Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 22 November 2019

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Cefuroxime axetil tablets are a cephalosporin antibacterial drug indicated for the treatment of the following infections due to susceptible bacteria: ( 1) Pharyngitis/tonsillitis (adults and pediatric patients) ( 1.1) Acute bacterial otitis media (pediatric patients) ( 1.2) Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis (adults and pediatric patients) ( 1.3) Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (adults and pediatric patients 13 years and older) ( 1.4) Uncomplicated skin and skin-structure infections (adults and pediatric patients 13 years and older) ( 1.5) Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (adults and pediatric patients 13 years and older) ( 1.6) Uncomplicated gonorrhea (adults and pediatric patients 13 years and older) ( 1.7) Early Lyme disease (adults and pediatric patients 13 years and older) ( 1.8) To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of cefuroxime axetil tablets and other antibacterial drugs, cefuroxime axetil tablets should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. 1.1 Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis Cefuroxime axetil tablets are indicated for the treatment of adult patients and pediatric patients (13 years and older) with mild-to-moderate pharyngitis/tonsillitis caused by susceptible strains of Streptococcus pyogenes. Limitations of Use The efficacy of cefuroxime axetil in the prevention of rheumatic fever was not established in clinical trials. The efficacy of cefuroxime axetil in the treatment of penicillin-resistant strains of Streptococcus pyogenes has not been demonstrated in clinical trials. 1.2 Acute Bacterial Otitis Media Cefuroxime axetil tablets are indicated for the treatment of pediatric patients (who can swallow tablets whole) with acute bacterial otitis media caused by susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae (including β-lactamase–producing strains), Moraxella catarrhalis (including β-lactamase–producing strains), or Streptococcus pyogenes. 1.3 Acute Bacterial Maxillary Sinusitis Cefuroxime axetil tablets are indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients (13 years and older) with mild-to-moderate acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis caused by susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae (non-β-lactamase–producing strains only). Limitations of Use The effectiveness of cefuroxime axetil for sinus infections caused by β-lactamase–producing Haemophilus influenzae or Moraxella catarrhalis in patients with acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis was not established due to insufficient numbers of these isolates in the clinical trials [see CLINICAL STUDIES ( 14.1)] . 1.4 Acute Bacterial Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis Cefuroxime axetil tablets are indicated for the treatment of adult patients and pediatric patients (aged 13 and older) with mild-to-moderate acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis caused by susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae (β-lactamase–negative strains), or Haemophilus parainfluenzae (β-lactamase–negative strains). 1.5 Uncomplicated Skin and Skin-Structure Infections Cefuroxime axetil tablets are indicated for the treatment of adult patients and pediatric patients (aged 13 and older) with uncomplicated skin and skin-structure infections caused by susceptible strains of Staphylococcus aureus (including β -lactamase–producing strains) or Streptococcus pyogenes. 1.6 Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections Cefuroxime axetil tablets are indicated for the treatment of adult patients and pediatric patients (aged 13 and older) with uncomplicated urinary tract infections caused by susceptible strains of Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae. 1.7 Uncomplicated Gonorrhea Cefuroxime axetil tablets are indicated for the treatment of adult patients and pediatric patients (aged 13 and older) with uncomplicated gonorrhea, urethral and endocervical, caused by penicillinase producing and non-penicillinase–producing susceptible strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and uncomplicated gonorrhea, rectal, in females, caused by non-penicillinase–producing susceptible strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. 1.8 Early Lyme Disease (erythema migrans) Cefuroxime axetil tablets are indicated for the treatment of adult patients and pediatric patients (aged 13 and older) with early Lyme disease (erythema migrans) caused by susceptible strains of Borrelia burgdorferi. 1.10 Usage To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of cefuroxime axetil and other antibacterial drugs, cefuroxime axetil should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Known hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylaxis) to cefuroxime axetil tablets or to other β-lactams (e.g., penicillins and cephalosporins). ( 4) Cefuroxime axetil is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylaxis) to cefuroxime axetil or to other β-lactam antibacterial drugs (e.g., penicillins and cephalosporins).
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The most common adverse reactions (≥3%) for cefuroxime axetil tablets are diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction, and vaginitis (early Lyme disease). ( 6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Lupin Pharmaceuticals USA Inc. at 1-800-399-2561 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch The following serious and otherwise important adverse reaction is described in greater detail in the Warnings and Precautions section of the label: Anaphylactic Reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS ( 5.1)]. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Tablets Multiple-Dose Dosing Regimens with 7 to 10 Days' Duration: In multiple-dose clinical trials, 912 subjects were treated with cefuroxime axetil (125 to 500 mg twice daily). It is noted that 125 mg twice daily is not an approved dosage. Twenty (2.2%) subjects discontinued medication due to adverse reactions. Seventeen (85%) of the 20 subjects who discontinued therapy did so because of gastrointestinal disturbances, including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. The percentage of subjects treated with cefuroxime axetil who discontinued study drug because of adverse reactions was similar at daily doses of 1,000, 500, and 250 mg (2.3%, 2.1%, and 2.2%, respectively). However, the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse reactions increased with the higher recommended doses. The adverse reactions in Table 5 are for subjects (n = 912) treated with cefuroxime axetil in multiple-dose clinical trials. Table 5. Adverse Reactions (≥1%) after Multiple-Dose Regimens with Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets Adverse Reaction Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets ( n = 912 ) Blood and lymphatic system disorders Eosinophilia 1% Gastrointestinal disorders Diarrhea 4% Nausea/Vomiting 3% Investigations Transient elevation in AST 2% Transient elevation in ALT 2% Transient elevation in LDH 1% The following adverse reactions occurred in less than 1% but greater than 0.1% of subjects (n = 912) treated with cefuroxime axetil in multiple-dose clinical trials. Immune System Disorders: Hives, swollen tongue. Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders: Anorexia. Nervous System Disorders: Headache. Cardiac Disorders: Chest pain. Respiratory Disorders: Shortness of breath. Gastrointestinal Disorders: Abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, flatulence, indigestion, mouth ulcers. Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: Rash, itch Renal and Urinary Disorders: Dysuria. Reproductive System and Breast Disorders: Vaginitis, vulvar itch. General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: Chills, sleepiness, thirst. Investigations: Positive Coombs' test. Early Lyme Disease with 20-Day Regimen: Two multicenter trials assessed cefuroxime axetil tablets 500 mg twice daily for 20 days. The most common drug-related adverse experiences were diarrhea (10.6%), Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (5.6%), and vaginitis (5.4%). Other adverse experiences occurred with frequencies comparable to those reported with 7 to 10 days' dosing. Single-Dose Regimen for Uncomplicated Gonorrhea: In clinical trials using a single 1,000-mg dose of cefuroxime axetil tablets, 1,061 subjects were treated for uncomplicated gonorrhea. The adverse reactions in Table 6 were for subjects treated with a single dose of 1,000 mg cefuroxime axetil tablets in U.S. clinical trials. Table 6. Adverse Reactions (≥1%) after Single-Dose Regimen with 1,000-mg Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets for Uncomplicated Gonorrhea Adverse Reaction Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets ( n = 1 , 061 ) Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea/Vomiting 7% Diarrhea 4% The following adverse reactions occurred in less than 1% but greater than 0.1% of subjects (n = 1,061) treated with a single dose of cefuroxime axetil tablets 1,000 mg for uncomplicated gonorrhea in U.S. clinical trials. Infections and Infestations: Vaginal candidiasis. Nervous System Disorders: Headache, dizziness, somnolence. Cardiac Disorders: Tightness/pain in chest, tachycardia. Gastrointestinal Disorders: Abdominal pain, dyspepsia. Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: Erythema, rash, pruritus. Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: Muscle cramps, muscle stiffness, muscle spasm of neck, lockjaw-type reaction. Renal and Urinary Disorders: Bleeding/pain in urethra, kidney pain. Reproductive System and Breast Disorders: Vaginal itch, vaginal discharge. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of cefuroxime axetil. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders Hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia. Gastrointestinal Disorders Pseudomembranous colitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS ( 5.2)] . Hepatobiliary Disorders Hepatic impairment including hepatitis and cholestasis, jaundice. Immune System Disorders Anaphylaxis, serum sickness-like reaction. Investigations Increased prothrombin time. Nervous System Disorders Seizure, encephalopathy. Renal and Urinary Disorders Renal dysfunction. Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders Angioedema, erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, urticaria.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Tablets and oral suspension are not bioequivalent and are therefore not substitutable on a milligram-per-milligram basis. ( 2.1) Administer tablets with or without food. ( 2.2) Administer cefuroxime axetil tablets as described in the dosage guidelines. ( 2.2) Dosage adjustment is required for patients with impaired renal function. ( 2.5) Adult Patients and Pediatric Patients Dosage Guidelines for Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets Infection Dosage Duration ( Days ) Adults and Adolescents ( 13 years and older ) Pharyngitis/tonsillitis (mild to moderate) 250 mg every 12 hours 10 Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis (mild to moderate) 250 mg every 12 hours 10 Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (mild to moderate) 250 or 500 mg every 12 hours 10 Uncomplicated skin and skin-structure infections 250 or 500 mg every 12 hours 10 Uncomplicated urinary tract infections 250 mg every 12 hours 7 to 10 Uncomplicated gonorrhea 1,000 mg single dose Early Lyme disease 500 mg every 12 hours 20 Pediatric Patients younger than 13 years (who can swallow tablets whole) Acute bacterial otitis media 250 mg every 12 hours Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis 250 mg every 12 hours 2.1 Important Administration Instructions Cefuroxime axetil tablets and cefuroxime axetil for oral suspension are not bioequivalent and are therefore not substitutable on a milligram-per-milligram basis [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ( 12.3)] . Administer cefuroxime axetil tablets as described in the appropriate dosage guidelines [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ( 2.2)]. Administer cefuroxime axetil tablets with or without food. Pediatric patients (aged 13 years and older) who cannot swallow the cefuroxime axetil tablets whole should receive cefuroxime axetil for oral suspension because the tablet has a strong, persistent bitter taste when crushed [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ( 2.2)]. 2.2 Dosage for Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets Administer cefuroxime axetil tablets as described in the dosage guidelines table below with or without food. Table 1. Adult Patients and Pediatric Patients Dosage Guidelines for Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets Infection Dosage Duration ( Days ) Adults and Adolescents ( 13 years and older ) Pharyngitis/tonsillitis (mild to moderate) 250 mg every 12 hours 10 Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis (mild to moderate) 250 mg every 12 hours 10 Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (mild to moderate) 250 or 500 mg every 12 hours 10 The safety and effectiveness of cefuroxime axetil administered for less than 10 days in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis have not been established. Uncomplicated skin and skin-structure infections 250 or 500 mg every 12 hours 10 Uncomplicated urinary tract infections 250 mg every 12 hours 7 to 10 Uncomplicated gonorrhea 1,000 mg single dose Early Lyme disease 500 mg every 12 hours 20 Pediatric Patients younger than 13 years ( who can swallow tablets whole ) When crushed, the tablet has a strong, persistent bitter taste. Therefore, patients who cannot swallow the tablet whole should receive the oral suspension. Acute bacterial otitis media 250 mg every 12 hours 10 Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis 250 mg every 12 hours 10 2.5 Dosage in Patients with Impaired Renal Function A dosage interval adjustment is required for patients whose creatinine clearance is less than 30 mL/min, as listed in Table 4 below, because cefuroxime is eliminated primarily by the kidney [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ( 12.3)]. Table 4. Dosing in Adults with Renal Impairment Creatinine Clearance ( mL / min ) Recommended Dosage ≥30 No dosage adjustment 10 to ˂30 Standard individual dose given every 24 hours ˂10 (without hemodialysis) Standard individual dose given every 48 hours Hemodialysis A single additional standard dose should be given at the end of each dialysis
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Available data from published epidemiologic studies, case series, and case reports over several decades with cephalosporin use, including cefuroxime axetil, in pregnant women have not established drug-associated risks of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes (see Data). In studies in pregnant mice and rats administered oral cefuroxime axetil during organogenesis at 14 and 9 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) based on body surface area, respectively, there were no adverse developmental outcomes (see Data). The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations are unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defects, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively. Clinical Considerations Disease-Associated Maternal and/or Embryo/Fetal Risk: Maternal gonorrhea may be associated with preterm birth, low neonatal birth weight, chorioamnionitis, intrauterine growth restriction, small for gestational age, and premature rupture of membranes. Perinatal transmission of gonorrhea to the offspring can result in infant blindness, joint infections, and bloodstream infections. Data Human Data: While available studies cannot definitively establish the absence of risk, published data from epidemiologic studies, case series, and case reports over several decades have not identified an association with cephalosporin use (including cefuroxime axetil) during pregnancy and major birth defects, miscarriage, or other adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. Available studies have methodologic limitations, including small sample size, retrospective data collection, and inconsistent comparator groups. Animal Data: Studies performed with oral cefuroxime axetil administered to pregnant mice during organogenesis (Gestation Days 7 through 16) at doses up to 3,200 mg/kg/day (14 times the MRHD based on body surface area); and in rats dosed during organogenesis and lactation (Gestation Days 7 through 16 and Gestation Days 17 through Lactation Day 21, respectively) at doses up to 1,000 mg/kg/day (9 times the MRHD based on body surface area) have revealed no adverse developmental outcomes. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary Based on several published case reports describing multiple lactating women who received cefuroxime via intravenous, intramuscular, and oral routes, cefuroxime is present in human milk. The highest maternal milk concentration described occurred in lactating women 8 hours after an intramuscular administration of cefuroxime 750 mg. Allowing for an infant milk consumption of 150 mL/kg/day, the estimated breastfed infant dose would be less than 1% of the adult dose . No data are available on the effects of the drug on the breastfed infant or the effects of the drug on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for cefuroxime and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from cefuroxime or from the underlying maternal condition. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of cefuroxime axetil have been established for pediatric patients aged 3 months to 12 years for acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis based upon its approval in adults. Use of cefuroxime axetil in pediatric patients is supported by pharmacokinetic and safety data in adults and pediatric patients, and by clinical and microbiological data from adequate and well-controlled trials of the treatment of acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis in adults and of acute otitis media with effusion in pediatric patients. It is also supported by postmarketing adverse events surveillance. [See INDICATIONS AND USAGE ( 1), DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ( 2), ADVERSE REACTIONS ( 6), CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ( 12.3)]. 8.5 Geriatric Use Of the total number of subjects who received cefuroxime axetil in 20 clinical trials, 375 were aged 65 and older while 151 were aged 75 and older. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger adult subjects. Reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger adult patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. Cefuroxime is substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of adverse reactions may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function. 8.6 Renal Impairment Reducing the dosage of cefuroxime axetil is recommended for adult patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance <30 mL/min) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ( 2.5), CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ( 12.3)] .

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Drugs that reduce gastric acidity may lower the bioavailability of cefuroxime axetil tablets. ( 7.1) Coadministration with probenecid increases systemic exposure to cefuroxime axetil tablets and is therefore not recommended. ( 7.2) 7.1 Drugs that Reduce Gastric Acidity Drugs that reduce gastric acidity may result in a lower bioavailability of cefuroxime axetil compared with administration in the fasting state. Administration of drugs that reduce gastric acidity may negate the food effect of increased absorption of cefuroxime axetil when administered in the postprandial state. Administer cefuroxime axetil at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after administration of short-acting antacids. Histamine-2 (H 2) antagonists and proton pump inhibitors should be avoided. 7.2 Probenecid Concomitant administration of probenecid with cefuroxime axetil tablets increases serum concentrations of cefuroxime [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ( 12.3)]. Coadministration of probenecid with cefuroxime axetil is not recommended. 7.3 Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions A false-positive reaction for glucose in the urine may occur with copper reduction tests (e.g., Benedict's or Fehling's solution), but not with enzyme-based tests for glycosuria. As a false-negative result may occur in the ferricyanide test, it is recommended that either the glucose oxidase or hexokinase method be used to determine blood/plasma glucose levels in patients receiving cefuroxime axetil. The presence of cefuroxime does not interfere with the assay of serum and urine creatinine by the alkaline picrate method.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number ANDA065135
Agency product number Z49QDT0J8Z
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 43063-584
Date Last Revised 01-10-2019
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 309097
Marketing authorisation holder PD-Rx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.