Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 31 August 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE GoLYTELY is indicated for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy and barium enema X-ray examination in adults. GoLYTELY is a combination of PEG 3350, an osmotic laxative, and electrolytes indicated for cleansing of the colon in preparation for colonoscopy and barium enema X-ray examination in adults (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS GoLYTELY is contraindicated in the following conditions: Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, ileus, or gastric retention Bowel perforation Toxic colitis or toxic megacolon Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of GoLYTELY [see How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16)] Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, ileus, or gastric retention (4, 5.6) Bowel perforation (4, 5.6) Toxic colitis or toxic megacolon (4) Known allergy or hypersensitivity to components of GoLYTELY (4, 11)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of GoLYTELY. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Nausea, abdominal fullness and bloating are the most common adverse reactions (occurred in up to 50% of patients) to administration of GoLYTELY. Abdominal cramps, vomiting and anal irritation occur less frequently. These adverse reactions are transient and usually subside rapidly. Isolated cases of urticaria, rhinorrhea, dermatitis and (rarely) anaphylactic reaction have been reported which may represent allergic reactions. Published literature contains isolated reports of serious adverse reactions following the administration of PEG-electrolyte solution products in patients over 60 years of age. These adverse events include upper GI bleeding from Mallory-Weiss Tear, esophageal perforation, asystole, sudden dyspnea with pulmonary edema, and “butterfly-like” infiltrates on chest X-ray after vomiting and aspirating PEG. Most common adverse reactions (≥3%) are: nausea, abdominal fullness and bloating. Abdominal cramps, vomiting and anal irritation occur less frequently (6) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Braintree Laboratories, Inc. at 1-800-874-6756 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION GoLYTELY, supplied as a powder, must be reconstituted with water before its use (2.1, 5.8) On day prior to colonoscopy, instruct patients to: Eat a light breakfast or have clear liquids (avoid red and purple liquids) (2.2). Early in the evening prior to colonoscopy, fill container containing GoLYTELY powder with lukewarm water to 4 liter fill line (2.2). After capping container, shake vigorously several times. Instruct patients to consume water or clear liquids during and after bowel preparation up until 2 hours before time of colonoscopy (2.3). Adults: Drink at a rate of 240 mL (8 oz.) every 10 minutes, until 4 liters are consumed or rectal effluent is clear. For nasogastric tube (NGT), rate is 1.2 to 1.8 liters per hour (2.3) 2.1 Dosage Overview GoLYTELY, supplied as a powder, must be reconstituted with water before its use; it is not for direct ingestion [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]. The 4 liter reconstituted GoLYTELY solution contains: 236 grams of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350, 22.74 grams sodium sulfate (anhydrous), 6.74 grams of sodium bicarbonate, 5.86 grams of sodium chloride, and 2.97 grams of potassium chloride. GoLYTELY is also available with pineapple flavor. 2.2 Administration Instructions Prior to Dosage On the day prior to the colonoscopy, instruct patients to: Take only clear liquids, but avoid red and purple liquids. Patients may consume a light breakfast. Early in the evening prior to colonoscopy, fill the supplied container containing the GoLYTELY powder with lukewarm water (to facilitate dissolution) to the 4 liter fill line. The solution is clear and colorless when reconstituted to a final volume of 4 liters. After capping the container, shake vigorously several times to ensure that the ingredients are dissolved. When reconstituted use within 48 hours. 2.3 Dosage The following is the recommended dose of reconstituted GoLYTELY solution for adults. Instruct patients they may consume water or clear liquids during the bowel preparation and after completion of the bowel preparation up until 2 hours before the time of the colonoscopy. The solution is more palatable if chilled prior to administration. Adults: Instruct patients to drink a total of up to 4 liters at a rate of 240 mL (8 oz.) every 10 minutes, until 4 liters are consumed or the rectal effluent is clear. Rapid drinking of each portion is preferred to drinking small amounts continuously. For NGT, rate is 20-30 mL per minute (1.2 – 1.8 liters per hour). The first bowel movements should occur approximately one hour after the start of GoLYTELY administration. Continue drinking until the watery stool is clear and free of solid matter.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with GoLYTELY. It is also not known whether GoLYTELY can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproductive capacity. GoLYTELY should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed. 8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when GoLYTELY is administered to a nursing woman. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness of GoLYTELY in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of GoLYTELY did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when GoLYTELY is administered to a nursing woman.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Some drugs increase risks due to fluid and electrolyte changes (7.1) Oral medication taken within 1 hour of start of each dose may not be absorbed properly (7.2) 7.1 Drugs that May Lead to Fluid and Electrolyte Abnormalities Use caution when prescribing GoLYTELY for patients who are using medications that increase the risk for fluid and electrolyte disturbances or may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and prolonged QT in the setting of fluid and electrolyte abnormalities. Consider additional patient evaluations as appropriate [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2, 5.3, and 5.4)] in patients taking these concomitant medications. 7.2 Potential for Altered Drug Absorption Oral medication administered within one hour of the start of administration of GoLYTELY may be flushed from the gastrointestinal tract and the medication may not be absorbed properly. 7.3 Stimulant Laxatives Concurrent use of stimulant laxatives and GoLYTELY may increase the risk of mucosal ulceration or ischemic colitis. Avoid use of stimulant laxatives (e.g., bisacodyl, sodium picosulfate) while taking GoLYTELY.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA019011
Agency product number 36KCS0R750
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 52268-700,52268-100,52268-101
Date Last Revised 30-09-2013
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 966922
Storage and handling Storage: Store in sealed container at 59° to 86°F (15°C to 30°C). When reconstituted, keep solution refrigerated. Use within 48 hours, Discard unused portion. Keep out of reach of children. GoLYTELY NDC 52268-100-01 GoLYTELY Packet NDC 52268-700-01 Pineapple Flavor GoLYTELY NDC 52268-101-01
Marketing authorisation holder Braintree Laboratories, Inc.