Data from FDA (Food and Drug Administration, USA) - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 24 November 2019

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Avastin is a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor indicated for the treatment of: Metastatic colorectal cancer, in combination with intravenous fluorouracil-based chemotherapy for first- or second-line treatment. (1.1) Metastatic colorectal cancer, in combination with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for second-line treatment in patients who have progressed on a first-line Avastin-containing regimen. (1.1) Limitations of Use: Avastin is not indicated for adjuvant treatment of colon cancer. (1.1) Unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel for first-line treatment. (1.2) Recurrent glioblastoma in adults. (1.3) Metastatic renal cell carcinoma in combination with interferon alfa. (1.4) Persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer, in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin, or paclitaxel and topotecan. (1.5) Epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer: in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, followed by Avastin as a single agent, for stage III or IV disease following initial surgical resection (1.6) in combination with paclitaxel, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, or topotecan for platinum-resistant recurrent disease who received no more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens (1.6) in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel or carboplatin and gemcitabine, followed by Avastin as a single agent, for platinum-sensitive recurrent disease (1.6) 1.1 Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Avastin, in combination with intravenous fluorouracil-based chemotherapy, is indicated for the first-or second-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Avastin, in combination with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, is indicated for the second-line treatment of patients with mCRC who have progressed on a first-line Avastin-containing regimen. Limitations of Use: Avastin is not indicated for adjuvant treatment of colon cancer [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. 1.2 First-Line Non-Squamous Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Avastin, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic non–squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). 1.3 Recurrent Glioblastoma Avastin is indicated for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) in adults. 1.4 Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Avastin, in combination with interferon alfa, is indicated for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). 1.5 Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Cervical Cancer Avastin, in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin or paclitaxel and topotecan, is indicated for the treatment of patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer. 1.6 Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer Avastin, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, followed by Avastin as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with stage III or IV epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer following initial surgical resection. Avastin, in combination with paclitaxel, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, or topotecan, is indicated for the treatment of patients with platinum-resistant recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer who received no more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens. Avastin, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, or with carboplatin and gemcitabine, followed by Avastin as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer.

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contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS None. None (4)
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling: Gastrointestinal Perforations and Fistulae [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Surgery and Wound Healing Complications [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Hemorrhage [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. Arterial Thromboembolic Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. Venous Thromboembolic Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]. Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]. Renal Injury and Proteinuria [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]. Infusion-Related Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]. Ovarian Failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)]. Congestive Heart Failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)]. Most common adverse reactions incidence (incidence > 10%) are epistaxis, headache, hypertension, rhinitis, proteinuria, taste alteration, dry skin, rectal hemorrhage, lacrimation disorder, back pain and exfoliative dermatitis. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Genentech, Inc. at 1-888-835-2555 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The safety data in Warnings and Precautions and described below reflect exposure to Avastin in 4134 patients including those with mCRC (AVF2107g, E3200), non-squamous NSCLC (E4599), GBM (EORTC 26101), mRCC (BO17705), cervical cancer (GOG-0240), and epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer (MO22224, AVF4095, GOG-0213, and GOG-0218) at the recommended dose and schedule for a median of 6 to 23 doses. The most common adverse reactions observed in patients receiving Avastin as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapy at a rate > 10% were epistaxis, headache, hypertension, rhinitis, proteinuria, taste alteration, dry skin, rectal hemorrhage, lacrimation disorder, back pain and exfoliative dermatitis. Across clinical studies, Avastin was discontinued in 8% to 22% of patients because of adverse reactions [see Clinical Studies (14)]. Metastatic Colorectal Cancer In Combination with bolus-IFL The safety of Avastin was evaluated in 392 patients who received at least one dose of Avastin in a double-blind, active-controlled study (AVF2107g), which compared Avastin (5 mg/kg every 2 weeks) with bolus-IFL to placebo with bolus-IFL in patients with mCRC [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Patients were randomized (1:1:1) to placebo with bolus-IFL, Avastin with bolus-IFL, or Avastin with fluorouracil and leucovorin. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. All Grades 3–4 adverse reactions and selected Grades 1–2 adverse reactions (i.e., hypertension, proteinuria, thromboembolic events) were collected in the entire study population. Adverse reactions are presented in Table 2. Table 2: Grades 3-4 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence (≥2%) in Patients Receiving Avastin vs. Placebo in Study AVF2107g Adverse ReactionNCI-CTC version 3 Avastin with IFL (N=392) Placebo with IFL (N=396) Hematology Leukopenia 37% 31% Neutropenia 21% 14% Gastrointestinal Diarrhea 34% 25% Abdominal pain 8% 5% Constipation 4% 2% Vascular Hypertension 12% 2% Deep vein thrombosis 9% 5% Intra-abdominal thrombosis 3% 1% Syncope 3% 1% General Asthenia 10% 7% Pain 8% 5% In Combination with FOLFOX4 The safety of Avastin was evaluated in 521 patients in an open-label, active-controlled study (E3200) in patients who were previously treated with irinotecan and fluorouracil for initial therapy for mCRC. Patients were randomized (1:1:1) to FOLFOX4, Avastin (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks prior to FOLFOX4 on Day 1) with FOLFOX4, or Avastin alone (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks). Avastin was continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Selected Grades 3–5 non-hematologic and Grades 4–5 hematologic occurring at a higher incidence (≥ 2%) in patients receiving Avastin with FOLFOX4 compared to FOLFOX4 alone were fatigue (19% vs. 13%), diarrhea (18% vs. 13%), sensory neuropathy (17% vs. 9%), nausea (12% vs. 5%), vomiting (11% vs. 4%), dehydration (10% vs. 5%), hypertension (9% vs. 2%), abdominal pain (8% vs. 5%), hemorrhage (5% vs. 1%), other neurological (5% vs. 3%), ileus (4% vs. 1%) and headache (3% vs. 0%). These data are likely to under-estimate the true adverse reaction rates due to the reporting mechanisms. First-Line Non Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer The safety of Avastin was evaluated as first-line treatment in 422 patients with unresectable NSCLC who received at least one dose of Avastin in an active-controlled, open-label, multicenter trial (E4599) [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. Chemotherapy naïve patients with locally advanced, metastatic or recurrent non–squamous NSCLC were randomized (1:1) to receive six 21-day cycles of paclitaxel and carboplatin with or without Avastin (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks). After completion or upon discontinuation of chemotherapy, patients randomized to receive Avastin continued to receive Avastin alone until disease progression or until unacceptable toxicity. The trial excluded patients with predominant squamous histology (mixed cell type tumors only), CNS metastasis, gross hemoptysis (1/2 teaspoon or more of red blood), unstable angina, or receiving therapeutic anticoagulation. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Only Grades 3-5 non-hematologic and Grades 4-5 hematologic adverse reactions were collected. Grades 3-5 non-hematologic and Grades 4-5 hematologic adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥ 2%) in patients receiving Avastin with paclitaxel and carboplatin compared with patients receiving chemotherapy alone were neutropenia (27% vs. 17%), fatigue (16% vs. 13%), hypertension (8% vs. 0.7%), infection without neutropenia (7% vs. 3%), venous thromboembolism (5% vs. 3%), febrile neutropenia (5% vs. 2%), pneumonitis/pulmonary infiltrates (5% vs. 3%), infection with Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (4% vs. 2%), hyponatremia (4% vs. 1%), headache (3% vs. 1%) and proteinuria (3% vs. 0%). Recurrent Glioblastoma The safety of Avastin was evaluated in a multicenter, randomized, open-label study (EORTC 26101) in patients with recurrent GBM following radiotherapy and temozolomide of whom 278 patients received at least one dose of Avastin and are considered safety evaluable [see Clinical Studies (14.4)]. Patients were randomized (2:1) to receive Avastin (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks) with lomustine or lomustine alone until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. In the Avastin with lomustine arm, 22% of patients discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions compared with 10% of patients in the lomustine arm. In patients receiving Avastin with lomustine, the adverse reaction profile was similar to that observed in other approved indications. Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma The safety of Avastin was evaluated in 337 patients who received at least one dose of Avastin in a multicenter, double-blind study (BO17705) in patients with mRCC. Patients who had undergone a nephrectomy were randomized (1:1) to receive either Avastin (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks) or placebo with interferon alfa [see Clinical Studies (14.5)]. Patients were treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Grades 3-5 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence ( >2%) were fatigue (13% vs. 8%), asthenia (10% vs. 7%), proteinuria (7% vs. 0%), hypertension (6% vs. 1%; including hypertension and hypertensive crisis), and hemorrhage (3% vs. 0.3%; including epistaxis, small intestinal hemorrhage, aneurysm ruptured, gastric ulcer hemorrhage, gingival bleeding, hemoptysis, hemorrhage intracranial, large intestinal hemorrhage, respiratory tract hemorrhage, and traumatic hematoma). Adverse reactions are presented in Table 3. Table 3: Grades 1-5 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence (≥5%) of Patients Receiving Avastin vs. Placebo with Interferon Alfa in Study BO17705 Adverse ReactionNCI-CTC version 3 Avastin with Interferon Alfa (N=337) Placebo with Interferon Alfa (N=304) Metabolism and nutrition Decreased appetite 36% 31% Weight loss 20% 15% General Fatigue 33% 27% Vascular Hypertension 28% 9% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal Epistaxis 27% 4% Dysphonia 5% 0% Nervous system Headache 24% 16% Gastrointestinal Diarrhea 21% 16% Renal and urinary Proteinuria 20% 3% Musculoskeletal and connective tissue Myalgia 19% 14% Back pain 12% 6% The following adverse reactions were reported at a 5-fold greater incidence in patients receiving Avastin with interferon-alfa compared to patients receiving placebo with interferon-alfa and not represented in Table 3: gingival bleeding (13 patients vs. 1 patient); rhinitis (9 vs. 0); blurred vision (8 vs. 0); gingivitis (8 vs. 1); gastroesophageal reflux disease (8 vs. 1); tinnitus (7 vs. 1); tooth abscess (7 vs. 0); mouth ulceration (6 vs. 0); acne (5 vs. 0); deafness (5 vs. 0); gastritis (5 vs. 0); gingival pain (5 vs. 0) and pulmonary embolism (5 vs. 1). Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Cervical Cancer The safety of Avastin was evaluated in 218 patients who received at least one dose of Avastin in a multicenter study (GOG-0240) in patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer[see Clinical Studies (14.6)]. Patients were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive paclitaxel and cisplatin with or without Avastin (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks), or paclitaxel and topotecan with or without Avastin (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks). The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Grades 3-4 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥ 2%) in 218 patients receiving Avastin with chemotherapy compared to 222 patients receiving chemotherapy alone were abdominal pain (12% vs. 10%), hypertension (11% vs. 0.5%), thrombosis (8% vs. 3%), diarrhea (6% vs. 3%), anal fistula (4% vs. 0%), proctalgia (3% vs. 0%), urinary tract infection (8% vs. 6%), cellulitis (3% vs. 0.5%), fatigue (14% vs. 10%), hypokalemia (7% vs. 4%), hyponatremia (4% vs. 1%), dehydration (4% vs. 0.5%), neutropenia (8% vs. 4%), lymphopenia (6% vs. 3%), back pain (6% vs. 3%), and pelvic pain (6% vs. 1%). Adverse reactions are presented in Table 4. Table 4: Grades 1-4 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence (≥ 5%) in Patients Receiving Avastin with Chemotherapy vs. Chemotherapy Alone in Study GOG-0240 Adverse ReactionNCI-CTC version 3 Avastin with Chemotherapy (N=218) Chemotherapy (N=222) General Fatigue 80% 75% Peripheral edema 15% 22% Metabolism and nutrition Decreased appetite 34% 26% Hyperglycemia 26% 19% Hypomagnesemia 24% 15% Weight loss 21% 7% Hyponatremia 19% 10% Hypoalbuminemia 16% 11% Vascular Hypertension 29% 6% Thrombosis 10% 3% Infections Urinary tract infection 22% 14% Infection 10% 5% Nervous system Headache 22% 13% Dysarthria 8% 1% Psychiatric Anxiety 17% 10% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal Epistaxis 17% 1% Renal and urinary Increased blood creatinine 16% 10% Proteinuria 10% 3% Gastrointestinal Stomatitis 15% 10% Proctalgia 6% 1% Anal fistula 6% 0% Reproductive system and breast Pelvic pain 14% 8% Hematology Neutropenia 12% 6% Lymphopenia 12% 5% Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube or Primary Peritoneal Cancer Stage III or IV Following Initial Surgical Resection The safety of Avastin was evaluated in GOG-0218, a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, three arm study, which evaluated the addition of Avastin to carboplatin and paclitaxel for the treatment of patients with stage III or IV epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer following initial surgical resection [see Clinical Studies (14.7)]. Patients were randomized (1:1:1) to carboplatin and paclitaxel without Avastin (CPP), carboplatin and paclitaxel with Avastin for up to six cycles (CPB15), or carboplatin and paclitaxel with Avastin for six cycles followed by Avastin as a single agent for up to 16 additional doses (CPB15+). Avastin was given at 15 mg/kg every three weeks. On this trial, 1215 patients received at least one dose of Avastin. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Grades 3-4 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥2%) in either of the Avastin arms versus the control arm were fatigue (CPB15+ - 9%, CPB15 - 6%, CPP - 6%), hypertension (CPB15+ - 10%, CPB15 - 6%, CPP - 2%), thrombocytopenia (CPB15+ - 21%, CPB15 - 20%, CPP - 15%) and leukopenia (CPB15+ - 51%, CPB15 - 53%, CPP - 50%). Adverse reactions are presented in Table 5. Table 5: Grades 1-5 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence (≥ 5%) in Patients Receiving Avastin with Chemotherapy vs. Chemotherapy Alone in GOG-0218 Adverse ReactionNCI-CTC version 3, Avastin with carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by Avastin aloneCPB15+, (N=608) Avastin with carboplatin and paclitaxelCPB15, (N= 607) Carboplatin and paclitaxelCPP (N= 602) General Fatigue 80% 72% 73% Gastrointestinal Nausea 58% 53% 51% Diarrhea 38% 40% 34% Stomatitis 25% 19% 14% Musculoskeletal and connective tissue Arthralgia 41% 33% 35% Pain in extremity 25% 19% 17% Muscular weakness 15% 13% 9% Nervous system Headache 34% 26% 21% Dysarthria 12% 10% 2% Vascular Hypertension 32% 24% 14% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal Epistaxis 31% 30% 9% Dyspnea 26% 28% 20% Nasal mucosal disorder 10% 7% 4% Platinum-Resistant Recurrent Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer The safety of Avastin was evaluated in 179 patients who received at least one dose of Avastin in a multicenter, open-label study (MO22224) in which patients were randomized (1:1) to Avastin with chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone in patients with platinum resistant, recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer that recurred within < 6 months from the most recent platinum based therapy [see Clinical Studies (14.8)]. Patients were randomized to receive Avastin 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks or 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Patients had received no more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens. The trial excluded patients with evidence of recto-sigmoid involvement by pelvic examination or bowel involvement on CT scan or clinical symptoms of bowel obstruction. Patients were treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Forty percent of patients on the chemotherapy alone arm received Avastin alone upon progression. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Grades 3-4 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence ( ≥ 2%) in 179 patients receiving Avastin with chemotherapy compared to 181 patients receiving chemotherapy alone were hypertension (6.7% vs. 1.1%) and palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia syndrome (4.5% vs. 1.7%). Adverse reactions are presented in Table 6. Table 6: Grades 2–4 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence ( ≥ 5%) in Patients Receiving Avastin with Chemotherapy vs. Chemotherapy Alone in Study MO22224 Adverse ReactionNCI-CTC version 3 Avastin with Chemotherapy (N=179) Chemotherapy (N=181) Hematology Neutropenia 31% 25% Vascular Hypertension 19% 6% Nervous system Peripheral sensory neuropathy 18% 7% General Mucosal inflammation 13% 6% Renal and urinary Proteinuria 12% 0.6% Skin and subcutaneous tissue Palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia 11% 5% Infections Infection 11% 4% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal Epistaxis 5% 0% Platinum-Sensitive Recurrent Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer Study AVF4095g The safety of Avastin was evaluated in 247 patients who received at least one dose of Avastin in a double-blind study (AVF4095g) in patients with platinum sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer [see Clinical Studies (14.9]. Patients were randomized (1:1) to receive Avastin (15 mg/kg) or placebo every 3 weeks with carboplatin and gemcitabine for 6 to 10 cycles followed by Avastin or placebo alone until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Grades 3-4 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥ 2%) in patients receiving Avastin with chemotherapy compared to placebo with chemotherapy were: thrombocytopenia (40% vs. 34%), nausea (4% vs. 1.3%), fatigue (6% vs. 4%), headache (4% vs. 0.9%), proteinuria (10% vs. 0.4%), dyspnea (4% vs. 1.7%), epistaxis (5% vs. 0.4%), and hypertension (17% vs. 0.9%). Adverse reactions are presented in Table 7. Table 7: Grades 1–5 Adverse Reactions Occurring at a Higher Incidence (≥ 5%) in Patients Receiving Avastin with Chemotherapy vs. Placebo with Chemotherapy in Study AVF4095g Adverse ReactionNCI-CTC version 3 Avastin with Carboplatin and Gemcitabine (N=247) Placebo with Carboplatin and Gemcitabine (N=233) General Fatigue 82% 75% Mucosal inflammation 15% 10% Gastrointestinal Nausea 72% 66% Diarrhea 38% 29% Stomatitis 15% 7% Hemorrhoids 8% 3% Gingival bleeding 7% 0% Hematology Thrombocytopenia 58% 51% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal Epistaxis 55% 14% Dyspnea 30% 24% Cough 26% 18% Oropharyngeal pain 16% 10% Dysphonia 13% 3% Rhinorrhea 10% 4% Sinus congestion 8% 2% Nervous system Headache 49% 30% Dizziness 23% 17% Vascular Hypertension 42% 9% Musculoskeletal and connective tissue Arthralgia 28% 19% Back pain 21% 13% Psychiatric Insomnia 21% 15% Renal and urinary Proteinuria 20% 3% Injury and procedural Contusion 17% 9% Infections Sinusitis 15% 9% Study GOG-0213 The safety of Avastin was evaluated in an open-label, controlled study (GOG-0213) in 325 patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, who have not received more than one previous regimen of chemotherapy[see Clinical Studies (14.9)]. Patients were randomized (1:1) to receive carboplatin and paclitaxel for 6 to 8 cycles or Avastin (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks) with carboplatin and paclitaxel for 6 to 8 cycles followed by Avastin as a single agent until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The demographics of the safety population were similar to the demographics of the efficacy population. Grades 3-4 adverse reactions occurring at a higher incidence (≥ 2%) in patients receiving Avastin with chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone were: hypertension (11% vs. 0.6%), fatigue (8% vs. 3%), febrile neutropenia (6% vs. 3%), proteinuria (8% vs. 0%), abdominal pain (6% vs. 0.9%), hyponatremia (4% vs. 0.9%), headache (3% vs. 0.9%), and pain in extremity (3% vs. 0%). Adverse reactions are presented in Table 8. Table 8: Grades 1–5 Adverse Reactions Occurring at Higher Incidence (≥ 5%) in Patients Receiving Avastin with Chemotherapy vs. Chemotherapy Alone in Study GOG-0213 Adverse ReactionNCI-CTC version 3 Avastin with Carboplatin and Paclitaxel (N=325) Carboplatin and Paclitaxel (N=332) Musculoskeletal and connective tissue Arthralgia 45% 30% Myalgia 29% 18% Pain in extremity 25% 14% Back pain 17% 10% Muscular weakness 13% 8% Neck pain 9% 0% Vascular Hypertension 42% 3% Gastrointestinal Diarrhea 39% 32% Abdominal pain 33% 28% Vomiting 33% 25% Stomatitis 33% 16% Nervous system Headache 38% 20% Dysarthria 14% 2% Dizziness 13% 8% Metabolism and nutrition Decreased appetite 35% 25% Hyperglycemia 31% 24% Hypomagnesemia 27% 17% Hyponatremia 17% 6% Weight loss 15% 4% Hypocalcemia 12% 5% Hypoalbuminemia 11% 6% Hyperkalemia 9% 3% Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal Epistaxis 33% 2% Dyspnea 30% 25% Cough 30% 17% Rhinitis allergic 17% 4% Nasal mucosal disorder 14% 3% Skin and subcutaneous tissue Exfoliative rash 23% 16% Nail disorder 10% 2% Dry skin 7% 2% Renal and urinary Proteinuria 17% 1% Increased blood creatinine 13% 5% Hepatic Increased aspartate aminotransferase 15% 9% General Chest pain 8% 2% Infections Sinusitis 7% 2% 6.2 Immunogenicity As with all therapeutic proteins, there is a potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and the specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to bevacizumab in the studies described below with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other bevacizumab products may be misleading. In clinical studies for adjuvant treatment of a solid tumor, 0.6% (14/2233) of patients tested positive for treatment-emergent anti-bevacizumab antibodies as detected by an electrochemiluminescent (ECL) based assay. Among these 14 patients, three tested positive for neutralizing antibodies against bevacizumab using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The clinical significance of these anti-bevacizumab antibodies is not known. 6.3 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of Avastin. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. General: Polyserositis Cardiovascular: Pulmonary hypertension, Mesenteric venous occlusion Gastrointestinal: Gastrointestinal ulcer, Intestinal necrosis, Anastomotic ulceration Hemic and lymphatic: Pancytopenia Hepatobiliary disorders: Gallbladder perforation Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: Osteonecrosis of the jaw Renal: Renal thrombotic microangiopathy (manifested as severe proteinuria) Respiratory: Nasal septum perforation

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Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Do not administer Avastin for 28 days following major surgery and until surgical wound is fully healed. (2.1) Metastatic colorectal cancer (2.2) 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks with bolus-IFL 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks with FOLFOX4 5 mg/ kg every 2 weeks or 7.5 mg/kg every 3 weeks with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy after progression on a first-line Avastin containing regimen First-line non–squamous non–small cell lung cancer (2.3) 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks with carboplatin and paclitaxel Recurrent glioblastoma (2.4) 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks Metastatic renal cell carcinoma ( 2.5) 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks with interferon alfa Persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer (2.6) 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks with paclitaxel and cisplatin, or paclitaxel and topotecan Stage III or IV epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer following initial surgical resection (2.7) 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks with carboplatin and paclitaxel for up to 6 cycles, followed by 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks as a single agent, for a total of up to 22 cycles Platinum-resistant recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer (2.7) 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks with paclitaxel, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, or topotecan given every week 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks with topotecan given every 3 weeks Platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer (2.7) 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks with carboplatin and paclitaxel for 6-8 cycles, followed by 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks as a single agent 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks with carboplatin and gemcitabine for 6-10 cycles, followed by 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks as a single agent Administer as an intravenous infusion. (2.9) 2.1 Important Administration Information Do not administer Avastin until at least 28 days following surgery and the wound is fully healed. 2.2 Metastatic Colorectal Cancer The recommended dosage when Avastin is administered in combination with intravenous fluorouracil-based chemotherapy is: 5 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in combination with bolus-IFL. 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in combination with FOLFOX4. 5 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks or 7.5 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in patients who have progressed on a first-line Avastin-containing regimen. 2.3 First-Line Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer The recommended dosage is 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel. 2.4 Recurrent Glioblastoma The recommended dosage is 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks. 2.5 Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma The recommended dosage is 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in combination with interferon alfa. 2.6 Persistent, Recurrent, or Metastatic Cervical Cancer The recommended dosage is 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin or in combination with paclitaxel and topotecan. 2.7 Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube or Primary Peritoneal Cancer Stage III or IV Disease Following Initial Surgical Resection The recommended dosage is 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel for up to 6 cycles, followed by Avastin 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks as a single agent for a total of up to 22 cycles or until disease progression, whichever occurs earlier. Recurrent Disease Platinum Resistant The recommended dosage is 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks in combination with paclitaxel, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, or topotecan (every week). The recommended dosage is 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with topotecan (every 3 weeks). Platinum Sensitive The recommended dosage is 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel for 6 to 8 cycles, followed by Avastin 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks as a single agent until disease progression. The recommended dosage is 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks, in combination with carboplatin and gemcitabine for 6 to 10 cycles, followed by Avastin 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks as a single agent until disease progression. 2.8 Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions Table 1 describes dosage modifications for specific adverse reactions. No dose reductions for Avastin are recommended. Table 1: Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions Adverse Reaction Severity Dosage Modification Gastrointestinal Perforations and Fistulae [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Gastrointestinal perforation, any grade Tracheoesophageal fistula, any grade Fistula, Grade 4 Fistula formation involving any internal organ Discontinue Avastin Wound Healing Complications [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Wound healing complications requiring medical intervention Necrotizing fasciitis Discontinue Avastin Hemorrhage [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. Grade 3 or 4 Discontinue Avastin Recent history of hemoptysis of 1/2 teaspoon (2.5 mL) or more Withhold Avastin Thromboembolic Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4, 5.5)]. Arterial thromboembolism, severe Discontinue Avastin Venous thromboembolism, Grade 4 Discontinue Avastin Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]. Hypertensive crisis Hypertensive encephalopathy Discontinue Avastin Hypertension, severe Withhold Avastin if not controlled with medical management; resume once controlled Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]. Any Discontinue Avastin Renal Injury and Proteinuria [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]. Nephrotic syndrome Discontinue Avastin Proteinuria greater than or equal to 2 grams per 24 hours in absence of nephrotic syndrome Withhold Avastin until proteinuria less than 2 grams per 24 hours Infusion-Related Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]. Severe Discontinue Avastin Clinically significant Interrupt infusion; resume at a decreased rate of infusion after symptoms resolve Mild, clinically insignificant Decrease infusion rate Congestive Heart Failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)]. Any Discontinue Avastin 2.9 Preparation and Administration Preparation Use appropriate aseptic technique. Visually inspect vial for particulate matter and discoloration prior to preparation for administration. Discard vial if solution is cloudy, discolored or contains particulate matter. Withdraw necessary amount of Avastin and dilute in a total volume of 100 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP. DO NOT ADMINISTER OR MIX WITH DEXTROSE SOLUTION. Discard any unused portion left in a vial, as the product contains no preservatives. Store diluted Avastin solution at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) for up to 8 hours. No incompatibilities between Avastin and polyvinylchloride or polyolefin bags have been observed. Administration Administer as an intravenous infusion. First infusion: Administer infusion over 90 minutes. Subsequent infusions: Administer second infusion over 60 minutes if first infusion is tolerated. Administer all subsequent infusions over 30 minutes if second infusion over 60 minutes is tolerated.
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed. (8.2) 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)], Avastin may cause fetal harm in pregnant women. Limited postmarketing reports describe cases of fetal malformations with use of Avastin in pregnancy; however, these reports are insufficient to determine drug-associated risks. In animal reproduction studies, intravenous administration of bevacizumab to pregnant rabbits every 3 days during organogenesis at doses approximately 1 to 10 times the clinical dose of 10 mg/kg produced fetal resorptions, decreased maternal and fetal weight gain and multiple congenital malformations including corneal opacities and abnormal ossification of the skull and skeleton including limb and phalangeal defects (see Data). Furthermore, animal models link angiogenesis and VEGF and VEGFR2 to critical aspects of female reproduction, embryofetal development, and postnatal development. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively. Data Animal Data Pregnant rabbits dosed with 10 mg/kg to 100 mg/kg bevacizumab (approximately 1 to 10 times the clinical dose of 10 mg/kg) every three days during the period of organogenesis (gestation day 6–18) exhibited decreases in maternal and fetal body weights and increased number of fetal resorptions. There were dose-related increases in the number of litters containing fetuses with any type of malformation (42% for the 0 mg/kg dose, 76% for the 30 mg/kg dose, and 95% for the 100 mg/kg dose) or fetal alterations (9% for the 0 mg/kg dose, 15% for the 30 mg/kg dose, and 61% for the 100 mg/kg dose). Skeletal deformities were observed at all dose levels, with some abnormalities including meningocele observed only at the 100 mg/kg dose level. Teratogenic effects included: reduced or irregular ossification in the skull, jaw, spine, ribs, tibia and bones of the paws; fontanel, rib and hindlimb deformities; corneal opacity; and absent hindlimb phalanges. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary No data are available regarding the presence of bevacizumab in human milk, the effects on the breast fed infant, or the effects on milk production. Human IgG is present in human milk, but published data suggest that breast milk antibodies do not enter the neonatal and infant circulation in substantial amounts. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with Avastin and for 6 months after the last dose. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females Avastin may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Avastin and for 6 months after the last dose. Infertility Females Avastin increases the risk of ovarian failure and may impair fertility. Inform females of reproductive potential of the risk of ovarian failure prior to the first-dose of Avastin. Long-term effects of Avastin on fertility are not known. In a clinical study of 179 premenopausal women randomized to receive chemotherapy with or without Avastin, the incidence of ovarian failure was higher in patients who received Avastin with chemotherapy (34%) compared to patients who received chemotherapy alone (2%). After discontinuing Avastin with chemotherapy, recovery of ovarian function occurred in 22% of these patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11), Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. 8.4 Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of Avastin in pediatric patients have not been established. In published literature reports, cases of non-mandibular osteonecrosis have been observed in patients under the age of 18 years who have received Avastin. Avastin is not approved for use in patients under the age of 18 years. Antitumor activity was not observed among eight pediatric patients with relapsed GBM who received bevacizumab and irinotecan. Addition of Avastin to standard of care did not result in improved event-free survival in pediatric patients enrolled in two randomized clinical studies, one in high grade glioma (n= 121) and one in metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma or non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (n= 154). Based on the population pharmacokinetics analysis of data from 152 pediatric and young adult patients with cancer (7 months to 21 years of age), bevacizumab clearance normalized by body weight in pediatrics was comparable to that in adults. Juvenile Animal Toxicity Data Juvenile cynomolgus monkeys with open growth plates exhibited physeal dysplasia following 4 to 26 weeks exposure at 0.4 to 20 times the recommended human dose (based on mg/kg and exposure). The incidence and severity of physeal dysplasia were dose-related and were partially reversible upon cessation of treatment. 8.5 Geriatric Use In an exploratory pooled analysis of 1745 patients from five randomized, controlled studies, 35% of patients were ≥ 65 years old. The overall incidence of ATE was increased in all patients receiving Avastin with chemotherapy as compared to those receiving chemotherapy alone, regardless of age; however, the increase in the incidence of ATE was greater in patients ≥ 65 years (8% vs. 3%) as compared to patients < 65 years (2% vs. 1%) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Effects of Avastin on Other Drugs No clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of irinotecan or its active metabolite SN38, interferon alfa, carboplatin or paclitaxel was observed when Avastin was administered in combination with these drugs; however, 3 of the 8 patients receiving Avastin with paclitaxel and carboplatin had lower paclitaxel exposure after four cycles of treatment (at Day 63) than those at Day 0, while patients receiving paclitaxel and carboplatin alone had a greater paclitaxel exposure at Day 63 than at Day 0.

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number BLA125085
Agency product number 2S9ZZM9Q9V
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 50242-061,50242-060
Date First Approved 26-02-2004
Date Last Revised 28-06-2019
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXCUI 1657074
Storage and handling Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) in the original carton until time of use to protect from light. Do not freeze or shake the vial or carton.
Marketing authorisation holder Genentech, Inc.