6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling: - Patients with Heart Failure [see Boxed Warning] - Tachycardia [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.1)] - Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2)] - Hematologic Adverse Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3 )] -Hemostatic Disorders or Active Pathologic Bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4)] Most common adverse reactions greater than or equal to 2% and at least twice that for placebo in patients on 100 mg twice daily are headache, diarrhea, abnormal stools, and palpitation ( 6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact TEVA USA, PHARMACOVIGILANCE at 1-866-832-8537 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Adverse reactions were assessed in eight placebo-controlled clinical trials involving patients exposed to either 50 or 100 mg twice daily cilostazol (n = 1301) or placebo (n = 973), with a median treatment duration of 127 days for patients on cilostazol and 134 days for patients on placebo. The most frequent adverse reaction resulting in discontinuation of therapy in more than 3% of patients treated with cilostazol was headache [50 mg twice daily (1.3%), 100 mg twice daily (3.5%) and placebo (0.3%)]. Other frequent causes of discontinuation included palpitation and diarrhea, both 1.1% for cilostazol (all doses) versus 0.1% for placebo. The most common adverse reactions, occurring in at least 2% of patients treated with cilostazol 50 or 100 mg twice daily, are shown in Table 1. Table 1: Most Common Adverse Reactions in Patients on Cilostazol 50 or 100 mg Twice Daily (Incidence at least 2% and Occurring More Frequently (≥ 2%) in the 100 mg Twice Daily Group than on Placebo) Adverse Reactions Placebo (N = 973) Cilostazol 50 mg twice daily (N = 303) Cilostazol 100 mg twice daily (N = 998) Headache 14% 27% 34% Diarrhea 7% 12% 19% Abnormal stools 4% 12% 15% Palpitation 1% 5% 10% Dizziness 6% 9% 10% Pharyngitis 7% 7% 10% Infection 8% 14% 10% Peripheral edema 4% 9% 7% Rhinitis 5% 12% 7% Dyspepsia 4% 6% 6% Abdominal pain 3% 4% 5% Tachycardia 1% 4% 4% Less frequent clinical significant adverse reactions (less than 2%) that were experienced by patients treated with cilostazol 50 mg twice daily or 100 mg twice daily in the eight controlled clinical trials and that occurred at a frequency in the 100 mg twice daily group greater than in the placebo group are listed below. Body as a whole: fever, generalized edema, malaise Cardiovascular: atrial fibrillation, heart failure, myocardial infarction, nodal arrhythmia, supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular extrasystoles, ventricular tachycardia Digestive: anorexia, melena Hematologic and Lymphatic: anemia Metabolic and Nutritional: increased creatinine, hyperuricemia Nervous: insomnia Respiratory: epistaxis Skin and Appendages: urticaria Special Senses: conjunctivitis, retinal hemorrhage, tinnitus Urogenital: urinary frequency 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of cilostazol. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of an unknown size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Aplastic anemia, granulocytopenia, pancytopenia, bleeding tendency Cardiac disorders: Torsade de pointes and QTc prolongation in patients with cardiac disorders (e.g., complete atrioventricular block, heart failure; and bradyarrythmia), angina pectoris. Gastrointestinal disorders: Gastrointestinal hemorrhage, vomiting, flatulence, nausea General disorders and administration site conditions: Pain, chest pain, hot flushes Hepatobiliary disorders: Hepatic dysfunction/abnormal liver function tests, jaundice Immune system disorders: Anaphylaxis, angioedema, and hypersensitivity Investigations: Blood glucose increased, blood uric acid increased, increase in BUN (blood urea increased), blood pressure increase Nervous system disorders: Intracranial hemorrhage, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebrovascular accident, extradural hematoma and subdural hematoma Renal and urinary disorders: Hematuria Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Pulmonary hemorrhage, interstitial pneumonia Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Hemorrhage subcutaneous, pruritus, skin eruptions including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, skin drug eruption (dermatitis medicamentosa), rash Vascular disorders: Subacute stent thrombosis, hypertension.