Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 12 April 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE EVOTAZ® is indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection in adults. Limitations of Use: •Use of EVOTAZ in treatment-experienced patients should be guided by the number of baseline primary protease inhibitor resistance substitutions [see Microbiology (12.4)]. EVOTAZ is a two-drug combination of atazanavir, a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) protease inhibitor, and cobicistat, a CYP3A inhibitor indicated for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. (1) Limitations of Use Use of EVOTAZ in treatment-experienced patients should be guided by the number of baseline primary protease inhibitor resistance substitutions. (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS EVOTAZ is contraindicated: •in patients with previously demonstrated clinically significant hypersensitivity (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome, erythema multiforme, or toxic skin eruptions) to any of the components of this product [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. •when coadministered with drugs that are highly dependent on CYP3A or UGT1A1 for clearance, and for which elevated plasma concentrations of the interacting drugs are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events (see Table 1). •when coadministered with drugs that strongly induce CYP3A and may lead to lower exposure and loss of efficacy of EVOTAZ (see Table 1). Table 1 displays drugs that are contraindicated with EVOTAZ. Table 1: Drugs that are Contraindicated with EVOTAZ Drug Class Drugs within class that are contraindicated with EVOTAZ Clinical Comment a See Drug Interactions, Table 5 (7) for parenterally administered midazolam. b See Drug Interactions, Table 5 (7) for sildenafil when administered for erectile dysfunction. Alpha 1-Adrenoreceptor Antagonist Alfuzosin Potential for increased alfuzosin concentrations, which can result in hypotension. Antianginal Ranolazine Potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions. Antiarrhythmics Dronedarone Potential for increased dronedarone concentrations. Anticonvulsants Carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin Potential for decreased atazanavir plasma concentrations, which may result in loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance. Antigout Colchicine Contraindicated in patients with renal and/or hepatic impairment due to the potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions. Antimycobacterials Rifampin Rifampin substantially decreases plasma concentrations of atazanavir, which may result in loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance. Antineoplastics Irinotecan Atazanavir inhibits UGT1A1 and may interfere with the metabolism of irinotecan, resulting in increased irinotecan toxicities. Antipsychotic Lurasidone Pimozide Potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions. Potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions such as cardiac arrhythmias. Benzodiazepines Triazolam, orally administered midazolama Triazolam and orally administered midazolam are extensively metabolized by CYP3A4. Coadministration of triazolam or orally administered midazolam with atazanavir may cause large increases in the concentration of these benzodiazepines. Potential for serious and/or life-threatening events such as prolonged or increased sedation or respiratory depression. Ergot Derivatives Dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, methylergonovine Potential for serious and/or life-threatening events such as acute ergot toxicity characterized by peripheral vasospasm and ischemia of the extremities and other tissues. GI Motility Agent Cisapride Potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions such as cardiac arrhythmias. Hepatitis C Direct-Acting Antivirals Elbasvir/grazoprevir May increase the risk of ALT elevations due to a significant increase in grazoprevir plasma concentrations caused by OATP1B1/3 inhibition. Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir May increase the risk of ALT elevations due to an increase in glecaprevir and pibrentasvir concentrations. Herbal Products St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) Coadministration of products containing St. John’s wort and EVOTAZ may result in loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance. HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors Lovastatin, simvastatin Potential for serious reactions such as myopathy including rhabdomyolysis. Hormonal Contraceptives Drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol Potential for increased drospirenone concentrations, which can result in hyperkalemia. Non-nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors Nevirapine Nevirapine substantially decreases atazanavir exposure which may result in loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance. Potential risk for nevirapine-associated adverse reactions due to increased nevirapine exposures. Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) Inhibitors Sildenafilb when administered for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension Potential for sildenafil-associated adverse events (which include visual disturbances, hypotension, priapism, and syncope). Protease Inhibitors Indinavir Both atazanavir and indinavir are associated with indirect (unconjugated) hyperbilirubinemia. •EVOTAZ is contraindicated in patients with previously demonstrated hypersensitivity (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome, erythema multiforme, or toxic skin eruptions) to any of the components of this product. (4) •Coadministration with certain drugs for which altered plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events or loss of therapeutic effect. (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling: •cardiac conduction abnormalities [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] •rash [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ] •effects on serum creatinine [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] •new onset or worsening renal impairment when used with tenofovir DF [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) ] •chronic kidney disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] •nephrolithiasis and cholelithiasis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6) ] •hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)] •hyperbilirubinemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10) ] For additional safety information about atazanavir and cobicistat, consult the full prescribing information for these individual products. Most common adverse reactions seen with atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat (greater than 5%, Grades 2-4) are jaundice and rash. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Bristol-Myers Squibb at 1-800-721-5072 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trial Experience in Adults Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The safety of atazanavir and cobicistat coadministered as single agents is based on Week 144 data from a Phase 3 trial, Study 114, in which 692 HIV-1 infected, antiretroviral treatment-naive subjects received: •atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF (N=344) or •atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF (N=348). The most common adverse reactions (Grades 2-4) and reported in ≥5% of subjects in the atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat group were jaundice (6%) and rash (5%). The proportion of subjects who discontinued study treatment due to adverse events regardless of severity was 11% in both the atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat and atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir groups. Table 2 lists the frequency of adverse reactions (Grades 2-4) occurring in at least 2% of subjects in the atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat group in Study 114. Table 2: Selected Adverse Reactionsa (Grades 2-4) Reported in ≥2% of HIV-1 Infected Treatment-Naive Adults in the Atazanavir Coadministered with Cobicistat Group in Study 114 (Week 144 analysis) Atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF (n=344) Atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF (n=348) a Frequencies of adverse reactions are based on Grades 2-4 adverse events attributed to study drugs. b Rash events include dermatitis allergic, drug hypersensitivity, pruritus generalized, eosinophilic pustular folliculitis, rash, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculopapular, rash morbilliform, rash papular, and urticaria. Jaundice 6% 3% Rashb 5% 4% Ocular icterus 4% 2% Nausea 2% 2% Diarrhea 2% 1% Headache 2% 1% Less Common Adverse Reactions Selected adverse reactions of at least moderate severity (≥ Grade 2) occurring in less than 2% of subjects receiving atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF are listed below. These events have been included because of investigator’s assessment of potential causal relationship and were considered serious or have been reported in more than one subject treated with atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat, and reported with greater frequency compared with the atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir group. Gastrointestinal Disorders: vomiting, upper abdominal pain General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: fatigue Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: rhabdomyolysis Psychiatric Disorders: depression, abnormal dreams, insomnia Renal and Urinary Disorders: nephropathy, Fanconi syndrome acquired, nephrolithiasis Laboratory Abnormalities The frequency of laboratory abnormalities (Grades 3-4) occurring in at least 2% of subjects in the atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat group in Study 114 is presented in Table 3. Table 3: Laboratory Abnormalities (Grades 3-4) Reported in ≥2% of HIV-1 Infected Treatment-Naive Adults in the Atazanavir Coadministered with Cobicistat Group in Study 114 (Week 144 analysis) 144 weeks Atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF 144 weeks Atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF Laboratory Parameter Abnormality (n=344) (n=348) a For subjects with serum amylase >1.5 × upper limit of normal, lipase test was also performed. The frequency of increased lipase (Grades 3-4) occurring in the atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat group (N=46) and atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir group (N=35) was 7% and 3%, respectively. Total Bilirubin (>2.5 × ULN) 73% 66% Creatine Kinase (≥10.0 × ULN) 8% 9% Urine RBC (Hematuria) (>75 RBC/HPF) 6% 3% ALT (>5.0 × ULN) 6% 3% AST (>5.0 × ULN) 4% 3% GGT (>5.0 × ULN) 4% 2% Serum Amylasea (>2.0 × ULN) 4% 2% Urine Glucose (Glycosuria ≥1000 mg/dL) 3% 3% Neutrophils (<750/mm3) 3% 2% Serum Glucose (Hyperglycemia) (≥250 mg/dL) 2% 2% Increase in Serum Creatinine: Cobicistat, a component of EVOTAZ, has been shown to increase serum creatinine and decrease estimated creatinine clearance due to inhibition of tubular secretion of creatinine without affecting actual renal glomerular function [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. In Study 114, increases in serum creatinine and decreases in estimated creatinine clearance occurred early in treatment in the atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat group, after which they stabilized. The mean (± SD) change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by Cockcroft-Gault method after 144 weeks of treatment was −15.1 ± 16.5 mL/min in the atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat group and −8.0 ± 16.8 mL/min in the atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir group. Serum Lipids Changes from baseline in total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides are presented in Table 4. In both groups, mean values for serum lipids remained within the normal range for each laboratory test. The clinical significance of these changes is unknown. Table 4: Lipid Values, Mean Change from Baseline, Reported in HIV-1 Infected Treatment-Naive Adults Receiving Atazanavir Coadministered with Cobicistat and Emtricitabine/Tenofovir DF or Atazanavir Coadministered with Ritonavir and Emtricitabine/Tenofovir DF in Study 114 (Week 144 analysis) Atazanavir coadministered with cobicistat and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF Atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir and emtricitabine/tenofovir DF Baseline mg/dL Week 144 change from baselinea Baseline mg/dL Week 144 change from baselinea a The change from baseline is the mean of within-patient changes from baseline for patients with both baseline and Week 144 values and excludes subjects receiving an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor drug. Total Cholesterol (fasted) 163 [N=219] +11 [N=219] 165 [N=227] +13 [N=227] HDL-cholesterol (fasted) 43 [N=218] +7 [N=218] 43 [N=228] +6 [N=228] LDL-cholesterol (fasted) 102 [N=218] +11 [N=218] 104 [N=228] +16 [N=228] Triglycerides (fasted) 130 [N=219] +14 [N=219] 131 [N=227] +14 [N=227] 6.2 Postmarketing Experience See the full prescribing information for atazanavir for postmarketing information on atazanavir.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION • Pretreatment testing: Renal laboratory testing should be performed in all patients prior to initiation of EVOTAZ and continued during treatment with EVOTAZ. Hepatic testing should be performed in patients with underlying liver disease prior to initiation of EVOTAZ and continued during treatment with EVOTAZ. (2.1) •Recommended dosage in adults: One tablet once daily, taken orally with food. (2.2) • Renal impairment: EVOTAZ is not recommended for use in treatment-experienced patients with end-stage renal disease managed with hemodialysis. (2.3, 8.6) • Hepatic impairment: EVOTAZ is not recommended in patients with any degree of hepatic impairment. (2.4, 8.7) 2.1 Laboratory Testing Prior to Initiation and During Treatment with EVOTAZ Renal Testing Renal laboratory testing should be performed in all patients prior to initiation of EVOTAZ and continued during treatment with EVOTAZ. Renal laboratory testing should include estimated creatinine clearance, serum creatinine, and urinalysis with microscopic examination [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5, 5.6)]. Cobicistat decreases estimated creatinine clearance due to inhibition of tubular secretion of creatinine without affecting actual renal glomerular function [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. When coadministering EVOTAZ with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (tenofovir DF), assess estimated creatinine clearance, urine glucose, and urine protein at baseline and routinely monitor during treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. Hepatic Testing Hepatic laboratory testing should be performed in patients with underlying liver disease prior to initiation of EVOTAZ and continued during treatment with EVOTAZ [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) ]. 2.2 Recommended Dosage EVOTAZ is a fixed-dose combination product containing 300 mg of atazanavir and 150 mg of cobicistat. In treatment-naive and -experienced adults, the recommended dosage of EVOTAZ is one tablet taken once daily orally with food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Administer EVOTAZ in conjunction with other antiretroviral agents [see Drug Interactions (7)]. When coadministered with H2-receptor antagonists or proton-pump inhibitors, dose separation may be required [see Drug Interactions (7)]. 2.3 Dosage in Patients with Renal Impairment EVOTAZ is not recommended in HIV-1 treatment-experienced patients with end-stage renal disease managed with hemodialysis [ see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. EVOTAZ coadministered with tenofovir DF is not recommended in patients with estimated creatinine clearance below 70 mL/min. Coadministration of EVOTAZ and tenofovir DF in combination with concomitant or recent use of a nephrotoxic agent is not recommended [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. 2.4 Not Recommended in Patients with Any Degree of Hepatic Impairment EVOTAZ is not recommended in patients with any degree of hepatic impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) , Use in Specific Populations (8.7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Lactation: Nursing mothers should be instructed not to breastfeed due to the potential for postnatal HIV transmission. (8.2) 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Exposure Registry There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to EVOTAZ during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) at 1-800-258-4263. Risk Summary Prospective pregnancy data from the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) are not sufficient to adequately assess the risk of birth defects or miscarriage. Cobicistat use in women during pregnancy has not been evaluated; however, atazanavir use during pregnancy has been evaluated in a limited number of women. The pharmacokinetics of EVOTAZ have not been evaluated in pregnant patients. Available data from the APR show no difference in the risk of overall major birth defects for atazanavir compared with the background rate for major birth defects of 2.7% in a U.S. reference population of the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) [see Data]. In animal reproduction studies, no evidence of adverse developmental outcomes was observed following oral administration of the components of EVOTAZ (atazanavir or cobicistat) to pregnant rats and rabbits [see Data]. During organogenesis in the rat and rabbit, atazanavir exposures (AUC) were similar to those observed at the human clinical dose (300 mg/day atazanavir boosted with 100 mg/day ritonavir), while exposures were up to 1.4 (rats) and 3.3 (rabbits) times human exposures at the maximal recommended human dose (MRHD) of 150 mg [see Data]. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively. Clinical Considerations Dose Adjustment During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period Dosing recommendations cannot be made because the pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of EVOTAZ cannot be predicted from studies of other atazanavir-containing products in pregnant women. Maternal Adverse Reactions Atazanavir Cases of lactic acidosis syndrome, sometimes fatal, and symptomatic hyperlactatemia have occurred in pregnant women using atazanavir in combination with nucleoside analogues, which are associated with an increased risk of lactic acidosis syndrome. Hyperbilirubinemia occurs frequently in patients who take atazanavir, including pregnant women. Refer to the atazanavir prescribing information for use of atazanavir in pregnancy. Advise pregnant women of the potential risks of lactic acidosis syndrome and hyperbilirubinemia. Fetal/Neonatal Adverse Reactions Atazanavir All infants, including neonates exposed to atazanavir in utero, should be monitored for the development of severe hyperbilirubinemia during the first few days of life. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to newborn infants. Refer to the atazanavir prescribing information for use of atazanavir in pregnancy. Data Human Data Atazanavir Based on prospective reports from the interim APR of approximately 1600 live births following exposure to atazanavir-containing regimens (including 1037 live births in infants exposed in the first trimester and 569 exposed in second/third trimesters), there was no difference in the overall rate for birth defects for atazanavir (2.3%) compared with the background birth defect rate of 2.7% in the U.S. reference population of the MACDP. Based on prospective reports to the APR, the prevalence of birth defects in live births was 2.1% following first trimester exposure to atazanavir-containing regimens. Cobicistat Insufficient numbers of pregnancies with exposure to cobicistat have been reported to the APR to estimate the rate of birth defects. Animal Data Atazanavir Atazanavir was administered orally to pregnant rats (at 0, 200, 600, and 1920 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (at 0, 4, 15, and 60 mg/kg/day) during organogenesis (on gestation Days 6 through 15 and 7 through 19, respectively). No significant toxicological effects were observed in embryo-fetal toxicity studies performed with atazanavir at exposures (AUC) approximately 1.2 times higher (rats) and 0.7 times (rabbits) human exposures at the MRHD. In a rat pre- and postnatal developmental study, atazanavir was administered orally at doses of 0, 50, 220, and 1000 mg/kg/day from gestation Day 6 to postnatal Day 20. At a maternal toxic dose (1000 mg/kg/day), atazanavir caused body weight loss or weight gain suppression in the animal offspring at atazanavir exposures (AUC) of approximately 1.3 times higher than human exposures at the MRHD. Cobicistat Cobicistat was administered orally to pregnant rats at doses of 0, 25, 50, 125 mg/kg/day on gestation Day 6 to 17. Maternal toxicity was noted at 125 mg/kg/day and was associated with increases in post-implantation loss and decreased fetal weights. No malformations were noted at doses up to 125 mg/kg/day. Systemic exposures (AUC) at 50 mg/kg/day in pregnant females were 1.4 times higher than the human exposures at the MRHD. In pregnant rabbits, cobicistat was administered orally at doses of 0, 20, 50, and 100 mg/kg/day during the gestation Days 7 to 20. No maternal or embryo/fetal effects were noted at the highest dose of 100 mg/kg/day. Systemic exposures (AUC) at 100 mg/kg/day were 3.3 times higher than exposures at the MRHD. In a pre- and postnatal developmental study in rats, cobicistat was administered orally at doses of 0, 10, 30, and 75 mg/kg from gestation Day 6 to postnatal Day 20, 21, or 22. At doses of 75 mg/kg/day of cobicistat, neither maternal nor developmental toxicity was noted. Systemic exposures (AUC) at this dose were 0.9 times lower than exposures at the MRHD. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that HIV-infected mothers not breastfeed their infants to avoid risking postnatal transmission of HIV. There is no information regarding the effects of EVOTAZ on the breastfed infant or on milk production. Atazanavir has been detected in human milk. No data are available regarding atazanavir effects on milk production. Cobicistat is present in rat milk [see Data]. There is no information regarding the presence of cobicistat in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Because of the potential for (1) HIV transmission (in HIV-negative infants), (2) developing viral resistance (in HIV-positive infants), and (3) adverse reactions in a breastfed infant, instruct women not to breastfeed. Data Animal Data Cobicistat: During the prenatal and postnatal development toxicology study at doses up to 75 mg/kg/day, mean cobicistat milk to plasma ratio of up to 1.9 was measured 2 hours after administration to rats on lactation Day 10. 8.4 Pediatric Use Atazanavir, a component of EVOTAZ, is not recommended for use in pediatric patients below the age of 3 months due to the risk of kernicterus. The safety and efficacy of EVOTAZ in pediatric patients 3 months to less than 18 years of age have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies with the components of EVOTAZ did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and older to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. In general, appropriate caution should be exercised in the administration and monitoring of EVOTAZ in elderly patients reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.6 Renal Impairment EVOTAZ is not recommended for use in HIV-treatment-experienced patients with end-stage renal disease managed with hemodialysis [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment EVOTAZ is not recommended for use in patients with any degree of hepatic impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.4), Warnings and Precautions (5.7) , and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Coadministration of EVOTAZ can alter the concentration of other drugs and other drugs may alter the concentration of EVOTAZ, which may result in known or potentially significant drug interactions. The potential drug-drug interactions must be considered prior to and during therapy. (4, 7, 12.3) 7.1 Potential for EVOTAZ to Affect Other Drugs Atazanavir is an inhibitor of CYP3A and UGT1A1 and a weak inhibitor of CYP2C8. Cobicistat is an inhibitor of CYP3A and CYP2D6. The transporters that cobicistat inhibits include P-glycoprotein (P-gp), BCRP, OATP1B1 and OATP1B3. Coadministration of EVOTAZ with drugs highly dependent on CYP3A for clearance and for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events is contraindicated [see Contraindications (4)]. Coadministration of EVOTAZ and drugs primarily metabolized by CYP3A, UGT1A1 and/or CYP2D6 or drugs that are substrates of P-gp, BCRP, OATP1B1 and/or OATP1B3 may result in increased plasma concentrations of the other drug that could increase or prolong its therapeutic effects and adverse reactions which may require dose adjustments and/or additional monitoring as shown in Table 5. Use of EVOTAZ is not recommended when coadministered with drugs highly dependent on CYP2C8 for clearance with narrow therapeutic indices (e.g., paclitaxel, repaglinide) [see Clinical Pharmacology, Table 7 (12.3) ]. 7.2 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect EVOTAZ Atazanavir and cobicistat are CYP3A4 substrates; therefore, drugs that induce CYP3A4 may decrease atazanavir and cobicistat plasma concentrations and reduce the therapeutic effect of EVOTAZ, leading to development of resistance to atazanavir (see Table 5). Cobicistat is also metabolized by CYP2D6 to a minor extent. Coadministration of EVOTAZ with other drugs that inhibit CYP3A4 may increase the plasma concentrations of cobicistat and atazanavir (see Table 5). Atazanavir solubility decreases as pH increases. Reduced plasma concentrations of atazanavir are expected if proton-pump inhibitors, antacids, buffered medications, or H2-receptor antagonists are administered with EVOTAZ [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)]. 7.3 Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions Table 5 provides dosing recommendations as a result of drug interactions with the components of EVOTAZ. These recommendations are based either on observed drug interactions in studies of cobicistat, atazanavir, or atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir or predicted drug interactions based on the expected magnitude of interaction and potential for serious events or loss of therapeutic effect of EVOTAZ [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.8) , and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Table 5: Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions: Alteration in Dose or Regimen May Be Recommended Based on Drug Interaction Studiesa or Predicted Interactions Concomitant Drug Class: Specific Drugs Effectb on Concentration Clinical Comment a For magnitude of interactions see Clinical Pharmacology, Table 7 (12.3) . b ↑ = Increase, ↓ = Decrease, ↔ = No change. HIV Antiretroviral Agents: Nucleoside and Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs and NtRTIs) didanosine buffered formulations enteric-coated (EC) capsules ↓ atazanavir ↓ didanosine It is recommended that EVOTAZ be given with food 2 hours before or 1 hour after didanosine buffered formulations. Simultaneous administration of didanosine EC and atazanavir with food results in a decrease in didanosine exposure. Thus, EVOTAZ and didanosine EC should be administered at different times. tenofovir disoproxil fumarate ↓ atazanavir ↑ tenofovir Patients receiving EVOTAZ and tenofovir should be monitored for tenofovir-associated adverse reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. HIV Antiretroviral Agents: Non-nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs) For contraindicated NNRTIs, [see Contraindications (4)]. efavirenz ↓ atazanavir ↓ cobicistat ↔ efavirenz Coadministration of EVOTAZ with efavirenz is not recommended because it may result in a loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance to atazanavir. etravirine ↓ atazanavir ↓ cobicistat Coadministration of EVOTAZ with etravirine is not recommended because it may result in the loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance to atazanavir. HIV Antiretroviral Agents: CCR5 Antagonist maraviroc ↑ maraviroc When coadministering maraviroc and EVOTAZ, patients should receive maraviroc 150 mg twice daily. HIV Antiretroviral Agents: Protease Inhibitor For contraindicated protease inhibitors, [see Contraindications (4)]. ritonavir or products containing ritonavir ↑ atazanavir Coadministration of EVOTAZ and ritonavir or ritonavir-containing regimens is not recommended due to similar effects of cobicistat and ritonavir on CYP3A [see Warnings and Precautions (5)]. HCV Antiviral Agents boceprevir simeprevir atazanavir: effects unknown boceprevir: effects unknown ↑ simeprevir No drug interaction data are available. Coadministration of EVOTAZ with boceprevir or simeprevir is not recommended. Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/ voxilaprevir ↑ voxilaprevir Coadministration with EVOTAZ is not recommended. Other Agents Antacids (please also see H2-receptor antagonists and proton-pump inhibitors below) ↓ atazanavir With concomitant use, administer a minimum of 2 hours apart. Antiarrhythmics: amiodarone, quinidine lidocaine (systemic), disopyramide, flecainide mexiletine, propafenone ↑ antiarrhythmics For contraindicated antiarrhythmics, [see Contraindications (4)]. Clinical monitoring is recommended upon coadministration with antiarrhythmics. digoxin ↑ digoxin When coadministering EVOTAZ with digoxin, titrate the digoxin dose and monitor digoxin concentrations. Antibacterials (macrolide or ketolide antibiotics): clarithromycin erythromycin telithromycin ↑ atazanavir ↑ cobicistat ↑ clarithromycin ↑ erythromycin ↑ telithromycin Consider alternative antibiotics. Anticancer Agents: (e.g., dasatinib, nilotinib, vinblastine, vincristine) ↑ anticancer agents A decrease in the dosage or an adjustment of the dosing interval of dasatinib or nilotinib may be necessary upon coadministration with EVOTAZ. Consult the dasatinib and nilotinib full prescribing information for dosing instructions. For vincristine and vinblastine, monitor for hematologic or gastrointestinal side effects. Anticoagulant: apixaban, rivaroxaban ↑ apixaban ↑ rivaroxaban Concomitant use of apixaban or rivaroxaban and EVOTAZ is not recommended. dabigatran etexilate ↑ dabigatran Concomitant use of dabigatran etexilate and EVOTAZ is not recommended in specific renal impairment groups for certain indications. Refer to the dabigatran prescribing information for dosing recommendations for dabigatran etexilate when coadministered with P-gp inhibitors. warfarin warfarin: effect unknown Monitor the International Normalized Ratio (INR) when coadministered with warfarin. Anticonvulsants: Anticonvulsants with CYP3A induction effects that are NOT contraindicated (e.g., eslicarbazepine, oxcarbazepine) ↓ atazanavir ↓ cobicistat For contraindicated anticonvulsants, [see Contraindications (4)]. Consider alternative anticonvulsant or antiretroviral therapy to avoid potential changes in exposures. If coadministration is necessary, monitor for lack or loss of virologic response. Anticonvulsants that are metabolized by CYP3A (e.g., clonazepam) ↑ clonazepam Clinical monitoring of anticonvulsants is recommended with EVOTAZ coadministration. Other anticonvulsants (e.g., lamotrigine) lamotrigine: effects unknown Monitoring of lamotrigine concentrations is recommended with EVOTAZ coadministration. Antidepressants: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) (e.g., paroxetine) SSRIs: effects unknown When coadministering with SSRIs, TCAs, or trazodone, careful dose titration of the antidepressant to the desired effect, using the lowest feasible initial or maintenance dose, and monitoring for antidepressant response are recommended. Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) (e.g., amitriptyline, desipramine, imipramine, nortriptyline) ↑ TCAs Other Antidepressants (e.g., trazodone) ↑ trazodone Antifungals: ketoconazole, itraconazole ↑ atazanavir ↑ cobicistat ↑ ketoconazole ↑ itraconazole Specific dosing recommendations are not available for coadministration of EVOTAZ with either itraconazole or ketoconazole. voriconazole effects unknown Coadministration with voriconazole is not recommended unless the benefit/risk assessment justifies the use of voriconazole. Antigout: colchicine ↑ colchicine The coadministration of EVOTAZ with colchicine in patients with renal or hepatic impairment is contraindicated [see Contraindications (4)]. Recommended dosage of colchicine when administered with EVOTAZ: Treatment of gout flares: 0.6 mg (1 tablet) for 1 dose, followed by 0.3 mg (half tablet) 1 hour later. Treatment course should be repeated no earlier than 3 days. Prophylaxis of gout flares: If the original regimen was 0.6 mg twice a day, the regimen should be adjusted to 0.3 mg once a day. If the original regimen was 0.6 mg once a day, the regimen should be adjusted to 0.3 mg once every other day. Treatment of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF): Maximum daily dose of 0.6 mg (may be given as 0.3 mg twice a day). Antimycobacterials: rifabutin atazanavir: effect unknown cobicistat: effect unknown ↑ rifabutin For contraindicated antimycobacterials, [see Contraindications (4)]. A rifabutin dose reduction of up to 75% (e.g., 150 mg every other day or 3 times per week) is recommended. Increased monitoring for rifabutin-associated adverse reactions, including neutropenia and uveitis, is warranted. Antipsychotics: quetiapine ↑ quetiapine For contraindicated antipsychotics, [see Contraindications (4)]. Initiation of EVOTAZ in patients taking quetiapine: Consider alternative antiretroviral therapy to avoid increases in quetiapine exposures. If coadministration is necessary, reduce the quetiapine dose to 1/6 of the current dose and monitor for quetiapine-associated adverse reactions. Refer to the quetiapine prescribing information for recommendations on adverse reaction monitoring. Initiation of quetiapine in patients taking EVOTAZ: Refer to the quetiapine prescribing information for initial dosing and titration of quetiapine. (e.g., perphenazine, risperidone, thioridazine) ↑ antipsychotic A decrease in the dose of antipsychotics that are metabolized by CYP3A or CYP2D6 may be needed when coadministered with EVOTAZ. Beta-Blockers: (e.g., metoprolol, carvedilol, timolol) ↔ atazanavir ↑ beta-blockers Clinical monitoring is recommended when beta-blockers that are metabolized by CYP2D6 are coadministered with EVOTAZ. Calcium channel blockers: (e.g., amlodipine, diltiazem, felodipine, nifedipine, and verapamil) ↑ calcium channel blocker Clinical monitoring is recommended for coadministration with calcium channel blockers metabolized by CYP3A. ECG monitoring is recommended. Corticosteroids (systemic): dexamethasone and other corticosteroids ↓ atazanavir ↓ cobicistat ↑ corticosteroids Concomitant use with dexamethasone or other corticosteroids that induce CYP3A may result in loss of therapeutic effect of EVOTAZ and development of resistance to atazanavir. Alternative corticosteroids should be considered. Coadministration with corticosteroids that are metabolized by CYP3A, particularly for long-term use, may increase the risk for development of systemic corticosteroid effects including Cushing’s syndrome and adrenal suppression. Consider the potential benefit of treatment versus the risk of systemic corticosteroid effects. Endothelin receptor antagonists: bosentan ↓ atazanavir ↓ cobicistat ↑ bosentan Initiation of bosentan in patients taking EVOTAZ: For patients who have been receiving EVOTAZ for at least 10 days, start bosentan at 62.5 mg once daily or every other day based on individual tolerability. Initiation of EVOTAZ in patients taking bosentan: Discontinue bosentan at least 36 hours before starting EVOTAZ. After at least 10 days following initiation of EVOTAZ, resume bosentan at 62.5 mg once daily or every other day based on individual tolerability. Switching from atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir to EVOTAZ: Maintain bosentan dose. H 2 ‑Receptor antagonists (H2RA): (e.g., famotidine) ↓ atazanavir Coadministration of EVOTAZ with tenofovir DF and an H2RA in treatment-experienced patients is not recommended. Administer EVOTAZ either at the same time or at a minimum of 10 hours after a dose of the H2RA. The dose of the H2RA should not exceed a dose comparable to famotidine 40 mg twice daily in treatment-naive patients or 20 mg twice daily in treatment-experienced patients. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors: atorvastatin, fluvastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin ↑ HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors For contraindicated HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, [see Contraindications (4)]. Coadministration of EVOTAZ with atorvastatin is not recommended. For HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors that are not contraindicated with EVOTAZ, start with the lowest recommended dose and titrate while monitoring for safety (e.g., myopathy). Dosage recommendations with rosuvastatin are as follows. Rosuvastatin dose should not exceed 10 mg/day. Hormonal contraceptives: For contraindicated hormonal contraceptives, [see Contraindications (4)]. (e.g., progestin/estrogen) progestin and estrogen: effects unknown No data are available to make recommendations on the coadministration of EVOTAZ and oral or other hormonal contraceptives. Alternative nonhormonal forms of contraception should be considered. Immunosuppressants: (e.g., cyclosporine, everolimus, sirolimus, tacrolimus) ↑ immunosuppressants Therapeutic concentration monitoring is recommended for these immunosuppressants when coadministered with EVOTAZ. Inhaled beta-agonist: salmeterol ↑ salmeterol Coadministration with salmeterol is not recommended due to an increased risk of cardiovascular adverse reactions associated with salmeterol, including QT prolongation, palpitations, and sinus tachycardia. Inhaled/nasal steroids: budesonide, fluticasone and other inhaled or nasal steroids ↑ corticosteroids Coadministration with inhaled or nasal corticosteroids that are metabolized by CYP3A is not recommended unless the potential benefit to the patient outweighs the risks. Consider alternative corticosteroids, particularly for long-term use. Narcotic analgesics: For treatment of opioid dependence: buprenorphine, naloxone, methadone buprenorphine or buprenorphine/naloxone: effects unknown methadone: effects unknown Initiation of buprenorphine, buprenorphine/naloxone or methadone in patients taking EVOTAZ: Carefully titrate the dose of buprenorphine, buprenorphine/naloxone or methadone to the desired effect; use the lowest feasible initial or maintenance dose. Initiation of EVOTAZ in patients taking buprenorphine, buprenorphine/naloxone or methadone: A dose adjustment for buprenorphine, buprenorphine/naloxone or methadone may be needed. Monitor clinical signs and symptoms. fentanyl ↑ fentanyl When EVOTAZ is coadministered with fentanyl, careful monitoring of therapeutic and adverse effects of fentanyl (including potentially fatal respiratory depression) is recommended. tramadol ↑ tramadol When EVOTAZ is coadministered with tramadol, a decreased dose of tramadol may be needed. Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors: avanafil, sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil ↑ PDE-5 inhibitors For contraindicated PDE-5 inhibitors, [see Contraindications (4)]. Coadministration with avanafil is not recommended because a safe and effective avanafil dosage regimen has not been established. Coadministration with EVOTAZ may result in an increase in PDE-5 inhibitor-associated adverse reactions, including hypotension, syncope, visual disturbances, and priapism. Use of PDE-5 inhibitors for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH): Sildenafil when used for the treatment of PAH is contraindicated with EVOTAZ [see Contraindications (4)]. Tadalafil: The following dose adjustments are recommended for the use of tadalafil with EVOTAZ: Initiation of tadalafil in patients taking EVOTAZ: oFor patients receiving EVOTAZ for at least one week, start tadalafil at 20 mg once daily. Increase to 40 mg once daily based on individual tolerability. Initiation of EVOTAZ in patients taking tadalafil: oAvoid the use of tadalafil when starting EVOTAZ. Stop tadalafil at least 24 hours before starting EVOTAZ. At least one week after starting EVOTAZ, resume tadalafil at 20 mg once daily. Increase to 40 mg once daily based on individual tolerability. Patients switching from atazanavir coadministered with ritonavir to EVOTAZ: oMaintain tadalafil dose. Use of PDE-5 inhibitors for erectile dysfunction: Sildenafil: Reduced dosage to 25 mg every 48 hours with increased monitoring for adverse reactions. Tadalafil: Reduced dosage to 10 mg every 72 hours with increased monitoring for adverse reactions. Vardenafil: Reduced dosage to no more than 2.5 mg every 72 hours with increased monitoring for adverse reactions. Proton-pump inhibitors (PPI): (e.g., omeprazole) ↓ atazanavir In treatment-naive patients, administer EVOTAZ a minimum of 12 hours after administration of the PPI. The dose of the PPI should not exceed a dose comparable to omeprazole 20 mg daily. In treatment-experienced patients, coadministration of EVOTAZ with PPI is not recommended. Sedatives/Hypnotics: buspirone, diazepam, zolpidem, and parenterally administered midazolam ↑ sedatives/hypnotics For contraindicated sedatives/hypnotics, [see Contraindications (4)]. Parenterally administered midazolam: Coadministration should be done in a setting which ensures close clinical monitoring and appropriate medical management in case of respiratory depression and/or prolonged sedation. Dosage reduction for midazolam should be considered, especially if more than a single dose of midazolam is administered. Concomitant use with oral midazolam and triazolam is contraindicated [see Contraindications (4)]. With other sedatives/hypnotics that are CYP3A metabolized, a dose reduction may be necessary and clinical monitoring is recommended. 7.4 Drugs with No Observed or Predicted Interactions with the Components of EVOTAZ Based on known metabolic profiles, clinically significant drug interactions are not expected between EVOTAZ and acetaminophen, atenolol, dapsone, fluconazole, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, or azithromycin [see Clinical Pharmacology, Table 7 (12.3)].

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA206353
Agency product number LW2E03M5PG
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 0003-3641
Date Last Revised 06-03-2018
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1601654
Marketing authorisation holder E.R. Squibb & Sons, L.L.C.