6 ADVERSE REACTIONS Most common adverse reactions with the 3-day oral aprepitant regimen in conjunction with MEC (≥ 1% and greater than standard therapy) were: fatigue and eructation. (6.1) Most common adverse reactions with the single-dose fosaprepitant regimen in conjunction with HEC were generally similar to that seen in prior HEC studies with oral aprepitant. In addition, infusion site reactions (3%) occurred. (6.1) Most common adverse reactions with single-dose CINVANTI (>2%) were: headache and fatigue. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Heron Therapeutics, Inc. at 1-844-437-6611 and www.CINVANTI.com or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. The safety of CINVANTI was evaluated as a single-dose in healthy subjects and established from adequate and well-controlled studies of intravenous fosaprepitant and/or oral aprepitant [see Clinical Studies (14)]. Adverse reactions observed in these adequate and well-controlled studies are described below. Safety of CINVANTI A total of 200 healthy subjects received a single 130 mg dose of CINVANTI as a 30-minute infusion. Adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of subjects were headache (3%) and fatigue (2%). Single-Dose Intravenous Fosaprepitant -- HEC In an active-controlled clinical study in patients receiving HEC, safety was evaluated for 1143 patients receiving a single intravenous dose of fosaprepitant, a prodrug of aprepitant, compared to 1169 patients receiving a 3-day regimen of oral aprepitant [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. When administered intravenously, fosaprepitant is converted to aprepitant within 30 minutes. The safety profile was generally similar to that seen in prior HEC studies with a 3-day regimen of oral aprepitant. However, infusion-site reactions occurred at a higher incidence in patients in the intravenous fosaprepitant group (3%) compared to those in the oral aprepitant group (0.5%). The reported infusion-site reactions included: infusion-site erythema, infusion-site pruritus, infusion-site pain, infusion-site induration and infusion-site thrombophlebitis. Adverse reactions associated with oral aprepitant may also be expected to occur with CINVANTI. See the full prescribing information for oral aprepitant for complete safety information. 3-Day Oral Aprepitant -- MEC In 2 active-controlled clinical trials in patients receiving MEC, 868 patients were treated with a 3-day oral aprepitant regimen during Cycle 1 of chemotherapy and 686 of these patients continued into extensions for up to 4 cycles of chemotherapy. In both studies, oral aprepitant was given in combination with ondansetron and dexamethasone (oral aprepitant regimen) and was compared to ondansetron and dexamethasone alone (standard therapy) [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. In the combined analysis of Cycle 1 data for these 2 studies, adverse reactions were reported in approximately 14% of patients treated with the aprepitant regimen compared with approximately 15% of patients treated with standard therapy. Treatment was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 0.7% of patients treated with the aprepitant regimen compared with 0.2% of patients treated with standard therapy. The most common adverse reactions reported in patients treated with the oral aprepitant regimen with an incidence of at least 1% and greater than standard therapy are listed in Table 4. Table 4. Adverse Reactions (≥ 1%) in Patients Receiving MEC with a Greater Incidence in the Oral 3-Day Aprepitant Regimen Relative to Standard Therapy Oral Aprepitant Regimen (N = 868) Standard Therapy (N = 846) Fatigue 1.4 0.9 Eructation 1.0 0.1 A listing of adverse reactions reported in less than 1% in patients treated with the oral aprepitant regimen that occurred at a incidence greater than in patients treated with standard therapy are presented in the Less Common Adverse Reactions subsection below. Less Common Adverse Reactions Adverse reactions reported in studies in patients treated with the 3-day oral aprepitant regimen with an incidence < 1% and greater than standard therapy are listed in Table 5. Table 5. Adverse Reactions (incidence < 1%) in Patients Observed in Studies with a Greater Incidence in the Oral Aprepitant Regimen Relative to Standard Therapy Infection and infestations candidiasis, staphylococcal infection Blood and the lymphatic system disorders anemia, febrile neutropenia Metabolism and nutrition disorders weight gain, polydipsia Psychiatric disorders disorientation, euphoria, anxiety Nervous system disorders dizziness, dream abnormality, cognitive disorder, lethargy, somnolence Eye disorders conjunctivitis Ear and labyrinth disorders tinnitus Cardiac disorders bradycardia, cardiovascular disorder, palpitations Vascular disorders hot flush, flushing Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders pharyngitis, sneezing, cough, postnasal drip, throat irritation Gastrointestinal disorders nausea, acid reflux, dysgeusia, epigastric discomfort, obstipation, gastroesophageal reflux disease, perforating duodenal ulcer, vomiting, abdominal pain, dry mouth, abdominal distension, feces hard, neutropenic colitis, flatulence, stomatitis Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders rash, acne, photosensitivity, hyperhidrosis, oily skin, pruritus, skin lesion Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders muscle cramp, myalgia, muscular weakness Renal and urinary disorders polyuria, dysuria, pollakiuria General disorders and administration site condition edema, chest discomfort, malaise, thirst, chills, gait disturbance Investigations alkaline phosphatase increased, hyperglycemia, microscopic hematuria, hyponatremia, weight decreased, neutrophil count decreased In another chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting study, Stevens-Johnson syndrome was reported as a serious adverse reaction in a patient receiving aprepitant with cancer chemotherapy. The adverse experience profiles in the Multiple-Cycle extensions of HEC and MEC studies for up to 6 cycles of chemotherapy were similar to that observed in Cycle 1. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of intravenous fosaprepitant and/or oral aprepitant. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: pruritus, rash, urticaria, Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Immune system disorders: hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Nervous system disorders: ifosfamide-induced neurotoxicity reported after aprepitant and ifosfamide coadministration.