Data from FDA - Curated by Toby Galbraith - Last updated 02 September 2017

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS & USAGE Donepezil hydrochloride tablet, USP is indicated for the treatment of dementia of the Alzheimer's type. Efficacy has been demonstrated in patients with mild, moderate, and severe Alzheimer's disease. Donepezil hydrochloride tablet, USP is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of dementia of the Alzheimer's type. Efficacy has been demonstrated in patients with mild, moderate, and severe Alzheimer's Disease ( 1).

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Donepezil hydrochloride tablet is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to donepezil hydrochloride or to piperidine derivatives. Known hypersensitivity to donepezil hydrochloride or to piperidine derivatives ( 4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are described below and elsewhere in the labeling: • Cardiovascular Conditions [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2)] • Nausea and Vomiting [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3)] • Peptic Ulcer Disease and GI Bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4)] • Genitourinary Conditions [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.6)] • Neurological Conditions: Seizures [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.7)] • Pulmonary Conditions [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8)] Most common adverse reactions in clinical studies of donepezil hydrochloride are nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, vomiting, muscle cramps, fatigue, and anorexia ( 6.1). To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Hetero Labs Limited at 866-495-1995 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch . 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Donepezil hydrochloride has been administered to over 1,700 individuals during clinical trials worldwide. Approximately 1200 of these patients have been treated for at least 3 months and more than 1,000 patients have been treated for at least 6 months. Controlled and uncontrolled trials in the United States included approximately 900 patients. In regards to the highest dose of 10 mg/day, this population includes 650 patients treated for 3 months, 475 patients treated for 6 months, and 116 patients treated for over 1 year. The range of patient exposure is from 1 to 1,214 days Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease Adverse Reactions Leading to Discontinuation The rates of discontinuation from controlled clinical trials of donepezil hydrochloride due to adverse reactions for the donepezil hydrochloride 5 mg/day treatment groups were comparable to those of placebo treatment groups at approximately 5%. The rate of discontinuation of patients who received 7-day escalations from 5 mg/day to 10 mg/day was higher at 13%. The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation, defined as those occurring in at least 2% of patients and at twice or more the incidence seen in placebo patients, are shown in Table 1. Table 1. Most Common Adverse Reactions Leading to Discontinuation in Patients with Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease Adverse Reaction Placebo (n=355) % 5 mg/day Donepezil Hydrochloride (n=350) % 10 mg/day Donepezil Hydrochloride (n=315) % Nausea 1 1 3 Diarrhea 0 <1 3 Vomiting <1 <1 2 Most Common Adverse Reactions The most common adverse reactions, defined as those occurring at a frequency of at least 5% in patients receiving 10 mg/day and twice the placebo rate, are largely predicted by donepezil hydrochloride's cholinomimetic effects. These include nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, vomiting, muscle cramp, fatigue and anorexia. These adverse reactions were often transient, resolving during continued donepezil hydrochloride treatment without the need for dose modification. There is evidence to suggest that the frequency of these common adverse reactions may be affected by the rate of titration. An open-label study was conducted with 269 patients who received placebo in the 15- and 30-week studies. These patients were titrated to a dose of 10 mg/day over a 6-week period. The rates of common adverse reactions were lower than those seen in patients titrated to 10 mg/day over one week in the controlled clinical trials and were comparable to those seen in patients on 5 mg/day. See Table 2 for a comparison of the most common adverse reactions following one and six week titration regimens. Table 2. Comparison of Rates of Adverse Reactions in Mild to Moderate Patients Titrated to 10 mg/day over 1 and 6 Weeks No titration One week titration Six week titration Adverse Event Placebo (n=315) % 5 mg/day (n=311) % 10 mg/day (n=315) % 10 mg/day (n=269) % Nausea 6 5 19 6 Diarrhea 5 8 15 9 Insomnia 6 6 14 6 Fatigue 3 4 8 3 Vomiting 3 3 8 5 Muscle cramps 2 6 8 3 Anorexia 2 3 7 3 Table 3 lists adverse reactions that occurred in at least 2% of patients in pooled placebo-controlled trials who received either donepezil hydrochloride 5 mg or 10 mg and for which the rate of occurrence was greater for patients treated with donepezil hydrochloride than with placebo. In general, adverse reactions occurred more frequently in female patients and with advancing age. Table 3. Adverse Reactions in Pooled Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials in Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease Adverse Reaction Placebo (n=355) % Donepezil Hydrochloride (n=747) % Percent of Patients with any Adverse Reaction 72 74 Nausea 6 11 Diarrhea 5 10 Headache 9 10 Insomnia 6 9 Pain, various locations 8 9 Dizziness 6 8 Accident 6 7 Muscle Cramps 2 6 Fatigue 3 5 Vomiting 3 5 Anorexia 2 4 Ecchymosis 3 4 Abnormal Dreams 0 3 Depression <1 3 Weight loss 1 3 Arthritis 1 2 Frequent Urination 1 2 Somnolence <1 2 Syncope 1 2 Severe Alzheimer's Disease (Donepezil Hydrochloride 5 mg/day and 10 mg/day) Donepezil hydrochloride has been administered to over 600 patients with severe Alzheimer’s disease during clinical trials of at least 6 months duration, including three double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, two of which had an open label extension. Adverse Reactions Leading to Discontinuation The rates of discontinuation from controlled clinical trials of donepezil hydrochloride due to adverse reactions for the donepezil hydrochloride patients were approximately 12% compared to 7% for placebo patients. The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation, defined as those occurring in at least 2% of donepezil hydrochloride patients and at twice or more the incidence seen in placebo, were anorexia (2% vs. 1% placebo), nausea (2% vs. <1% placebo), diarrhea (2% vs. 0% placebo) and urinary tract infection (2% vs. 1% placebo). Most Common Adverse Reactions The most common adverse reactions, defined as those occurring at a frequency of at least 5% in patients receiving donepezil hydrochloride and at twice or more the placebo rate, are largely predicted by donepezil hydrochloride’s cholinomimetic effects. These include diarrhea, anorexia, vomiting, nausea, and ecchymosis. These adverse reactions were often transient, resolving during continued donepezil hydrochloride treatment without the need for dose modification. Table 4 lists adverse reactions that occured in at least 2% of patients in pooled placebo-controlled trials who received donepezil hydrochloride 5 mg or 10 mg and for which the rate of occurrence was greater for patients treated with donepezil hydrochloride than with placebo. Table 4. Adverse Reactions in Pooled Controlled Clinical Trials in Severe Alzheimer’s Disease Body System/Adverse Reactions Placebo (n=392) % Donepezil Hydrochloride (n=501) % Percent of Patients with any Adverse Reactions 73 81 Accident 12 13 Infection 9 11 Diarrhea 4 10 Anorexia 4 8 Vomiting 4 8 Nausea 2 6 Insomnia 4 5 Ecchymosis 2 5 Headache 3 4 Hypertension 2 3 Pain 2 3 Back Pain 2 3 Eczema 2 3 Hallucinations 1 3 Hostility 2 3 Increase in Creatine Phosphokinase 1 3 Nervousness 2 3 Fever 1 2 Chest Pain <1 2 Confusion 1 2 Dehydration 1 2 Depression 1 2 Dizziness 1 2 Emotional Lability 1 2 Hemorrhage 1 2 Hyperlipemia <1 2 Personality Disorder 1 2 Somnolence 1 2 Syncope 1 2 Urinary Incontinence 1 2 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use donepezil hydrochloride. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Abdominal pain, agitation, aggression, cholecystitis, confusion, convulsions, hallucinations, heart block (all types), hemolytic anemia, hepatitis, hyponatremia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, pancreatitis, rash, rhabdomyolysis, QTc prolongation, and torsade de pointes.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION •Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease: 5 mg or 10 mg once daily ( 2.1) •Severe Alzheimer's Disease: 10 mg once daily ( 2.2) 2.1 Dosing in Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease The recommended starting dosage of donepezil hydrochloride tablet is 5 mg administered once per day in the evening, just prior to retiring. The maximum recommended dosage of donepezil hydrochloride tablet in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease is 10 mg per day. A dose of 10 mg should not be administered until patients have been on a daily dose of 5 mg for 4 to 6 weeks. 2.2 Dosing in Severe Alzheimer's Disease The recommended starting dosage of donepezil hydrochloride tablet is 5 mg administered once per day in the evening, just prior to retiring. A dose of 10 mg should not be administered until patients have been on a daily dose of 5 mg for 4 to 6 weeks. 2.3 Administration Information Donepezil hydrochloride tablet should be taken in the evening, just prior to retiring. Donepezil hydrochloride tablet can be taken with or without food.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Pregnancy: Based on animal data, donepezil hydrochloride may cause fetal harm ( 8.1). See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and FDA- approved patient labelling. 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category C There are no adequate or well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Donepezil hydrochloride should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Oral administration of donepezil to pregnant rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis did not produce any teratogenic effects at doses up to 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 7 times the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis). Oral administration of donepezil (1, 3, 10 mg/kg/day) to rats during late gestation and throughout lactation to weaning produced an increase in stillbirths and reduced offspring survival through postpartum day 4 at the highest dose. The no-effect dose of 3 mg/kg/day is approximately equal to the MRHD on a mg/m 2 basis. 8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known whether donepezil is excreted in human milk. Caution should be exercised when donepezil hydrochloride is administered to a nursing woman. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of donepezil hydrochloride in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Alzheimer's disease is a disorder occurring primarily in individuals over 55 years of age. The mean age of patients enrolled in the clinical studies with donepezil hydrochloride was 73 years; 80% of these patients were between 65 and 84 years old, and 49% of patients were at or above the age of 75. The efficacy and safety data presented in the clinical trials section were obtained from these patients. There were no clinically significant differences in most adverse reactions reported by patient groups ≥ 65 years old and < 65 years old.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS •Cholinesterase inhibitors have the potential to interfere with the activity of anticholinergic medications ( 7.1). •A synergistic effect may be expected with concomitant administration of succinylcholine, similar neuromuscular blocking agents, or cholinergic agonists ( 7.2). 7.1 Use with Anticholinergics Because of their mechanism of action, cholinesterase inhibitors have the potential to interfere with the activity of anticholinergic medications. 7.2 Use with Cholinomimetics and Other Cholinesterase Inhibitors A synergistic effect may be expected when cholinesterase inhibitors are given concurrently with succinylcholine, similar neuromuscular blocking agents or cholinergic agonists such as bethanechol.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number ANDA203034
Agency product number 3O2T2PJ89D
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 68071-3192
Date Last Revised 16-06-2017
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 997229
Marketing authorisation holder NuCare Pharmaceuticals, Inc.