15 0 0 CARDIOVASCULAR Vasodilation (flushing) 11 0 Once-Every-3-Week Dosage Schedule A total of 535 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer whose disease had recurred or progressed following prior 5-FU therapy participated in the two phase 3 studies: 316 received irinotecan, 129 received 5-FU, and 90 received best supportive care. Eleven (3.5%) patients treated with irinotecan died within 30 days of treatment. In three cases (1%, 3/316), the deaths were potentially related to irinotecan treatment and were attributed to neutropenic infection, grade 4 diarrhea, and asthenia, respectively. One (0.8%, 1/129) patient treated with 5-FU died within 30 days of treatment; this death was attributed to grade 4 diarrhea. Hospitalizations due to serious adverse events occurred at least once in 60% (188/316) of patients who received irinotecan, 63% (57/90) who received best supportive care, and 39% (50/129) who received 5-FU-based therapy. Eight percent of patients treated with irinotecan and 7% treated with 5-FU-based therapy discontinued treatment due to adverse events. Of the 316 patients treated with irinotecan, the most clinically significant adverse events (all grades, 1-4) were diarrhea (84%), alopecia (72%), nausea (70%), vomiting (62%), cholinergic symptoms (47%), and neutropenia (30%). Table 4 lists the grade 3 and 4 adverse events reported in the patients enrolled to all treatment arms of the two studies described in CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1) . Table 4. Percent Of Patients Experiencing Grade 3 & 4 Adverse Events In Comparative Studies Of Once-Every-3-Week Irinotecan Therapya a Severity of adverse events based on NCI CTC (version 1.0) b BSC = best supportive care c Hepatic includes events such as ascites and jaundice d Cutaneous signs include events such as rash e Respiratory includes events such as dyspnea and cough f Neurologic includes events such as somnolence g Cardiovascular includes events such as dysrhythmias, ischemia, and mechanical cardiac dysfunction h Other includes events such as accidental injury, hepatomegaly, syncope, vertigo, and weight loss Adverse Event Study 1 Study 2 Irinotecan N = 189 BSCb N = 90 Irinotecan N = 127 5-FU N = 129 TOTAL Grade 3/4 Adverse Events 79 67 69 54 GASTROINTESTINAL Diarrhea Vomiting Nausea Abdominal pain Constipation Anorexia Mucositis 22 14 14 14 10 5 2 6 8 3 16 8 7 1 22 14 11 9 8 6 2 11 5 4 8 6 4 5 HEMATOLOGIC Leukopenia/Neutropenia Anemia Hemorrhage Thrombocytopenia Infection without grade 3/4 neutropenia with grade 3/4 neutropenia Fever without grade 3/4 neutropenia with grade 3/4 neutropenia 22 7 5 1 8 1 2 2 0 6 3 0 3 0 1 0 14 6 1 4 1 2 2 4 2 3 3 2 4 0 0 2 BODY AS A WHOLE Pain Asthenia 19 15 22 19 17 13 13 12 METABOLIC AND NUTRITIONAL Hepaticc 9 7 9 6 DERMATOLOGIC Hand and foot syndrome Cutaneous signsd 0 2 0 0 0 1 5 3 RESPIRATORYe 10 8 5 7 NEUROLOGICf 12 13 9 4 CARDIOVASCULARg 9 3 4 2 OTHERh 32 28 12 14 The incidence of akathisia in clinical trials of the weekly dosage schedule was greater (8.5%, 4/47 patients) when prochlorperazine was administered on the same day as Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP than when these drugs were given on separate days (1.3%, 1/80 patients). The 8.5% incidence of akathisia, however, is within the range reported for use of prochlorperazine when given as a premedication for other chemotherapies. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Myocardial ischemic events have been observed following irinotecan therapy. Thromboembolic events have been observed in patients receiving Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. Symptomatic pancreatitis, asymptomatic pancreatic enzyme elevation have been reported. Increases in serum levels of transaminases (i.e., AST and ALT) in the absence of progressive liver metastasis have been observed. Hyponatremia, mostly with diarrhea and vomiting, has been reported. Transient dysarthria has been reported in patients treated with Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP; in some cases, the event was attributed to the cholinergic syndrome observed during or shortly after infusion of irinotecan. Interaction between irinotecan and neuromuscular blocking agents cannot be ruled out. Irinotecan has anticholinesterase activity, which may prolong the neuromuscular blocking effects of suxamethonium and the neuromuscular blockade of non-depolarizing drugs may be antagonized. Infections: fungal and viral infections have been reported.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION •Colorectal cancer single agent regimen 1: Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP 125 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 90 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22 then 2-week rest. (2.1) •Colorectal cancer single agent regimen 2: Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP 350 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 90 minutes on day 1 every 3 weeks. (2.1) 2.1 Colorectal Single Agent Regimens 1 and 2 Administer Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP as a 90-minute intravenous infusion. The currently recommended regimens are shown in Table 1. A reduction in the starting dose by one dose level of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP may be considered for patients with any of the following conditions: prior pelvic/abdominal radiotherapy, performance status of 2, or increased bilirubin levels. Dosing for patients with bilirubin >2 mg/dL cannot be recommended because there is insufficient information to recommend a dose in these patients. Table 1. Single-Agent Regimens of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP and Dose Modifications a Subsequent doses may be adjusted as high as 150 mg/m2 or to as low as 50 mg/m2 in 25 to 50 mg/m2 decrements depending upon individual patient tolerance. b Subsequent doses may be adjusted as low as 200 mg/m2 in 50 mg/m2 decrements depending upon individual patient tolerance. c Provided intolerable toxicity does not develop, treatment with additional cycles may be continued indefinitely as long as patients continue to experience clinical benefit. Regimen 1 (weekly)a 125 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 90 minutes, days 1, 8, 15, 22 then 2-week rest Starting Dose and Modified Dose Levelsc (mg/m2) Starting Dose Dose Level -1 Dose Level -2 125 100 75 Regimen 2 (every 3 weeks)b 350 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 90 minutes, once every 3 weeksc Starting Dose and Modified Dose Levels (mg/m2) Starting Dose Dose Level -1 Dose Level -2 350 300 250 Dose Modifications Based on recommended dose-levels described in Table 1, Single-Agent Regimens of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP and Dose Modifications, subsequent doses should be adjusted as suggested in Table 2, Recommended Dose Modifications for Single-Agent Schedules. All dose modifications should be based on the worst preceding toxicity. Table 2. Recommended Dose Modifications for Single-Agent Schedulesa a All dose modifications should be based on the worst preceding toxicity b National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (version 1.0) c Pretreatment d Excludes alopecia, anorexia, asthenia A new cycle of therapy should not begin until the granulocyte count has recovered to ≥1500/mm3, and the platelet count has recovered to ≥100,000/mm3, and treatment-related diarrhea is fully resolved. Treatment should be delayed 1 to 2 weeks to allow for recovery from treatment-related toxicities. If the patient has not recovered after a 2-week delay, consideration should be given to discontinuing Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. Worst Toxicity NCI Gradeb (Value) During a Cycle of Therapy At the Start of the Next Cycles of Therapy (After Adequate Recovery), Compared with the Starting Dose in the Previous Cyclea Weekly Weekly Once Every 3 Weeks No toxicity Maintain dose level ↑ 25 mg/m2 up to a maximum dose of 150 mg/m2 Maintain dose level Neutropenia 1 (1500 to 1999/mm3) Maintain dose level Maintain dose level Maintain dose level 2 (1000 to 1499/mm3) ↓ 25 mg/m2 Maintain dose level Maintain dose level 3 (500 to 999/mm3) Omit dose until resolved to ≤ grade 2, then ↓ 25 mg/m2 ↓ 25 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 4 (<500/mm3) Omit dose until resolved to ≤ grade 2, then ↓ 50 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 Neutropenic fever Omit dose until resolved, then ↓ 50 mg/m2 when resolved ↓ 50 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 Other hematologic toxicities Dose modifications for leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia during a cycle of therapy and at the start of subsequent cycles of therapy are also based on NCI toxicity criteria and are the same as recommended for neutropenia above. Diarrhea 1 (2-3 stools/day > pretxc) Maintain dose level Maintain dose level Maintain dose level 2 (4-6 stools/day > pretx) ↓ 25 mg/m2 Maintain dose level Maintain dose level 3 (7-9 stools/day > pretx) Omit dose until resolved to ≤ grade 2, then ↓ 25 mg/m2 ↓ 25 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 4 (≥10 stools/day > pretx) Omit dose until resolved to ≤ grade 2, then ↓ 50 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 Other nonhematologicd toxicities 1 Maintain dose level Maintain dose level Maintain dose level 2 ↓ 25 mg/m2 ↓ 25 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 3 Omit dose until resolved to ≤ grade 2, then ↓ 25 mg/m2 ↓ 25 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 4 Omit dose until resolved to ≤ grade 2, then ↓ 50 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 ↓ 50 mg/m2 2.2 Dosage in Patients with Reduced UGT1A1 Activity When administered as a single-agent, a reduction in the starting dose by at least one level of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP should be considered for patients known to be homozygous for the UGT1A1*28 allele [ see Dosage and Administration (2.1) and Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ]. However, the precise dose reduction in this patient population is not known, and subsequent dose modifications should be considered based on individual patient tolerance to treatment (see Tables 1-2). 2.3 Premedication It is recommended that patients receive premedication with antiemetic agents. In clinical studies of the weekly dosage schedule, the majority of patients received 10 mg of dexamethasone given in conjunction with another type of antiemetic agent, such as a 5-HT3 blocker (e.g., ondansetron or granisetron). Antiemetic agents should be given on the day of treatment, starting at least 30 minutes before administration of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. Physicians should also consider providing patients with an antiemetic regimen (e.g., prochlorperazine) for subsequent use as needed. Prophylactic or therapeutic administration of atropine should be considered in patients experiencing cholinergic symptoms. 2.4 Preparation of Infusion Solution Inspect vial contents for particulate matter and discoloration and repeat inspection when drug product is withdrawn from vial into syringe. Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP 20 mg/mL is intended for single use only and any unused portion should be discarded. Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP must be diluted prior to infusion. Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP should be diluted in 5% Dextrose Injection, USP, (preferred) or 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, to a final concentration range of 0.12 mg/mL to 2.8 mg/mL. Other drugs should not be added to the infusion solution. The solution is physically and chemically stable for up to 24 hours at room temperature and in ambient fluorescent lighting. Solutions diluted in 5% Dextrose Injection, USP, and stored at refrigerated temperatures (approximately 2° to 8°C, 36° to 46°F), and protected from light are physically and chemically stable for 48 hours. Refrigeration of admixtures using 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, is not recommended due to a low and sporadic incidence of visible particulates. Freezing Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP and admixtures of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP may result in precipitation of the drug and should be avoided. The Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP solution should be used immediately after reconstitution as it contains no antibacterial preservative. Because of possible microbial contamination during dilution, it is advisable to use the admixture prepared with 5% Dextrose Injection, USP, within 24 hours if refrigerated (2° to 8°C, 36° to 46°F). In the case of admixtures prepared with 5% Dextrose Injection, USP, or Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, the solutions should be used within 4 hours if kept at room temperature. If reconstitution and dilution are performed under strict aseptic conditions (e.g. on Laminar Air Flow bench), Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP solution should be used (infusion completed) within 12 hours at room temperature or 24 hours if refrigerated (2° to 8°C, 36° to 46°F). 2.5 Safe Handling Care should be exercised in the handling and preparation of infusion solutions prepared from Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. The use of gloves is recommended. If a solution of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP contacts the skin, wash the skin immediately and thoroughly with soap and water. If Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP contacts the mucous membranes, flush thoroughly with water. Several published guidelines for handling and disposal of anticancer agents are available. 2.6 Extravasation Care should be taken to avoid extravasation, and the infusion site should be monitored for signs of inflammation. Should extravasation occur, flushing the site with sterile water and applications of ice are recommended.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS • Nursing Mothers: Discontinue nursing when receiving therapy with Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. (8.3) • Geriatric Use: Closely monitor patients greater than 65 years of age because of a greater risk of early and late diarrhea in this population. (8.5) • Patients with Renal Impairment: Use caution and do not use in patients on dialysis. (8.6) • Patients with Hepatic Impairment: Use caution. (2.1, 5.10, 8.7, 12.3) 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category D [ see Warnings and Precautions (5.9) ] Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Radioactivity related to 14C-irinotecan crosses the placenta of rats following intravenous administration of 10 mg/kg (which in separate studies produced an irinotecan Cmax and AUC about 3 and 0.5 times, respectively, the corresponding values in patients administered 125 mg/m2). Intravenous administration of irinotecan 6 mg/kg/day to rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis resulted in increased post-implantation loss and decreased numbers of live fetuses. In separate studies in rats, this dose produced an irinotecan Cmax and AUC of about 2 and 0.2 times, respectively, the corresponding values in patients administered 125 mg/m2. In rabbits, the embryotoxic dose was about one-half the recommended human weekly starting dose on a mg/m2 basis. Irinotecan was teratogenic in rats at doses greater than 1.2 mg/kg/day and in rabbits at 6.0 mg/kg/day. In separate studies in rats, this dose produced an irinotecan Cmax and AUC about 2/3 and 1/40th, respectively, of the corresponding values in patients administered 125 mg/m2. In rabbits, the teratogenic dose was about one-half the recommended human weekly starting dose on a mg/m2 basis. Teratogenic effects included a variety of external, visceral, and skeletal abnormalities. Irinotecan administered to rat dams for the period following organogenesis through weaning at doses of 6 mg/kg/day caused decreased learning ability and decreased female body weights in the offspring. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of irinotecan in pregnant women. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant while receiving treatment with Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP. 8.3 Nursing Mothers Radioactivity appeared in rat milk within 5 minutes of intravenous administration of radiolabeled irinotecan and was concentrated up to 65-fold at 4 hours after administration relative to plasma concentrations. It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. 8.4 Pediatric Use The effectiveness of irinotecan in pediatric patients has not been established. Results from two open-label, single arm studies were evaluated. One hundred and seventy children with refractory solid tumors were enrolled in one phase 2 trial in which 50 mg/m2 of irinotecan was infused for 5 consecutive days every 3 weeks. Grade 3-4 neutropenia was experienced by 54 (31.8%) patients. Neutropenia was complicated by fever in 15 (8.8%) patients. Grade 3-4 diarrhea was observed in 35 (20.6%) patients. This adverse event profile was comparable to that observed in adults. In the second phase 2 trial of 21 children with previously untreated rhabdomyosarcoma, 20 mg/m2 of irinotecan was infused for 5 consecutive days on weeks 0, 1, 3 and 4. This single agent therapy was followed by multimodal therapy. Accrual to the single agent irinotecan phase was halted due to the high rate (28.6%) of progressive disease and the early deaths (14%). The adverse event profile was different in this study from that observed in adults; the most significant grade 3 or 4 adverse events were dehydration experienced by 6 patients (28.6%) associated with severe hypokalemia in 5 patients (23.8%) and hyponatremia in 3 patients (14.3%); in addition Grade 3-4 infection was reported in 5 patients (23.8%) (across all courses of therapy and irrespective of causal relationship). Pharmacokinetic parameters for irinotecan and SN-38 were determined in 2 pediatric solid-tumor trials at dose levels of 50 mg/m2 (60-min infusion, n=48) and 125 mg/m2 (90-min infusion, n=6). Irinotecan clearance (mean ± S.D.) was 17.3 ± 6.7 L/h/m2 for the 50 mg/m2 dose and 16.2 ± 4.6 L/h/m2 for the 125 mg/m2 dose, which is comparable to that in adults. Dose-normalized SN-38 AUC values were comparable between adults and children. Minimal accumulation of irinotecan and SN-38 was observed in children on daily dosing regimens [daily x 5 every 3 weeks or (daily x 5) x 2 weeks every 3 weeks]. 8.5 Geriatric Use Patients greater than 65 years of age should be closely monitored because of a greater risk of early and late diarrhea in this population [ see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) and Adverse Reactions (6.1) ]. The starting dose of Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP in patients 70 years and older for the once-every-3-week-dosage schedule should be 300 mg/m2 [ see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) and Dosage and Administration (2) ]. The frequency of grade 3 and 4 late diarrhea by age was significantly greater in patients ≥65 years than in patients <65 years (40% [53/133] versus 23% [40/171]; p=0.002). In another study of 183 patients treated on the weekly schedule, the frequency of grade 3 or 4 late diarrhea in patients ≥65 years of age was 28.6% [26/91] and in patients <65 years of age was 23.9% [22/92]. 8.6 Renal Impairment The influence of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of irinotecan has not been evaluated. Therefore, use caution in patients with impaired renal function. Irinotecan is not recommended for use in patients on dialysis. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment Irinotecan clearance is diminished in patients with hepatic impairment while exposure to the active metabolite SN-38 is increased relative to that in patients with normal hepatic function. The magnitude of these effects is proportional to the degree of liver impairment as measured by elevations in total bilirubin and transaminase concentrations. Therefore, use caution when administering irinotecan to patients with hepatic impairment. The tolerability of irinotecan in patients with hepatic dysfunction (bilirubin greater than 2 mg/dl) has not been assessed sufficiently, and no recommendations for dosing can be made [ see Dosage and Administration (2.1) , Warnings and Precautions (5.10) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ].
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers Radioactivity appeared in rat milk within 5 minutes of intravenous administration of radiolabeled irinotecan and was concentrated up to 65-fold at 4 hours after administration relative to plasma concentrations. It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS •Strong CYP3A4 Inducers: Do not administer strong CYP3A4 inducers with Irinotecan Injection, USP. (7.1) •Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors: Do not administer strong CYP3A4 inhibitors with Irinotecan Injection, USP. (7.2) 7.1 Strong CYP3A4 Inducers Exposure to irinotecan or its active metabolite SN-38 is substantially reduced in adult and pediatric patients concomitantly receiving the CYP3A4 enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, or St. John's wort. The appropriate starting dose for patients taking these or other strong inducers such as rifampin and rifabutin has not been defined. Consider substituting non-enzyme inducing therapies at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of irinotecan therapy. Do not administer strong CYP3A4 inducers with irinotecan unless there are no therapeutic alternatives. 7.2 Strong CYP3A4 or UGT1A1 Inhibitors Irinotecan and its active metabolite, SN-38, are metabolized via the human cytochrome P450 3A4 isoenzyme (CYP3A4) and uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyl transferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), respectfully, [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. Patients receiving concomitant ketoconazole, a CYP3A4 and UGT1A1 inhibitor, have increased exposure to irinotecan and its active metabolite SN-38. Coadministration of irinotecan with other inhibitors of CYP3A4 (e.g., clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, lopinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telaprevir, voriconazole) or UGT1A1 (e.g., atazanavir, gemfibrozil, indinavir) may increase systemic exposure to irinotecan or SN-38. Discontinue strong CYP3A4 inhibitors at least 1 week prior to starting irinotecan therapy. Do not administer strong CYP3A4 or UGT1A1 inhibitors with irinotecan unless there are no therapeutic alternatives.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number ANDA077915
Agency product number 042LAQ1IIS
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 61703-349
Date Last Revised 18-06-2019
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1726319
Marketing authorisation holder Hospira, Inc.
Warnings WARNING: DIARRHEA AND MYELOSUPPRESSION • Early and late forms of diarrhea can occur. Early diarrhea may be accompanied by cholinergic symptoms which may be prevented or ameliorated by atropine. Late diarrhea can be life threatening and should be treated promptly with loperamide. Monitor patients with diarrhea and give fluid and electrolytes as needed. Institute antibiotic therapy if patients develop ileus, fever, or severe neutropenia. Interrupt Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP and reduce subsequent doses if severe diarrhea occurs. • Severe myelosuppression may occur. WARNING: DIARRHEA AND MYELOSUPPRESSION See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning. • Early and late forms of diarrhea can occur. Early diarrhea may be accompanied by cholinergic symptoms which may be prevented or ameliorated by atropine. Late diarrhea can be life threatening and should be treated promptly with loperamide. Monitor patients with diarrhea and give fluid and electrolytes as needed. Institute antibiotic therapy if patients develop ileus, fever, or severe neutropenia. Interrupt Irinotecan Hydrochloride Injection, USP and reduce subsequent doses if severe diarrhea occurs. • Severe myelosuppression may occur.