Cardiac Surgery

Cardiac surgery including coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) is either performed using cardiopulmonary bypass (on-pump CABG), or without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump CABG) (Shroyer et al., 2009).

Appropriate fluid management in cardiac surgery patients is critical, but the choice of colloid or crystalloid – and which colloid – is still actively discussed (Schumacher & Klotz, 2009; Shaw & Raghunathan, 2013).