Diagnosis & Staging References

Binet JL, Auquier A, Dighiero G, Chastang C, Piguet H, Goasguen J, et al. A new prognostic classification of chronic lymphocytic leukemia derived from a multivariate survival analysis. Cancer. 1981;48:198–206.

Binet JL, Lepoprier M, Dighiero G, Charron D, D'Athis P, Vaugier G, et al. A clinical staging system for chronic lymphocytic leukemia: prognostic significance. Cancer. 1977;40:855–64.

Eichhorst B, Robak T, Montserrat E, Ghia P, Hillmen P, Hallek M, et al., Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2015;26 Suppl 5:v78-84

Hallek M. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: 2017 update on diagnosis, risk stratification and treatment. Am J Hematol. 2017;92:946–65.

Hallek, M, Cheson B D, Catovsky D, Caligaris-Cappio F, Dighiero G, Döhner H, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a report from the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) updating the National Cancer Institute-Working Group (NCI-WG) 1996 guidelines. Blood. 2008;111:5446–56.

Oscier D, Dearden C, Erem E, Fegan C, Follows G, Hillmen P, et al. Guidelines on the diagnosis, investigation and management of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Br J Haematol. 2012;159:541–64.

Rai KR, Sawitsky A, Cronkite EP, Chanana AD, Levy RN, Pasternack BS. Clinical staging of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Blood. 1975;46:219–34.