Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 20 July 2018

Indication(s)

1. INDICATIONS AND USAGE CAPRELSA is indicated for the treatment of symptomatic or progressive medullary thyroid cancer in patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease. Use CAPRELSA in patients with indolent, asymptomatic or slowly progressing disease only after careful consideration of the treatment related risks of CAPRELSA. CAPRELSA is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of symptomatic or progressive medullary thyroid cancer in patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease. (1) Use CAPRELSA in patients with indolent, asymptomatic or slowly progressing disease only after careful consideration of the treatment related risks of CAPRELSA. (1)

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Advisory information

contraindications
4. CONTRAINDICATIONS Do not use in patients with congenital long QT syndrome [see Boxed Warning ]. Do not use in patients with congenital long QT syndrome. (4)
Adverse reactions
6. ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the label: QT Prolongation and Torsades de Pointes [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] Severe Skin Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ] Interstitial Lung Disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] Ischemic Cerebrovascular Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) ] Hemorrhage [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ] Heart Failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6) ] Diarrhea [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) ] Hypothyroidism [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8) ] Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9) ] Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10) ] Embryofetal Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14) ] The most common adverse drug reactions (>20%) seen with CAPRELSA and with a between-arm difference of ≥5 % have been diarrhea/colitis, rash, acneiform dermatitis, hypertension, nausea, headache, upper respiratory tract infections, decreased appetite and abdominal pain. To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, Contact Sanofi Genzyme at 1–800–817–2722 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Studies Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid cancer were treated with CAPRELSA 300 mg (n=231) or Placebo (n=99). The population exposed to CAPRELSA was 58% male, 94% white, and had a median age of 50 years. The data described below reflect a median exposure to CAPRELSA for 607 days. The most commonly reported adverse drug reactions which occurred in >20% of CAPRELSA-treated patients and with a between-arm difference of ≥5% included, in order of decreasing frequency: diarrhea/colitis, rash, acneiform dermatitis, hypertension, nausea, headache, upper respiratory tract infection, decreased appetite, and abdominal pain. Among CAPRELSA-treated patients, dose interruption occurred in 109 (47%) and dose reduction occurred in 83 (36%). Adverse reactions led to study treatment discontinuation in 28 of 231 patients (12%) receiving CAPRELSA and in 3 of 99 patients (3.0%) receiving placebo. Adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation in 2 or more (≥0.9%) patients treated with CAPRELSA were: asthenia (1.7%), rash (1.7%), diarrhea (0.9%), fatigue (0.9%), pyrexia (0.9%), elevated creatinine (0.9%), QT prolongation (0.9%), and hypertension (0.9%). Table 1 - Per-Patient Incidence of Selected Adverse Reactions Occurring at a Higher Incidence in CAPRELSA-Treated Patients During Randomized Treatment [Between-Arm Difference of ≥5% (All Grades)CTCAE version 3 was used to grade adverse events.] System Organ Class CAPRELSA 300 mg Placebo Preferred Term N=231 N=99 All Grades (%) Grade 3–4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3–4 (%) Gastrointestinal Disorders Diarrhea/Colitis 57 11 27 2 Nausea 33 1 16 0 Abdominal PainIncludes abdominal pain, abdominal pain upper, lower abdominal pain and abdominal discomfort. 21 3 11 0 Vomiting 15 1 7 0 Dyspepsia 11 0 4 0 Dry Mouth 9 0 3 0 Skin and Cutaneous Disorders RashIncludes rash, rash (erythematous, generalized, macular, maculo-papular, papular, pruritic, and exfoliative), dermatitis, dermatitis bullous, generalized erythema, and eczema. 53 5 12 0 Dermatitis Acneiform/Acne 35 1 7 0 Dry Skin 15 0 5 0 Photosensitivity Reaction 13 2 0 0 Pruritus 11 1 4 0 Nail abnormalitiesIncludes nail disorder, nail bed inflammation, nail bed tenderness, paronychia, nail bed infection, and nail infection. 9 0 0 0 Alopecia 8 N/A 0 N/A Vascular Disorders Hypertension/Hypertensive Crisis/Accelerated Hypertension 33 9 5 1 Nervous System Disorders Headache 26 1 9 0 Dysgeusia 8 0 3 0 General Disorders FatigueIncluded in Table 1 due to the increased incidence of severe fatigue in the CAPRELSA group compared to the placebo group. 24 6 23 1 Infections Upper Respiratory Tract InfectionsIncludes laryngitis, nasopharyngitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, upper respiratory tract infection, acute sinusitis, rhinitis, and tracheitis. 23 0 16 0 Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders Decreased Appetite 21 4 12 0 Hypocalcemia 11 2 3 0 Investigations ECG QT Prolonged69% had QT prolongation >450ms and 7% had QT prolongation >500ms by ECG using Fridericia correction. 14 8 1 1 Eye Disorders Corneal AbnormalitiesIncludes corneal edema, corneal opacity, corneal dystrophy, corneal pigmentation, keratopathy, arcus lipoides, corneal deposits, acquired corneal dystrophy. 13 0 1 0 Blurred Vision 9 0 1 0 Renal Disorders Proteinuria 10 0 2 0 Psychiatric Disorders Depression 10 2 3 0 Endocrine Disorders Hypothyroidism 6 0 0 0 Musculoskeletal Disorders Muscle Spasms 6 0 1 0 Clinically important uncommon adverse drug reactions in patients who received CAPRELSA versus patients who received placebo included pancreatitis (0.4% vs. 0%) and heart failure (0.9% vs. 0%). Blurred vision was more common in patients who received CAPRELSA versus patients who received placebo for medullary thyroid cancer (9% vs. 1%, respectively). Scheduled slit lamp examinations revealed corneal opacities (vortex keratopathies) in treated patients, which can lead to halos and decreased visual acuity. Perform ophthalmologic examination, including slit lamp examination, in patients who report visual changes. Class effects CAPRELSA is an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) signaling. Inhibition of VEGFR signaling can result in intestinal perforation. Intestinal perforation occurred in 0.4% of CAPRELSA treated patients versus 0% of placebo treated patients. The incidence of Grade 1–2 bleeding events was 14% in patients receiving CAPRELSA compared with 7% on placebo in the randomized portion of the medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) study. Table 2 - Per-Patient Incidence of Selected Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients with MTC Occurring at a Higher Incidence in CAPRELSA-Treated Patients [Between-Arm Difference of ≥5% (All Grades)CTCAE version 3 was used to grade laboratory abnormalities.] Laboratory Abnormalities CAPRELSA 300 mg N=231 Placebo N=99 All Grades (%) Grade 3–4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3–4 (%) Chemistries Hypocalcemia 57 6 25 3 ALT Increased 51 2 19 0 Hypoglycemia 24 0 7 1 Creatinine Increased 16 0 1 0 Hypomagnesemia 7 <1 2 0 Hematologic Neutropenia 10 <1 5 2 Thrombocytopenia 9 0 3 0 No patient with a Grade 3–4 ALT elevation had a concomitant increase in bilirubin in the MTC study.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION The recommended dose of CAPRELSA is 300 mg taken orally once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs. CAPRELSA may be taken with or without food. Do not take a missed dose within 12 hours of the next dose. Do not crush CAPRELSA tablets. The tablets can be dispersed in 2 ounces of water by stirring for approximately 10 minutes (will not completely dissolve). Do not use other liquids for dispersion. Swallow immediately after dispersion. Mix any remaining residue with 4 additional ounces of water and swallow. The dispersion can also be administered through nasogastric or gastrostomy tubes. 300 mg once daily. (2) CAPRELSA may be taken with or without food. (2) Dosage reduction may be necessary in the event of severe toxicities or QTc interval prolongation. (2.1) The starting dose is 200 mg in patients with moderate to severe renal impairment. (2.1) 2.1 Dosage Adjustment For adverse reactions The 300 mg daily dose can be reduced to 200 mg (two 100 mg tablets) and then to 100 mg for Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade 3 or greater toxicities. Interrupt CAPRELSA for the following: Corrected QT interval, Fridericia (QTcF) greater than 500 ms: Resume at a reduced dose when the QTcF returns to less than 450 ms. CTCAE Grade 3 or greater toxicity: Resume at a reduced dose when the toxicity resolves or improves to CTCAE Grade 1. For recurrent toxicities, reduce the dose of CAPRELSA to 100 mg after resolution or improvement to CTCAE Grade 1 severity, if continued treatment is warranted. Because of the 19-day half-life, adverse reactions including a prolonged QT interval may not resolve quickly. Monitor appropriately [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), (5.2), (5.3), (5.4), (5.5), (5.6), (5.7), and (5.9) ]. For patients with renal impairment Reduce the starting dose to 200 mg in patients with moderate (creatinine clearance ≥30 to <50 mL/min) and severe (creatinine clearance <30 mL/min) renal impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6) ]. For patients with hepatic impairment CAPRELSA is not recommended for use in patients with moderate and severe hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7) ].
Use in special populations
8. USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category D [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14) ] Risk Summary Based on its mechanism of action, CAPRELSA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Vandetanib is embryotoxic, fetotoxic, and teratogenic in rats, at exposures less than or equal to those expected at the recommended human dose of 300 mg/day. If CAPRELSA is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus. Animal data When vandetanib was administered to female rats prior to mating and through the first week of pregnancy at a dose of 25 mg/kg/day (approximately equal to the human exposure at the recommended dose based on Cmax), there were increases in pre-implantation loss and post-implantation loss resulting in a reduction in the number of live embryos. During organogenesis, a vandetanib dose of 25 mg/kg administered to rats caused an increase in post-implantation loss, including occasional total litter loss. At doses greater than 10 mg/kg (approximately 0.4 times the human exposure at the recommended dose by Cmax) treatment with vandetanib resulted in increases in late embryofetal death and decreases in fetal birth weight. A no effect level for malformations was not identified in this study. Administration of vandetanib at doses greater than or equal to 1 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.03 times, the Cmax in patients with cancer at the recommended dose) resulted in dose dependent increases in both malformations of the heart vessels and skeletal variations including delayed ossification of the skull, vertebrae, and sternum, indicating delayed fetal development. In a rat pre- and post-natal development study, at doses producing mild maternal toxicity (1 and 10 mg/kg/day) during gestation and/or lactation, vandetanib decreased pup survival and/or reduced post-natal pup growth. Reduced post-natal pup growth was associated with a delay in physical development. 8.3 Nursing Mothers In nonclinical studies, vandetanib was excreted in rat milk and found in plasma of pups following dosing to lactating rats. Vandetanib transfer in breast milk resulted in relatively constant exposure in pups due to the long half-life of the drug. It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from CAPRELSA, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and efficacy of CAPRELSA in pediatric patients have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use The MTC study of CAPRELSA did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 years and over to determine whether they respond differently compared to younger patients. 8.6 Renal Impairment Vandetanib exposure is increased in patients with impaired renal function. Reduce the starting dose to 200 mg in patients with moderate (creatinine clearance ≥30 to <50 mL/min) and severe (creatinine clearance <30 mL/min) renal impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.1) , Warnings and Precautions (5.12) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment The pharmacokinetics of CAPRELSA were evaluated after a single dose of 800 mg in subjects with mild (n=8), moderate (n=7), and severe (n=6) hepatic impairment and normal hepatic function (n=5). Subjects with mild (Child-Pugh class A), moderate (Child-Pugh class B), and severe (Child-Pugh class C) hepatic impairment had comparable mean AUC and clearance values to those with normal hepatic function. There are limited data in patients with liver impairment (serum bilirubin greater than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal). CAPRELSA is not recommended for use in patients with moderate and severe hepatic impairment, as safety and efficacy have not been established [see Dosage and Administration (2.1) and Warnings and Precautions (5.13)]. 8.8 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females of reproductive potential should avoid pregnancy. Use effective contraception during treatment and up to 4 months after the last dose of CAPRELSA. Infertility There are no data on the effect of CAPRELSA on human fertility. Results from animal studies indicate that vandetanib can impair male and female fertility [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1) ].
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers In nonclinical studies, vandetanib was excreted in rat milk and found in plasma of pups following dosing to lactating rats. Vandetanib transfer in breast milk resulted in relatively constant exposure in pups due to the long half-life of the drug. It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from CAPRELSA, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Interactions

7. DRUG INTERACTIONS Avoid the use of strong CYP3A4 inducers because they may decrease CAPRELSA exposure. (7.1) Avoid the use of agents that prolong the QT interval. (5.11) 7.1 Effect of CYP3A4 Inducers on CAPRELSA Rifampicin, a strong CYP3A4 inducer, decreased vandetanib plasma concentrations. Avoid concomitant use of known strong CYP3A4 inducers during CAPRELSA therapy. Avoid concomitant use of St. John's Wort because it can decrease vandetanib exposure unpredictably [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 7.2 Effect of CAPRELSA on OCT2 Transporter CAPRELSA increased plasma concentrations of metformin that is transported by the organic cation transporter type 2 (OCT2). Use caution and closely monitor for toxicities when administering CAPRELSA with drugs that are transported by OCT2 [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 7.3 Effect of CAPRELSA on Digoxin CAPRELSA increased plasma concentrations of digoxin. Use caution and closely monitor for toxicities when administering CAPRELSA with digoxin [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 7.4 Drugs that Prolong the QT Interval Avoid concomitant use of CAPRELSA with agents that may prolong the QT interval [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11) ].

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number NDA022405
Agency product number YO460OQ37K
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 58468-7840,58468-7820
Date Last Revised 31-12-2016
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1098418
Storage and handling 16.1 Storage and Handling CAPRELSA tablets should be stored at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C – 30°C (59°F – 86°F) [See USP controlled room temperature]. Procedures for proper handling and disposal of anticancer drugs should be considered. A guideline on this subject has been published.1 Do not crush CAPRELSA tablets.
Marketing authorisation holder Genzyme Corporation
Warnings WARNING: QT PROLONGATION, TORSADES DE POINTES, AND SUDDEN DEATH CAPRELSA can prolong the QT interval. Torsades de pointes and sudden death have occurred in patients receiving CAPRELSA. Do not use CAPRELSA in patients with hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or long QT syndrome. Correct hypocalcemia, hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia prior to CAPRELSA administration. Monitor electrolytes periodically. Avoid drugs known to prolong the QT interval. Only prescribers and pharmacies certified with the restricted distribution program are able to prescribe and dispense CAPRELSA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.15) ]. WARNING: QT PROLONGATION, TORSADES DE POINTES, AND SUDDEN DEATH See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning. CAPRELSA can prolong the QT interval. Torsades de pointes and sudden death have occurred in patients receiving CAPRELSA. Do not use CAPRELSA in patients with hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or long QT syndrome. Correct hypocalcemia, hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia prior to CAPRELSA administration. Monitor electrolytes periodically. Avoid drugs known to prolong the QT interval. Only prescribers and pharmacies certified with the restricted distribution program are able to prescribe and dispense CAPRELSA (5.1, 5.15).