References

Disease Overview

Benassai G, Desiato V, Benassai G, Bianco T, Sivero L, Campagna R, et al. Adrenocortical carcinoma: what the surgeon needs to know. Case report and literature review. Int J Surg. 2014;47(2)395‒407.

Berruti A, Baudin E, Gelderblom H, Haak HR, Porpiglia F, Fassnacht M et al. Adrenal cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2012:35(2):131‒8.

Creemers SG, Hoffland LJ, Korpershoek E, Franssen GJ, van Kemenade FJ, de Herder WW, et al. Future directions in the diagnosis and medical treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma. Endocrin Relat Cancer. 2016;23(1):R43‒69.

Duregon E, Volante M, Bollito E, Goia M, Buttigiero C, Zagg B, et al. Pitfalls in the diagnosis of adrenocortical tumours: a lesson from 300 consultation cases. Hum Pathol. 2015;46(12)1799‒807.

Else T, Kim AC, Sabolch A, Raymond VM, Kandathil A, Caoli EM, et al. Adrenocarcinoma. Endocr Review 2014;35(2):282‒326.

Fassnacht M, Dekkers OM, Else T, Baudin E, Beruti A, de Krigger, et al. European Society of Endocrinology Clinical Practice Guidelines on the management of adrenocortical carcinoma in adults, in collaboration with the European Network for the study of adrenal tumours. Eur J Endocrinol. 2018;179(4):G1‒G46.

Kassi E, Angelousi, Zografos G, Katalas G and Chrousos GP. Endotext. 2016. Available at: https:www.ncbi.hlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279009 (accessed April 2019)

Libé R. Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC): diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Front Cell Biol. 2015;3:45.

National Cancer Institute. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/adrenal-gland (accessed April 2019).

ESE Diagnosis Recommendations

Else T, Kim AC, Sabolch A, Raymond VM, Kandathil A, Caoli EM, et al. Adrenocarcinoma. Endocr Review 2014;35(2):282‒326.

Fassnacht M, Dekkers OM, Else T, Baudin E, Beruti A, de Krigger, et al. European Society of Endocrinology Clinical Practice Guidelines on the management of adrenocortical carcinoma in adults, in collaboration with the European Network for the study of adrenal tumours. Eur J Endocrinol. 2018;179(4):G1‒G46.

Kassi E, Angelousi, Zografos G, Katalas G and Chrousos GP. Endotext. 2016. Available at: https:www.ncbi.hlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279009 (accessed April 2019)

Williams AR, Hammer GD, Else T. Transcutaneous biopsy of adrenocortical carcinoma is rarely helpful in diagnosis, potentially harmful, but does not affect patient outcome. Eur J Endocrinol. 2014;170(6)829‒35.

ESE treatment recommendation

Fassnacht M, Dekkers OM, Else T, Baudin E, Beruti A, de Krigger, et al. European Society of Endocrinology Clinical Practice Guidelines on the management of adrenocortical carcinoma in adults, in collaboration with the European Network for the study of adrenal tumours. Eur J Endocrinol. 2018;179(4):G1‒G46.

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