6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling: •Hepatic Adverse Drug Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] •Infusion-Related Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] •Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] •Embryo-Fetal Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical trials of CRESEMBA cannot be directly compared to rates in clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Most frequent adverse reactions: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, elevated liver chemistry tests, hypokalemia, constipation, dyspnea, cough, peripheral edema, and back pain (6.1). To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Astellas Pharma US, Inc. at 1-800-727-7003 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch 6.1 Clinical Trial Experience A total of 403 patients were exposed to CRESEMBA in two clinical trials. The most frequently reported adverse reactions among CRESEMBA-treated patients were nausea (26%), vomiting (25%), diarrhea (22%), headache (17%), elevated liver chemistry tests (16%), hypokalemia (14%), constipation (13%), dyspnea (12%), cough (12%), peripheral edema (11%), and back pain (10%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 223/403 (55%) of patients and 56/403 (14%) of patients permanently discontinued treatment with CRESEMBA due to an adverse reaction in the two trials. The adverse reactions which most often led to permanent discontinuation of CRESEMBA therapy during the clinical trials were: confusional state (0.7%), acute renal failure (0.7%), increased blood bilirubin (0.5%), convulsion (0.5%), dyspnea (0.5%), epilepsy (0.5%), respiratory failure (0.5%), and vomiting (0.5%). Patients in the clinical trials were immunocompromised with underlying conditions including hematological malignancy, neutropenia post-chemotherapy, graft-versus-host disease, and hematopoietic stem cell transplant. The patient population was 61% male, had a mean age of 51 years (range 17-92, including 85 patients aged greater than 65 years), and was 79% white and 3% black. One hundred forty-four (144) patients had a duration of CRESEMBA therapy of greater than 12 weeks, with 52 patients receiving CRESEMBA for over six months. In Trial 1, a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled clinical trial for treatment of invasive aspergillosis, treatment-emergent adverse reactions occurred in 247/257 (96%), and 255/259 (99%) patients in the CRESEMBA and voriconazole treatment groups, respectively. Treatment-emergent adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation were reported in 37 (14%) CRESEMBA-treated patients and 59 (23%) voriconazole-treated patients. Table 2 includes selected treatment-emergent adverse reactions which were reported at an incidence of ≥ 5% during CRESEMBA therapy in Trial 1. In Trial 2, an open-label, non-comparative trial of CRESEMBA in patients with invasive aspergillosis and renal impairment or invasive mucormycosis, treatment-emergent adverse reactions occurred in 139/146 (95%) of patients in the CRESEMBA treatment group. Adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation were reported in 19 (13%) CRESEMBA-treated patients. The frequencies and types of adverse reactions observed in CRESEMBA-treated patients were similar between Trial 1 and Trial 2. Table 2. Selected Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions with Rates of 5% or Greater in CRESEMBA-treated Patients in Trial 1 a Elevated liver laboratory tests include reactions of increased alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, blood alkaline phosphatase, blood bilirubin, and gamma-glutamyltransferase. b Delirium includes adverse reactions of agitation, confusional state, delirium, disorientation, and mental status changes. System Organ Class Preferred Term Trial 1 CRESEMBA (N=257) n (%) Voriconazole (N=259) n (%) Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 71 (27.6) 78 (30.1) Vomiting 64 (24.9) 73 (28.2) Diarrhea 61 (23.7) 60 (23.2) Abdominal pain 43 (16.7) 59 (22.8) Constipation 36 (14.0) 54 (20.8) Dyspepsia 16 (6.2) 14 (5.4) General disorders and administration site conditions Edema peripheral 39 (15.2) 46 (17.8) Fatigue 27 (10.5) 18 (6.9) Chest pain 23 (8.9) 16 (6.2) Injection site reaction 16 (6.2) 4 (1.5) Hepatobiliary disorders Elevated liver laboratory testsa 44 (17.1) 63 (24.3) Metabolism and nutrition disorders Hypokalemia 49 (19.1) 58 (22.4) Decreased appetite 22 (8.6) 28 (10.8) Hypomagnesemia 14 (5.4) 27 (10.4) Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders Back pain 26 (10.1) 19 (7.3) Nervous system disorders Headache 43 (16.7) 38 (14.7) Psychiatric disorders Insomnia 27 (10.5) 25 (9.7) Deliriumb 22 (8.6) 30 (11.6) Anxiety 21 (8.2) 18 (6.9) Renal and urinary disorders Renal failure 26 (10.1) 21 (8.1) Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Dyspnea 44 (17.1) 35 (13.5) Acute respiratory failure 19 (7.4) 22 (8.5) Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Rash 22 (8.6) 36 (13.9) Pruritus 21 (8.2) 15 (5.8) Vascular disorders Hypotension 21 (8.2) 28 (10.8) The following adverse reactions occurred in less than 5% of all CRESEMBA-treated patients in Trial 1 or 2. The list does not include reactions presented in Table 2. This listing includes adverse reactions where a causal relationship to isavuconazole cannot be ruled out or those which may help the physician in managing the risks to the patients. Blood and lymphatic system disorders: agranulocytosis, leukopenia, pancytopenia Cardiac disorders: atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, bradycardia, reduced QT interval on electrocardiogram, palpitations, supraventricular extrasystoles, supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular extrasystoles, cardiac arrest Ear and labyrinth disorders: tinnitus, vertigo Eye disorders: optic neuropathy Gastrointestinal disorders: abdominal distension, gastritis, gingivitis, stomatitis General disorders and administration site conditions: catheter thrombosis, malaise, chills Hepatobiliary disorders: cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, hepatitis, hepatomegaly, hepatic failure Immune system disorders: hypersensitivity Injury, poisoning and procedural complications: fall Metabolism and nutrition disorders: hypoalbuminemia, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: myositis, bone pain, neck pain Nervous system disorders: convulsion, dysgeusia, encephalopathy, hypoesthesia, migraine, peripheral neuropathy, paraesthesia, somnolence, stupor, syncope, tremor Psychiatric disorders: confusion, hallucination, depression Renal and urinary disorders: hematuria, proteinuria Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: bronchospasm, tachypnea Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: alopecia, dermatitis, exfoliative dermatitis, erythema, petechiae, urticaria Vascular disorders: thrombophlebitis Laboratory effects In Trial 1, elevated liver transaminases (alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase) greater than three times the upper limit of normal were reported at the end of study treatment in 4.4% of patients who received CRESEMBA. Elevations of liver transaminases greater than ten times the upper limit of normal developed in 1.2% of patients who received CRESEMBA.