Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 18 December 2019

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE DIACOMIT is indicated for the treatment of seizures associated with Dravet syndrome (DS) in patients 2 years of age and older taking clobazam. There are no clinical data to support the use of DIACOMIT as monotherapy in Dravet syndrome. DIACOMIT is indicated for the treatment of seizures associated with Dravet syndrome in patients 2 years of age and older taking clobazam. There are no clinical data to support the use of DIACOMIT as monotherapy in Dravet syndrome. (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS None. None (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious or otherwise clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling: Somnolence [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Decreased Appetite and Decreased Weight [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Neutropenia and Thrombocytopenia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Withdrawal Symptoms [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Risks in Patients with Phenylketonuria [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] Suicidal Behavior and Ideation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)] Adverse reactions that occurred in at least 10% of DIACOMIT-treated patients and more frequently than on placebo were somnolence, decreased appetite, agitation, ataxia, weight decreased, hypotonia, nausea, tremor, dysarthria, and insomnia. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact BIOCODEX at 1-877-356-7787 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in clinical trials of another drug, and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. During its development for the treatment of seizures associated with Dravet syndrome, DIACOMIT was administered to 55 healthy male volunteers and 438 patients with Dravet syndrome, including 310 patients treated for 12 months or more. The conditions and duration of exposure varied greatly, and included single- and multiple-dose clinical pharmacology studies in healthy male volunteers, 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week studies in patients with Dravet syndrome (Study 1 and Study 2), and open-label long-term studies. In Study 1 and Study 2, 33 patients received DIACOMIT and 31 patients received placebo for a treatment duration of 8 weeks. Adverse reactions from these trials are presented below. Approximately 53% of patients were female and the mean age was 9.2 years. All patients were taking clobazam and valproate. There were 2 patients in whom adverse reactions led to discontinuation of DIACOMIT treatment: one patient had an adverse reaction of status epilepticus; the second patient had drowsiness, balance impaired and sialorrhea. The most common adverse reactions, occurring in at least 10% of DIACOMIT-treated patients and more frequently than on placebo, included somnolence (67%), decreased appetite (45%), agitation (27%), ataxia (27%), weight decreased (27%), hypotonia (24%), nausea (15%), tremor (15%), dysarthria (12%), and insomnia (12%). Table 2 lists the adverse reactions that occurred in 5% or more of DIACOMIT-treated patients and at a rate greater than in patients on placebo in the 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trials in patients with Dravet syndrome (Study 1 and Study 2). Table 2. Adverse Reactions in 5% or More of DIACOMIT-Treated Patients and More Frequently than on Placebo in Patients with Dravet Syndrome (Study 1 and Study 2) Study 1 and 2 – Pooled Total DIACOMIT (50mg/kg/day) Placebo Adverse Reactions N=33 % N=31 % Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 15 3 Vomiting 9 0 Salivary hypersecretion 6 0 General disorders and administration site conditions Fatigue 9 3 Pyrexia 6 3 Infections and infestations Bronchitis 6 0 Nasopharyngitis 6 0 Investigations Weight decreased 27 6 Weight increased 6 3 Metabolism and nutrition disorders Decreased appetite 46 10 Nervous system disorders Somnolence 67 23 Ataxia 27 23 Hypotonia 18 13 Tremor 15 10 Dysarthria 12 0 Psychiatric disorders Agitation 27 16 Insomnia 12 7 Aggression 9 0

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION The dosage of DIACOMIT is 50 mg/kg/day, administered by mouth in 2 or 3 divided doses. (2.2) Reduce dose or discontinue dose gradually. (2.3) Capsules must be swallowed whole with a glass of water during a meal. Capsules should not be broken or opened. (2.4) Powder for suspension should be mixed in a glass of water and should be taken immediately after mixing during a meal. (2.4) 2.1 Laboratory Tests Prior to First Dose of DIACOMIT Hematologic testing should be obtained prior to starting treatment with DIACOMIT [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. 2.2 Dosing Information The recommended oral dosage of DIACOMIT is 50 mg/kg/day, administered in 2 or 3 divided doses (i.e., 16.67 mg/kg three times daily or 25 mg/kg twice daily). If the exact dosage is not achievable given the available strengths, round to the nearest possible dosage, which is usually within 50 mg to 150 mg of the recommended 50 mg/kg/day. A combination of the two DIACOMIT strengths can be used to achieve this dosage. The maximum recommended total dosage is 3,000 mg/day. 2.3 Gradual Withdrawal As is advisable for most antiepileptic drugs, if DIACOMIT treatment is discontinued, the drug should be withdrawn gradually to minimize the risk of increased seizure frequency and status epilepticus [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. In situations where rapid withdrawal of DIACOMIT is medically required, appropriate monitoring is recommended. 2.4 Important Administration Instructions DIACOMIT Capsules DIACOMIT capsules must be swallowed whole with a glass of water during a meal. Capsules should not be broken or opened. DIACOMIT Powder for Oral Suspension DIACOMIT should be mixed in a glass of water (100 mL) and should be taken immediately after mixing during a meal. To be sure there is no medicine left in the glass, add a small amount of water (25 mL) to the drinking cup and drink all of the mixture [see Instructions for Use]. 2.5 Missed Dose A missed dose should be taken as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, the missed dose should not be taken. Instead, the next scheduled dose should be taken. Doses should not be doubled.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Pregnancy: Based on animal data, may cause fetal harm (8.1) 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Exposure Registry There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to AEDs, such as DIACOMIT, during pregnancy. Physicians are advised to recommend that pregnant patients taking DIACOMIT enroll in the North American Antiepileptic Drug (NAAED) Pregnancy Registry. This can be done by calling the toll free number 1-888-233-2334, and must be done by patients themselves or their caregiver. Information on the registry can also be found at the website http://www.aedpregnancyregistry.org/. Risk Summary There are no adequate data on the developmental risks associated with the use of DIACOMIT in pregnant women. Administration of stiripentol to pregnant animals produced evidence of developmental toxicity, including increased incidences of fetal malformations, increased embryofetal and pup mortality, and decreased embryofetal and pup growth, at maternal doses lower than the recommended clinical dose [see Animal Data] . The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in Dravet syndrome is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively. Data Animal Data Oral administration of stiripentol (0, 50, 200, or 800 mg/kg/day) to pregnant mice throughout the period of organogenesis resulted in increased embryofetal mortality and decreased fetal body weights at all doses and an increased incidence of malformations at the high dose, with no evidence of maternal toxicity. The lowest effect dose for developmental toxicity in mice (50 mg/kg/day) was less than the recommended human dose (RHD) of 50 mg/kg/day on a body surface area (mg/m2) basis. Oral administration of stiripentol (0, 50, 200, or 800 mg/kg/day) to pregnant rabbits throughout organogenesis resulted in increased embryofetal mortality at the mid and high dose and decreased fetal body weights at all doses. The mid and high doses were associated with maternal toxicity. The lowest effect dose for developmental toxicity in rabbits (50 mg/kg/day) was less than the RHD on a mg/m2 basis. Oral administration of stiripentol (0, 50, 200, or 800 mg/kg/day) to rats throughout pregnancy and lactation resulted in decreased pup survival, decreased pup body weights at birth and throughout lactation, and deficits in pup reflex development at the high dose, which was also associated with maternal toxicity. The no-effect dose for pre- and postnatal developmental toxicity in rats (200 mg/kg) was less than the RHD on a mg/m2 basis. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There are no data on the presence of stiripentol in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for DIACOMIT and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from DIACOMIT or from the underlying maternal condition. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of DIACOMIT for the treatment of seizures associated with Dravet syndrome in patients taking clobazam have been established in patients 2 to 18 years of age. Use of DIACOMIT in this pediatric population is supported by 2 multicenter placebo-controlled double-blind randomized studies [see Clinical Studies (14)]. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 2 years have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use Clinical studies of DIACOMIT in Dravet syndrome did not include patients ≥65 years of age to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. The possibility of age-associated hepatic and renal function abnormalities should be considered when using DIACOMIT in patients ≥65 years of age [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.6 Renal Impairment There is no formal study of the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of DIACOMIT in patients with renal impairment. However, since DIACOMIT metabolites are eliminated mainly through the kidney, administration to patients with moderate or severe renal impairment is not recommended. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment There has been no formal study of the pharmacokinetics of DIACOMIT in patients with liver impairment. However, since the drug is mainly metabolized by the liver, administration to patients with moderate or severe liver impairment is not recommended.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS DIACOMIT increases the plasma concentration of clobazam and its metabolite through metabolic inhibition of CYP3A4 and CYP2C19. Consider dose reduction of clobazam in case of adverse reactions. (7.1) Substrates of CYP2C8, CYP2C19, P-gp and BCRP may require a dose reduction. (7.1) Substrates of CYP1A2, CYP2B6 and CYP3A4 may require a dose adjustment. (7.1) Strong inducers of CYP1A2, CYP3A4 or CYP2C19: Consider dose increase of DIACOMIT (7.2). 7.1 Effect of DIACOMIT on Other Drugs CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP3A4, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and Breast Cancer Resistance Protein (BCRP) Substrates In vitro data show that stiripentol is both an inhibitor and inducer of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, and CYP3A4. Because of potential drug-drug interactions, consider dose adjustment of CYP1A2 substrates (e.g., theophylline, caffeine), CYP2B6 substrates (e.g., sertraline, thiotepa), and CYP3A4 substrates (e.g., midazolam, triazolam, quinidine), as clinically appropriate, when administered concomitantly with DIACOMIT. Because of potential inhibition of enzyme/transporter activity, consider a reduction in dosage of substrates of CYP2C8, CYP2C19 (e.g., diazepam, clopidogrel), P-gp (e.g., carbamazepine), and BCRP (e.g., methotrexate, prazosin, glyburide), if adverse reactions are experienced when administered concomitantly with DIACOMIT. Clobazam Co-administration of DIACOMIT (which inhibits CYP 3A4 and 2C19) with clobazam results in increased plasma concentrations of clobazam (a substrate of CYP3A4) and norclobazam, the active metabolite of clobazam (a substrate of CYP2C19) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. This may increase the risk of clobazam-related adverse reactions. Consider a reduction in dosage of clobazam if adverse reactions are experienced when co-administered with DIACOMIT [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. 7.2 Effect of Other Drugs on DIACOMIT Induction-based interactions leading to decreases in DIACOMIT concentrations are possible when co-administered with a potent CYP1A2, CYP3A4, or CYP2C19 inducer, such as rifampin, phenytoin, phenobarbital and carbamazepine, as these enzymes all metabolize stiripentol. Concomitant use of strong inducers with DIACOMIT should be avoided, or dosage adjustments should be made. 7.3 CNS Depressants and Alcohol Concomitant use of DIACOMIT with other CNS depressants, including alcohol, may increase the risk of sedation and somnolence [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA206709
Agency product number R02XOT8V8I
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 68418-7940,68418-7939,68418-7941,68418-7942
Date Last Revised 15-03-2019
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 2055014
Marketing authorisation holder BIOCODEX INC.