Data from FDA (Food and Drug Administration, USA) - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 02 February 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE GILOTRIF is a kinase inhibitor indicated for: First-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have non-resistant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations as detected by an FDA-approved test (1.1) Limitation of Use: Safety and efficacy of GILOTRIF were not established in patients whose tumors have resistant EGFR mutations (1.1) Treatment of patients with metastatic, squamous NSCLC progressing after platinum-based chemotherapy (1.2) 1.1 EGFR Mutation-Positive, Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer GILOTRIF is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have non-resistant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations as detected by an FDA-approved test [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1) and Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Limitation of Use: The safety and efficacy of GILOTRIF have not been established in patients whose tumors have resistant EGFR mutations [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. 1.2 Previously Treated, Metastatic Squamous NSCLC GILOTRIF is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC progressing after platinum-based chemotherapy [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS None. None. (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling: Diarrhea [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Bullous and Exfoliative Skin Disorders [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Interstitial Lung Disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Hepatic Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Keratitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Most common adverse reactions (≥20%) were diarrhea, rash/acneiform dermatitis, stomatitis, paronychia, dry skin, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, pruritus (6.1). To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at (800) 542-6257 or (800) 459-9906 TTY or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The data in the Warnings and Precautions section reflect exposure to GILOTRIF for clinically significant adverse reactions in 4257 patients enrolled in LUX-Lung 3 (n=229) and LUX-Lung 8 (n=392), and 3636 patients with cancer enrolled in 42 studies of GILOTRIF administered alone or in combination with other anti-neoplastic drugs at GILOTRIF doses ranging from 10-70 mg daily or at doses 10-160 mg in other regimens. The mean exposure was 5.5 months. The population included patients with various cancers, the most common of which were NSCLC, breast, colorectal, brain, and head and neck. The data described below reflect exposure to GILOTRIF as a single agent in LUX-Lung 3, a randomized, active-controlled trial conducted in patients with EGFR mutation-positive, metastatic NSCLC, and in LUX-Lung 8, a randomized, active-controlled trial in patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC progressing after platinum-based chemotherapy. EGFR Mutation-Positive, Metastatic NSCLC The data in Tables 1 and 2 below reflect the exposure of 229 EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor-naïve, GILOTRIF-treated patients with EGFR mutation-positive, metastatic, non-squamous NSCLC enrolled in a randomized, multicenter, open-label trial (LUX-Lung 3). Patients received GILOTRIF 40 mg daily until documented disease progression or intolerance to the therapy. A total of 111 patients were treated with pemetrexed/cisplatin. Patients were treated with pemetrexed 500 mg/m² followed after 30 minutes by cisplatin 75 mg/m² every three weeks for a maximum of six treatment courses. The median exposure was 11 months for patients treated with GILOTRIF and 3.4 months for patients treated with pemetrexed/cisplatin. The overall trial population had a median age of 61 years; 61% of patients in the GILOTRIF arm and 60% of patients in the pemetrexed/cisplatin arm were younger than 65 years. A total of 64% of patients on GILOTRIF and 67% of pemetrexed/cisplatin patients were female. More than two-thirds of patients were from Asia (GILOTRIF 70%; pemetrexed/cisplatin 72%). Serious adverse reactions were reported in 29% of patients treated with GILOTRIF. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in patients treated with GILOTRIF were diarrhea (6.6%); vomiting (4.8%); and dyspnea, fatigue, and hypokalemia (1.7% each). Fatal adverse reactions in GILOTRIF-treated patients in LUX-Lung 3 included pulmonary toxicity/ILD-like adverse reactions (1.3%), sepsis (0.43%), and pneumonia (0.43%). Dose reductions due to adverse reactions were required in 57% of GILOTRIF-treated patients. The most frequent adverse reactions that led to dose reduction in the patients treated with GILOTRIF were diarrhea (20%), rash/acne (19%), paronychia (14%), and stomatitis (10%). Discontinuation of therapy in GILOTRIF-treated patients for adverse reactions was 14.0%. The most frequent adverse reactions that led to discontinuation in GILOTRIF-treated patients were diarrhea (1.3%), ILD (0.9%), and paronychia (0.9%). Clinical trials of GILOTRIF excluded patients with an abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), i.e., below the institutional lower limit of normal. In LUX-Lung 3, all patients were evaluated for LVEF at screening and every 9 weeks thereafter in the GILOTRIF-treated group and as needed in the pemetrexed/cisplatin group. More GILOTRIF-treated patients (2.2%; n=5) experienced ventricular dysfunction (defined as diastolic dysfunction, left ventricular dysfunction, or ventricular dilation; all < Grade 3) compared to chemotherapy-treated patients (0.9%; n=1). Tables 1 and 2 summarize common adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities in LUX-Lung 3. Table 1 Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥10% of GILOTRIF-Treated Patients in LUX-Lung 3* *NCI CTCAE v 3.0 †None of the adverse reactions in this table except stomatitis (one patient on GILOTRIF [0.4%]) were Grade 4 in severity. 1Includes stomatitis, aphthous stomatitis, mucosal inflammation, mouth ulceration, oral mucosa erosion, mucosal erosion, mucosal ulceration 2Includes acne, acne pustular, dermatitis, acneiform dermatitis, dermatosis, drug eruption, erythema, exfoliative rash, folliculitis, rash, rash erythematous, rash follicular, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculo-papular, rash pruritic, rash pustular, skin disorder, skin erosion, skin exfoliation, skin fissures, skin lesion, skin reaction, skin toxicity, skin ulcer 3Includes paronychia, nail infection, nail bed infection Adverse Reaction GILOTRIF n=229 Pemetrexed/Cisplatin n=111 All Grades (%) Grade 3† (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3† (%) Gastrointestinal disorders Diarrhea 96 15 23 2 Stomatitis1 71 9 15 1 Cheilitis 12 0 1 0 Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Rash/acneiform dermatitis2 90 16 11 0 Pruritus 21 0 1 0 Dry skin 31 0 2 0 Infections Paronychia3 58 11 0 0 Cystitis 13 1 5 0 Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Epistaxis 17 0 2 1 Rhinorrhea 11 0 6 0 Investigations Weight decreased 17 1 14 1 General disorders and administration site conditions Pyrexia 12 0 6 0 Eye disorders Conjunctivitis 11 0 3 0 Other clinically important adverse reactions observed in patients treated with GILOTRIF but that occurred at a higher incidence in pemetrexed/cisplatin-treated patients and not listed elsewhere in section 6 include: decreased appetite (29% Grade 1-4, 4% Grade 3), nausea (25% Grade 1-4, 4% Grade 3), and vomiting (23% Grade 1-4, 4% Grade 3). Table 2 Laboratory Abnormalities Occurring in ≥10% of GILOTRIF Arm and at ≥2% Higher Incidence than in Chemotherapy Arm in LUX-Lung 3* *NCI CTCAE v 3.0 Laboratory Abnormality GILOTRIF n=229 Pemetrexed/Cisplatin n=111 All Grades (%) Grades 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grades 3-4 (%) Increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 54 2 27 1 Increased alkaline phosphate 51 3 46 1 Decreased creatinine clearance 49 2 47 1 Increased aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 46 3 22 1 Decreased lymphocytes 38 9 32 14 Decreased potassium 30 8 11 3 Increased bilirubin 16 1 8 0 Previously Treated, Metastatic Squamous NSCLC The safety of GILOTRIF was evaluated in 392 GILOTRIF-treated patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC enrolled in a randomized, multicenter, open-label trial (LUX-Lung 8). Patients were required to have received at least four cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy, ECOG Performance Status (PS) 0 or 1, and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Patients received GILOTRIF 40 mg once daily (n=392) or erlotinib 150 mg once daily (n=395). Treatment continued until documented disease progression or intolerance to the therapy. Among the 392 GILOTRIF-treated patients, the median age was 65 years, 53% were 65 years of age or older, 84% were male, 72% were White, 25% were Asian, ECOG PS 0 (32%) or 1 (68%). The median exposure was 2.1 months for patients treated with GILOTRIF, 15% were exposed for at least 6 months, and 5% were exposed for at least 12 months. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 44% of patients treated with GILOTRIF. The most frequent serious adverse reactions in patients treated with GILOTRIF were pneumonia (6.6%), diarrhea (4.6%), and dehydration and dyspnea (3.1% each). Fatal adverse reactions in GILOTRIF-treated patients included ILD (0.5%), pneumonia (0.3%), respiratory failure (0.3%), acute renal failure (0.3%), and general physical health deterioration (0.3%). Dose reductions due to adverse reactions were required in 27% of GILOTRIF-treated patients and discontinuation of GILOTRIF for adverse reactions was required for 20%. The most frequent adverse reactions that led to dose reduction in the patients treated with GILOTRIF were diarrhea (15%), rash/acne (5.9%), and stomatitis (3.1%). The most frequent adverse reactions that led to discontinuation in GILOTRIF-treated patients were diarrhea (4.1%) and rash/acne (2.6%). Tables 3 and 4 summarize common adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities in LUX-Lung 8. Table 3 Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥10% of GILOTRIF-Treated Patients in LUX-Lung 8* *NCI CTCAE v 3.0 1Includes stomatitis, aphthous stomatitis, mucosal inflammation, mouth ulceration, oral mucosa erosion, mucosal erosion, mucosal ulceration 2Includes acne, dermatitis, acneiform dermatitis, eczema, erythema, exfoliative rash, folliculitis, rash, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculo-papular, rash pruritic, rash pustular, skin exfoliation, skin fissures, skin lesion, skin reaction, skin toxicity, skin ulcer 3Includes paronychia, nail infection, nail bed infection Adverse Reaction GILOTRIF n=392 Erlotinib n=395 All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3-4 (%) Gastrointestinal disorders Diarrhea 75 11 41 3 Stomatitis1 30 4 11 1 Nausea 21 2 16 1 Vomiting 13 1 10 1 Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Rash/acneiform dermatitis2 70 7 70 11 Pruritus 10 0 13 0 Infections Paronychia3 11 1 5 0 Metabolism and nutrition disorders Decreased appetite 25 3 26 2 Table 4 Laboratory Abnormalities Occurring in ≥10% of GILOTRIF Arm and at ≥2% Higher Incidence than in Erlotinib Arm in LUX-Lung 8* *NCI CTCAE v 3.0 Laboratory Abnormality GILOTRIF n=392 Erlotinib n=395 All Grades (%) Grades 3-4 (%) All Grades (%) Grades 3-4 (%) Increased alkaline phosphate 34 2 31 0 Decreased white blood cell count 12 1 8 1 Decreased potassium 11 1 8 1 Other clinically important laboratory abnormalities observed in patients treated with GILOTRIF that are not listed in Table 4 are: increased alanine aminotransferase (10% Grade 1-4; 1% Grade 3-4), increased aspartate aminotransferase (7% Grade 1-4; 1% Grade 3-4), and increased bilirubin (3% Grade 1-4; 0 Grade 3-4). Less Common Adverse Reactions Other adverse reactions reported in patients treated with GILOTRIF in LUX-Lung 3 and LUX-Lung 8 include: Skin and subcutaneous disorders: nail disorders occurred in 9.2% and 2.8% of patients, respectively. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of GILOTRIF. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Pancreatitis Toxic epidermal necrolysis/Stevens Johnson syndrome

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Recommended dose: 40 mg orally, once daily (2.2) Renal impairment: 30 mg orally, once daily in patients with severe renal impairment (2.2, 8.6, 12.3) Instruct patients to take GILOTRIF at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal (2.2) 2.1 Patient Selection for Non-Resistant EGFR Mutation-Positive Metastatic NSCLC Select patients for first-line treatment of metastatic NSCLC with GILOTRIF based on the presence of non-resistant EGFR mutations in tumor specimens [see Indications and Usage (1.1) and Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Information on FDA-approved tests for the detection of EGFR mutations in NSCLC is available at: http://www.fda.gov/CompanionDiagnostics. 2.2 Recommended Dose The recommended dose of GILOTRIF is 40 mg orally, once daily until disease progression or no longer tolerated by the patient. Severe Renal Impairment The recommended dose of GILOTRIF in patients with severe renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR*] 15 to 29 mL/min /1.73 m2) is 30 mg orally, once daily [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. *Use the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD] formula to estimate eGFR. Take GILOTRIF at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. Do not take a missed dose within 12 hours of the next dose. 2.3 Dose Modifications for Adverse Reactions Withhold GILOTRIF for any adverse reactions of: NCI CTCAE* Grade 3 or higher Diarrhea of Grade 2 or higher persisting for 2 or more consecutive days while taking anti-diarrheal medication [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Cutaneous reactions of Grade 2 that are prolonged (lasting more than 7 days) or intolerable [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Renal impairment of Grade 2 or higher [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] *National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE), v 3.0 Resume treatment when the adverse reaction fully resolves, returns to baseline, or improves to Grade 1. Reinstitute GILOTRIF at a reduced dose, i.e., 10 mg per day less than the dose at which the adverse reaction occurred. Permanently discontinue GILOTRIF for: Life-threatening bullous, blistering, or exfoliative skin lesions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Confirmed interstitial lung disease (ILD) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Severe drug-induced hepatic impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Persistent ulcerative keratitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Symptomatic left ventricular dysfunction [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] Severe or intolerable adverse reaction occurring at a dose of 20 mg per day 2.4 Dose Modifications for Drug Interactions P-gp Inhibitors Reduce GILOTRIF daily dose by 10 mg if not tolerated for patients who require therapy with a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor. Resume the previous dose after discontinuation of the P-gp inhibitor as tolerated [see Drug Interactions (7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. P-gp Inducers Increase GILOTRIF daily dose by 10 mg as tolerated for patients who require chronic therapy with a P-gp inducer. Resume the previous dose 2 to 3 days after discontinuation of the P-gp inducer [see Drug Interactions (7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed (8.2) 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, GILOTRIF can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no available data on the use of GILOTRIF in pregnant women. Administration of afatinib to pregnant rabbits during organogenesis at exposures approximately 0.2 times the exposure in humans at the recommended dose of 40 mg daily resulted in embryotoxicity and, in rabbits showing maternal toxicity, increased abortions at late gestational stages [see Data]. Advise a pregnant woman of the potential risk to a fetus. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively. Data Animal Data In an embryo-fetal development study in rabbits, administration of afatinib to pregnant animals at doses of 5 mg/kg (approximately 0.2 times the exposure by AUC at the recommended human dose of 40 mg daily) or greater during the period of organogenesis caused increased post-implantation loss, and in animals showing maternal toxicity, abortion at late gestational stages. In the same study, at the high dose level of 10 mg/kg (approximately 0.7 times the exposure by AUC at the recommended human dose of 40 mg daily), there were reduced fetal weights, and increases in the incidence of runts, as well as visceral and dermal variations. In an embryo-fetal development study in rats, there were skeletal alterations consisting of incomplete or delayed ossifications and reduced fetal weight at a dose of 16 mg/kg (approximately twice the exposure based on AUC at the recommended human dose of 40 mg daily). 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There are no data on the presence of afatinib in human milk or its effects on the breastfed infant or on milk production. Afatinib was present in the milk of lactating rats [see Data]. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from GILOTRIF, advise a lactating woman not to breastfeed during treatment with GILOTRIF and for 2 weeks after the final dose. Data Afatinib was present in the milk of lactating rats at concentrations 80 and 150 times higher than those found in plasma at 1 and 6 hours after administration. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females GILOTRIF can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with GILOTRIF, and for at least 2 weeks after the last dose of GILOTRIF [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Infertility Based on results from an animal fertility study, GILOTRIF may reduce fertility in females and males of reproductive potential. It is not known if the effects on fertility are reversible [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness of GILOTRIF in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use LUX-Lung 3 did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. In LUX-Lung 8, 53% of the 398 patients randomized to receive afatinib were 65 years of age or older and 11% were 75 years or older. In an exploratory subgroup analysis of LUX-Lung 8, the hazard ratio for overall survival (OS) in patients less than 65 years old was 0.68 (95% CI: 0.55, 0.85) and in patients 65 years or older was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.76, 1.19). No overall differences in safety were observed between patients 65 years and older and younger patients. 8.6 Renal Impairment Patients with severe renal impairment have a higher exposure to afatinib than patients with normal renal function. Administer GILOTRIF at a starting dose of 30 mg once daily in patients with severe renal impairment. Adjustments to the starting dose of GILOTRIF are not necessary in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment. Dosing recommendations for patients with eGFR <15 mL/min/1.73 m2 or on dialysis cannot be provided as GILOTRIF has not been studied in these patient populations [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment GILOTRIF has not been studied in patients with severe (Child Pugh C) hepatic impairment. Adjustments to the starting dose of GILOTRIF are not necessary in patients with mild (Child Pugh A) or moderate (Child Pugh B) hepatic impairment. Closely monitor patients with severe hepatic impairment and adjust GILOTRIF dose if not tolerated [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females GILOTRIF can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with GILOTRIF, and for at least 2 weeks after the last dose of GILOTRIF [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Infertility Based on results from an animal fertility study, GILOTRIF may reduce fertility in females and males of reproductive potential. It is not known if the effects on fertility are reversible [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Effect of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) Inhibitors and Inducers Concomitant taking of P-gp inhibitors (including but not limited to ritonavir, cyclosporine A, ketoconazole, itraconazole, erythromycin, verapamil, quinidine, tacrolimus, nelfinavir, saquinavir, and amiodarone) with GILOTRIF can increase exposure to afatinib [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Concomitant taking of P-gp inducers (including but not limited to rifampicin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, and St. John’s wort) with GILOTRIF can decrease exposure to afatinib [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Co-administration of P-gp inhibitors can increase afatinib exposure. Reduce GILOTRIF by 10 mg per day if not tolerated. Co-administration of chronic P-gp inducers orally can decrease afatinib exposure. Increase GILOTRIF by 10 mg per day as tolerated. (2.4, 7)

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA201292
Agency product number 41UD74L59M
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0597-0137,0597-0138,0597-0141
Date Last Revised 10-01-2018
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1430446
Marketing authorisation holder Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.