Diagnosis References

Arnaldi G, Angeli A, Atkinson AB, Bertagna X, Cavagnini F, Chrousos GP, et al. Diagnosis and complications of Cushing’s Syndrome: A consensus statement. J Clin Endocrinol Metabol 2003;88:5593–602.

Alexandraki KI, Grossman AB. Is urinary free cortisol of value in the diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome? Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2011;18:259–63.

Avgerinos PC, Yanovski JA. Oldfield EH, Nieman LK, Cutler GB. The Metyrapone and Dexamethasone Suppression Tests for the Differential Diagnosis of the Adrenocorticotropin-dependent Cushing Syndrome: A Comparison. Ann Intern Med. 1994;121:318–327.

Berruti A, Baudin E, Gelderblom H, Haak HR, Porpiglia F, Fassnacht M, et al, on behalf of the ESMO Guidelines Working Group. Adrenal cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol 2012;31–138.

Ioachimescu AG, Remer EM, Hamrahian AH. Adrenal incidentalomas: a disease of modern technology offering opportunities for improved patient care. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 2015;44:335–54.

Martin NM, Dhillo WS, Banerjee A, Abdulali A, Jayasena CN, Donaldson M et al. Comparison of the dexamethasone-suppressed corticotropin-releasing hormone test and low-dose dexamethasone suppression test in the diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006;91:2582–6.

Moro M, Putignano P, Losa M, Invitti C, Maraschini C, Cavagnini F. The Desmopressin test in the differential diagnosis between Cushing’s Disease and pseudo-Cushing states. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000;85:3569–74.

Newell-Price J, Bertagna X, Grossman AB, Nieman LK. Cushing’s Syndrome. Lancet 2006;367:1605–17.

Nieman LK, Biller BMK, Findling JW, Newell-Price J, Savage MO, Stewart PM et al. The diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome: An Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008;93:1526–40.

Peters CJ, Storr HL, Grossman AB, Savage MO. The role of corticotropin-releasing hormone in the diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome. Eur J Endocrinol 2006;155:S93–S98.

Sharma ST, Nieman LK, Feelders RA. Cushing’s Syndrome: epidemiology and developments in disease management. Clin Epidemiol 2015;7:281–93.