Data from FDA - Curated by EPG Health - Last updated 30 April 2018

Indication(s)

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Anastrozole tablets are an aromatase inhibitor indicated for: Adjuvant treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer (1.1) First-line treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive or hormone receptor unknown locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (1.2) Treatment of advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women with disease progression following tamoxifen therapy. Patients with ER-negative disease and patients who did not respond to previous tamoxifen therapy rarely responded to anastrozole tablets (1.3) 1.1 Adjuvant Treatment Anastrozole tablets are indicated for adjuvant treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer. 1.2 First-Line Treatment Anastrozole tablets are indicated for the first-line treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive or hormone receptor unknown locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. 1.3 Second-Line Treatment Anastrozole tablets are indicated for the treatment of advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women with disease progression following tamoxifen therapy. Patients with ER-negative disease and patients who did not respond to previous tamoxifen therapy rarely responded to anastrozole tablets.

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Advisory information

contraindications
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Women of premenopausal endocrine status, including pregnant women (4.1, 8.1) Patients with demonstrated hypersensitivity to anastrozole tablets or any excipient (4.2) 4.1 Pregnancy and Premenopausal Women Anastrozole tablets may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman and offers no clinical benefit to premenopausal women with breast cancer. Anastrozole tablets are contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women using anastrozole tablets. If anastrozole tablets are used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus or potential risk for loss of the pregnancy. [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)] 4.2 Hypersensitivity Anastrozole tablets are contraindicated in any patient who has shown a hypersensitivity reaction to the drug or to any of the excipients. Observed reactions include anaphylaxis, angioedema, and urticaria. [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]
Adverse reactions
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS Serious adverse reactions with anastrozole tablets occurring in less than 1 in 10,000 patients, are: 1) skin reactions such as lesions, ulcers, or blisters; 2) allergic reactions with swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and/or throat. This may cause difficulty in swallowing and/or breathing; and 3) changes in blood tests of the liver function, including inflammation of the liver with symptoms that may include a general feeling of not being well, with or without jaundice, liver pain or liver swelling [see Adverse Reactions, (6.2)]. Common adverse reactions (occurring with an incidence of >10%) in women taking anastrozole tablets included: hot flashes, asthenia, arthritis, pain, arthralgia, pharyngitis, hypertension, depression, nausea and vomiting, rash, osteoporosis, fractures, back pain, insomnia, pain, headache, bone pain, peripheral edema, increased cough, dyspnea, pharyngitis and lymphedema. In the ATAC trial, the most common reported adverse reaction (>0.1%) leading to discontinuation of therapy for both treatment groups was hot flashes, although there were fewer patients who discontinued therapy as a result of hot flashes in the anastrozole tablets group. Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. To report suspected adverse reactions and 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch In the early breast cancer (ATAC) study, the most common (occurring with an incidence of >10%) side effects occurring in women taking anastrozole tablets included: hot flashes, asthenia, arthritis, pain, arthralgia, pharyngitis, hypertension, depression, nausea and vomiting, rash, osteoporosis, fractures, back pain, insomnia, headache, peripheral edema and lymphedema, regardless of causality. (6.1) In the advanced breast cancer studies, the most common (occurring with an incidence of >10%) side effects occurring in women taking anastrozole tablets included: hot flashes, nausea, asthenia, pain, headache, back pain, bone pain, increased cough, dyspnea, pharyngitis and peripheral edema. (6.1) 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Adjuvant Therapy Adverse reaction data for adjuvant therapy are based on the ATAC trial [see Clinical Studies (14.1) ] The median duration of adjuvant treatment for safety evaluation was 59.8months and 59.6 months for patients receiving anastrozole tablets 1 mg and tamoxifen 20 mg, respectively. Adverse reactions occurring with an incidence of at least 5% in either treatment group during treatment or within 14 days of the end of treatment are presented in Table 1. Table 1 - Adverse reactions occurring with an incidence of at least 5% in either treatment group during treatment, or within 14 days of the end of treatment in the ATAC trial Certain adverse reactions and combinations of adverse reactions were prospectively specified for analysis, based on the known pharmacologic properties and side effect profiles of the two drugs (see Table 2). Table 2 — Number of Patients with Pre-specified Adverse Reactions in ATAC Trial * * Patients with multiple events in the same category are counted only once in that category. † Refers to joint symptoms, including joint disorder, arthritis, arthrosis and arthralgia. ‡ Percentages calculated based upon the numbers of patients with an intact uterus at Baseline Anastrozole tablets N=3092 (%) Tamoxifen N=3094 (%) Odds-ratio 95% CI Hot Flashes 1104 (36) 1264(41) 0.80 0.73 - 0.89 Musculoskeletal Events † Fatigue/Asthenia 1100 (36) 575 (19) 911 (29) 544 (18) 1.32 1.07 1.19 - 1.47 0.94 - 1.22 Mood Disturbances 597 (19) 554 (18) 1.10 0.97 - 1.25 Nausea and Vomiting 393 (13) 384 (12) 1.03 0.88 - 1.19 All Fractures 315 (10) 209 (7) 1.57 1.30 - 1.88 Fractures of Spine, Hip, or Wrist 133 (4) 91 (3) 1.48 1.13 - 1.95 Wrist/Colles’ fractures 67 (2) 50 (2) Spine fractures 43 (1) 22 (1) Hip fractures 28 (1) 26 (1) Cataracts 182 (6) 213 (7) 0.85 0.69 - 1.04 Vaginal Bleeding 167 (5) 317 (10) 0.50 0.41 - 0.61 Ischemic Cardiovascular Disease 127 (4) 104 (3) 1.23 0.95 - 1.60 Vaginal Discharge 109 (4) 408 (13) 0.24 0.19 - 0.30 Venous Thromboembolic events 87 (3) 140 (5) 0.61 0.47 - 0.80 Deep Venous Thromboembolic Events 48 (2) 74 (2) 0.64 0.45 - 0.93 Ischemic Cerebrovascular Event 62 (2) 88 (3) 0.70 0.50 - 0.97 Endometrial Cancer ‡ 4 (0.2) 13 (0.6) 0.31 0.10 - 0. Ischemic Cardiovascular Events Between treatment arms in the overall population of 6186 patients, there was no statistical difference in ischemic cardiovascular events (4% anastrozole tablets vs. 3% tamoxifen). In the overall population, angina pectoris was reported in 71/3092 (2.3%) patients in the anastrozole tablets arm and 51/3094 (1.6%) patients in the tamoxifen arm; myocardial infarction was reported in 37/3092 (1.2%) patients in the anastrozole tablets arm and 34/3094 (1.1%) patients in the tamoxifen arm. In women with pre-existing ischemic heart disease 465/6186 (7.5%), the incidence of ischemic cardiovascular events was 17% in patients on anastrozole tablets and 10% in patients on tamoxifen. In this patient population, angina pectoris was reported in 25/216 (11.6%) patients receiving anastrozole tablets and 13/249 (5.2%) patients receiving tamoxifen; myocardial infarction was reported in 2/216 (0.9%) patients receiving anastrozole tablets and 8/249 (3.2%) patients receiving tamoxifen. Bone Mineral Density Findings Results from the ATAC trial bone substudy at 12 and 24 months demonstrated that patients receiving anastrozole tablets had a mean decrease in both lumbar spine and total hip bone mineral density (BMD) compared to baseline. Patients receiving tamoxifen had a mean increase in both lumbar spine and total hip BMD compared to baseline. Because anastrozole tablets lowers circulating estrogen levels it may cause a reduction in bone mineral density. A post-marketing trial assessed the combined effects of anastrozole tablets and the bisphosphonate risedronate on changes from baseline in BMD and markers of bone resorption and formation in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer. All patients received calcium and vitamin D supplementation. At 12 months, small reductions in lumbar spine bone mineral density were noted in patients not receiving bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonate treatment preserved bone density in most patients at risk of fracture. Postmenopausal women with early breast cancer scheduled to be treated with anastrozole tablets should have their bone status managed according to treatment guidelines already available for postmenopausal women at similar risk of fragility fracture. Cholesterol During the ATAC trial, more patients receiving anastrozole tablets were reported to have an elevated serum cholesterol compared to patients receiving tamoxifen (9% versus 3.5%, respectively). A post-marketing trial also evaluated any potential effects of anastrozole tablets on lipid profile. In the primary analysis population for lipids (anastrozole tablets alone), there was no clinically significant change in LDL-C from baseline to 12 months and HDL-C from baseline to 12 months In secondary population for lipids (anastrozole tablets+risedronate), there also was no clinically significant change in LDL-C and HDL-C from baseline to 12 months. In both populations for lipids, there was no clinically significant difference in total cholesterol (TC) or serum triglycerides (TG) at 12 months compared with baseline. In this trial, treatment for 12 months with anastrozole tablets alone had a neutral effect on lipid profile. Combination treatment with anastrozole tablets and risedronate also had a neutral effect on lipid profile. The trial provides evidence that postmenopausal women with early breast cancer scheduled to be treated with anastrozole tablets should be managed using the current National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines for cardiovascular risk-based management of individual patients with LDL elevations. Other Adverse Reactions Patients receiving anastrozole tablets have an increase in joint disorders (including arthritis, arthrosis and arthralgia) compared with patients receiving tamoxifen. Patients receiving anastrozole tablets have an increase in the incidence of all fractures (specifically fractures of spine, hip and wrist) [315 (10%)] compared with patients receiving tamoxifen [209 (7%)]. Patients receiving anastrozole tablets have a higher incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome [78 (2.5%)] compared with patients receiving tamoxifen [22 (0.7%)]. Vaginal bleeding occurred more frequently in the tamoxifen-treated patients versus the anastrozole tablets-treated patients 317 (10%) versus 167 (5%), respectively. Patients receiving anastrozole tablets have a lower incidence of hot flashes, vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, endometrial cancer, venous thromboembolic events and ischemic cerebrovascular events compared with patients receiving tamoxifen. First-Line Therapy Adverse reactions occurring with an incidence of at least 5% in either treatment group of trials 0030 and 0027 during or within 2 weeks of the end of treatment are shown in Table 3. Table 3 – Adverse Reactions Occurring with an Incidence of at Least 5% in Trials 0030 and 0027 Less frequent adverse experiences reported in patients receiving anastrozole tablets l mg in either Trial 0030 or Trial 0027 were similar to those reported for second-line therapy. Based on results from second-line therapy and the established safety profile of tamoxifen, the incidences of 9 pre-specified adverse event categories potentially causally related to one or both of the therapies because of their pharmacology were statistically analyzed. No significant differences were seen between treatment groups. Table 4 – Number of Patients with Pre-specified Adverse Reactions in Trials 0030 and 0027 * A patient may have had more than 1 adverse event. † Includes pulmonary embolus, thrombophlebitis, retinal vein thrombosis. ‡ Includes myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia, angina pectoris, cerebrovascular accident, cerebral ischemia and cerebral infarct. Number (n) and Percentage of Patients Adverse Reaction * Anastrozole tablets 1 mg (N=506) n (%) NOLVADEX 20 mg (N=511) n (%) Depression 23 (5) 32 (6) Tumor Flare 15 (3) 18 (4) Thromboembolic Disease † 18 (4) 33 (6) Venous † 5 15 Coronary and Cerebral ‡ 13 19 Gastrointestinal Disturbance 170 (34) 196 (38) Hot Flushes 134 (26) 118 (23) Vaginal Dryness 9 (2) 3 (1) Lethargy 6 (1) 15 (3) Vaginal Bleeding 5 (1) 11 (2) Weight Gain 11 (2) 8 (2) Second-Line Therapy Anastrozole tablets were tolerated in two controlled clinical trials (i.e., Trials 0004 and 0005), with less than 3.3% of the anastrozole tablets-treated patients and 4.0% of the megestrol acetate-treated patients withdrawing due to an adverse reaction. The principal adverse reaction more common with anastrozole tablets than megestrol acetate was diarrhea. Adverse reactions reported in greater than 5% of the patients in any of the treatment groups in these two controlled clinical trials, regardless of causality, are presented below: Table 5 - Number (N) and Percentage of Patients with Adverse Reactions in Trials 0004 and 0005 Other less frequent (2% to 5%) adverse reactions reported in patients receiving anastrozole tablets l mg in either Trial 0004 or Trial 0005 are listed below. These adverse experiences are listed by body system and are in order of decreasing frequency within each body system regardless of assessed causality. Body as a Whole : Flu syndrome; fever; neck pain; malaise; accidental injury; infection Cardiovascular: Hypertension; thrombophlebitis Hepatic: Gamma GT increased; SGOT increased; SGPT increased Hematologic: Anemia; leukopenia Metabolic and Nutritional: Alkaline phosphatase increased; weight loss Mean serum total cholesterol levels increased by 0.5 mmol/L among patients receiving anastrozole tablets. Increases in LDL cholesterol have been shown to contribute to these changes. Musculoskeletal: Myalgia; arthralgia; pathological fracture Nervous: Somnolence; confusion; insomnia; anxiety; nervousness Respiratory: Sinusitis; bronchitis; rhinitis Skin and Appendages: Hair thinning (alopecia); pruritus Urogenital: Urinary tract infection; breast pain The incidences of the following adverse event groups potentially causally related to one or both of the therapies because of their pharmacology, were statistically analyzed: weight gain, edema, thromboembolic disease, gastrointestinal disturbance, hot flushes, and vaginal dryness. These six groups, and the adverse reactions captured in the groups, were prospectively defined. The results are shown in the table below. Table 6 — Number (n) and Percentage of Patients with Pre-specified Adverse Reactions in Trials 0004 and 0005 Anastrozole tablets 1 mg Anastrozole tablets 10 mg Megestrol Acetate 160 mg (N=262) (N=246) (N=253) Adverse Event Group n (%) n (%) n (%) Gastrointestinal Disturbance 77 (29) 81 (33) 54 (21) Hot Flushes 33 (13) 29 (12) 35 (14) Edema 19 (7) 28 (11) 35 (14) Thromboembolic Disease 9 (3) 4 (2) 12 (5) Vaginal Dryness 5 (2) 3 (1) 2 (1) Weight Gain 4 (2) 10 (4) 30 (12) 6.2 Post-Marketing Experience Hepatobiliary events including increases in alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase have been reported (≥1% and <10%) and gamma-GT, bilirubin and hepatitis have been reported (≥0.1% and <1%) in patients receiving anastrozole tablets. Anastrozole tablets may also be associated with rash including cases of mucocutaneous disorders such as erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Cases of allergic reactions including angioedema, urticaria and anaphylaxis have been reported in patients receiving anastrozole tablets. [see Contraindications (4.2)] Trigger finger has been reported (≥0.1% and <1%) in patients receiving anastrozole tablets.

Usage information

Dosing and administration
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION One 1 mg tablet taken once daily (2.1) 2.1 Recommended Dose The dose of anastrozole tablets are one 1 mg tablet taken once a day. For patients with advanced breast cancer, anastrozole tablets should be continued until tumor progression. Anastrozole tablets can be taken with or without food. For adjuvant treatment of early breast cancer in postmenopausal women, the optimal duration of therapy is unknown. In the ATAC trial anastrozole tablets were administered for five years. [see Clinical Studies (14.1)] No dosage adjustment is necessary for patients with renal impairment or for elderly patients. [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)] 2.2 Patients with Hepatic Impairment No changes in dose are recommended for patients with mild-to-moderate hepatic impairment. Anastrozole tablets have not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment. [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7)]
Use in special populations
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Pediatric patients: Efficacy has not been demonstrated for pubertal boys of adolescent age with gynecomastia or girls with McCune-Albright Syndrome and progressive precocious puberty. (8.4) 8.1 Pregnancy PREGNANCY CATEGORY X [see Contraindications (4.1)] Anastrozole tablets may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman and offers no clinical benefit to premenopausal women with breast cancer. Anastrozole tablets are contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant. In animal studies, anastrozole caused pregnancy failure, increased pregnancy loss, and signs of delayed fetal development. There are no studies of anastrozole tablets use in pregnant women. If anastrozole tablets are used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while receiving this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus and potential risk for pregnancy loss. In animal reproduction studies, pregnant rats and rabbits received anastrozole during organogenesis at doses equal to or greater than 1 (rats) and 1/3 (rabbits) the recommended human dose on a mg/m 2 basis. In both species, anastrozole crossed the placenta, and there was increased pregnancy loss (increased pre- and/or post-implantation loss, increased resorption, and decreased numbers of live fetuses). In rats, these effects were dose related, and placental weights were significantly increased. Fetotoxicity, including delayed fetal development (i.e., incomplete ossification and depressed fetal body weights), occurred in rats at anastrozole doses that produced peak plasma levels 19 times higher than serum levels in humans at the therapeutic dose (AUC 0-24hr 9 times higher). In rabbits, anastrozole caused pregnancy failure at doses equal to or greater than 16 times the recommended human dose on a mg/m 2 basis. [see Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology (13.2)] 8.2 Labor & Delivery 8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known if anastrozole is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the tumorigenicity shown for anastrozole in animal studies, or the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. 8.4 Pediatric Use The efficacy of anastrozole tablets in the treatment of pubertal gynecomastia in adolescent boys and in the treatment of precocious puberty in girls with McCune-Albright Syndrome has not been demonstrated. Labeling describing clinical trails and pharmacokinetic studies of anastrozole in pubertal boys of adolescent age with gynecomastia and in girls with McCune- Albright Syndrome and progressive precocious puberty is approved for AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP’s Arimidex ® . However, due to AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP’s marketing exclusivity rights, a description of those trials and studies is not approved for this anastrozole labeling. 8.5 Geriatric Use In studies 0030 and 0027 about 50% of patients were 65 or older. Patients ≥ 65 years of age had moderately better tumor response and time to tumor progression than patients < 65 years of age regardless of randomized treatment. In studies 0004 and 0005 50% of patients were 65 or older. Response rates and time to progression were similar for the over 65 and younger patients. In the ATAC study 45% of patients were 65 years of age or older. The efficacy of anastrozole tablets compared to tamoxifen in patients who were 65 years or older (N=1413 for anastrozole tablets and N=1410 for tamoxifen, the hazard ratio for disease-free survival was 0.93 (95% CI: 0.80, 1.08)) was less than efficacy observed in patients who were less than 65 years of age (N=1712 for anastrozole tablets and N=1706 for tamoxifen, the hazard ratio for disease-free survival was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.67, 0.94)). The pharmacokinetics of anastrozole are not affected by age. 8.6 Renal Impairment Since only about 10% of anastrozole is excreted unchanged in the urine, the renal impairment does not influence the total body clearance. Dosage adjustment in patients with renal impairment is not necessary [see Dosage and Administration (2.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 8.7 Hepatic Impairment The plasma anastrozole concentrations in the subjects with hepatic cirrhosis were within the range of concentrations seen in normal subjects across all clinical trials. Therefore, dosage adjustment is also not necessary in patients with stable hepatic cirrhosis. Anastrozole tablets have not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Pregnancy and lactation
8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known if anastrozole is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the tumorigenicity shown for anastrozole in animal studies, or the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Tamoxifen: Do not use in combination with anastrozole tablets. No additional benefit seen over tamoxifen monotherapy (7.1, 14.1). Estrogen-containing products: Combination use may diminish activity of anastrozole tablets (7.2). 7.1 Tamoxifen Co-administration of anastrozole and tamoxifen in breast cancer patients reduced anastrozole plasma concentration by 27%. However, the coadministration of anastrozole and tamoxifen did not affect the pharmacokinetics of tamoxifen or N-desmethyltamoxifen. At a median follow-up of 33 months, the combination of anastrozole tablets and tamoxifen did not demonstrate any efficacy benefit when compared with tamoxifen in all patients as well as in the hormone receptor-positive subpopulation. This treatment arm was discontinued from the trial . [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Based on clinical and pharmacokinetic results from the ATAC trial, tamoxifen should not be administered with anastrozole. 7.2 Estrogen Estrogen-containing therapies should not be used with anastrozole tablets as they may diminish its pharmacological action. 7.3 Warfarin In a study conducted in 16 male volunteers, anastrozole did not alter the exposure (as measured by C max and AUC) and anticoagulant activity (as measured by prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and thrombin time) of both R- and S-warfarin. 7.4 Cytochrome P450 Based on in vitro and in vivo results, it is unlikely that co-administration of anastrozole tablets 1 mg will affect other drugs as a result inhibition of cytochrome P450 [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

More information

Category Value
Authorisation number ANDA079220
Agency product number 2Z07MYW1AZ
Orphan designation No
Product NDC 68071-4038
Date Last Revised 13-04-2018
Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Marketing authorisation holder NuCare Pharmaceuticals,Inc.